Nota peta minda tahun 4,5,6 sains~2010
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Nota peta minda tahun 4,5,6 sains~2010 Nota peta minda tahun 4,5,6 sains~2010 Presentation Transcript

  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS, Pulau Pinang Mind Maps Science- Science-018 MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN UPSR 2010 Year 4 Name : Class : Teacher : En. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -1- -2-
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science asas Give energy / Beri tenaga 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs Grow / Membesar Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan To breathe / Bernafas Stay healthy / Sihat asas Give energy / Beri tenaga To breathe / Bernafas Food / Air / Udara Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Makanan Stay healthy / Sihat Food / Air / Udara Makanan Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan Types / Jenis : - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang Water / Air Shelter / Tempat Perlindungan Water / Air Shelter / Tempat perlindungan Drinks / Minuman Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar To protect from To protect from Stay healthy / Sihat Untuk melindungi daripada Grow / Membesar Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya Stay healthy / Sihat - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca - extreme weather / cuaca melampau melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan -sun & rain / matahari dan hujan SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -3- -4-
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans Analisa proses hidup manusia 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Inhale – take in air Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan Tarik nafas – ambil udara Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru asas Organs Plants Have Basic Needs Organ Exhale – give out air Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Hembus nafas- keluarkan udara Purpose / Tujuan : Breathing Rate of breath - avoid danger Pernafasan Kadar pernafasan elak bahaya Air / Water / Sunlight / - avoid getting hurt Udara Air Cahaya matahari elak dapat luka Number of chest movement in a - avoid getting injured period of time elak dapat cedera Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam - to survive sesuatu masa untuk terus hidup Respond To Stimuli Life Processes of Reproduce Bergerak balas Humans Membiak With water / Ada air : Without water / Tanpa air: Proses Hidup Dilalui Terhadap - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - wilted / layu Manusia Ransangan - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - not wilted / tidak layu - die / mati A process to produce Organs their young or offspring Organ Proses untuk menghasilkan anak Eyes – Sight Excrete Mata - Melihat Berkumuh Nose – Smell Hidung - Menghidu Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Defecate Tongue – Taste Bernyahtinja Lidah - Merasa Ears – Sound Telinga - Mendengar Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Faeces bunyi Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Najis Skin – Touch Kulit - Sentuhan Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral ) SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -5- -6-
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals proses hidup Analisa proses hidup haiwan Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Animals Life Processes/Proses Hidup Haiwan Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Smoking / Merokok Excrete / Breathing / Reproduce / Perkumuhan Bernafas Membiak Effects / Kesan - Lung cancer Drinking Alcohol / Minum Taking Drug / Mengambil Defecate / Alkohol Dadah Lay Eggs / Give Birth / Kanser paru-paru Bernyahtinja - Coughing Organs / Bertelur Lahirkan anak Batuk Organ cat Effects / Kesan butterfly kucing - Delay respond to stimuli rama-rama Lambatkan ransangan terhadap To get rid of waste product from their bodies tiger How to avoid / Bagaimana untuk ransangan harimau - Lose ability to walk in straight Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan bird hindari dari badan line burung bat Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan kelawar Occupied time with beneficial lurus activities - Can cause accidents Memenuhi masa dengan whale Menyebabkan kemalangan paus aktiviti berfaedah Participate in a campaign Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Lungs/ Gills/Insang Lungs- Moist skin/Kulit Trachea Structre/Sistem Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya Paru-paru - fish book lembap Trakea - monkey ikan - crab - frog - insects monyet - prawn ketam katak serangga - bird udang - earthworm burung cacing tanah - whale paus SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -7- -8-
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan plants respond to stimuli. Mind Maps – Science the part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria themselves from danger Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi Mind Maps – Science 3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect water, sunlight, touch, gravity. bertindak balas terhadap diri various ways plants reproduce tumbuhan bergerak balas ransangan mereka daripada bahaya through seeds, spores, suckers, terhadap ransangan stem cutting, leaves, air,cahaya underground stem. matahari,sentuhan,graviti berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui .bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, Specific characteristics and behaviour batang bawah tanah Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak Life balas terhadap graviti Special Special behaviour processes characteristics Tingkah-laku khas plants roots Ciri-ciri khas undergo akar Proses hidup plants reproduce. tumbuhan tumbuhan membiak Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) Seeds – balsam, corn, Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) durian the part of plant that responds to Biji benih-keembung, sunlight. jagung,durian bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas Thick and hard skin Camouflage ( cameleon ) terhadap cahaya matahari ( rhinoceros ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam Permul Akhir Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) ( sotong ) why plants need to reproduce Cengkerang keras ( kura-kura, to ensure the survival of the species. mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak Poisonous sting or fang the part of plant that responds Hard scales ( pangolin, untuk memastikan kemandirian ( centipede, snake ) spesisnya to touch. crocodiles ) Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) Sengat atau taring berbisa bahagian pokok yang bertindak ( kala jengking, ular ) balas terhadap sentuhan Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang ) SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -9- - 10 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.2/3.3 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas untuk melindungi diri daripada cuaca melampau Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh Specific characteristics and behavior The specific Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas characteristics Sifat-sifat khas Produces latex Have thorns Hot weather Cold weather Keluarkan getah Berduri Cuaca panas Cuaca sejuk Wrinkled Skin Thick Fur (Elephant ,hippopotamuses (Polar bears) and buffaloes) Berbulu tebal Kulit berkedut (Beruang kutub) Poisonous (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) Beracun Have fine hairs Wallowing Fat Layers Under The Skins Berbulu halus (Elephant, hippopotamuses (Penguins, seals, and whales) and buffaloes) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit Close leaflets when touch Berkubang (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan Daun tertutup bila disentuh (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) paus) Humps Small Ears (Camel) (Seals and Walruses) Bonggol Telinga kecil (Unta) (Anjing laut, singa laut) Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub) SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 11 - - 12 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves f rom dry region and strong wind Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria The Basic Needs of Human and Animals Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan Mind Maps – Science mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat Specific characteristics of plants to protect themselves Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diri dry region strong wind kawasan kering angin kuat Eg : cactus . Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, kaktus pokok kelapa, pokok buluh One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, the day started to rain heavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to the shelter, a hole near a woody house. Cik Ti was tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no food left in the hole. “ Oh no… I will die without food.” • Long roots to absorb water a. Have stems that bend easily Said Cik Ti frustrated. Cil Ti moved into the kitchen in that woody house. “ Arghh…… I Akar panjang untuk serap air Batang yang mudah bengkok am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. “Wow, cheese…. Emmm…. Delicious.” After she had her • Succulent stem can store b. Have buttress roots water food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water. Tap! Akar banir Batang menyimpan air Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic bag. He c. Have separated leaves • Thorn can can prevent the Daun berbilah-bilah tighten the bag tightly. Help! Help! I can’t breath…… where is the air.” Shouted Cik Ti excessive loss of water d. Needle- shaped leaves ….. Her voice slow down time by time. Lastly Cik Ti dead without air….. Duri yang mencegah Daun berbentuk jarum kehilangan banyak air Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari makanan, tiba-tiba hujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas kembali semula ke kediamannya, sebuah lubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanan tetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. “Matilah aku kalau tak ada makanan.” rungut Cik Ti . Cik Ti terus ke dapur rumah itu. “Arghh….. laparnya.” Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, “wow, keju….. emmm… sedapnya.” Selepas makan Cik Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas meja tersebut. Cik Ti minum air tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersedia untuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mamat memasukkan Cik Ti ke dalam sebuah beg plastic dan mengikat beg itu dengan kuatnya. “ Tolong! Tolong! Aku tak boleh bernafas….. mana udara ni.” Jerit Cik Ti….. Suaranya semakin perlahan...... akhirnya Cik Ti mati tanpa udara..... SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 13 - - 14 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria What Plants eed to Stay Healthy? Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria EXCRETION PROCESS PROSES PERKUMUHAN Mind Maps – Science Thank you for giving me enough water. I can use it to make my food. No. Organs Diagram Waste Products Bil Gambarajah Organ Bahan Buangan Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya air Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you grow 1. Kidney / Buah Pinggang yang cukup. Saya akan gunakannya untk membuat makanan. healthy soon. Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Kidney Urine + water vapour Ureter Air Kencing + wap air Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . 2. Lungs/ Paru-Paru Carbon Dioxide + water Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab Vapour Thank you for placing me to the saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. direct sunlight. Now I get enough Karbon dioksida + wap air light. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana meletakkan saya di bawah cahaya matahari. Kini saya telah mendapat cahaya yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. 3. Skin/Kulit Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you Sweat + Water Vapour + Thank you for giving me enough can grow healthy soon . fertilizer. Now I can get enough Mineral salt mineral. I can use it to make my Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab food. saya. Harap awak akan hidup Peluh + wap air + garam Terima kasih kerana memberikan subur kelak. mineral saya cukup baja. Kini saya telah mendapat baja yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you Emmm… I feel fresh. I can breath can grow healthy soon . smoothly. Thank you. Now I can get enough air. I can use it to make my Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab food. saya. Harap awak akan hidup Emmm....saya rasa segar. Terima subur kelak. kasih. Kini saya telah mendapat udara yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 15 - - 16 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Plants Respond To Stimuli Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan (Pussy Cat Song) Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria The Breathing Structure of Animals Mind Maps – Science Gill Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots what are you see? Insang I want to go down to meet my gravity. Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Lung Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots why are you here? Paru-paru I’m going down to the soil to absorb water. Oh green shoot, Oh green Shoot what make you bright? I can go up to search for sunlight. The shoot responds to sunlight Nose Hidung Windpipe Pucuk bergerakbalas terhadap Salur Trakea cahaya matahari.. Moist Skin Lung Kulit Lembab Paru-paru Air Passage Peredaran Udara The roots respond to water. Nose Wind Pipe Lungs Lung Akar bergerakbalas terhadap Hidung Trakea Paru-paru Paru-paru air. SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 17 - - 18 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Animal Defense From extreme weather Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Wallowing In Mud - Rhinoceroses Thick Fat In Tails – Kangaroo Rats Thick Layers Of Fat – Penguins Long Ears – Desert Fox Rest – Desert Animals Thick Furs - Polar Hump - Camels MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 5 Small Ears – Cold Region Animals Kangaroo Rat Camel Penguin Unit 3/Lesoon 2 How I Survived – Living in Extreme Danger SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 19 - - 20 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful Memahami beberapa mikroorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Some Organisms Are Harmful And Mind Maps – Science Microorganism Mikroorganisma Some Are Useful Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Useful / berguna Harmful / Berbahaya Prevention Bacteria Fungi Protozua Virus Cara mencegah Bakteria Kulat Protozoa Virus Disease -Making food/ buat Penyakit Characteristics makanan Washing hand Ciri.Ciri (bread/tapai/tempe/yogurt) Membasuh ( roti,tapai,tempe, yogurt ) Can cause tangan -Making fertilizer/ baja Boleh Stomach upset Drink boiled -Making medcine/ ubat Sakit perut water Minum air yang Breathe Grow dimasak Bernafas Membesar Cough batuk Move Cannot see with Covering mouth Bergerak naked eyes & nose when Tidak boleh dilihat Illness Tooth decay coughing & Food dengan mata kasar Sakit Gigi mereput sneezing Poisoning Cause the dough rise Menutup mulut Keracunan Menyebabkan adunan Food Conjunctivity dan makanan tepung menaik. Stale Tooth Sakit mata hidung apabila Makanan Decay batuk dan bersin • Rotten oranges/ basi Gigi mereput limau busuk • Mouldy rice / Nasi berkulat Tiny Halus SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 21 - - 22 