Acquisition: the product of a subconscious process that occurs in a natural environment out of the learner’s need to communicate. Learning: the product of formal instruction and it comprises a conscious process whichresults in conscious knowledge.
The Natural OrderHypothesis.
Ssgo through a series of stages. Particular grammaticalstructures are acquired in stages, certainstructures will be acquired early and others late.
The Monitor Hypothesis.
Acquisition, not learning is responsible for ourfluency in L2 performance. The monitor has a planning, editing and correctingfunction.
The Input Hypothesis.
The learner improves and progressesalong the “natural order” when he/shereceives a sufficientamount of “comprehensible input”.
It is a “mental block”. Learners with highmotivation, self- confidence, a good self- image and a lowlevel of anxiety are betterequipped for success in L2 acquisition.
THE NATURAL APPROACH
One of the most widely methods of learning a second language.
Developed by Krashen and Terrell (1983)
It puts into practice Krashen’sTheory of Second Language Acquisition.
Behind this method there is a communicative view of language:
“Language as a set of messages that can be understood”
OBJECTIVES: * It is designed to help beginners to become intermediates. Students: * will understand the speaker of the target language. * will be able to express their requests and ideas. * Do not need to know every word in a particular semantic domain but their production need to be understood. * should be able to make the meaning clear but not necessarily accurate in all details of grammar.
ACCORDING TO THE NATURAL APPROACH, L2 LEARNERS NEED: VISUALS, PICTURES REALIA GESTURES, BODY LANGUAGE MANIPULATIVES LISTENING ACTIVITIES PRACTICE WITH STRUCTURES MODIFIED TEACHER TALK COMPREHENSION CHECKS
PRE – PRODUCTION – FIRST STAGE
EARLY PRODUCTION – ABOUT A MONTH LATER.
SPEECH EMERGENCE – A BIT LATER
INTERMEDIATE FLUENCY – LATER STILL
What happens in the brainwhile learning language?
Brown, Douglas. “Principles of language and learning teaching.”
Curtain- Pescola. “Languages and children: making the match.”
Krashen, Terrell. “The Natural approach: Language acquisition in the classroom.”
Krashen. “Second language acquisition and second language learning.”