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    Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro Document Transcript

    • Download free ebooks at bookboon.com
    • Rio de Janeiro© 2008 Stig Albeck & Ventus Publishing ApSTranslation: Maria LundbergAll rights and copyright relating to the content of thisbook are the property of Ventus Publishing ApS, and/or itssuppliers. Content from ths book, may not be reproducedin any shape or form without prior written permission fromVentus Publishing ApS.Quoting this book is allowed when clear references are made,in relation to reviews are allowed.ISBN 978-87-7061-263-01st editionPictures and illustrations in this book are reproduced accordingto agreement with the following copyright ownersRiotur.The stated prices and opening hours are indicative and mayhave be subject to change after this book was published. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com
    • Rio de Janeiro Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 4
    • Rio de Janeiro A visit to Rio de JaneiroA visit to Rio de Janeirowww.riodejaneiro-turismo.com.brwww.rio.rj.gov.brwww.turismo.gov.brFew cities cause as much happiness as Rio de Besides the good possibilities of bathing andJaneiro. Samba, soccer, the colourful, annual relaxing, Rio de Janeiro also has many culturalcarnival as well as the beaches Copacabana and offers, for example fine museums and interestingIpenema are only a few of the many things that churches, and of course all the Cariocas, which isawait the visitors. the local name of the citizens of Rio de Janeiro. Fortunately, you can’t avoid being infected by theirThe highlights of the city are literally speaking the good mood.characteristic Sugar Loaf Mountain and theimpressive Statue of Christ, which is watching and Have a nice trip!embracing the entire Rio de Janeiro. A visit to thestatue is a must on a trip to the charming Brazilianmetropolis. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 5
    • Rio de Janeiro Historical outline attracted people from both Portugal and the otherHistorical outline regions of Brazil. The King of Portugal decided that all gold from Brazil was to be shipped fromThe first European presence in the present Rio de Rio de Janeiro, and this created economic growthJaneiro area occurred in January 1502, when the and increased the number of inhabitants in the city.Portuguese explorer Gaspar de Lemos was in In 1763 Rio de Janeiro was made the onlycharge of an expedition, which sailed to the administrative centre of Brazil, and by that inGuanabara Bay. They believed that the bay had to reality the capital of the colony, which naturally ledbe the mouth of a river, and therefore they named to quite a few new public institutions in thethe place Rio de Janeiro, which means the River of Portuguese administration.January in Portuguese. The Portuguese King Dom João VI was forced toFor years France tried to gain influence in the area, leave his home country due to Napoleonsand in 1555 they took the areas around the conquests in Portugal in 1808, and on thatGuanabara Bay under the leadership of Admiral occasion, he moved his entire court to Rio deVillegaignon, but after several battles, they had to Janeiro. The royal status of the city createdleave the country again a few years later. additional buildings, among others the residence of the king, and this supplied the city with aIn 1565, Estácia de Sá founded the city São cultural wealth, which it had never known before.Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro at the foot of the The official capital of the kingdom was moved toSugar Loaf Mountain. The city was named after Rio de Janeiro, which then also became thethe Portuguese king. The city was well situated European capital.with its natural harbour in the Guanabara Bay butstill close to the Atlantic Ocean, from where the In 1821 Dom João went back to Lisbon, and thecity was subject to repeated lootings, not least year after, his son declared Brazil independent andfrom enemies of Portugal. named himself Emperor Pedro I. He kept Rio de Janeiro as capital. In 1831 Emperor Dom Pedro IPortugal was colonising the enormous country removed the government, and after a lot ofBrazil, and in order to avoid conquests from other turmoil and a failed attempt to re-establish theEuropeans, they founded the many new cities. Rio political rule, he left Brazil, boarded a Britishde Janeiro was also made the second regional warship and left the throne to his 5-year old son,administrative centre after Salvador to the north. who became Emperor Dom Pedro II in 1841.In that way, a faster extension was secured in thesouthern part of the colony. Rio de Janeiro developed rapidly through the last half of the 19th century. The railway came to townFor many years, the economic development was in 1858, and 10 years later the first tram appearedslow, and Rio de Janeiro remained a small city. in the city streets. Still more people came to Rio deSlowly the region was cultivated, as the production Janeiro, and this led to a pressure on thedid increase, and at the end of the 17th century, development of new urban areas.the production of sugar canes was important aswell as the largest export good. In the beginning of the 20th century, a large expansion of the city begun. In the centre, widerAt the beginning of the 18th century, gold was boulevards were established, and the Zona Sul,found in Minas Gerais, inland and north-west of which is situated south of the centre and theRio de Janeiro. A gold fever broke out, which Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 6