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.1 Understanding that different animals have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species Memahami bahawa haiwan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species Memahami bahawa tumbuhan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk kemandirian spesisnya memastikan kemandirian spesisnya HOW ANIMALS TAKE CARE OF Agents of Special Examples THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG. dispersal characteristic Contoh Examples animals that take care of their eggs and young. Bagaimana haiwan menjaga telur Agen Ciri-ciri Contoh haiwan yang menjaga telur dan anak mereka . dan anak. bird, spider, fish,snake, Bird - Eggs with shell covering burung,labah-labah,ikan,ular Burung – Telur disaluti oleh cangkerang • Light / Ringan • Coconut / Frog - Eggs are thick, slimy and having bad Water • Air Space in the turtle, kangroo, elephant kelapa smell Air fruits penyu,kanggaro,gajah • Water Lily / Katak – Telur tebal,berlendir dan berbau Ruang udara di Kiambang busuk dalam buah Spider - kept in a bag underneath its body Labah-labah –simpan dalam beg di bawah • Not water badan absorbent Fish - keep their young in their mouths Air tidak boleh Ikan - Memasukkan anaknya ke dalam diserap mulut Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect Survival of Wind • Light / Ringan • Shorea their eggs Animal Ular,harimau – menyerang untuk Angin • Small in size / • Angsana Species menyelamatkan telur saiz kecil • Lalang Kemandirian Turtle - hide their eggs • Winged / Spesies Haiwan Penyu – Menyembunyikan telurnya berkepak Survival of Plant Kangaroo - carry their young in their pouches Species Kemandirian Explosive • Dry when ripe • Rubber fruit / Kanggaroo – Membawa anaknya di dalam kantung spesies mechanism Kering apabila buah getah Elephant - stay in herds tumbuhan Mekanisme masak • Balsam fruit / Gajah - Tinggal dalam kumpulan letupan • Explodes when keembong Why animals take care of mature • Lady’s finger/ their eggs and young. Meletup apabila kacang bendi Mengapa haiwan melindungi matang telur dan anaknya Importance Animal ♣ Brightly Shortage of food resource coloured • Rambutan Kepentingan haiwan To ensure the survival Sumber makanan berkurangan Warna yang • Mango/ of their species terang mangga Memastikan kemandirian • Love grass / ♣ Edible / Boleh spesisnya. kemuncup dimakan Animals and plants species ♣ Have smells / may face extinction. berbau Spesis haiwan dan tumbuhan ♣ Have hook akan mengalami kepupusan. bercangkuk SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 23 - - 24 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.1 Understanding food chains Memahami rantai makanan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.2 Synthesizing food chains to construct food web. Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan Mind Maps – Science What will happento a Food Chain They will face difficulty certain species of animals Animals and the Rantai Makanan Consumer to survive if the source if they eat only one type of food they eat Pengguna food? Food web of different of food runs out Haiwan dan Apa akan berlaku habitats Mereka akan makanannya mengalami sebahagian spesis haiwan Siratan makanan Animals that kesukaran jika sumber makan hanya daripada berlainan Producer eat plant habitat. makanan kehabisan. satu jenis makanan All living things Pengeluar or other sahaja? need food to animals survive.Green plant Classify animals are called can make their own Pengkelasan consumers. Synthesizing food chains food. However haiwan Construct food chain Haiwan yang to construct food web. animals cannot Membina rantai makanan makan Sintesis siratan makanan untuk make their own Herbivore : tumbuhan The food What will happen If there is membentuk rantai makanan make their own Animals that eat plants dipanggil food. relationship pengguna. a change in population of a only. among living certain species in a food Semua benda e.g.: cow, goat, deer hidup perlu things web Herbivor can be shown by Apa akan berlaku jika paddy plant mice snakes makanan untuk Haiwan makan tanaman padi tikus ular hidup. a food chain. terdapat perubahan spesies tumbuhan sahaja Hubungan antara dalam rantai makanan Tumbuhan hijau Cth: makanan caterpillar birds boleh lembu,kambing,rusa ulat beluncas burung eagles membuat makanan dan benda hidup helang sendiri. ditunjukkan A change in the population grasshoppers Carnivore: melalui belalang Animals that eat other of a certain species will rantai makanan effect the population of animals. e.g.: tiger, lion other species Perubahan populasi frogs Green plant obtain Karnivor To construct food katak energy from Haiwan yang makan beberapa haiwan memberi chain It must start the sun to make haiwan lain kesan kepada populasi Paddy field with plant as food. Green Cth : harimau,singa haiwan lain. Sawah padi a producer. Plant as a producer Untuk membina Tumbuhan hijau rantai makanan ia Memerlukan tenaga Omnivore: Food web bermula daripada daripada Matahari Animals that eat plants Siratan makanan tumbuhan sebagai caterpillar bird untuk membuat and other animals pengeluar. ulat beluncas burung makanan. Omnivor Tumbuhan Haiwan makan tumbuhan dan In a food chain adalah pengeluar spinach grasshopper frog snake haiwan lain. the arrow means bayam belalang katak ular ‘eaten by’ Dalam rantai makanan anak snail eagle panah bermaksud siput helang dimakan oleh Garden Taman SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 25 - - 26 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria MICROORGANISMS MIKROORGANISMA Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism. Mind Maps – Science (Itu ialah Virus. Virus ialah mikro organisma yang paling One day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is halus.) “microorganisms”. He doesn’t understand what it is and he ask his mother immediately. (Suatu hari, semasa Ali sedang membaca buku, dia terbaca satu perkataan. Ali : Wow, that’s interesting. Tell me more, mother. Perkataan itu ialah “mikroorganisma”. Dia tidak faham dan terus bertanya kepada ibunya.) (Wow, menariknya. Ceritalah lagi ibu.) Ali : Mother, what is a microorganism? Mother : Okay. Yeast is an example of microorganisms. Since (Ibu, apa itu mikro organisma?) Microorganism is a living things, it can breathe, grow and move. Mother : Microorganism is tiny living things that can only be seen (Okay. Yis ialah satu contoh mikro organisma. Memandangkan mikro organisma through a microscope. There are four types of adalah benda hidup, ia boleh bernafas, membesar dan bergerak.) microorganisms. (Mikro organisma adalah benda hidup yang sangat halus dan hanya boleh Ali : Thank you, mother. dilihat melalui mikroskop. Terdapat empat jenis mikro organisma.) (Terima kasih, ibu.) Ali : What are those? (Apa itu?) Mother : Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi and Virus. (Bakteria, Protozoa, Fungus dan Virus.) Ali : What picture is that, mother? (Gambar apa tu, ibu?) Mother : It is Bacteria. It exists in different shapes, sizes and colours. (Itu ialah Bakteria. Ia wujud dalam berlainan bentu, saiz dan warna.) Ali : That picture is (Gambar itu ) Mother : It is Protozoa. Most of it are found mainly in ponds, lakes and rivers. (Itu ialah Protozoa. Kebanyakkan daripadanya dijumpai di kolam, tasik dan sungai.) Ali : That must be Fungi. Right, mother? (Itu pasti fungus. Betul tak, ibu?) Mother : Yes, it is. I know you have seen it many time on mouldy bread, rotten food, trees and forest floors. (Ya. Ibu tahu kamu selalu lihatnya di atas roti yang berkulat, buah yang reput, pokok-pokok dan lantai hutan.) Ali : And this picture, mother? (Dan gambar itu, ibu?) SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 27 - - 28 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Making tempe Membuat tempe Mind Maps – Science Making tapai Membuat tapai Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria