Introduction - Lecture 1 - Advanced Topics in Information Systems (WE-DINF-15240)

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This lecture is part of a seminar course given at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

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Introduction - Lecture 1 - Advanced Topics in Information Systems (WE-DINF-15240)

  1. 1. 2 December 2005 Advanced Topics in Information Systems Prof. Beat Signer Department of Computer Science Vrije Universiteit Brussel http://www.beatsigner.com
  2. 2. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 2February 12, 2012 Seminar Organisation  Prof. Beat Signer Vrije Universiteit Brussel 10 F 721 +32 2 629 12 39 bsigner@vub.ac.be  Dr. Bruno Dumas Vrije Universiteit Brussel 10 F 709 +32 2 629 37 13 bdumas@vub.ac.be
  3. 3. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 3February 12, 2012 Seminar Organisation ...  Lode Hoste Vrije Universiteit Brussel 10 F 733 +32 2 629 33 06 lhoste@vub.ac.be  Brecht De Rooms Vrije Universiteit Brussel 10 F 707 +32 2 629 11 03 bderooms@vub.ac.be
  4. 4. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 4February 12, 2012 Seminar Organisation ...  Ahmed A.O. Tayeh Vrije Universiteit Brussel 10 F 710 +32 2 629 11 04 hamadatayeh@hotmail.com  Reinout Roels Vrije Universiteit Brussel 10 F 707 +32 2 629 11 03 rroels@vub.ac.be
  5. 5. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 5February 12, 2012 "As We May Think" (1945) When data of any sort are placed in storage, they are filed alphabetically or numerically, and information is found (when it is) by tracing it down from subclass to subclass. It can be in only one place, unless duplicates are used; one has to have rules as to which path will locate it, and the rules are cumbers- ome. Having found one item, moreover, one has to emerge from the system and re-enter on a new path. The human mind does not work that way. It operates by association. ... Vannevar Bush
  6. 6. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 6February 12, 2012 "As We May Think" (1945) … ... It affords an immediate step, however, to associative indexing, the basic idea of which is a provision whereby any item may be caused at will to select immediately and automatically another. This is the essential feature of the memex. The process of tying two items together is the important thing. ... Vannevar Bush, As We May Think, Atlanic Monthly, July 1945 Vannevar Bush
  7. 7. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 7February 12, 2012 "As We May Think" (1945) …  Bush's article 'As We May Think' (1945) is often seen as the "origin" of hypertext  Article introduces the Memex  memory extender  store and access information  follow cross-references in the form of associative trails between pieces of information (microfilms)  prototypical hypertext machine  trail blazers are those who find delight in the task of establishing useful trails Memex
  8. 8. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 8February 12, 2012 Video: Memex
  9. 9. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 9February 12, 2012 The Mother of All Demos (1968)  Douglas Engelbart and his colleagues at the Stanford Research Institute developed the oNLine System (NLS) as part of the Augment Project  vision about the future of interactive computing  NLS was demonstrated at the Fall Joint Computer Conference in 1968  showed first practical use of hypertext  computer mouse  remote collaboration (connected computers)  raster-scan video monitors  screen windows  ... Douglas Engelbart
  10. 10. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 10February 12, 2012 NLS Demo
  11. 11. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 11February 12, 2012 Hypertext (1965)  Ted Nelson coined the term hypertext  Nelson started Project Xanadu in 1960  first hypertext project  non-sequential writing  referencing/embedding parts of a document in another document (transclusion)  transpointing windows  bidirectional (bivisible) links  version and rights management  XanaduSpace 1.0 was released as part of Project Xanadu in 2007 Ted Nelson
  12. 12. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 12February 12, 2012 Digital Documents as a Paper Simulator? Most people don't understand the logic of the concept: "What You See Is What You Get" is based on printing the document out ("get" means "get WHEN YOU PRINT IT OUT"). And that means a metaphysical shift: a document can only consist of what can be printed! This re-froze the computer document into a closed rectangular object which cannot be penetrated by outside markings (curtailing what you could do with paper). No marginal notes, no sticky notes, no crossouts, no insertions, no overlays, no highlighting - PAPER UNDER GLASS. Ted Nelson, Geeks Bearing Gifts: How the Computer World Got This Way, Mindful Press 2009 Ted Nelson
  13. 13. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 13February 12, 2012 Video: Ted Nelson About Documents
  14. 14. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 14February 12, 2012 Video: Apple Knowledge Navigator (1987)