    • Rio de Janeiro Historical outline mountains going through the city, was planned. As a capital, Rio de Janeiro and its increase in Thereby, the street life around the Copacabana tourism continuously attracted a lot of people beach, which was earlier situated outside of Rio de from especially the poor regions in the north-east Janeiro, arose. In the 1930’es, the Copacabana of Brazil. They settled in the north-west outskirts Palace Hotel was one of the most fashionable of the city, which gradually turned into large hotels of the American continent, and in this districts with millions of inhabitants. The districts, period, the city got a reputation for being the the so-called favelas, often consisted of extremely capital of beaches and happiness. temporary houses, and the inhabitants lived their own lives, far from the touristy Rio de Janeiro, Gradually, the large city of São Paola had taken which primarily was the southern Zona Sul. over the role of Rio de Janeiro as the economic locomotive of Brazil, whereas a number of cultural For years, it had been discussed whether the institutions were built in the capital through the capital of Brazil should be moved inland to 20th century. In 1905 the building of the city’s develop the area. This became a reality in 1960, new theatre was started, and many museums were where Brasilia was founded, and by that the status established all around the many districts in the city. of Rio de Janeiro as the country’s capital ended. The next step for top-performing graduatesPlease click the advert Masters in Management Designed for high-achieving graduates across all disciplines, London Business School’s Masters in Management provides specific and tangible foundations for a successful career in business. This 12-month, full-time programme is a business qualification with impact. In 2010, our MiM employment rate was 95% within 3 months of graduation*; the majority of graduates choosing to work in consulting or financial services. As well as a renowned qualification from a world-class business school, you also gain access to the School’s network of more than 34,000 global alumni – a community that offers support and opportunities throughout your career. For more information visit www.london.edu/mm, email mim@london.edu or give us a call on +44 (0)20 7000 7573. * Figures taken from London Business School’s Masters in Management 2010 employment report Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 7
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 1: Rio de Janeiro Praça Pio XTour 1: Rio de Janeiro Metro: Uruguaiana Between modern buildings in the financial centre of Rio de Janeiro, the beautiful Candelária Church,1. Centro Cultural Light which was built in the 18th century, is situated.Avenida Marechal Floriano 168 The ornamented façade of the church is veryMetro: Presidente Vargas elegant, and inside the church you can seeThis building was built in 1911 as the headquarters beautiful murals.and garage for the tram car company Light. Thestyle is American Renaissance. 4. Centro Cultural Banco do BrasilIn 1944 the place was converted into a culturalcentre with a number of exciting exhibitions aboutthe history and development of Rio de Janeiro,among other things, in the room Espaço RioAntigo, you find some exciting historicphotographs from the earlier Rio de Janeiro.2. São Bento Monastery/Mosteiro de São BentoRua Dom Gerardo 68Metro: UruguaianaThis monastery was founded in the 16th century.The present buildings have been built in the 17thcentury, and they are some of the most impressivebuildings of Rio de Janeiro. As one of the threegolden churches of Brazil, the interior iscompletely covered in gold; an amazing sight inthe rich ornamentation. Rua Visconde de Itaboraí 78 Metro: Uruguaiana3. Igreja de Candelária In 1989 this cultural centre opened in the building, which was built in 1880 as the headquarters for the bank, Banco do Brasil. There are always a number of activities going on in the centre, which among other things has two theatres, cinemas and not least four exhibition rooms, where you can see changing exhibitions. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 8
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 1: Rio de Janeiro5. Confetaria Colombo Praça XV Station: Carioca On the this square, a part of Rio de Janeiro’s historical events have taken place, e.g. the King of Portugal disembarked here in the beginning of the 19th century, and in 1889 the Brazilian Emperor Pedro II set off from here after being banished from the country. 7. Museu Historico NacionalRua Gonçalves Dias 32Metro: CariocaThe distinguished restaurant Confeitaria Colombo Praça Marechal Âncorais an extravaganza from the Brazilian Belle Époque www.museuhistoriconacional.com.brperiod. The atmosphere is just like in the Metro: Cariocabeginning of the 20th century with magnificent The Museum of National History of Brazilframes in Art Nouveau style. Among the many describes the history of the country in an excitingdetails of the place, you find the Belgian mirrors, and vivid way through its large collection. TheItalian marble interior and furniture, which is museum itself is placed in three buildings, whichtypical for the time. have been built between 1762 and 1835.6. Praça XV 8. Museu de Arte Moderna Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 9