ANIMAL SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN HAIWAN Mind Maps – Science USEFUL Bird KEBAIKAN Burung Frog Katak Penguin Making yogurt Penguin Membuat yogurt Making cheese Membuat keju Snake Ular Produce antibiotic Form fertilizer We take care of our eggs Menghasilkan antibiotic Membuat baja Kami menjaga telur kami Sea horse THE USEFUL AND THE HARMFUL OF MICROORGANISMS Kuda laut KEBAIKAN DAN KEBURUKAN MIKROORGANISMA Crocodile Cockroach Buaya Lipas Tooth decay Kerosakan gigi Food poisoning Flu Keracunan makanan Selsema Dolphin Elephant Ikan lumba Gajah Bat Kelawar Kangaroo HARMFUL Kangaroo Keburukan Mumps Beguk Measles Cacar Cow Lembu We take care of our youngs Kami menjaga anak kami Tiger Harimau Chicken pox Conjunctivitis Campak Sakit mata SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 29 - - 30 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria AGENT PLANT SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN TUMBUHAN EXAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mangga Mango Mind Maps – Science We dispersed by animal because we have brightly colour, fleshy, edible and AGEN CONTOH CIRI-CIRI have smells. Our seed is also hard. Watermelon Kami dipencarkan oleh haiwan Lotus Tembikai kerana kami mempunyai Teratai We dispersed by water warna yang terang, berisi, because we are light, boleh dimakan dan covered with waxy skin, mempunyai bau. Biji benih waterproof, has air spaces kami juga keras. Coconut and has spongy Kelapa receptacles. ANIMAL HAIWAN Kami dipencarkan melalui air Pong-pong kerana kami ringan, diselaputi Pong-pong dengan kulit yang berlilin, kalis air dan mempunyai rongga yang berspan. Mimosa We are also dispersed by Semalu animal because have hooks WATER AIR that can be attached to animals. Lovegrass Kami juga dipencarkan oelah Kemucup haiwan kerana kami mempunyai cangkuk yang Shorea boleh melekat kepada haiwan Meranti We dispersed by wind because we are small, light, dry, have wing-like structure, have hairs and Flame of forest We dispersed by explosive Lallang fine hairs. Therefore it is Semarak api mechanism because we dry Lallang up when we ripe and burst easily carried by wind. Balsam to push the seeds out from Keembung the fruits. Kami dipercarkan melalui angina kerena kami kecil, Okra Kami dipencarkan melalui ringan, kering, mempunyai Bendi mekanisma letupan kerana struktur seperti sayap, ada buah kami menjadi kering Angsana apabila masak ranum dan bulu yang halus. Sebeb itu Rubber seed Angsana seterusnya meletup dan biji kami senang dibawa pergi Biji getah oleh angin. benih kami terpelanting keluar. Cotton Kapas Explosive Mechanism WIND ANGIN SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 31 - - 32 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria FOOD CHAIN AND FOOD WEB RANTAI MAKANAN DAN JARINGAN MAKANAN Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science bottom trees sun grass chain bawah pokok matahari rumput rantai Plants such as grass and trees are at the bottom of the food chain. Plants get their energy from the sun. Tumbuhan seperti rumput dan pokok adalah di bahagian bawah rantai makanan. Tumbuhan mendapat tenaga daripada matahari. deer herbivores rabbits carnivores rusa herbivor arnab karnivor Animals such as deer and rabbits get their energy by eating plants. They are called herbivores, which means plant eaters. There are many more herbivores on our planet than carnivores, which are animals that eat meat. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Haiwan seperti rusa dan arnab mendapat tenaga dengan memakan tumbuh-tumbuhan. Mereka dikenali sebagai herbivor, yang bermaksud ‘makan tumbuhan.’ Terdapat banyak herbivor daripada karnivor iaitu haiwan yang makan daging di planet kita Year 6 predators hunt prey top lions pemangsa memburu mangsa atas singa Predators such as wolves and lions are at the top of the food chain. Predators are animals that hunt other animals. The animals that they hunt are called prey. Some animals are both predator and prey. Pemangsa seperti serigala dan singa adalah di bahagian atas rantai makanan. Pemangsa adalah haiwan yang memburu haiwan lain. Haiwan yang diburu dikenali sebagai mangsa. Sesetengah haiwan adalah kedua-duanya; pemangsa dan mangsa. connected energy web more berhubung tenaga jaringan lebih Most animals belong to more than one food chain, which means many food chains are connected together. Many food chains together form a food web. The food web shows how the suns energy moves from plants to animals to animals. Kebanyakan haiwan mempunyai lebih daripada satu rantai makanan, iaitu banyak rantai makanan dihubung bersama. Rantai makanan berhubung bersama membentuk jaringan makanan. Jaringan makanan menunjukkan bagaimana matahari memindahkan tenaganya kepada tumbuhan dan seterusnya daripada tumbuhan kepada haiwan. SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 33 - - 34 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding that some animals live in group and others live in solitary Memahami bahawa sesetengah haiwan hidup berkumpulan dan selebihnya Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things Memahami bahawa persaingan membentuk interaksi antara benda hidup Mind Maps – Science bersendirian INTERACTION AMONG LIVING THINGS Interaksi antara benda hidup Interaction among living things Competition Interaksi antara benda hidup Persaingan Group animals and solitary animals Haiwan berkumpulan dan haiwan Among animals Among plants Antara haiwan Antara tumbuhan Compete for Compete for Bersaing untuk Bersaing untuk Solitary Group Bersendirian Berkumpulan Food Water Mate Water Space Tigers, bears For safety and food Makanan Air Pasangan Air Ruang Harimau, beruang Untuk keselamatan dan makanan Shelter Space / Sunlight Mineral Tempat territory Cahaya Mineral To avoid competition for food and space Ants, lions Ruang / Untuk hindari persaingan mendapatkan Semut, singa kawasan makanan dan ruang Type Jenis Intraspecies Interspecies Intraspesis Interpesis Competition between the Competition between the same species different species Persaingan di antara Persaingan di antara spesis spesis yang sama yang berbeza SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 35 - - 36 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.3 Understanding the responbility of human beings in protecting endangered species Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.4 Knowing the impact of human activities on environment Memaham kesan daripada aktiviti manusia ke atas alam sekitar Mind Maps – Science Memahami tanggungjawab manusia untuk melindungi spesis yang terancam Interaction among living things Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup Interaksi antara benda hidup Impact of human activities Protecting endangered species Kesan daripada aktiviti manusia Melindungi spesis yang terancam Ways to prevent Cara untuk mencegah Activities Destructions of the environment Aktiviti Kemusnahan alam sekitar Extinct animals Campaign Haiwan pupus Kempen Illegal and excessive logging Erosion Dinosours, Pembalakan haram dan Hakisan dodos Educating the public Mendidik orang berleluasa Dinosur, Landslides dodo awam Runtuhan Illegal and excessive Enforcing law hunting Flash floods Kuat kuasa undang- Pemburuan haram dan Banjir kilat undang berleluasa Endangered animals Factors Water pollution and plants Faktor Pencemaran air Haiwan dan tumbuhan Improper management of yang terancam Illegal or excessive logging development Air pollution Pembalakan haram atau Kelemahan pengurusan Pencemaran udara berleluasa pembangunan Orang utan, tiger, Raflesia, pitcher plant Orang utan, harimau, bunga Hunting pakma,pokok periuk kera Pemburuan Development Pembangunan SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 37 - - 38 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang 1.3 Solid 1.3 Volume Pepejal 1.2 Area