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The Remediation of Paper
Creating Affinities between Paper and
Cross-Media Information Spaces
Beat Signer
Department of Co...
The Paperless Office




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
The Myth of the Paperless Office




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
Bridging the Paper-Digital Divide




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
EdFest Project




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
Digital Pen and Paper
 Anoto offers
            camera technology
            pattern license
             (virtual pap...
EdFest Demo




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
PaperPoint Presentation Tool
                                                                 Mobile presentation tool
  ...
Applications
 Enhanced Reading                                               Enhanced Writing
            interactive p...
Research
              Link Metamodel (RSL)                                                   Tools




   Cross-Media Ser...
Cross-Media Server (iServer)




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
Active Page Areas and Layers

                                                                                     image

...
RSL Metamodel and iServer




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
Structure


         Links

                                                                                           Use...
iServer Resource Plug-ins
                  Medium                         Resource                           Selector

  ...
Active Components
 Execute code (services) on the client and server side

                                               ...
Active Components …
                                       Button                                          Image

        ...
Cross-Media Authoring and Publishing
 Manual link authoring
 Content-driven publishing
            e.g. EdFest brochure...
Manual Authoring Tool




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
Cross-Media Publishing Framework
                                                                                         ...
EdFest Architecture Overview
                                                                    Context               XCM...
Print-n-Link
                                                                 Citations build the basis
                 ...
Collaborative Authoring
                                                                       web pages
                 ...
Paper-Digital Proof-Editing (PaperProof)




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac....
iGesture Framework
                                                                 Gesture recognition tool
            ...
Rough Guide




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
Interactive Table (iTable)




         Pen-Based Google Earth Browser                                           Pen-Based...
Interactive Table (iTable) …




Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009   Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
Pulse Smartpen
 Record and replay
     synchronised ink & audio
 1 GB memory
            16'000 pages
            200 ...
Ongoing and Future Work
 Cross-Media Information Spaces and
     Architectures (CISA) research team
            cross-me...
CISA Research
 New forms of cross-media publishing
     methodologies and tools
        global publishing infrastructure...
Conclusions
 Interactive paper framework (iPaper)
            information-centric approach supports different
          ...
Acknowledgements
 GlobIS group @ ETH Zurich
            in particular Prof. Moira C. Norrie, Nadir Weibel and
          ...
Further Information
 http://vub.academia.edu/BeatSigner
                      Fundamental Concepts for Interactive Paper...
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The Remediation of Paper

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Presentation given at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium, April 2009

ABSTRACT: While there have been dramatic increases in the use of digital technologies for information storage, processing and delivery over the last few decades, the affordances of paper have ensured its retention as a key information medium. Despite predictions of the paperless office, paper is ever more present in our daily work. However, there is a gap between the paper and digital worlds: information present in paper documents cannot be transferred seamlessly to digital media and digital services are not easily accessible from the paper world.

In this seminar talk I will present an information-centric approach for integrating paper with digital as well as physical media based on a general cross-media information platform (iServer). Some details about the architecture and implementation of the iServer platform as well as the underlying RSL metamodel for cross-media linking will be highlighted. A selection of interactive paper applications that have been developed based on this platform over the past few years will be presented, including the EdFest interactive paper guide for the Edinburgh festivals and the PaperPoint tool for paper-driven PowerPoint presentations. Challenges and solutions for novel forms of interactive paper and cross-media publishing are discussed based on the presented applications.

The second part of my talk will address future directions for research on interactive paper and cross-media information management. This includes specific extensions of the iServer platform and RSL model as well as the application of our solution in new domains such as digital libraries, cross-media annotation and retrieval or personal cross-media information management that goes beyond the hierarchical information management imposed by the desktop metaphor.

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Transcript of "The Remediation of Paper"