  15. 15. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 15February 12, 2012 Video: Sun Microsystems' Starfire (1994)
  16. 16. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 16February 12, 2012 Video: Microsoft Office Labs Vision 2019
  17. 17. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 17February 12, 2012 Video: A Day Made Out of Glass 2
  18. 18. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 18February 12, 2012 Three Main Domains of the Seminar Information Systems & Management Information Visualisation & Navigation Information Visualisation nd NavigationHuman-Machine & Human-Information Interaction slideware multimedia web applications flexible displays lifelogging semantic user interfaces open cross-media systems indoor scene capturing web document formats semantically rich web objects context modelling information extraction visual programming languages augmented reality fluid views conversational systems mobile text entry interfaces multimodal interaction graphical querying crowdsourcing gesture recognition continous gesture recognition co-present collaboration ubiquitous interfaces multi-touch interaction CISA
  19. 19. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 19February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics 1. Web Document Formats  A REST Protocol and Composite Format for Interactive Web Documents, John M. Boyer, Charles F. Wiecha and Rahul P. Akolkar, Proceedings of DocEng 2009, 9th ACM Symposium on Document Engineering, Munich, Germany, September 2009 2. Semantically Rich Web Objects  Clui: A Platform for Handles to Rich Objects, Hubert Pham, Justin Mazzola Paluska, Robert C. Miller and Steve Ward, Proceedings of UIST 2012, 25th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Cambridge, USA, October 2012
  20. 20. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 20February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 3. Multimedia Web Applications  Timesheets.js: When SMIL Meets HTML5 and CSS3, Fabien Cazenave, Vincent Quint and Cécile Roisin, Proceedings of DocEng 2011, 11th ACM Symposium on Document Engineering, Mountain View, USA, September 2011 4. Lifelogging  Socio-Technical Lifelogging: Deriving Design Principles for a Future Proof Digital Past, Steve Whittaker, Vaiva Kalnikaité, Daniela Petrelli, Abigail Sellen, Nicolas Villar, Ofer Bergman, Paul Clough and Jens Brockmeier, Human-Computer Interaction, 27(1-2), 2012
  21. 21. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 21February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 5. Information Extraction  Sift: An End-User Tool for Gathering Web Content on the Go, Matthias Geel, Timothy Church and Moira C. Norrie, Proceedings of DocEng 2012, 12th ACM Symposium on Document Engineering, Paris, France, September 2012 6. Open Cross-Media Systems  A Model and Architecture for Open Cross-Media Annotation and Link Services, Beat Signer and Moira C. Norrie, Information Systems 36(3), Elsevier, May 2011
  22. 22. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 22February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 7. Context Modelling  A Survey of Context Modelling and Reasoning Techniques, Claudio Bettini, Oliver Brdiczka, Karen Henricksen, Jadwiga Indulska, Daniela Nicklas, Anand Ranganathan and Daniele Riboni, Pervasive and Mobile Computing 6(2), Elsevier, April 2010 8. Slideware  NextSlidePlease: Authoring and Delivering Agile Multimedia Presentations, Ryan Spicer, Yu-Ru Lin, Aisling Kelliher and Hari Sundaram, ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications and Applications (TOMCCAP), 8(4), November 2012
  23. 23. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 23February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 9. Semantic User Interfaces  iMapping - A Zooming User Interface Approach for Personal and Semantic Knowledge Management, Heiko Haller and Andreas Abecker, Proceedings of Hypertext 2010, 21th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, Toronto, Canada, June 2010 10.Crowdsourcing  CrowdScape: Interactively Visualizing User Behavior and Output, Jeffrey Rzeszotarski and Aniket Kittur, Proceedings of UIST 2012, 25th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Cambridge, USA, October 2012
  24. 24. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 24February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 11.Graphical Querying  DataPlay: Interactive Tweaking and Example-driven Correction of Graphical Database Queries, Azza Abouzied, Joseph Hellerstein and Avi Silberschatz, Proceedings of UIST 2012, 25th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Cambridge, USA, October 2012 12.Flexible Displays  Steerable Augmented Reality with the Beamatron, Andrew Wilson, Hrvoje Benko, Shahram Izadi and Otmar Hilliges, Proceedings of UIST 2012, 25th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Cambridge, USA, October 2012