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 1: Rio de Janeiro Avenida Infante Dom Henrique 85 Avenida Rio Branco 199 www.mamrio.org.br www.mnba.gov.br Metro: Cinelândia Metro: Cinelândia In the exciting museum building from 1958, you At the National Art Museum, you can see a large can see approximately 11 000 Brazilian and collection of Brazilian works primarily from the international works of modern art. The museum 19th and the 20th centuries. However, you can also has a popular cinema. also see the painting by Leandro Joaquim of Rio de Janeiro from the 18th century. Also, you can 9. Museu Nacional de Belas Artes find works by the country’s famous modernist, Cândido Portinari. Excellent Economics and Business programmes at: “The perfect startPlease click the advert of a successful, international career.” CLICK HERE to discover why both socially and academically the University of Groningen is one of the best places for a student to be www.rug.nl/feb/education Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 10
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 1: Rio de Janeiro10. Theatro Municipal Praça Marechal Floriano www.theatromunicipal.rj.gov.br Metro: Cinelândia The beautiful and richly ornamented theatre of Rio de Janeiro has mainly been built in Carrara marble. Both the inside and the outside of the theatre are an experience, and it was built from 1905 to 1909 with inspiration from the opera of Paris. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 11
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 2: Rio de Janeiro In the lower floor of the cathedral, an excitingTour 2: Rio de Janeiro museum, which exhibits interesting effects from the Brazilian history, has been established. Here you find among other things the throne and the11. Catedral Metropolitana baptismal font of the royal family. 12. Arcos da Lapa Largo da Carioca Metro: Cinelândia/Carioca Arcos de Lapa is also known as the Carioca aqueduct, and it was built from 1724 in order to transport fresh water to the increasing population of Rio de Janeiro. Today a tram line has been established at the top of the aqueduct; here you can go to the Santa Teresa area. The aqueductAvenida República de Chile itself is situated in the Lapa area, which has beenMetro: Cinelândia/Carioca one of the city’s leading districts of entertainmentThis modern cathedral, which is 96 metres tall, since the beginning of the 1950’es. Known asalmost looks like an enormous lamp shade with its Montmartre, Carioca has throughout the yearscut through conic shape. With its coloured attracted artists and intellectuals.windows, the light gives you a very beautifulexperience inside the large room. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 12
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 2: Rio de Janeiro 13. Santa Teresa 14. Palácio do Catete Santa Teresa Metro: Glória The district of Santa Teresa was established in the 18th century, and today the atmosphere feels like going back to the historical Rio de Janeiro. Narrow and crooked streets with old trams, which turn the corners, are some of the things that make Santa Teresa special. Besides, the old squares and the cosy park, Parque des Ruínas, of Santa Teresa is worth visiting. Teach with the Best. Learn with the Best. Agilent offers a wide variety of affordable, industry-leadingPlease click the advert electronic test equipment as well as knowledge-rich, on-line resources —for professors and students. We have 100’s of comprehensive web-based teaching tools, lab experiments, application notes, brochures, DVDs/ See what Agilent can do for you. CDs, posters, and more. www.agilent.com/find/EDUstudents www.agilent.com/find/EDUeducators © Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2012 u.s. 1-800-829-4444 canada: 1-877-894-4414 Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 13