  1. 1. The Remediation of Paper Creating Affinities between Paper and Cross-Media Information Spaces Beat Signer Department of Computer Science Vrije Universiteit Brussel Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009
  2. 2. The Paperless Office Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  3. 3. The Myth of the Paperless Office Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  4. 4. Bridging the Paper-Digital Divide Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  5. 5. EdFest Project Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  6. 6. Digital Pen and Paper  Anoto offers  camera technology  pattern license (virtual paper space of 60 million km2)  Pen manufacturers  Nokia  Maxell  Adapx  Livescribe Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  7. 7. EdFest Demo Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  8. 8. PaperPoint Presentation Tool  Mobile presentation tool  Non-linear presentations  Real-time annotations  Digital whiteboard  Multi-pen support  brainstorming Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  9. 9. Applications  Enhanced Reading  Enhanced Writing  interactive paper maps  photo album  interactive festival brochures  researcher's notebook  educational materials  mammography  auction brochures  query by sketching  scientific publications  …  …  Artists' Installations  Paper-based Interfaces  Lost Cosmonaut  PaperPoint  Generosa Enterprise  document proof-editing  digital libraries  Interactive Tabletops  video analysis tool  photo browser  educational games  collaborative sketch tool Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  10. 10. Research Link Metamodel (RSL) Tools Cross-Media Server / Publishing Applications Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  11. 11. Cross-Media Server (iServer) Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  12. 12. Active Page Areas and Layers image video clip Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  13. 13. RSL Metamodel and iServer Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  14. 14. Structure Links Users Layers Plug-ins Active Content Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  15. 15. iServer Resource Plug-ins Medium Resource Selector paper document page shape web page XHTML document XPointer movie mpeg file, avi file etc. time span movie mpeg file, avi file etc. shape sound mp3 file, wav file etc. time span image gif file, jpeg file etc. shape physical object RFID space RFID tag ... ... ... Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  16. 16. Active Components  Execute code (services) on the client and server side AC Manager Active Component ACS Manager A Active Component Active Component Stub B B Request Sender Client Device Active Component AC Names HTTP C iServer AC Names Client Server Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  17. 17. Active Components … Button Image Slider Sound Slider2D Movie DateSelector SQLClient Browser XCMRequest MapSelector ClientCtrlRequest Rating PaperPointControl Capture PaperPointAnnot CaptureAndSpeak ... Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  18. 18. Cross-Media Authoring and Publishing  Manual link authoring  Content-driven publishing  e.g. EdFest brochure  Automatic link authoring  e.g. Print-n-Link  Collaborative authoring Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  19. 19. Manual Authoring Tool Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  20. 20. Cross-Media Publishing Framework iServer cross-media link server XML link XCM iPublish definition content publishing publishing framework data publish • paper link data Structure Style • active areas on paper • layers • digital resources import • user model PDF XML data XSL CSS of festival venues and events Information-centric approach Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  21. 21. EdFest Architecture Overview Context XCM Engine content publishing platform Context DB Metadata DB Appln DB Text-to-Speech Engine ICR Software Client handwriting Controller recognition Active iPaper Client iServer/iPaper cross-media Components link server Link DB Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  22. 22. Print-n-Link  Citations build the basis for a scientific web of publications  Use digital services to search / retrieve cited publications  Automatic authoring Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  23. 23. Collaborative Authoring web pages consumers / publishers publisher videos books presentation slides Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  24. 24. Paper-Digital Proof-Editing (PaperProof) Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  25. 25. iGesture Framework  Gesture recognition tool  create/test gesture sets  create/test algorithms  Device independent  digital pen, tablet PC, mouse, Wii remote, …  Open Source  initial release in Feb 2007 http://www.igesture.org  >4500 downloads Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  26. 26. Rough Guide Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  27. 27. Interactive Table (iTable) Pen-Based Google Earth Browser Pen-Based Drawing Tool Photo Browser Photo Browser (Slider) Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  28. 28. Interactive Table (iTable) … Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  29. 29. Pulse Smartpen  Record and replay synchronised ink & audio  1 GB memory  16'000 pages  200 hours voice recording  96x18 OLED Display  Open application platform Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  30. 30. Ongoing and Future Work  Cross-Media Information Spaces and Architectures (CISA) research team  cross-media lab space ("meeting room of the future")  General and extensible representations for cross-media information spaces  interlinked structural components rather than document-centric representation of information  data no longer "owned" by applications  replacement of traditional hierarchical file systems Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  31. 31. CISA Research  New forms of cross-media publishing methodologies and tools  global publishing infrastructures and architectures  personal cross-media information management  information sharing and collaborative authoring  cross-media annotations  Innovative multimodal user interfaces (digital and physical) to cross-media information spaces  includes further research on interactive paper Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  32. 32. Conclusions  Interactive paper framework (iPaper)  information-centric approach supports different technologies, functionalities and applications  rapid prototyping (reusable active components)  separation of authoring and programming  Extensible platform for cross-media information management (iServer) based on RSL metamodel  Cross-media authoring and publishing tools  manual, content-driven, automatic and collaborative Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  33. 33. Acknowledgements  GlobIS group @ ETH Zurich  in particular Prof. Moira C. Norrie, Nadir Weibel and Adriana Ispas  Paper++ and PaperWorks members  ... and many other collaborators on individual projects Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
  34. 34. Further Information  http://vub.academia.edu/BeatSigner  Fundamental Concepts for Interactive Paper and Cross-Media Information Spaces, Beat Signer, ISBN 978-3-8370-2713-6, May 2008 Cross-Media Information Spaces, April 22, 2009 Beat Signer, bsigner@vub.ac.be
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