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  1. 1. Ancient Egypt By Allie
  2. 2. Geography- Water <ul><li>The Nile River was a good source of water. </li></ul><ul><li>It provided natural irrigation and fertilization. </li></ul><ul><li>Floods from the Nile River left great soil for farming. </li></ul><ul><li>The Nile River flows north which was good for the Egyptians because they used it for a “highway.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography- Vegetation <ul><li>The Nile River Valley would flood and leave really good soil for farming so they could have a stable food supply </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetation was very rare in the deserts because it was so dry there </li></ul>
  4. 4. Geography- Topgraphy <ul><li>Deserts are thought of as dry and horrible places, but in ancient Egypt were very important they helped to keep enemies out. The desert acted as a barrier. </li></ul><ul><li>The Nile River was also a big part of ancient Egypt because it influenced human settlement. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pharaoh Senusret <ul><li>He ruled from 1971- 1926 B.C.E </li></ul><ul><li>He controlled mines filled with gold, copper and gems. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the greatest works in Egyptian literature were written during Senusret’s time. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of his greatest accomplishments were in religious architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to be remembered through his monuments. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pharaoh Hatshepsut <ul><li>She ruled from 1473- 1458 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>She was the very first female pharaoh. </li></ul><ul><li>She was know for encouraging trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Her greatest accomplishment was gaining power. At first she shared her power with her male relatives. </li></ul><ul><li>As a girl she demanded the same respect as a male pharaoh, and so sometimes she would wear male clothing. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pharaoh Ramses II <ul><li>He ruled from 1290- 1224 </li></ul><ul><li>He is best known for his military leadership and for building numerous monuments </li></ul><ul><li>He had over 100 wives and 100 children therefore he wasn’t shy </li></ul><ul><li>He was made captain of the Egyptian army at the age of 10 </li></ul><ul><li>He was the best preserved mummy </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Social Pyramid <ul><li>Egyptian society was structured like a pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>At the top was the pharaoh, next was the government officials. Then it was the priests, then was the scribes. Next is the Artisans and last was the peasants. </li></ul><ul><li>They usually belonged to the same class as their parents, and most had little chance of moving up. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gods <ul><li>All the gods lived in temples </li></ul><ul><li>The temples were made for the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Some rituals were performed to honor all the gods and show faithfulness </li></ul>
  10. 10. Peasants <ul><li>All people lived on the east but they wanted to be buried on the west when they died. </li></ul><ul><li>Kids were highly valued </li></ul><ul><li>Men and women had different roles in the family. Women cooked and took care of the house while the men made the money to support the family </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thank You! <ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>Google images </li></ul>
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