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Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi
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Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi

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  • 1. ANTI-CORRUPTION POLICIES
  • 2. SEQUENCE <ul><li>CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>CPIB </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>PUNISHMENT BY LAW </li></ul><ul><li>ACHIEVEMENT </li></ul>
  • 3. CORRUPTION <ul><ul><li>“ Gin-muorg&quot; - nation eating, Thai term for corruption. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defined by UNDP as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot; Use of public office or position for private work or gain “. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption; a menace plaguing the developing world in particular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroys the social fabric of a nation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates injustice, and unrest among the masses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminates the concept of meritocracy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption exists only because the people want it to exist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cont’d…. </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. <ul><ul><li>At Independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption, A rule of the day. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAP introduced the concept of “macho-meritocracy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To curb corrupt practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Applicable on both public, civil and political sector. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Today, Corruption is regarded as a &quot; high risk, low award&quot; activity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Root cause of corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greed of money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need of money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political muscling </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 5. CPIB <ul><li>Theme - making corruption socially unacceptable. </li></ul><ul><li>A legally autonomous body for prevention of corrupt practices. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports directly to PM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In a case of clash of interest, such as investigating the PM, the overseeing authority shifts to President. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not require an authorization from PM to open an investigation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Investigates all type of cases related to corruption and financial embezzlement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However issue such as Insider trading do not come under its domain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internal monitoring system prevalent in CPIB. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instance of CPIB staff being investigated and convicted present. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cont’d…. </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Blind-eyed investigation; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No discrimination owing to political or social pressure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sitting ministers have been investigated too. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Average complaints received 1000 </li></ul><ul><li>Average Investigations launched 300 </li></ul><ul><li>Cases registered 150 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost one-quarter of the cases are from public sector. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Majority of the instances of corruption, out of greed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly 95% conviction rate. </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST CORRUPTION <ul><li>Punishment for the greedy. </li></ul><ul><li>Added incentives for the needy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To refrain them from going out of the way to resolve their needs . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eradication of economic disparity and social justice. </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate salary for government officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient administrative processing system. </li></ul><ul><li>Cont’d… </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Police and civil servants not allowed to be under debt of more than three times their monthly salary. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater loan may lead to financial woes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leading to corrupt practices. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tri-yearly declaration of assets. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educating children of corruption as a moral evil. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of the school curriculum. </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. PUNISHMENT BY LAW <ul><li>No mercy for corrupt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punishable by 5-7 years imprisonment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return of money taken through unfair means. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine of up to 100 k SD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate dismissal from service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bar on holding any public office, or position requiring dealing with the public. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special anti-corruption laws integrated in the constitution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law allows for trial and conviction of a Singaporean, involved in corrupt practices anywhere in the world, in Singapore. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. ACHIEVEMENT <ul><li>Among the top three least corrupt countries of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore proudly boosts that an investor can invest in any sector without paying any bribe. </li></ul>

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