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 2: Rio de JaneiroRua do Catete 153 see in the exhibitions at the Museum Chacara doMetro: Catete Ceu. In the fine collection, you find works byThe Catete Palace was the residence of the among others Dali, Miró, Matisse and Picasso.Brazilian government between 1897 and 1960, andmany decisions in the country’s history have been 17. Museu Internacional de arte Naïfmade here by the 18 presidents who had their Rua Cosme Velho 561office here. Metro: Largo do Machado At this museum, you can see more than 8 000The façade in new classic style is made of granite works of primitive art from more than 130as well as red and white marble. The beautiful countries, and of course not least Brazilian art. Therooms of the palace were opened for visitors as a works date back to the 15th century, and one ofmuseum in 1960, when the capital of Brazil was the most interesting pieces is the 7x4 metres largemoved to the newly established Brasilia. painting of Rio de Janeiro.15. Parque Guinle 18. Statue of Christ/Cristo Redentor Rua Cosme Velho 513Rua Gago Cutinho/ www.corcovado.com.brRua Paulo César de Andrade Metro: Estácio/Metro: Largo do Machade Largo do Machado, tåg från Cosme VelhoThis park and the surrounding housing sectors The world famous Statue of Christ at the top ofwere designed and laid out in 1948 by the the 710 metres tall mountain, Morro doArchitect Lúcio Costa. The modern construction Corcovade, is the symbol of Rio de Janeiro. Thewas made with inspiration from the thoughts of Le statue is 38 metres tall, and it was inaugurated inCorbusier, and the buildings have been the model 1931. Access to the exceptionally situated placefor the large block of flats in Brasilia, which later has been improved in the last few years, and onbecame capital of the country. the way up to the statue, you can now get a lot of information about the statue itself, the place, and16. Museu da Chácara do Céu the unique sight that the Corcovado Mountain is.Rua Murtinho Nobre 96 From here you can admire the location of theMetro: Cinelândia Brazilian city, which is one the most beautifulThe Industrialist Raymundo Ottoni de Castro locations in the world.Maya collected the many works of art, books,ceramic works and furniture, which you can now Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 14
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 2: Rio de Janeiro Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 15
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 3: Rio de Janeiro Avenida Pasteur 520 Tur 3 Rio de Janeiro www.bondinho.com.br Station: Botafogo 19. Sugar Loaf Mountain/ The Sugar Loaf Mountain is the famous 396 Pão de Açúcar metres tall granite mountain, which is shaped exactly like a sugar loaf. The mountain is one of the symbols of Rio de Janeiro, and there is access to the top of it. There is a funicular over the mountain, Morro de Urca, in 220 metres altitude before you get to the top of the Sugar Loaf Mountain, where you are rewarded with an outstanding view. 20. Copacabana Avenida Atlântica Station: Cardeal Arcoverde/Siqueira Campos Need help with your dissertation?Please click the advert Get in-depth feedback & advice from experts in your topic area. Find out what you can do to improve the quality of your dissertation! Get Help Now Go to www.helpmyassignment.co.uk for more info Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 16
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 3: Rio de JaneiroIn total, there are 80 km of beach in Rio de Janeiro 22. Copacabana Fort/and in the immediate vicinity of Rio de Janeiro, Forte de Copacabanaand of them, the divinely beautiful Copacabana isthe most famous. The beach is three km long andis framed by the sea and the many white buildingsof Avenida Atlantica.There is always a riot of people at the popularbeach. A cycle track, kiosks, restaurants, and ofcourse the beach and the water themselves areonly some of the things that attract people tocome here.21. Copacabana Palace Praça Coronel Eugênio Franco Metro: Siqueira Campos At the end of the Copacabana Beach, the Copacabana Fort is situated farthest out on a point. It was built in 1914 as a defence for the areas in Guanabara Bay. At the fort, you can visit the city’s Museum of Military History, Museu Histórico do Exército, which in an exciting way describes the history of the fort and other things.Avenida Atlântica When visiting here, you can also enjoy one of theMetro: Siquera Campos most beautiful views of the coastline, the sea andThis impressive hotel was built as one of the first Rio de Janeiro.along the famous Copacabana Beach, and it wasopened in 1923. With its European inspiration and 23. Praia de Ipanemaluxurious decorations, the hotel became one of thefamous places in Rio de Janeiro, and it attractedpoliticians, actors, and other well-known peoplefrom all over the world.The hotel was the scene for the movie ”Flyingdown to Rio”, where Fred Astaire and GingerRogers danced together for the first time. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 17
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 3: Rio de JaneiroPraia de Ipanema The highlight is the majestic emperor palms, whichMetro: Siqueira Campos have been planted as avenues between a largeThe Ipanema Beach was immortalized by the number of beautiful plants. The fauna of thesong ”Girl from Ipanema”, and when visiting this garden makes the park extra special.place, you understand why. The beach in itself isvery beautiful and fascinating, and there are always 25. Jockey Clubmany activities along the beach. A lot of theinhabitants of the large city use Ipanema as ahealth resort with relaxation, cycling, and otheractivities.24. Botanic Garden/Jardim BotânicoRua Jardim Botanicowww.jbrj.gov.brMetro: Siqueira CamposThe Botanic Garden of Rio de Janeiro may be oneof the most beautiful and fascinating botanic Praça Santos Dumontgardens of the world. Here you can experience Metro: Siqueira Camposboth the rich flora of Brazil as well as international The racecourse at the Jockey Club is the leadingcollections. racecourse of Rio de Janeiro for horse racing. However, you can also go here to enjoy the beautiful buildings, which have been made in French Louis XV style. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 18
