Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Birth related procedures   10
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Birth related procedures 10

1,512

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,512
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
40
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.
    • Birth-Related Procedures
  • 2. Learning Outcome
    • Explain the methods, purpose, and contraindications of external and podalic versions that determine nursing care management.
  • 3. External Version
    • May be done after 36 weeks’ gestation to change breech presentation to cephalic presentation
    • Physician applies external manipulation to maternal abdomen
    • Fetal part must not be engaged
  • 4. External Version
    • Reactive NST performed to establish fetal well-being
    • Tocolytic given during procedure to relax the uterus
  • 5. Internal Version
    • Podalic version – used to turn second twin during vaginal birth
    • Used only if second fetus does not descend readily and heartbeat is not assuring
    • Physician reaches into uterus and grabs feet of fetus and pulls them down through cervix
  • 6. Internal Version
    • Tocolytic given during procedure to relax uterus
  • 7. Learning Outcome
    • Describe the use of amniotomy and the nursing care management of woman and fetus.
  • 8. Purpose of Amniotomy
    • Stimulate or induce labor
    • Apply internal fetal or contraction monitors
    • Obtain fetal scalp blood sample for pH monitoring
    • Assess color and composition of amniotic fluid
  • 9. Learning Outcome
    • Compare the methods for inducing labor, explaining their advantages and disadvantages in determining the nursing management for women during labor induction.
  • 10. Cervical Ripening
    • Consists of effacement and softening of the cervix
    • May be used at or near term to enhance success of and reduce time needed for labor induction when continuing pregnancy is undesirable
    • May hasten beginning of labor or shorten course of labor
  • 11. Cervical Ripening
    • May cause hyperstimulation of uterus
    • Pharmacologic agents include Cytotec and prostaglandin agents – can cause uterine stimulation after insertion
  • 12. Stripping of the Membranes
    • Mechanical method: Gloved finger inserted into internal os and rotated 360 degrees twice – separating amniotic membranes lying against lower uterine segment
  • 13. Stripping of the Membranes
    • Does not require monitoring or other assessments – often done as outpatient service
    • May not induce labor – if labor is initiated, it typically begins within 48 hours
    • May cause bleeding
  • 14. Pitocin Infusion
    • Usually effective at producing contractions – may cause hyperstimulation of the uterus
    • Requires small, precise dosage
    • Maximum rate and dosing interval based on facility protocol, clinician order, individual situation, and maternal-fetal response
  • 15. Pitocin Infusion
    • Palpating uterus essential, unless IUPC in place
    • May initially decrease blood pressure
  • 16. Learning Outcome 23-4
    • Describe the measures to prevent episiotomy, the types of episiotomy and associated nursing care management.
  • 17. Episiotomy Types
    • Surgical incision of perineal body to enlarge outlet – commonly used to avoid spontaneous laceration
  • 18. Episiotomy Types
    • Two types
      • Midline: Incision begins at bottom center of perineal body and extends straight down midline to fibers
      • Mediolateral: Incision begins in midline of posterior fourchette and extends at 45 degree angle downward to right or left
    • Episiotomy usually performed with regional or local anesthesia
  • 19. Types of Episiotomy
  • 20. Nursing Care
    • During procedure, provide mother with support and comfort
    • Use distraction if needed – if procedure is uncomfortable, act as advocate for mother
    • Document type of episiotomy in records and report to subsequent caregivers
    • After procedure, provide comfort and apply ice pack
  • 21. Nursing Care
    • Assess perineal area frequently – inspect every 15 minutes during first hour after birth for redness, edema, tenderness, ecchymosis, and hematomas
    • Apply ice pack immediately in fourth stage
    • Instruct mother in perineal hygiene and comfort measures
  • 22. Learning Outcome
    • Explain the indications, maternal and neonatal risks that impact nursing care management during forceps-assisted birth.
  • 23. Indications
    • Maternal heart disease
    • Maternal pulmonary edema
    • Maternal infection
    • Maternal exhaustion
    • Fetal stress
  • 24. Indications
    • Premature placental separation
    • Need for shorter second stage of labor
    • Heavy regional block with ineffective pushing
  • 25. Applications of Forceps
  • 26. Applications of Forceps
  • 27. Applications of Forceps
  • 28. Risks
    • Newborn may experience
      • Bruising
      • Edema
      • Facial lacerations
      • Cephalhematoma
      • Transient facial paralysis
      • Cerebral hemorrhage
  • 29. Risks
    • Woman may experience
      • Vaginal or perineal lacerations
      • Infection secondary to lacerations
      • Increased bleeding
      • Bruising
      • Perineal edema
  • 30. Learning Outcome
    • Describe the use of and risk of vacuum extraction use to assist birth.
  • 31. Vacuum Extractor
    • Assists birth by applying suction to fetal head
    • Should be progressive descent with first two pulls, procedure should be limited to prevent cephalhematoma – risk increases if birth not within six minutes
    • Increases risk for jaundice – due to reabsorption of bruising at cup attachment site
  • 32. Vacuum Extractor
  • 33. Learning Outcome
    • Explain the indications for cesarean birth, impact on the family unit, preparation and teaching needs, and associated nursing care.
  • 34. Indications
    • Most common indications for cesarean birth
      • Fetal distress
      • Active genital herpes
      • Multiple gestation (three or more fetuses)
      • Umbilical cord prolapse
      • Tumors that obstruct birth canal
      • Lack of labor progression
  • 35. Indications
    • Most common indications for cesarean birth
      • Maternal infection
      • Pelvic size disproportion
      • Placenta previa
      • Previous cesarean section
  • 36. Preparation
    • Preparation for cesarean birth requires
      • Establishing IV lines
      • Placing indwelling catheter
      • Performing abdominal prep
  • 37. Teaching
    • Teaching needs include
      • What to expect before, during, and after delivery
      • Why it is being done
      • What sensations the woman will experience
      • Role of significant others
      • Interaction with newborn
  • 38. Nursing Care
    • Routine postpartal care including:
      • Fundal checks
      • Care of incision
      • Monitoring Intake & Output and maintaining IV access
      • Administer and teach about post-op medications
      • Assessment of respiratory system
      • Assessment of bowel sounds
  • 39. Uterine Incisions for Cesarean Birth
  • 40. Uterine Incisions for Cesarean Birth
  • 41. Uterine Incisions for Cesarean Birth
  • 42. Learning Outcome
    • Examine the risks, guidelines, and nursing care of the woman undergoing vaginal birth following cesarean birth.
  • 43. Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Birth
    • Can occur after trial of labor in cases of nonrecurring indications for cesarean birth
    • Most common risks are
      • Hemorrhage
      • Surgical injuries
      • Uterine rupture
      • Infant death or neurological complications
  • 44. Nursing Care
    • Continuous EFM
    • Internal Monitoring
    • IV fluids
    • Avoid Pitocin if at all possible
    • Classic or T uterine incision is contraindication to VBAC
  • 45. Nursing Care
    • Important for nurse to support couple, explore their feelings, and provide information throughout labor

×