Citation indexing

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This deals with a brief description about citation Indexing

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  • (That is, the citedwork is a paper or book that has been mentioned in the references of other works, while the citingwork is the one that contains the references.)
  • Citation indexing

    1. 1. Mithu Anjali Gayan M.L.I.S. 3rd semester Pondicherry University
    2. 2.  Citation is the outcome of a process where the readers are directed to the referred to document for further information on a topic or to direct the reader to the actual authority behind a particular view finding or method.
    3. 3.  Robert K. M Metron , Manfred Kochen and other scholars define citation as intellectual transactions, formal acknowledgements of “intellectual debts” to earlier authors.  Citations symbolize the conceptual association of scientific ideas as recognized by publishing research authors.  According to H. G. Small, “By the references they cite in their papers, authors make explicit linkages between their current research and prior work in the archive of scientific literature”.
    4. 4. It is the process of indexing the intellectual transactions by listing both the cited and citing works.
    5. 5.  if Paper R contains a bibliographic footnote using and describing Paper C, then R contains a reference to C, and C has a citation from R. The number of references a paper has is measured by the number of items in its bibliography as endnotes, footnotes, etc., while the number of citations a paper has is found by looking it up [in a] citation index and seeing how many others papers mention it."
    6. 6.  Frank Shephard of USA is the man behind the concept of citation Index. He produced the first citation Index in 1873 named as Frank Shephard’s Citation Index. This citation index was of immense importance to the lawyers to prove their points based on previous arguments. Eugene Garfield was second scholar who contributed a lot in the area of citation Indexing. The first “Science Citation Index” was brought out in 1961 and “Genetic Citation Index” in 1963.
    7. 7. ISI (now part of Thomson Reuters) publishes the ISI citation indexes in print and compact disc. They are now generally accessed through the Web under the name '' Web of Science'', which is in turn part of the group of databases in the ''Web of Knowledge''
    8. 8.  ISI citation indexes include Science Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, Arts and Humanities Citation Index.
    9. 9.  Science Citation Index Expanded, which can be accessed via Web of Science, provides knowledge seekers with quick, powerful access to the bibliographic and citation information they need to find research data, analyze trends, journals and researchers, and share their findings.  Overcome information overload and focus on essential data from over 8,500 of the world's leading scientific and technical journals across 150 disciplines.
    10. 10.  Social Sciences Citation Index which can be accessed via Web of Science, provides knowledge seekers with quick, powerful access to the bibliographic and citation information they need to find research data, analyze trends, journals and researchers, and share their findings.  Overcome information overload and focus on essential data from 3,000 of the world's leading social sciences journals across 50 disciplines.
    11. 11.  Arts & Humanities Citation Index which can be accessed via Web of Science, provides knowledge seekers with quick, powerful access to the bibliographic and citation information for journal articles in the arts & humanities they need to find research data, analyze trends, journals, and researchers, and share their findings.  Overcome information overload and focus on essential data from over 1,700 of the world's leading arts and humanities journals.
    12. 12. Deciding the coverage Scanning of source documents Preparation of entry Sorting of entries Consideration of entries Arrangement Preparation of indexes
    13. 13. Intellectual work is not needed in compilation  It is mechanical work as it uses cited and citing documents It does not involve terminology It is not affected by new concepts Article from different areas are brought together
    14. 14. Citation Index dose not satisfy the exhaustive approach of a user. It does not specify the relationship between cited and citing documents. Some highly important document may be left to be included in the index.
    15. 15. '''Citation Indexing''' is the method of detecting relationship between documents through citation. If an author is citing a particular paper in his/her paper , it can be expected that these two papers have some kind of relationship between them as far as the concept of these papers are concerned.
    16. 16. Sharma, C. K. and Sharma, A .K. (2008) Information Process and retrieval. New Delhi :Atlantic Publishers

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