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 4: Rio de Janeiro 27. Parque Quinta da Boa Vista Tour 4: Rio de Janeiro 26. São Cristóvão Market/ Feira de São Cristóvão Campo de São Cristóvão Metro: Estácio A trip to the São Cristóvão Market is like entering another country than Rio de Janeiro. Here you can Parque Quinta da Boa Vista experience the atmosphere and the traditional Metro: São Cristóvão goods and dishes from the north-east of Brazil. Free online MagazinesPlease click the advert Click here to download SpeakMagazines.com Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 19
    • Rio de Janeiro Tour 4: Rio de JaneiroThe Quinta da Boa Vista Park was part of the The enormous Maracanã is the worlds largestresidence of the Brazilian emperors in the period football stadium. It was opened in 1950 for 166between 1822 and 1889, when the republic was 369 spectators, but at the World Championship inintroduced. The park is laid out by the French football in 1963, approximately 200 000 peopleLandscape Architect Auguste Glaziou in 1869. saw Pelé and Santos beat the Italian club Milan. Besides football matches the Maracanã Stadium28. Maracanã has also hosted large concerts and two visits from the Pope. Besides the impressive stadium, you can see the Hall of Fame, which was established for the 50th anniversary of the stadium in 2000, and which shows the best football players in the period. You can also see a description of the history of the Maracanã.Rua Professor Eurico RebeloMetro: Maracanã Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 20
    • Rio de Janeiro Day Tours from Rio de Janeiro 30. Casa do PontalDay Tours fromRio de Janeiro29. Tijuca National Park/Parque Nacional da Tijuca Estrade do Pontal 3295, 30 km SW In this beautiful house, you can see the largest collection of folk art and craft of Brazil. The very varied collection counts more than 5 000 effects, and it was established through 50 years by the Frenchman Jacques van de Beuque. A visit here gives you an excellent impression of the diversity15 km W of the Brazilian society through time.www.terrabrasil.org.br/pn_tijuca/pnt_1.htmThe Tijuca National Park is the largest Brazilian 31. Tropcial Islands/Ilhas Tropicaisnatural resort situated in the large urban areas, andtherefore it is an easy way to get out in nature.The original plantation of the park was cut downin the end of the 19th century, when coffeeplantations were to be laid out here. The laterreconstruction of the woods and the planting ofthe large area have led to a great variety of theflora. You find many different Brazilian trees, andtherefore the park can seem like a large and wildbotanical garden.In the park you find the Carioca Mountain, which Itacuruça, Baia Sepetiba, 80 km SVhas several attractions, such as the Dona Marta, The Tropical Islands outside of Rio de Janeiro is athe Vista Chinesa and the Mesa do Imperador. In paradise of clear water, beaches and palms, and itthe Tijuca Forest in the park, you can see the gives you a good impression of the other long andbeautiful waterfall, a museum, and the historical lovely stretches of coast of Brazil.sugar mill, Solidão. There are many possibilities in the area, which you can go to by arranged trips from Rio de Janeiro. You can visit tropical islands such as Jardim, Sororoca, Furtada and Bicho Grande as well as swim from the beautiful beach, Praia Bonita. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 21
    • Rio de Janeiro Day Tours from Rio de Janeiro The sights are all placed in the centre of the city, Snorkelling and experiences among the rich animal and together they make a place with a lot of life are also among the possibilities. Especially atmosphere. Streets paved with paving stones, birds and dolphins are popular attractions for the churches in Baroque style and houses in colonial visitors. style are only few of the rarely preserved things. No wonder that the city is considered one of the 32. Parati most important colonial cities of the 18th century in the world. Parati was founded in 1667, and with gold finds in Mina Gerais, the city, which for a time seemed like an intermediate station for Rio de Janeiro’s shipping of the valuable raw material, grew. The city was also supply harbour for the area. In the 19th century, the railway between Rio de Janeiro and São Paolo was built, and it went round Parati, which isolated the city from the majority of the transportation in the region. Thereby it could be preserved in its original state. 100 km SW The city Parati is one of the most idyll cities near Rio de Janeiro. A visit to Parati is like going back to the Portuguese Colonial Period because most of the city has not been changed in the last 200 years. © UBS 2010. All rights reserved. You’re full of energy and ideas. And that’s just what we are looking for.Please click the advert Looking for a career where your ideas could really make a difference? UBS’s Graduate Programme and internships are a chance for you to experience for yourself what it’s like to be part of a global team that rewards your input and believes in succeeding together. Wherever you are in your academic career, make your future a part of ours by visiting www.ubs.com/graduates. www.ubs.com/graduates Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 22
