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Singapore History By Talha Lodhi
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Singapore History By Talha Lodhi

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Singapore History By Talha Lodhi Singapore History By Talha Lodhi Presentation Transcript

  • SINGAPORE HISTORY
  • SEQUENCE
    • INTRODUCTION
    • BRITISH RULE
    • CHALLENGES FOR NEW BORN STATE
    • REMEDIES BY PAP
  • Singapore -- Little City state where change is the constant
  • INTRODUCTION
    • Ancient name -- Singapura
    • Once a part of Muslim "Malaccan Sultanate".
      • Malacca was considered to be a thriving centre of Islamic teaching in 14th century.
    • An important trade route.
      • The trade route being " Euorpe-Indonesia- China".
    • Spices, Common denominator of Singaporean trade in the region.
    • Portuguese took over Singapura by force, exerting control on trade route.
    • Dutch soon followed in, establishing their domination.
    • An Anglo-Dutch treaty of 1824,
      • Britishers got whatever came north of Malaca
      • Dutch the south of Malaca.
  • BRITISH RULE
    • 1819, Sir Stanford Raffles, founder of modern Singapore, led Britishers into the region.
      • Gave the region its first constitution.
      • Granted the right of natives over the resources
      • Established a ‘Court of Settlement’.
    • Historic Records state that upon Sir Raffles arrival in the region,
      • Nearly 500 inhabitants,
      • At the time of his departure, inhabitants at 8000, of which 5000 as traders.
        • Many Indians migrated to the region.
    • Britishers, purposely did not make any undue effort to change the existing social and cultural system.
      • To suit their economic benefits.
    • Cont’d…
    • British rule emanated from their universal policy
      • Creating divide between the different ethnicities living in Singapore.
    • Economic Rationalization, the basis of British Rule.
    • Defeat in WW II, at the hands of Japanese, brought an abrupt end to British rule.
    • Fall of Japan in 1945 resulted in re-possesion of Singaporean control in the hands of Britain, only to handover the governance to its natives.
      • Colonial end coming to end world over.
    • Singapore merged with Malaysia in 1959 to form a federation.
      • For any port without a land is neither economically feasible nor viable.
      • Supported owing to lack of confidence in survival of a loner city-state.
      • Cont’d…
    • Merger turned foul in ’65,
      • Singapore forcibly separated
        • Malaysian Parliament voting it out.
      • Racial politics played a pivotal role in souring the relationship between the leadership of the two states.
      • Separation not consented by of any of mainstream leaders.
      • President Yusuf Ishaq asked Lee Kaun Yew of PAP to take charge as Prime Minister.
  • CHALLENGES FOR NEW BORN STATE
    • The greatest challenge as S.Rajaratnam put it in 1967 was “ How to covert a society of transient immigrants into a community of citizens?”
    • Plagued with menace of gambling, secret societies, and powerful rogue organizations.
    • High unemployment rate.
    • Multi-ethnic state.
    • No natural resources.
  • REMEDIES BY PAP
    • Peoples Action Party promised to deliver good governance and development of Singapore.
    • Malayans pushed into a backseat role, in the first few years of the government.
      • Reason; Avoidance in pitching a Malaysian Malay against a Singaporean Malay.
    • The foundational pillars of the new state as laid down by Lee Kaun Yew and his team were;
      • Meritocracy.
      • Multi-racialism.
      • Modernity.