Internet Research


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Internet Research

  1. 1. Researching on the Internet Page one
  2. 2. How do Search Engines Work? Launches Results Search “Spider” (or Robot) looks for key words, images, videos, etc. on webpages. The criteria is determined by the search items and parameters put in by the user. The way the search is done by each kind of search engine (Google, Yahoo, etc.) is a corporate secret. Page two
  3. 3. <ul><li>Be specific with your language </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow down the topic as far as you can </li></ul><ul><li>Select synonyms and other word forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Like: I want to find info about popular methods of losing weight . </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Popular : common / favorite / favored / desired </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Method(s) : way(s), technique(s), process(es), tactic(s) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Losing : lose, reducing, reduce, reduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>weight : fat, dieting, diet </li></ul></ul></ul>How do I get ready to search? Page three
  4. 4. How do I improve my searches? <ul><li>Easiest way narrow down a search: use quotation marks </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On Google, illegal drug use results in 673,000 results </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On Google, “illegal drug use” results in 346,000 results </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Same search, respectively , Yahoo: 24.6 million; 1.9 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basically, in the second case, Google is looking for all webpages where the words appear together. In the first instance, the words may appear anywhere on the page ... not necessarily side-by-side . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(It can be even more dramatic, depending on the subject. A search for Japanese Education = 14.3 million hits; “Japanese education” = 141, 000 hits.) </li></ul></ul>As of Feb., 2007, by one estimate, there are 30 Billion webpages. Page four
  5. 5. Another way to improve searches. 1. Use Advance Search Page five 2. Boolean Searches This is much the same as the advanced search except you do the refining within the search space. Website:
  6. 6. There are other search engines besides Google and Yahoo. <ul><li> Carrot is a meta-search engine. It searches many other search engines as well. </li></ul><ul><li> / Scholarly / higher education-based research site. </li></ul><ul><li> A whole bunch of topics!! With research sites. </li></ul><ul><li> / Librarian Checked sites. Screened and safe . </li></ul><ul><li> Not an end-all, be-all, but a good place to start. (Check the resources and other websites and further reading sections at the end.) This is the Wiki Commons area. FInd public domain images, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Others? Do you have a favorite? </li></ul>Page six
  7. 7. Collecting the information <ul><li>Develop a digital scrapbook as a place to keep webpages , facts , ideas , reactions as you do your research. Microsoft Word has a Notebook view where you can keep information as you travel online. You can even leave yourself an audio note . </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a Image folder where you can download and keep images. Also keep screen shots to remind you what you want to remember. (More on this in a bit.) </li></ul>Page seven
  8. 8. How to quickly gather information. <ul><li>Copy and paste URL of webpage you want to remember into your Word file. </li></ul><ul><li>Take a screen shot of some information you want to save into your image folder. ( Shift-Command-4 will allow to take a “screen shot” of a part of what you are looking at; Shift-Command-3 will take a screen shot of the whole screen.) These commands will place the image on the desktop where you rename it and place it in your Image folder. </li></ul><ul><li>Copy and paste a block of material from a webpage so you can come back to it later to pull out material to reword and cite . </li></ul>Page eight
  9. 9. Note-taking : How to get the information from the webpage into a from you can use to create a research paper. <ul><li>Find a form that allow you to pick out the words that represent the main ideas of the online information. (See next slide.) </li></ul>Page nine
  10. 10. Go through the article, divide the article into sections and choose the key words . These are words that are in bold font or italics . Or appear in the thesis / topic sentences at the beginning of paragraphs.Or the concluding sentences of paragraphs. As you scan the article, choosing these important words, write them down on the fOrm like the on the left. Use as many forms as you need. After you’ve jotted down the keys words above, use this space to summarize in a sentence or two what the key words might mean as a larger idea. (Be sure to note the webpage url.) Page ten Back
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