    • Rio de Janeiro Day Tours from Rio de Janeiro33. Petrópolis 33b. Catedral São Pedro de Alcântara65 km NEPetrópolis is also known as the Imperial City ofBrazil. The city is named after Emperor DomPedro I, who was the first monarch of the country.Petrópolis was used as summer residence by theBrazilian emperors. Dom Pedro I found the natureand the climate of the place so much to his tastethat he in 1803 decided to buy a farm, where hebegan the building of the beautiful summer palaceof the city, which led to others from the Brazilianaristocracy following suit.Under Emperor Dom Pedro II, Germanimmigrants were invited to the area, and therebyan actual city was created around the palace. Rua São Pedro de Alcântara 60 The Cathedral of Petrópolis is an elegant church in33a. Museu Imperial new Gothic style, which is beautifully situated by the channels of the city and with the surrounding mountains in the background. Emperor Dom Pedro II was buried in the cathedral. He died in Paris in 1891, and in 1922 the remains of him and his Empress Teresa arrived to Brazil. The church was finished in 1939, and at a ceremony, Dom Pedro II and Teresa were reburied here, close to their beloved summer palace in Petrópolis. 33c. House of Santos Dumont/ Casa de Santos DumontAvenida 7 de Septembro 220www.museumimperial.gov.brThe beautiful Imperial Palace of Petrópolis is usedas a museum of the imperial period of Brazil. Thepalace itself is exciting, and among the manyeffects such as furniture and clothes, you can becarried back to the 19th century. The ImperialThrone is also on display, and it is richlyornamented. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 23
    • Rio de Janeiro Day Tours from Rio de JaneiroRua do Encanto 124 33d. Palácio de CristalSantos Dumont is the father of Brazilian aviation.He was the first in the world to fly in full publicview; this was in Paris in 1906. In 1918 he builtthis house as a summer residence, and a lot ofartfulness is built-in, among other things thestaircase, which you have to climb starting withyour right foot.At this museum of Santos Dumont, you can seeother experiments and inventions by his hand. TheDomestic Airport of Rio de Janeiro is named afterSantos Dumont. Praça de Confluencia The Crystal Palace of Petrópolis is an impressive building made of crystal glass from the French Saint- Saveur-les-Arras in 1884. The style is clearly European. The Crystal Palace has played a historical role in Brazil, as the daughter of Dom Pedro II, Princess Isabel, in 1888 freed some slaves. The event was the precursor of the emancipation of the country’s slaves – by a document, which she signed a few months later. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 24
    • Rio de Janeiro Children / Shopping / Public transportation New York City Center (Barra da Tijuca):Bringing children to Rio de www.nycc.com.brJaneiro Rio Sul (Avenida Lauro Mueller 116):Barra Shopping (Avenida das Américas 4666) www.riosul.com.brAerospacial Museum/Museu Aeroespacial São Conrado Fashion Mall (Estrada da Gavea 899):(Avenida Marechal Fontenelle 2000) www.scfashionmall.com.brRailway Museum/Museu do Trem (Rua Arquias Shopping Grande Rio (São João de Meriti):Cordeiro 1046): www.shoppinggranderio.com.brwww.rffsa.gov.br/principal/museu.htm Shopping Leblon (Leblon):Naval Museum/Museu Naval e Oceanográfico www.shoppingleblon.com.br(Rua Dom Manuel 15) West Shopping Rio (Campo Grande):Zoo /Jardim Zoológico (Parque Quinta da Boa www.westshopping.com.brVista):www.rio.rj.gov.br/riozoo Public transportation in RioShopping in Rio de Janeiro de JaneiroRua da Alfândega, Rua Uruguaiana, Rua Buenos Rio de Janeiro Metro:Aires, Rua Gonçalves Dias, Largo da Carioca, Rua www.metrorio.com.brNossa Senhora de Copacabana, Rua ViscondeBarra Shopping (Avenidas das Americas 4666): Corcovado Railway:www.barrashopping.com.br www.corcovado.com.brBotafogo Praia Shopping (Botafogo): Rio de Janeiro Airportwww.botafogopraiashopping.com.br www.infraero.gov.br/aero_prev_home.php?ai= 42Iguatemi Rio (Rua Barão de São Francisco comTeodoro da Silva): Brazilian Railways:www.iguatemirio.com.br www.rffsa.gov.brLojas Americanas (Rua do Passeio 42-56):www.lojasamericanas.som.br Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 25
    • Rio de Janeiro Metro Map Metro Map 360° thinking . 360° thinking . 360° . Please click the advert thinking Discover the truth at www.deloitte.ca/careers D © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Discover the truth at www.deloitte.ca/careers © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 26© Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Discover the truth at www.deloitte.ca/careers © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities.
