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FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS
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FINANCIAL SYSTEM AND ITS COMPONENTS

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briefings of financial system and its components ; financial market, financial assets and institutions has been given

briefings of financial system and its components ; financial market, financial assets and institutions has been given

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  • 1. INDIAN FINANCIAL SYSTEM By: Dr. Silony Gupta Assistant Professor, Department of MBA, Quantum School of Management, Roorkee, Uttarakhand
  • 2.  “Financial system", implies a set of complex and closely connected or interlined institutions, agents, practices, markets, transactions, claims, and liabilities in the economy”.  is the system that allows the transfer of money between savers (and investors) and borrowers.  is the set of Financial Intermediaries, Financial Markets and Financial Assets.  helps in the formation of capital.  meets the short term and long term capital needs of households, corporate houses, Govt. and foreigners.  its responsibility is to mobilize the savings in the form of money and invest them in the productive manner.
  • 3.  To link the savers & investors.  To inspire the operators to monitor the performance of the investment.  To achieve optimum allocation of risk bearing.  It makes available price - related information.  It helps in promoting the process of financial deepening and broadening
  • 4. Financial system Financial Intermediaries Financial Markets Financial Assets
  • 5.  Come in between the ultimate borrowers and ultimate lenders  provide key financial services such as merchant banking, leasing, credit rating, factoring etc.  Services provided by them are: Convenience( maturity and divisibility), Lower Risk(diversification), Expert Management and Economies of Scale.
  • 6. Financial Intermediaries Banks NBFCs Mutual Funds Insurance Organizations
  • 7.  Collect savings primarily in the form of deposits and traditionally finance working capital requirement of corporates  With the emerging needs of economic and financial system banks have entered in to:  Term lending business particularly in the infrastructure sector,  Capital market directly and indirectly,  Retail finance such as housing finance, consumer finance……  Enlarged geographical and functional coverage
  • 8.  A Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) is a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 engaged in the business of loans and advances, acquisition of shares/stocks/ bonds/debentures/securities issued by Government or local authority or other marketable securities of a like nature, leasing, hire-purchase, insurance business, etc.  Provide variety of fund/asset-based and non- fund based/advisory services.  Their funds are raised in the form of public deposits ranging between 1 to 7 years maturity.
  • 9.  Depending upon the nature and type of service provided, they are categorised into:  Asset finance companies  Housing finance companies  Venture capital funds  Merchant banking organisations  Credit rating agencies  Factoring and forfaiting organisations  Housing finance companies  Stock brokering firms  Depositories
  • 10.  A mutual fund is a company that pools money from many investors and invests in well diversified portfolio of sound investment.  issues securities (units) to the investors (unit holders) in accordance with the quantum of money invested by them.  profit shared by the investors in proportion to their investments.  set up in the form of trust and has a sponsor, trustee, asset management company and custodian  advantages in terms of convenience, lower risk, expert management and reduced transaction cost.
  • 11.  They invest the savings of their policy holders in exchange promise them a specified sum at a later stage or upon the happening of a certain event.  Provide the combination of savings and protection  Through the contractual payment of premium creates the desire in people to save.
  • 12.  It is a place where funds from surplus units are transferred to deficit units.  It is a market for creation and exchange of financial assets  They are not the source of finance but link between savers and investors.  Corporations, financial institutions, individuals and governments trade in financial products on this market either directly or indirectly.
  • 13. Financial Market Money Market Capital/ Securities Market Secondary/ Stock Market Primary Market
  • 14.  A market for dealing in monetary assets of short term nature, less than one year.  enables raising up of short term funds for meeting temporary shortage of fund and obligations and temporary deployment of excess fund.  Major participant are: RBI and Commercial Banks  Major objectives:  equilibrium mechanism for evening out short term surpluses and deficits  focal point for influencing liquidity in economy  access to users of short term funds at reasonable cost
  • 15. Money Market Call Market T-bills Market Bills Market CP Market CD Market Repo Market
  • 16.  A market for long term funds  focus on financing of fixed investments  main participants are mutual funds, insurance organizations, foreign institutional investors, corporate and individuals.  two segments: Primary market and secondary market
