20050729 present
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

20050729 present

on

  • 643 views

An Economics research structure : Economics of Free and Open Source in Thailand

An Economics research structure : Economics of Free and Open Source in Thailand

Statistics

Views

Total Views
643
Views on SlideShare
641
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://www.linkedin.com 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    20050729 present 20050729 present Presentation Transcript

    • Economics of Free and Open Source in Thailand เศรษฐศาสตร์ซอฟต์แวร์เสรีและโอเพนซอร์สในประเทศไทย โดย กานต์ ยืนยง โครงการเศรษฐศาสตร์ธุรกิจ มหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์
    • Contents
      • Study’s structure
      • Chapter 1 : Introduction
      • Chapter 2 : History & Development and Literature review
    • Study’s structure
    • Chapter 1 : Introduction
      • An important of the study
      • Objectives
      • Scope
      • Source of information
      • Methodology
      • Benefits
    • Source: รายงานการพัฒนาขีดความสามารถในการแข่งขันของไทย NESDB ( กลุ่มอุตสาหกรรมซอฟต์แวร์ )
    • Source: รายงานการพัฒนาขีดความสามารถในการแข่งขันของไทย NESDB ( กลุ่มอุตสาหกรรมซอฟต์แวร์ )
    • Source: รายงานการพัฒนาขีดความสามารถในการแข่งขันของไทย NESDB ( กลุ่มอุตสาหกรรมซอฟต์แวร์ )
    • Rising of FOSS worldwide Source: NetCraft http://news.netcraft.com/archives/web_server_survey.html
    • Rising of FOSS worldwide
    • Objectives of the study
      • To apply economic theory in order to explain :
          • Why FOSS work and exists
          • How can FIRM involve in FOSS
      • To study and compare a development of FOSS between Thailand and Foreign
      • To study a direction to develop FOSS industry in Thailand, both Gov’s policy and Firm’s strategy
    • Scope
      • A development of FOSS, with influences people both in government agency, firm and private, during 1999 – present.
    • Source of information
      • Secondary data via publish materials ie. Journal, magazine, newspaper, etc.
      • A survey and interview.
    • Methodology
      • Quantitative approach
      • Qualitative approach
      • Descriptive approach
          • A comparison between fact from survey and theorem prediction.
    • Benefits
      • Government : Get a basic idea and knowledge in conducting a policy.
      • Firm : Get a basic idea and knowledge in order to set its strategy.
      • Researcher : Get a basic literature, in order to improve a better knowledge.
    • Chapter 2 : History & Development and Literature review
      • Meaning of FOSS
      • History and development
      • Definition
      • Economics theory to explain FOSS
      • Literature review
    • Meaning of FOSS
      • Free software with available source code.
      • Community is significant.
      • Success or failure of the software depend on community activeness.
    • History & Development
      • Birth of Unix era
      • BSD era
      • Linus Torvalds and Linux
      • Open Source era
      • Community role
      • Software in different form
      • Community’s character
    • Community’s character Source : Open Source : Beyond the Fairy tales โดย Richard P. Gabriel และ Ron Goldman
    • Community’s character
      • Available of source code
      • Distribution of owner and control
      • Scarcity of money, B/W and computer power but not man power
      • Limited lock-in
      • Software is not perfect;Tolerable
      • Open KPI
      • Professional attention
      • Elegance code
      • Ignorance of unskilled users
    • Definition of FOSS
      • Open Source Initiative : Focus on collaboration and openness
      • Free Software Foundation : Focus on Freedom
    • Economics Theory
      • Near zero marginal cost
      • Network externalities
      • Critical mass
      • Public goods & Free-riding
    • Near zero marginal cost Source : Microeconomics : Paul Krugman และ Robin Wills ,2004
    • Network externalities
      • More users create more benefits. Consider Fax, Telephone and Mobile.
      • On software :
          • Pool of experienced users and developer
          • More application available
    • Critical mass Source : Microeconomics : Paul Krugman และ Robin Wills ,2004
    • Public goods & Free-riding Source: R.van Wendel de Joode et al. 2003
    • Literature review
      • Explain why hacker produce public goods. R. van Wendel de Joode et al. (2003)
      • Empirical study. Gosh, Rishab Aiyer et al. (2002)
      • Balance between community and firm. R. van Wendel de Joode et al. (2003)
      • Limitation in developing country. Weerawarana, Sanjiva and Weeratunga, Jivaka (2004)
      • Core Literature. Bessen, James (2004)
    • Why hacker produce public goods
      • Low contribution cost; internet infrastructure.
      • Intangible benefits:
          • Direct needs
          • Fun
          • Reputation
    • Empirical study Source : Free/Libre and Open Source Software : A developer survey โดย Rishab Aiyer Gosh et al. (2002)
    • Balancing : Firm force
      • Patents
      • Hire core developer
      • Free-riding
      • Commercialization
    • Balancing : Community force
      • Law approach : GPL, no prove in court yet.
      • Non law approach :
          • Beachheads
          • Boycott
          • Competition development
          • Power play
          • Release early, release frequently
    • Limitation on developing country
      • Problem in IP enforcement
      • Lack of low cost and efficient internet infrastructure
      • Low education infrastructure
      • Freedom to access information
      • Lack of English language understanding
      • Lack of high skill developer pool
    • Core Literature : Firm involvement
      • Open Source Software: Free Provision of Complex Public Goods. Bessen, James (2004).
      • Based on model of innovations : Agion & Tiroles (1994)
      • Which based on :
          • Foundation of incomplete contracts ; Hart & Moore (1999)
          • Complexity and renegotiation : A foundation for incomplete contracts ; Segal (1999)
          • A recent development as theory of incomplete contracts , pioneer by Oliver Hart
          • Branch of contract theory and information economics
    • Assumption about software
      • Software is a complex goods.
          • m features product, use or not use generate 2 m different use-product.
          • Testing, Debugging and maintenance account for 82% of the cost of software.
          • Complexity-related cost also limit the ability of packaged software to meet all consumer needs. Some turn to custom programming or self develop.
      • Contract issue:
          • To write a contract to cover all features equal write the code itself.
          • Incomplete contract : certain “transaction costs” prevent some aspects of the future trade from being contracted ex ante (renegotiation in ex post).
    • Self development vs. 1 on 1 contract Customer Developer invest Sell code Customer Self development
    • Pre-package software Developer Sell package Choice 1 : Customer get prepackage Profit of software firm Choice 2 : Customer self develop Firm optimum price Customer Customer Customer Customer Customer
    • Proprietary extension : API Developer Customer Customer Customer API develop Sell Pre package Pre package Pre package
    • Free/Open Source Customer Get source m* feature Develop m*+1 feature and contribute back Pool of FOSS developer and source
    • Conclusion
      • FOSS is a Prepackage’s complement, not a direct competition.
      • FOSS is suitable for skilled customer , which is niche market.
      • Prepackage will focus to unskilled customer, which is mass market.
      • Prepackage should decrease price; API won’t exist.
      • FOSS increase social welfare.