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Facts about Brazil Political Official name República Federativa do Brasil Capital Brasilia Government Federal Parliamentary Republic Head of state President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva National Day September 7 Independence achieved September 7, 1822 from Portugal Primary religion Christianity Language Portuguese Area 8 514 877 km² Population (2000) 169 799 000 Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 27
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Borders on North Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, the Atlantic Ocean South Uruguay East The Atlantic Ocean West Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Highest mountains Pico de Neblina 2 994 metres Pico 31 de Março 2 973 metres Pico da Bandeira 2 892 metres Pico do Cruzeiro 2 861 metres Pico do Calçado 2 849 metres Monte Roraima 2 810 metres Pedra da Mina 2 798 metres Pico das Agulhas Negras 2792 metres Pico do Cristal 2 770 metresPlease click the advert Find your next education here! Click here bookboon.com/blog/subsites/stafford Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 28
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Largest islands Marajó 40 100 km² Bananal 20 000 km² Tupinambarana 11 850 km² Caviana 5 000 km² Gurupá 4 864 km² São Luís 1 300 km² Santa Catarina 523 km² São Sebastião 338 km² Ilha Grande 193 km² Santo Amaro 143 km² Largest lakes Represa de Sobradinho 4 214 km² Tucuruí 2 430 km² Balbina 2 360 km² Lago de Serra da Mesa 1 784 km² Itaipu 1 350 km² Longest rivers Río Amazonas* 6 400 km Río Paraná* 3 998 km Río Madeira* 3 380 km Río Juruá 3 283 km Río Purus* 3 210 km Río Japurá* 2 815 km Río Tocantins 2 640 km Río Araguaia 2 627 km Río Paraguai 2 549 km Río Tapajós 2 291 km Río Negro 2 253 km Río Xingu 1 980 km *runs through other countries than Brazil Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 29
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Largest urban areas (2006) São Paulo 11 017 000 Rio de Janeiro 6 137 000 Salvador 2 714 000 Belo Horizonte 2 424 000 Fortaleza 2 417 000 Brasília 2 384 000 Curitiba 1 789 000 Manaus 1 645 000 Recife 1 515 000 Porto Alegre 1 441 000 Administrative division Regions Capital Area Região Centro-Oeste - 1 604 852 km² Região Nordeste - 1 556 001 km² Região Norte - 3 851 560 km² Região Sudeste - 927 286 km² Região Sul - 575 316 km² States Capital Area Acre Rio Branco 152 581 km² Alagoas Maceió 27 768 km² Amapá Macapá 142 815 km² Amazonas Manaus 1 570 746 km² Bahia Salvador 564 693 km² Ceará Fortaleza 148 826 km² Distrito Federal Brasília 5 822 km² Espírito Santo Vitória 46 078 km² Goiás Goiânia 340 087 km² Maranhão São Luís 331 983 km² Mato Grosso Cuiabá 903 358 km² Mato Grosso do Sul Campo Grande 357 125 km² Minas Gerais Belo Horizonte 586 528 km² Pará Belém 1 247 690 km² Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 30
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Paraíba João Pessoa 56 440 km² Paraná Curitiba 199 315 km² Pernambuco Recife 98 312 km² Piauí Teresina 251 529 km² Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro 43 696 km² Rio Grande do Norte Natal 52 797 km² Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre 281 749 km² Rondônia Porto Velho 237 576 km² Roraima Boa Vista 224 299 km² Santa Catarina Florianópolis 95 346 km² São Paulo São Paulo 248 209 km²Please click the advert Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 31
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Heads of state since 1889 Deodoro da Fonseca 1889-1891 Floriano Peixoto 1891-1894 Prudente de Morais 1894-1898 Campos Sales 1898-1902 Rodrigues Alves 1902-1906 Afonso Pena 1906-1909 Nilo Peçanha 1909-1910 Hermes da Fonseca 1910-1914 Venceslau Brás 1914-1918 Delfim Moreira 1918-1919 Epitácio Pessoa 1919-1922 Artur Bernardes 1922-1926 Washington Luís 1926-1930 Augustio Fragoso 1930-1930 Mena Barreto 1930-1930 Isaías de Noronha 1930-1930 Getúlio Vargas 1930-1945 José Linhares 1945-1946 Gaspar Dutra 1946-1951 Getúlio Vargas 1951-1954 Café Filho 1954-1955 Carlos Luz 1955-1955 Nereu Ramos 1955-1956 Juscelino Kubitschek 1956-1961 Jânio Quadros 1961-1961 Ranieri Mazzilli 1961-1961 João Goulart 1961-1964 Ranieri Mazzilli 1964-1964 Castelo Branco 1964-1967 Costa e Silva 1967-1969 Augustio Rademaker 1969-1969 Aurélio de Lira 1969-1969 Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 32