  25. 25. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 25February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 13.Fluid Views  Fluid Views: A Zoomable Search Environment, Marian Dörk, Sheelagh Carpendale and Carey Williamson, Proceedings of AVI 2012, International Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, Capri Island, May 2012 14.Visual Programming Languages  A Visual Programming Language for Designing Interactions Embedded in Web-based Geographic Applications, The Nhan Luong, Patrick Etcheverry, Christophe Marquesuzaà and Thierry Nodenot, Proceedings of IUI 2012, 17th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, Lisbon, Portugal, February 2012
  26. 26. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 26February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 15.Augmented Reality  ClayVision: The (Elastic) Image of the City, Yuichiro Takeuchi and Ken Perlin, Proceedings of CHI 2012, SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Austin, USA, May 2012 16.Indoor Scene Capturing  Capturing Indoor Scenes with Smartphones, Aditya Sankar and Steven M. Seitz, Proceedings of UIST 2012, 25th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Cambridge, USA, October 2012
  27. 27. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 27February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 17.Mobile Text Entry Interfaces  WalkType: Using Accelerometer Data to Accomodate Situational Impairments in Mobile Touch Screen Text Entry, Mayank Goel, Leah Findlater and Jacob Wobbrock, Proceedings of CHI 2012, ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Austin, USA, May 2012 18.Co-Present Collaboration  Cross-Device Interaction via Micro-Mobility and F-formations, Nicolai Marquardt, Ken Hinckley, Saul Greenberg, Proceedings of UIST 2012, 25th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Cambridge, USA, October 2012
  28. 28. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 28February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 19.Gesture Recognition  Gestures as Point Clouds: A $P Recognizer for User Interface Prototypes, Radu-Daniel Vatavu, Lisa Anthony and Jacob O. Wobbrock, Proceedings of ICMI 2012, 14th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, Santa Monica, USA, 2012 20.Continuous Gesture Recognition  Continuous Recognition and Visualization of Pen Strokes and Touch- Screen Gestures, P. O. Kristensson and L. C. Denby, Proceedings of SBIM 2011, 8th Eurographics Symposium on Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling, Vancouver, Canada, August 2011
  29. 29. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 29February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 21.Multi-Touch Interaction  Proton++: A Customizable Declarative Multitouch Framework, Kenrick Kin, Björn Hartmann, Tony DeRose and Maneesh Agrawala, Proceedings of UIST 2012, 25th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, Cambridge, USA, October 2012 22.Multimodal Interaction  Mudra: A Unified Multimodal Interaction Framework, Lode Hoste, Bruno Dumas and Beat Signer, Proceedings of ICMI 2011, 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, Alicante, Spain, November 2011
  30. 30. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 30February 12, 2012 Seminar Topics ... 23.Conversational Systems  Learning Speaker, Addressee and Overlap Detection Models From Multimodal Streams, Oriol Vinyals, Dan Bohus and Rich Caruana, Proceedings of ICMI 2012, 14th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, Santa Monica, USA, October 2012 24.Ubiquitous Interfaces  Touché: Enhancing Touch Interaction on Humans, Screens, Liquids, and Everyday Objects, Munehiko Sato, Ivan Poupyrev and Chris Harrison, Proceedings of CHI 2012, SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Austin, USA, May 2012
  31. 31. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 31February 12, 2012 Assignment of Topics  Select 3 topics/papers from the presented list and mark them (with A, B and C) according to your preferences  Send an email with your choices (e.g. 6A, 8B, 14C) to bsigner@vub.ac.be no later than February 15  Each student will be assigned a paper that has to be presented in the seminar and the final seminar schedule will be made available by next week
  32. 32. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 32February 12, 2012 Seminar Organisation  Presentation should be 30 minutes long (not longer!)  Structure of your presentation  introduction of topic and problem statement (5-10 mins)  proposed approach (15-20 mins)  review (5 mins) - critical analysis - at least two positive and two negative points about the paper  Send a draft of your presentation to your supervisor no later than one week before the presentation and arrange a meeting with your supervisor  you will get feedback about the structure and content of your presentation
  33. 33. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 33February 12, 2012 Seminar Organisation …  Each student has to write a report about their presented paper/topic  same structure as presentation  not longer than 5 pages  send a draft to your supervisor to get some feedback - arrange a meeting with your supervisor  deadline for final report: 21.5.2012