Luas Isipadu 1.4 Liquid Cecair 1.1 Length 1.5 Mass Panjang Measurement Ukuran Berat MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA 1.7 Standard units 1.6 Time Unit seragam Masa Year 4 SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 39 - - 40 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 1.2 Understanding how to calculate area 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami cara mengira luas Memahami ukuran panjang 1.2 Area Measuring Arm Luas Standard unit tape String span Unit piawai Tali Terminology Pita Depa Istilah pengukur Terminology Cubit Istilah Ways to measure Hasta -Square millimetre (mm2) Cara menyukat Milimeter persegi (mm²) -The distance between Ruler -Area is the amount of space taken up by the -Square centimetre (cm2) two points/ place / Pembaris Sentimeter persegi (sm²) position surface of an object. Luas ialah jumlah ruang -Square metre (m2) Jarak di antara dua Meter persegi (m²) titik/tempat/kedudukan yang dipenuhi pada permukaan -Square kilometre (km2) sesuatu objek Kilometer persegi (km²) Different ways to measure area Berbeza cara untuk menyukat luas Length Standard Tools Panjang Alat seragam Correct technique Teknik yang betul - by placing uniform objects such as tiles, books and -The eye must be Measuring stamps on the surface of directly above tape Ruler the objects the end of object Pita Pembaris dengan meletakkan objek -Using formula Mata mesti tepat pada pengukur seperti jubin, buku dan setem Guna rumus bahagian bawah pada permukaan objek hujung benda 2c m Unit 4c Unit m Area = length X width -Using square card with a Luas = panjang X lebar mm cm m km sides of 1 centimetre = 4cm X 2 cm mm sm m km Menggunakan kad segi empat dengan = 8cm2 tepinya 1 sentimeter 3cm 1cm 3cm 1cm SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 41 - - 42 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 1.2/1.3 Understanding how measure the volume of solid and liquid 1.5 Understanding how measure mass Memahami cara mengira isipadu pepejal dan cecair Memahami cara menyukat berat The amount of space that something takes up Jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi oleh sesuatu Measuring cylinder Terminology Silinder penyukat Istilah Correct technique Teknik yang betul Length x width x height -Amount of matter in an object Terminology Jumlah benda dalam objek Panjang x lebar x tinggi Tools Istilah Alat Mass Berat Formula Electronic balance Rumus Neraca elektronik Volume 1.4 Liquid 1.3 Solid Pepejal Isipadu Cecair Tools Standard unit Alat Bathroom scale Unit piawai Penimbang berat Standard Units badan Standard Units Unit piawai Unit seragam Correct technique Lever balance Mg g kg Teknik yang betul Beam balance mg g Neraca tuas kg ml, l Neraca palang mm³, cm³, m³ ml, l mm³, sm³, m³ Kitchen scale a) taking the reading at the lowest part of the meniscus. Penimbang dapur mengambil bacaan pada bahagian paling rendah pada meniskus b) eyes must be at the same level as the lowest part of the meniscus mata mesti sama pada aras paling rendah pada meniskus SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 43 - - 44 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 1.6 Understanding how to measure time 1.7 Realising importance of using standard units Memahami cara mengukur masa Menyedari kepentingan menggunakan unit yang piawai Standard unit Unit piawai Terminology Time Istilah Masa The Importance of Standard Units - Second , minute , hour Kepentingan unit yang piawai Saat, minit, jam -Duration between two event Tempoh antara dua ketika -for accuracy and consistency -easy to communicate and understanding Tool untuk tepat dan konsisten mudah untuk memahami dan Way to measure Alatan berkomunikasi Cara untuk mengukur Process that repeats uniformly can be used to measure time -Digital clock, watch, wrist watch Proses yang berulang secara sekata Jam digital, jam, jam tangan boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa Old clock Events can be used measuring time Jam lama Kejadian boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa -Sundial , sand clock , candle clock -Jam bayang, jam pasir, jam lilin -swinging pendulum ayunan bandul -pulse rate candle denyutan nadi -water dripping titisan air -changing day and night perubahan siang dan malam SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 45 - - 46 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria THE STORY OF TIME Unit 4/Lesson 1 Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science CERITA TE TA G MASA Measuring Length/Mass Defense Of Plants Galileo Galilei was the first person to use events that repeat uniformly to measure time such as the pendulum clock. From then onwards, the wall clock and modern clock were invented. Galileo Galilei merupakan orang pertama menggunakan peristiwa yang berulang secara seragam untuk mengukur masa seperti jam bandul. Daripada situ, jam dinding dan jam moden telah dicipta. MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 5 Sand Clock Sundial Clock Candle Clock Ancient Clocks Wall clock Stop Watch Watch Modern Clock Unit 4/Lesson 6 Measuring Time SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 47 - - 48 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding the uses of energy Menyedari kegunaan tenaga Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Understanding that energy can be transformed from one form to another Memahami bahawa tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk ke bentuk yang Mind Maps – Science lain INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY Menyiasat Daya dan Tenaga Light energy Electrical energy Kinetic energy - by living things to carry - to move, boil, melt, Tenaga Cahaya Tenaga Elektrik Tenaga Kinetik out life processes. or bounce non-living things Ex : moving, breathing, Why energy - menggerakkan ,didih,cair atau growing is needed? melantun benda bukan hidup Heat energy Chemical energy - bergerak,bernafas Mengapa tenaga diperlukan Tenaga Haba Tenaga Kimia - membesar Form of energy Sun Matahari Bentuk Tenaga ENERGY Sound energy Potential energy The Uses of Energy TENAGA Tenaga bunyi Tenaga Keupayaan Kegunaan Tenaga -main source of energy Energy can be transformed from one form to another sumber utama tenaga Tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk kepada bentuk lain. - produces light and heat menghasilkan cahaya dan haba Water The Sources of Energy Energy can be transformed Example of appliance that make use of air Sumber-sumber Tenaga Tenaga boleh diubahkan energy transformation. Contoh alatan yang menggunakan Food perubahan tenaga - moving or makanan falling water a) lighting a candle/Nyalaan lilin produce Chemical energy heat energy + light energy Batteries energy Fuell Wind Tenaga kimia Tenaga haba + Tenaga Cahaya Bateri -food contains -Air yang Bahan Angin bergerak api stored energy b) Kicking a ball / Menendang bola Menghasilkan -mengadungi tenaga Chemical energy kinetic energy heat energy tenaga tersimpan Tenaga kimia Tenaga Kinetik Tenaga haba - Device that generated -wood, coal, a) Electric iron / Seterika elektrik electrical energyfrom petroleum, - Moving air Electrical energy heat energy chemical energy natural gas Udara bergerak Tenaga elektrik Tenaga haba -Alat yang menghasilkan -Kayu, -Used to pump tenaga elektrik petrol,gas water b) Radio daripada tenaga kimia asli Mengepam air, Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi c) Television Electrical energy sound energy + light energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi + tenaga cahaya SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 49 - - 50 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.3 Understanding renewable anad renewable energy Memahami tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.1 Knowing the sources of electricity Mengetahui sumber elektrik Mind Maps – Science Energy that Resources -natural Energy