Also the Mediterranean Sea was important- not to drink but to get fish out of.
The Nile ran north which was important because the Egyptians could use as a “highway” to send goods to the Mediterranean Sea, also the wind went from the north to the south so if you put a sail on your boat you could go south too.
Finally the Nile R. was also a natural irrigation system
It was a natural irrigation system because it would flood every month or so it would give fresh water to plants!
When people think of deserts people think of hot deserted places but actually the Arabian Desert helped Egypt keep enemies out
Nile River V. -influenced human settlement
In the southern part of the Nile it would run through narrow valleys and hills
Also there was flat area that would be good for farming
The Nile River V.- the Nile would help vegetation by flooding and that would fertilize the crops
The Egyptians grew crops such as reeds, wheat, barley, and papyrus which was used to make baskets
Ruled from 1971-1926 B.C.E
Greatest accomplishments- his greatest accomplishes were religious architecture ex.- shrines, temples
Pharaoh Senusret helped make the white temple. This was a temple made of alabaster, a hard white stone. Historians believe that it was covered in a thin layer of gold
-Patron of the Arts
Ruled from 1473-1458 B.C.E
Pharaoh Harshepsut- she was the first female pharaoh
Greatest accomplishments- she was known for trade, and also government
- she wanted to be as respected as a man so she would sometimes wear men’s clothes and a man’s beard. Also she would tell stories that her father was a god
-promoter of Egyptian trade
Ruled from 1290-1224 B.C.E
Greatest accomplishments- he was known for military leader ship and numerous monuments
Pharaoh Ramses- he had over 100 wives and over 100 children
Ramses was named a captain at the age of ten, as he got older Hittites’s Empire would constantly threaten Egypt. Luckily Ramses was a peace maker and signed the fist peace treaty ever (the treaty lasted until 1190 B.C.E . Also Ramses made the most monuments than anyone else
-best preserved mummy ever found
-military leader and master builder
All the gods in ancient Egypt were to live in the ancient temples
The temples were dedicated to the gods.
Rituals were performed for the gods .
Government officials- these social workers mainly worked for the pharaoh. What they did was carry out orders, they were the most powerful group in Egypt (besides the pharaoh). They were powerful, wealthy, and enjoyed a good life.
Priests- they were also a very powerful group. The reason that they were so powerful was because religion was so important in Egypt. Priests were in charge of temples, religious rituals, and death ceremonies surrounding death and burial.
Scribes- the scribes held a respected position in society. They recorded information for religious and government leaders. It took many years of schooling to become a scribe.
Artisans- this position included carpenters, metal workers, painters, sculptors, and stone carvers. Artisans were highly skilled, but had a low social status.
Peasants- they were the largest social class. Peasants worked the land, providing Egypt with a stable food supply. When they weren’t working in the farm, they were working on the pharaoh’s massive projects!