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Márcio Melo 1969-1969 Emilio Medici 1969-1974 Ernesto Geisel 1974-1979 João Figueiredo 1979-1985 José Sarney 1985-1990 Fernando Collor 1990-1992 Itamar Franco 1992-1995 Fernando Henrique Cardoso 1995-2003 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva 2003- Holidays and Memorial Days January 1 New Year’s Day Date varies, Tuesday before Ash Wednesday Last Carnival Day Date varies, 46 days before Easter Day Ash Wednesday Date varies Good Friday Date varies Easter Day April 21 Tiradentes Day May 1 May Day Festivities Date varies, 60 days after Easter Day Corpus Christi September 7 Independence Day October 12 Our Lady of Aparecida November 2 All Souls Day November 15 Proclamation of the Republic December 25 Christmas Day Various facts Currency Real Currency code BRL Time zone Brasilia Time +1 (UTC-2:00) Brasilia Time (UTC -3:00) Brasilia Time -1 (UTC -4:00) Brasilia Time -2 (UTC -5:00) Licence plate code BR Internet domain .br Country calling code +55 Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 33
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Mean temperature Precipitation Climate – Rio de Janeiro (°C/°F) (millimetres/inches) January 26.0/78.8 135/5.3 February 26.2/79.2 124/4.9 March 25.6/78.1 134/5.3 April 24.1/75.4 109/4.3 May 22.4/72.3 78/3.1 June 21.1/70.0 52/2.0 July 20.7/69.3 45/1.8 August 21.2/70.2 46/1.8 September 21.6/70.9 62/2.4 October 22.3/72.1 82/3.2 November 23.4/74.1 100/3.9 December 24.9/76.8 137/5.4 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com) your chance to change the worldPlease click the advert Here at Ericsson we have a deep rooted belief that the innovations we make on a daily basis can have a profound effect on making the world a better place for people, business and society. Join us. In Germany we are especially looking for graduates as Integration Engineers for • Radio Access and IP Networks • IMS and IPTV We are looking forward to getting your application! To apply and for all current job openings please visit our web page: www.ericsson.com/careers Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 34
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Mean temperature Precipitation Climate – Manaus (°C/°F) (millimetres/inches) January 26.0/78.8 264/10.4 February 26.0/78.8 262/10.3 March 25.9/78.6 298/11.7 April 26.0/78.8 283/11.1 May 26.2/79.2 204/8.0 June 26.3/79.3 103/4.1 July 26.5/79.7 67/2.6 August 27.2/81.0 46/1.8 September 27.5/81.5 63/2.5 October 27.5/81.5 111/4.4 November 27.1/80.8 161/6.3 December 26.6/79.9 220/8.7 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com) Mean temperature Precipitation Climate – Recife (°C/°F) (millimetres/inches) January 26.8/80.2 62/2.4 February 26.8/80.2 102/4.0 March 26.6/79.9 197/7.8 April 26.1/79.0 252/9.9 May 25.3/77.5 301/11.9 June 24.5/76.1 302/11.9 July 23.9/75.0 254/10.0 August 23.9/75.0 156/6.1 September 24.7/76.5 78/3.1 October 25.6/78.1 36/1.4 November 26.1/79.0 29/1.1 December 26.5/79.7 40/1.6 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com) Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 35
    • Rio de Janeiro Facts about Brazil Mean temperature Precipitation Climate – Brasilia (°C/°F) (millimetres/inches) January 21.2/70.2 262/10.3 February 21.3/70.3 213/8.4 March 21.5/70.7 202/7.9 April 20.8/69.4 103/4.1 May 19.6/67.3 20/0.8 June 18.4/65.1 4/0.2 July 18.4/65.1 4/0.2 August 20.3/68.5 6/0.2 September 21.6/70.9 35/1.4 October 21.7/71.1 140/5.5 November 21.1/70.0 238/9.4 December 21.1/70.0 329/12.9 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com) Mean temperature Precipitation Climate – Porto Alegre (°C/°F) (millimetres/inches) January 24.5/76.1 97/3.8 February 24.6/76.3 109/4.3 March 23.2/73.8 99/3.9 April 20.0/68.0 85/3.4 May 16.8/62.2 95/3.7 June 14.3/57.7 129/5.1 July 14.5/58.1 122/4.8 August 15.3/59.5 141/5.5 September 16.7/62.1 140/5.5 October 19.2/66.6 118/4.6 November 21.2/70.2 99/3.9 December 23.4/74.1 99/3.9 Source: WorldClimate (www.worldclimate.com) Download free ebooks at bookboon.com OnLibri.com 36
    • Rio de Janeiro Kapiteloverskrift ONLIBRI OnLibri.com 44