  34. 34. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 34February 12, 2012 Seminar Organisation …  Each student will be assigned as a reviewer for two other papers  hand in a review via the Open Conference System  deadline: at least a week before the paper is presented  Each student is finally assigned as a metareviewer for a paper  hand in a metareview via the Open Conference System  based on the two reviews and the metareviewer's knowledge  deadline: at least one day before the paper is presented  prepare at least two questions to open the discussion round
  35. 35. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 35February 12, 2012 Seminar Organisation …  Final grade is based on  presentation (70%)  written report  reviews and metareview  active participation in the seminar  Everybody is expected to have a look at each week's papers before the lecture!  after each presentation, we should have enough time for questions and a discussion about the topic and content of the paper  Attendance to all presentations is mandatory!  Schedule will be made available on PointCarré  first presentations: 12.3.2013
  36. 36. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 36February 12, 2012 Some Tips for the Presentation  Talk to the audience and not to your laptop screen  do not read your talk from paper  Make use of available resources and tools (in addition to slideware) if appropriate  overhead projector  blackboard  paper handouts  laser pointer/highlighter  ...  A quick demo, movie or application screenshot can often help to clarify an approach
  37. 37. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 37February 12, 2012 Some Tips for the Presentation ...  Content  put the presented research paper in the right context (topic)  investigate additional resources - possibly use additional information (not from the paper) in the introduction - check the content that is referenced in the paper  do no overload your slides with long sentences - the audience cannot read overloaded slides and at the same time listen to you  do not just summarise the paper - selection of important parts might be necessary due to time constraints  use graphical features carefully - a fancy slide background might reduce the readability - too many colours and different fonts can be distractive - no "misuse" of animations or sounds
  38. 38. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 38February 12, 2012 Some Tips for the Presentation ...  Content  the slides should support your talk rather than being a script that you read from the screen  make sure that you do not have too much content for the 30 mins - rehearsal  if you copy content from the paper (e.g. figures) make sure that they are readable – otherwise redo them  avoid "empty" slides like the classical "Questions?" slide at the end of a presentation - the last slide is likely to be shown during the entire Q&A session and should therefore be used for your give away message (e.g. some conclusions)  prepare some backup slides which might support you during the Q&A session
  39. 39. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 39February 12, 2012 Some Tips for the Presentation ...  Presentation style  the audience will be more attentive if they see that you are motivated to give the presentation  think about your body language  Preparation  a good preparation gives you more confidence and freedom during your presentation  practice, practice, practice, ...
  40. 40. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 40February 12, 2012 Some Tips for the Audience  Of course the first and most important thing is that you listen to the interesting talks and learn some new things  Other things you might observe during the presentation  is the structure of the talk clear?  what about the presenter's presentation style  even if you should not comment about these things, you might always ask yourself how you might have done things differently or learn new things from good presentations  Ask questions and give comments after the presentation
  41. 41. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 41February 12, 2012 References  Vannevar Bush, As We May Think, Atlanic Monthly, July 1945  http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/194507/bush/  http://sloan.stanford.edu/MouseSite/Secondary.html  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c539cK58ees  NLS demo  http://sloan.stanford.edu/MouseSite/1968Demo.html  Project Xanadu  http://xanadu.com  Ted Nelson demonstrates Xanadu Space  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=En_2T7KH6RA
  42. 42. Beat Signer - Department of Computer Science - bsigner@vub.ac.be 42February 12, 2012 References ...  Apple Knowledge Navigator (1987)  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xp4aRpcX5So  Sun Microsystems' Starfire (1994)  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zp-_oUwdSeY#!  Microsoft Office Labs Vision 2019  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zp-_oUwdSeY#!  A Day Made Out of Glass 2, Corning Inc.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jZkHpNnXLB0
  43. 43. 2 December 2005 Next Week Assign Topics and Answer Questions

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