that be Resources – cannot gas,petroleum,coal replenished when it is solar, wind ,biomass be replaced Sumber – gas asli, used up fuel,water Tenaga yang Sources petroleum, arang. Tenaga yang boleh Sumber- Matahari, tidak Sumber diganti angin,minyak,air, boleh diganti biomass Dry cell Accumulator Non-renewable energy Renewable energy Sel Kering Sel Basah Tenaga yang tidak Tenaga yang boleh boleh diperbaharui diperbaharui Dynamo Solar cell Dinamo Tenaga Solar Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan Tidak boleh diperbaharui Some energy Use energy wisely resources cannot be How to save energy Gunakan tenaga replenished Bagaimana dengan bijak when used up. menjimatkan tenaga Sesetengah sumber tenaga tidak boleh diganti bila habis Switch off the Avoid wastage lights if Mengelakkan Reduce pollution Turn off the not in use. pembaziran Mengurangkan television when no Tutup lampu jika pencemaran. one watching it. tidak Tutup TV jika tidak mengunakannya. menonton. To save cost Menjimatkan kos SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 51 - - 52 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.2 Understanding a series circuit and a parallel circuit Memahami litar bersiri dan litar selari Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria appliances Mind Maps – Science 2.3 Understanding the safety precautions to be taken when handling electricl Memahami langkah pencegahan yang perlu diambil semasa menggunakan peralatan elektrik Type of circuit Jenis litar Danger of mishandling electrical appliances Bahaya kecuaian mengendali peralatan elektrik Precautions Langkah keselamatan Parallel circuit Series circuit Symbol and component Fire Burn litar selari litar bersiri Simbol dan komponen Api Bakar Safety precautions to be taken when using appliances Electric shock Electrocution Name Symbol Langkah-langkah Kejutan elektrik Renjatan elektrik Nama Simbol keselamatan ketika Dry cell mengunakan peralatan Differences Sel Kering Perbezaan Connecting wire Do not touch electrical The bulb in the parallel circuit is brighter then Wayar the bulb in the series circuit appliances with wet hand penyambung Jangan sentuh alatan Mentol dalam litar selari lebih terang daripada mentol dalam litar bersiri Switch / Suis elektrik dengan tangan basah Bulb / Mentol Do not repair electrical appliances on your own Jangan baiki alatan elektrik jika tidak tahu. SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 53 - - 54 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line Memahami bahawa cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.2 Understanding that light can be reflected Memahami cahaya boleh dipantulkan Mind Maps – Science Light Light Cahaya Cahaya Travels in straight line How shadow is formed Uses of reflection Can be reflected Cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Bagaimana bayang-bayang Kegunaan pantulan Boleh dipantulkan terbentuk How ? When light is completely or Bagaimana? partially blocked by an Periscope Kaleidoscope prove opaque object bukti Bila cahaya disekat sepenuhnya atau separuh Side mirror of a car The light that falls on oleh objek legap Cermin sisi kereta objects ‘bounces off’ the objects and comes to your search light from helicopter eyes cahaya dari helikopter pencari Opaque object Cahaya yang jatuh ke atas Objek legap objek melantunkannya ke dalam mata the beam of light from motorcycle alur cahaya dari motosikal mirror/ cermin Light Cahaya the beam of light from lighthouse Shadow form alur cahaya dari rumah api Objek terbentuk the ray of Sun,passing through a hole in the roof alur cahaya Matahari melalui lubang atap rumah SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 55 - - 56 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 4.1 Understanding that temperature in an indicator of degree of hotness Memahami bahawa suhu adalah penunjuk darjah kepanasan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Gain Warmer SOURCES OF ENERGY PUNCA-PUNCA TENAGA Heat Ditambah panas haba Loss Cooler Hilang Sejuk The effects of heat on matter Kesan haba ke atas bahan How to measure temperature using the correct technique Bagaimana untuk mengukur SUN WIND DRY CELL FUELS FOOD suhu menggunakan cara yang Matahari Angin Sel kering Bahan bakar Makanan betul Matter expands Matter contract when heated when cooled Bahan Bahan mengecut FORMS OF ENERGY mengembang bila bila sejuk BENTUK-BENTUK TENAGA dipanaskan Chemical energy light energy + heat energy Tenaga kimia tenaga cahaya tenaga haba Electrical energy light energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga cahaya Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga haba Electrical energy sound energy Thermometer Tenaga elektrik tenaga bunyi termometer Electrical energy kinetic energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga kinetic SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 57 - - 58 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria ELECTRICITY Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria LIGHT CAHAYA Mind Maps – Science ELEKTRIK ( Song : This old man) Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY Light travels Cahaya boleh gerak PUNCA-PUNCA ELEKTRIK Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus Therefore it can form shadow Ia membentuk bayang DRY CELL ACCUMULATOR DYNAMO SOLAR CELL HYDROELECTRIC Sel kering Dynamo Sel solar Hidroelekrik PARALLEL CIRCUIT LITAR SELARI SERIES CIRCUIT LITAR SESIRI Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya Light reflects Cahaya boleh pantul Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan Can see image in mirror Boleh lihat dicermin SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 59 - - 60 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding that push and pull are forces Memahami bahawa tolak dan tarik adalah daya Mind Maps – Science INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA FORCE Concept A push or a pull Cannot be seen but the DAYA Konsep Tolak atau tarik effects can be felt Tidak boleh dilihat tetapi 1.2 Understanding the effect of a force boleh dirasa Memahami kesan daya Effects Kesan Changes the shapes of an object Can move a stationary object Mengubah bentuk objek Boleh gerakkan objek yang pegun An object become squeezed, MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA stretched, bent, twisted or squashed Changes the motion of an object Objek menjadi kemek, regang, Year 6 Mengubah pergerakan objek bengkok,berpintal atau penyek Stops a moving object Memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Changes the direction of a moving object Mengubah arah pergerakan objek yang bergerak Makes an object move faster or slower Menggerakkan objek lebih cepat atau perlahan SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 61 - - 62 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.3 Analysing friction Analisa geseran Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.1 Understanding speed Memahami laju Mind Maps – Science Movement Pergerakkan FRICTION GESERAN Speed Calculation of speed Laju Pengiraan laju Effects of friction Factors that affect friction Ways to reduce friction Kesan geseran Faktor yang menyebabkan Cara kurangkan geseran geseran How fast an object moves Berapa laju objek bergerak Formula : Produces heat Condition of the Use rollers or marbles Rumus Hasilkan haba surface Guna penggelek atau Keadaan guli Speed = Distance Opposes motion permukaan Time Berlawanan gerakan Laju = Jarak Smoothen surfaces A faster object travels A faster object takes a shorter time Weight of the Masa Causes wear and tear Permukaan licin a longer distance in a to travel a given distance object Menyebabkan haus given time Objek yang laju mengambil masa Berat objek dan koyak Use oil, wax, grease, Objek yang lebih laju yang singkat talcum melalui jarak yang untuk melalui jarak yang diberi powder, air cushion lebih panjang