Interactive Paper: Past, Present and FutureBeat Signer and Moira C. NorrieDepartment of Computer ScienceVrije Universiteit...
Paper Computing in the Past ...                                     DigitalDesk, Wellner, 1991                            ...
Current Approaches                    Electronic Paper                        Augmented Paper                             ...
Interactive Paper Frameworks Tools offered by Anoto           SDK for PC applications and network applications         ...
Interactive Paper Frameworks iPaper           information-centric approach supports different            technologies, f...
Future Challenges and Directions Future challenges for augmented and interactive     paper solutions include        soft...
Input Device Independence ...                                            Bähr et al., PaperComp 2010                      ...
Digital Ink Abstraction Most frameworks and toolkits define their own     proprietary digital ink representation        ...
Scalability and Application Deployment Problem of existing augmented paper solutions           isolated applications    ...
Visual and Interaction Design Visualisation of interactive     areas and functionality      • design patterns Interactio...
Innovative Hardware and Materials Mobile solutions for feed-     back on paper documents      • spatially aware pro-     ...
Paper-Digital Authoring and Publishing Manual authoring Content-driven publishing  • e.g. EdFest brochure  • integration...
Further Information      Fundamental Concepts for Interactive Paper       and Cross-Media Information Spaces, Beat       ...
Interactive Paper: Past, Present and Future
Interactive Paper: Past, Present and Future
Interactive Paper: Past, Present and Future
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Interactive Paper: Past, Present and Future

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Presentation given at PaperComp 2010, 1st International Workshop on Paper Computing, Copenhagen, Denmark, September 2010

ABSTRACT: Over the last few years, there has been a significant increase in the number of researchers dealing with the integration of paper and digital information or services. While recent technological developments enable new forms of paper-digital integration and interaction, some of the original research on interactive paper dates back almost twenty years. We give a brief overview of the most relevant past and current interactive paper developments. Then, based on our experience in developing a wide variety of interactive paper solutions over the last decade, as well as the results of other research groups, we outline future directions and challenges for the realisation of innovative interactive paper solutions.
Further, we propose the definition of common data formats and interactive paper design patterns to ensure future cross-application and framework interoperability.

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Interactive Paper: Past, Present and Future

  1. 1. Interactive Paper: Past, Present and FutureBeat Signer and Moira C. NorrieDepartment of Computer ScienceVrije Universiteit Brusselhttp://www.beatsigner.com PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010
  2. 2. Paper Computing in the Past Punch Cards, since ca. 1725 Reading Wheel, Ramelli, 1588 Electro Junior ToyPaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  3. 3. Paper Computing in the Past ... DigitalDesk, Wellner, 1991 Listen Reader, Back et al., 2000 Ariel, Mackay et al., 1995 Audio Notebook, Stifelman, 1993PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  4. 4. Current Approaches Electronic Paper Augmented Paper Amazon Kindle Anoto Digital Pen and Paper TechnologyPaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  5. 5. Interactive Paper Frameworks Tools offered by Anoto  SDK for PC applications and network applications  Forms Design Kit (FDK) PaperToolkit  integration of interactive and batched input handling Letras  distributed event processing pipelinePaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  6. 6. Interactive Paper Frameworks iPaper  information-centric approach supports different technologies, functionalities and applications  separation of authoring and programming  rapid prototyping (active components) Livescribes Smartpen SDK  application sharing and the user as a developer ...PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  7. 7. Future Challenges and Directions Future challenges for augmented and interactive paper solutions include  software framework interoperability and scalability  automatic application deployment  hardware and material sciences  visual and interaction design  cross-media information management  deeper understanding of existing work practices  …PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  8. 8. Input Device Independence iPaper, Paper++ Project, 2001 iPaper, Paper++ Project, 2003 iPaper, EdFest Project, 2005 iPaper, The Lost Cosmonaut Project, 2004PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  9. 9. Input Device Independence ... Bähr et al., PaperComp 2010 Bonnard et al., PaperComp 2010 Portocarrero et al., PaperComp 2010 Suzuki et al., PaperComp 2010PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  10. 10. Digital Ink Abstraction Most frameworks and toolkits define their own proprietary digital ink representation  existing standards (e.g. InkML) are often not used  is there a need for new common data formats? Common data formats can help to  exchange data between applications and across different interactive paper frameworks  realise mixed-media environmentsPaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  11. 11. Scalability and Application Deployment Problem of existing augmented paper solutions  isolated applications  missing cross-application interaction Interactive Paper 2.0  global and open architecture  unique resolving of interactive paper services based on a global paper lookup service (PLS) - automatic application deployment  service oriented architecture to enable cross- application interaction and compositionPaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  12. 12. Visual and Interaction Design Visualisation of interactive areas and functionality • design patterns Interaction design EdFest Project, 2004 • online versus offline input processing • lack of modal dialogues EdFest Project, 2005 • multimodal interaction Findings might be applicable to traditional GUIs  e.g. cross-application widget interactionPaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  13. 13. Innovative Hardware and Materials Mobile solutions for feed- back on paper documents • spatially aware pro- jection of information • digital pen with display • voice feedback MouseLight, Song et al., 2010 • ... Fusion of electronic paper and interactive paper • printed electronics PaperWorks Project, 2007PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  14. 14. Paper-Digital Authoring and Publishing Manual authoring Content-driven publishing • e.g. EdFest brochure • integration with third- party applications iPaper Manual Authoring Tool • what about versioning? Automatic link authoring • e.g. Print-n-Link Collaborative authoring Print-n-Link, 2006PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  15. 15. Conclusions Various approaches for interactive paper and paper computing  are we missing a common abstraction layer in existing architectures and do we need Interactive Paper 2.0? It might be the right time to think about the integration of existing solutions to share efforts  cross-disciplinary workshops - e.g. CoPADD and PaperComp  Network of Excellence (NoE)?PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be
  16. 16. Further Information Fundamental Concepts for Interactive Paper and Cross-Media Information Spaces, Beat Signer, ISBN 978-3-8370-2713-6, May 2008 Interactive Paper: Past, Present and Future  http://vub.academia.edu/BeatSigner/Papers/216727/Intera ctive_Paper_Past_Present_and_Future Research papers about iPaper are available on  http://vub.academia.edu/BeatSigner Presentation available on  http://www.slideshare.net/signer/PaperComp 2010, September 26, 2010 Beat Signer - Vrije Universiteit Brussel - bsigner@vub.ac.be

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