  • 17.  A market for new issues i.e. a market for fresh capital.  provides the channel for sale of new securities, not previously available.  provides opportunity to issuers of securities; government as well as corporates.  to raise resources to meet their requirements of investment and/or discharge some obligation.  does not have any organizational setup  performs triple-service function: origination, underwriting and distribution.
  • 18.  A market for old/existing securities.  a place where buyers and sellers of securities can enter into transactions to purchase and sell shares, bonds, debentures etc.  enables corporates, entrepreneurs to raise resources for their companies and business ventures through public issues.  has physical existence  vital functions are:  nexus between savings and investments  liquidity to investors  continuous price formation
  • 19. Financial Instruments Primary Securities Indirect Securities Derivatives
  • 20. Securities issued by the non-financial economic units  Equity Shares: An equity share are the ownership securities. They bear the risk and enjoy the rewards of ownership.  Preference Shares: Holders enjoy preferential right as to: (a) payment of dividend at a fixed rate during the life time of the Company; and (b) the return of capital on winding up of the Company  Debentures: An creditorship security. Holders are entitled to predetermined interest and claim on the assets of the company.
  • 21.  Innovative Debt instruments: A variety of debt innovative instruments emerges with the growth of financial system to make them more attractive.  Participative Debentures: participate in the excess profits of the company after the payment of dividend.  Convertible debentures with options:  Third party convertible debentures: entitle the holder to subscribe to the equity of another firm at a preferential price.  Convertible debenture redeemable at premium: issued at face value with option to sell at premium.  Debt equity swap: offers to swap debentures for equity.  Zero coupon convertible notes : convertible in to shares and all the accrued /unpaid interest is forgone.
  • 22.  Warrants: entitles the holder to purchase specified number of shares at a stated price before a stated date. Issued with shares or debentures.  Secured premium notes with detachable warrants:  redeemable after lock-in period  warrants entitle the holder to receive shares after the SPN is fully paid  no interest during lock-in period  option to sell back SPN to company at par after lock-in.  no interest/ premium on redemption if option exercised  right to receive principal+interest in instalments, in case of redemption after expiry of the term  detachables required to be converted in to shares within specified period.
  • 23.  Non -Convertible debenture with detachable equity warrants: option to buy a specified no. of share at a specified price and time.  Zero interest Fully Convertible debentures: carries no interest and convertible in to shares after lock-in period.  Secured zero interest partly convertible debentures with detachable and separately tradable warrants:  Having two parts  Part A convertible at a fixed amount on the date of allotment  Part B redeemable at par after specified period from date of allotment.  Carries warrants of equity shares at a price to be determined by company
  • 24.  Fully convertible debentures with interest(optional):  No interest for short period  After that option to apply for equities at premium without paying for premium.  Interest is made from first conversion date to the second/final conversion date
  • 25.  Issued by financial intermediaries.  such as units of mutual funds, policies of insurance companies, deposits of banks, etc.  Better suited to small investors  Benefits of pooling of funds by intermediaries  Convenience, lower risk and expert management.
  • 26.  Derivative is a product whose value is derived from the value of one or more basic variables called base, in a contractual manner  The underlying asset can be equity/forex or any other assets.  The Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 (SCIA) defined derivative to include- 1. A security derived from a debt instrument, share, loan whether secured or unsecured, risk instrument or contract for differences or any other form of security. 2. A contract which derives its value from the prices, or index of prices, of underlying securities.
  • 27. Derivatives Forward Contract Indirect Securities Options
  • 28.  is a customized contract between two entities, where settlement takes place on a specific date in the future at today's pre- agreed price.  At the end offsetting is done by paying the difference in the price.
  • 29.  is an agreement between two parties to buy or sell an asset at a certain time in the future at a certain price.  They are special types of forward contracts which are standardized exchange-traded contracts.
  • 30.  Contracts that give the buyer the right to buy or sell securities at a predetermined price within/at the end of a specified period.  Two types - calls and puts.  Calls give the buyer the right but not the obligation to buy a given quantity of the underlying asset, at a given price on or before a given future date.  Puts give the buyer the right, but not the obligation to sell a given quantity of the underlying asset at a given price on or before a given date.

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