mengikut Slows down and stops a Guna minyak, pelicin, masa yang diberi moving object Disadvantages gris, Units : Memperlahankan dan Kekurangan memberhentikan objek yang ● km/h bergerak Advantages km/j Kelebihan ● m/s m/s ● cm/s sm/s SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 63 - - 64 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 The properties of materials Sifat bahan Mind Maps – Science metal carbon glass plastics wood logam karbon kaca plastik kayu Light to pass through Conduct electricity Cahaya boleh melaluinya Insulator Mengalirkan elektrik Penebat Properties of materials Sifat bahan Float on water Sink in water Can be stretch Conduct heat Terapung atas air Tenggelam Boleh diregangkan Mengalirkan MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN dalam air haba Year 4 wood kayu rubber ring metal stone gelang getah logam batu SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 65 - - 66 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 1.3 Synthesising the knowledge about uses of materials based on their properties Sintesis pengetahuan mengenai penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Uses of materials based on their properties Penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan Suggest ways to keep things hot Suggest ways to keep things cold Cadangan untuk menyimpan Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda List of object and Reason why particular benda panas sejuk materials that they are materials are used made of to make an object Senarai objek dan Keterangan mengapa bahan bahan yang dibuat tertentu digunakan untuk daripada membuat objek Covered with insulators Balut dengan bahan penebat object materials properties objek bahan sifat hot thing cold thing spoon metal hard benda panas benda sejuk cheap strength sudu logam keras murah kuat tissue wood soft tisu kayu lembut easy to get good quality to prevent heat loss prevent from absorbing heat glasses glass transparent senang kualiti baik untuk menghalang kehilangan haba halang daripada serap haba gelas kaca lutsinar didapati SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 67 - - 68 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.4 Knowing the importance of reuse, reduce and recycle Memahami kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.5 Understanding that some materials can rust Mind Maps – Science Memahami sesetengah bahan boleh perkarat The importance of reuse, reduce and recycle of materials Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah wood cotton metal plastics synthetic cloth kayu kapas logam plastik kain sintetik Different ways to prevent objects from rusting The necessary to prevent rusting Cara berbeza untuk menghalang objek Keperluan mencegah pengaratan daripada berkarat Natural materials Man-made materials rubber glass Bahan semulajadi Bahan buatan getah kaca Coating with non rusting *Everlasting Live materials Tahan lebih lama Menyadurkan dengan bahan *Save natural material State that man-made materials comes from natural materials tidak berkarat Selamatkan bahan asal Nyatakan bahan buatan berasal dari bahan semulajadi *paint *Save cost cat Jimat kos *oil *Looking good Mencantikkan reducing reusing recycling mengurangkan guna semula kitar semula *Conclusion; Rusting can be avoided by preventing iron contact with air and water. * Kesimpulan;Pengaratan boleh dihindarkan dengan menghalang ia bertindak balas dengan air dan udara public transport plastic bag bottle plastics glass pengangkutan awam beg plastik botol plastik kaca SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 69 - - 70 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.6 Understanding the rusting can be prevented Memahami pengaratan boleh dicegah Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria MATERIALS AROU D YOU Mind Maps – Science Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah MATERIALS Rusty Non rusty objects objects Objek tidak berkarat Object made of iron and Object made of glass, plastic, steel wood, clay and silk Objek yang diperbuat Objek yang diperbuat daripada WOOD COTTON METAL GLASS RUBBER PLASTIC daripada besi kaca,plastik, kayu, tanah liat dan sutera *Nail Paku *Glass Kaca *Spoon Sudu *Bottle Botol *Knife Pisau *Cup Cawan -The Properties Of Materials- -Conducts -Allow -Can be -Insulator -Floats -Can stretched electricity light to on water absorbs -Insulator -Conducts pass -Insulator water heat through -Insulator -Conductor them -Insulator -Boleh -Penebat -Terapung -Boleh diregang di atas air menyerap -Penebat -Penebat air -Mengalirkan Membenar -Penebat elektrik kan cahaya -Mengalirkan menembusi haba nya -Konduktor -Penebat SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 71 - - 72 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Opaque, Translucent and Tranparent Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science ATURAL A D MA MADE Legap, Lutsinar dan Lutcahaya BAHA SEMULAJADI DA BUATA MA USIA Wood Door (opaque) I can’t see you. METAL Saya tak nampak awak. RUBBER LOGAM GETAH GLASS KACA COTTON SILK NATURAL KAPAS SUTERA MADE MATERIALS CLAY LEATHER TANAH KULIT LIAT I can see you but not clear. BAHA Saya nampak awak tapi kurang Glass Door FUR (Translucent) WOOD SEMULAJADI BULU jelas. KAYU SYNTHETC RAYON MAN-MADE CLOTH RAYON KAIN MATERIALS SINTETIK BAHA BUATA Clear glass Door I can see you clearly. (Transparent) MA USIA Saya nampak awak dengan jelas. NYLON PLASTIC NILON PLASTIK SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 73 - - 74 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Unit 5/Lesson7 Natural and Man made Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas Bahan wujud dalam bentuk pepejal,cecair atau gas Mind Maps – Science Water Milk Wood Air Susu Air Kayu Udara Liquid Solid Cecair gas Pepejal Stone Steam batu Examples wap Contoh Matter Bahan Properties of solid Properties of gas Sifat-sifat pepejal Properties of liquid Sifat-sifat gas Sifat –sifat cecair has mass fixed shape has mass MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN mempunyai berat bentuk tetap Mempunyai berat Cant fixed Year 5 fixed volume volume Isipadu isipadu tetap tidak fixed cant fixed tetap has mass volume shape mempunyai isipadu Tidak berat tetap mempunyai bentuk tetap no permanent shape bentuk tidak tetap can compressed boleh dimampatkan SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 75 - - 76 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Understanding that matter can change from one state to another Mind Maps – Science Memahami bahawa benda boleh berubah bentuk dari satu ke bentuk yang lain Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.3 Understanding the water cycle Memahami kitaran air The water cycle. Condensation Mind Maps – Science Kitaran air Kondensasi Melting solid – liquid Peleburan Evaporation Pepejal - cecair Formation of clouds Penyejatan Importance of water and rain. Kepentingan air. Pembentukan awan dan Boiling hujan Circulation of water in Pendidihan the environment. Kitaran air dalam persekitaran liquid – gas Cecair - gas Changes in the states of CHANGING matter in the water cycle STATES OF Evaporation Perubahan bentuk bahan WATER Penyejatan dalam kitaran air Perubahan Gas → liquid (Condensation) Bentuk Gas Cecair ( Kondensasi ) Air gas – liquid Condensation Droplets of water will become gas - cecair Kondensasi bigger and heavier → rain Liquid to gas (evaporation) Titisan air menjadi besar dan Cecair kepada gas ( Penyejatan ) berat hujan liquid – gas Freezing cecair - gas Pembekuan SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 77 - - 78 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.4 Appreciating the importance of water resources Menghargai kepentingan sumber air Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.1 Understanding the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances Memahami sifat asid, alkali dan bahan neutral Mind Maps – Science The properties of acid, To prevent living aquatic from being alkaline and neutral substances. destroyed and undergoing Ciri-ciri asid , alkali dan bahan nutral extinction Untuk mengelakkan hidupan air musnah dan mengalami kepupusan Identify acidic, alkaline and neutral Identify the taste of acidic and To avoid infected substances using litmus paper. alkaline food. diseases Mengenal pasti keasidan,alkali dan Mengenal pasti rasa makanan Mengelakkan nutral bahan menggunakan kertas yang berasid dan berakali penyakit berjangkit litmus To regulate Reasons to keep our the formation of water resources clean. Conclude the properties of clouds and rain To ensure the cleanliness Sebab untuk acidic, alkaline and neutral Untuk of water supply mengekalkan Changes in colour of substances. Bitter Sour mengekalkan Memastikan air yang bersih sumber air yang bersih litmus papers Kesimpulan ciri-ciri bahan asid, Pahit masam pembentukan dibekalkan Menukarkan warna kertas alkali dan neutral . awan dan hujan litmus Properties of alkali Properties of Properties blue to red red to blue Ciri-ciri alkali neutral substances of acid biru ke merah ke Ciri-ciri bahan Ciri-ciri asid Importance of water resources. merah biru neutral Kepentingan sumber air Taste bitter & change red litmus Acid Alkaline paper to blue Other tastes – no Ways to keep our water asid alkali changes in litmus paper Rasa pahit dan resources clean menukarkan Tidak menukarkan Cara mengekalkan sumber Kertas litmus warna kertas litmus air bersih no change merah kepada biru tidak Keep the rivers clean Cleanliness campaign berubah Taste sour & Jadikan sungai besih Kempen kebersihan change blue litmus paper red neutral Rasa masam dan neutral menukarkan kertas litmus merah SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 79 - - 80 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria STATE OF MATTER KEADAAN BAHAN Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria I am a droplet of water. Saya setitis air Mind Maps – Science Solid Ali is eating an ice cream. After a while, the ice cream Ouch! Where I am. Wow! It is big. Opss! Mmm cold and fresh. Where am I? Oh, I see, this melt. Melting process changes solid to liquid. is a sea my new place. I came from river. Ouch! Di mana saya. Wow! Besarnya. Opss! Mmm sejuk dan segar. Di mana saya? Oh, Ali sedang makan ais krim. Selepas beberapa ketika, saya tahu, saya di laut tempat baru untuk saya. Saya datang dari sungai. ais krim itu menjadi cair. Proses pencairan menukarkan pepejal kepada cecair. Liquid Arghh! Hot, very hot Oh no! I’m moving up. What happen??? It is very hot. The sun makes Abu feels like to drink cold water. He need some ice me very hot. It evaporate me to the sky. Evaporation change me as a water vapour. cubes. He put water in the freezer. Freezing turn solid Arghh! Panasnya, sangat panas Tidak! Saya sedang bergerak ke atas. Apa dah jadi nih??? to solid. Sangat panas. Matahari membuatkan saya panas. Ia menyejat saya ke langit. Penyejatan menukarkan saya menjadi wap air. Abu ingin minum air sejuk. Dia perlukan ais batu. Dia masukkan air ke dalam peti sejuk. Proses pembekuan menukarkan cecair kepada pepejal. Oh no! I’m shivering. It cold now. The condensation process turn me into water droplet. Ah Seng forget to drink his ice lemon tea because his Wow! There are many droplets like me. Hey! Lets join together. Lets form cloud. Ahh it is mother as him to go to the shop. When he went back, better now. he saw many water droplets on the glass. Oh no! Saya sedang menggigil. Ia sejuk sekarang. Proses kondensasi menukar saya menjadi Condensation turn gas to liquid. titisan air. Wow! Banyaknya tiisan air macam saya. Hey! Jom bergabung. Jom bentuk awan. Ahh leganya dah jadi awan. Ah Seng terlupa untuk minum airnya kerana ibunya menyuruhnya ke kedai. Setelah pulan, dia dapati banyak titisan air di luar gelas. Kondensasi menukarkan gas kepada cecair. Opss! I’m heavy now. Let me out. Ahh! I’m out now as rain. Ouch! I fall down into the river again. My home sweet home. Yea! Upin’s mother wants to boil some water. She knows Opss! Saya semakin berat sekarang. Saya nak keluar. Ahh! Saya dah keluar sebagai hujan that the water is boiling because it produces steam or sekarang. Ouch! Saya jatuh kembali kedalam sungai. Rumah saya yang dirindui. Yea! water vapour. Boiling changes liquid to gas. Ibu Upin ingin menjerang air. Dia tahu bahawa air itu sudah mendidih kerana terhasilnya wap air atau stim. Pendidihan menukarkan cecair kepada gas. Ipin’s mother hangs clothe on the cloth line. After a while, the cloth dries. This is because evaporation process occurs. Evaporation turn liquid to gas. Ibu Upin menjemur kain di ampaian. SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 81 - - 82 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Fill in the missing letters. Lengkapkan perkataan dengan huruf yang betul. C _ _ d _ _s _ _ i o _ C____ E_a___a___n R_v__ MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 6 S __ _ SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 83 - - 84 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding food spoilage Memahami kerosakan makanan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Synthesising the concept of food preservation Sintesis konsep pengawetan makanan Mind Maps – Science FOOD PRESERVATION Drying Fish, prawns, cuttlefish, fruits Pengawetan makanan Pengeringan Ikan, udang, sotong, buah Food spoilage Boiling Meat ,fish, vegetables Kerosakan makanan Pemanasan daging, ikan, sayur Characteristics of spoilt food The conditions for microorganisms to grow Cooling Vegetables, fruits Ciri-ciri makanan yang rosak Keadaan untuk mikroorganisma membesar Pendinginan Sayur, buah Unpleasant smell Air Pickling Fruits, vegetables Bau tidak menyenangkan Udara Penjerukan Buah, sayur Unpleasant taste Water Freezing Chicken, meat, prawns, cuttlefish Rasa tidak menyenangkan Air Penyejukbekuan Ayam, daging, udang, sotong Food Preservation Changed colour Nutrients Pengawetan makanan Pasteurising Milk, juices, ice cream Berubah warna Zat makanan Pempausteran Susu, jus, ais krim Changed texture Suitable temperature Smoking Meat, fish Berubah jalinan Suhu yang sesuai Pengasapan Daging, ikan Mouldy Suitable acidity Waxing Vegetables, fruits Berkulat Keadaan asid yang sesuai Pelilinan Sayur, buah Bottling/Canning Meat, fish, fruits, vegetables Pembotolan/pengeti Daging, ikan, buah, sayur nan Salting Fish, meat, eggs, vegetables, Pengasinan fruits Ikan, daging, telur, sayur, buah Vacuum packing Nuts, crackers, powder milk Pembukusan Kacang, biskut, susu tepung vakum SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 85 - - 86 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.3 Realising the importance of preserving food Menyedari kepentingan pengawetan makanan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan Waste Management Pegurusan bahan buangan The importance of preserving food Kepentingan pengawetan makanan Types of waste Plastics, glass, chemical waste, organic waste, metal Jenis bahan Plastik, kaca, sisa kimia, sisa organik, logam To make last longer To reduce wastage food Sources of waste Homes, factories, agriculture, motor vehicles Tahan lebih lama Mengurangkan makanan terbuang Sumber bahan Rumah, kilang, pertanian, kenderaan bermotor To make food easily to store • Dispose of waste in the right place Makanan lebih mudah disimpan Buang bahan buangan di tempat yang betul • Treat waste before disposing it into the drain Proper Rawat bahan buangan sebelum ia Betul mengalir keluar • Bury waste that can decay in soil Bakar bahan buangan yang boleh reput dalam tanah Ways of • Reuse of recycle waste disposing waste Guna semula bahan kitar semula Cara buang bahan buangan • Littering Tidak teratur • Open burning Improper Pembakaran terbuka Tidak betul • Release of waste into the rivers Melepaskan bahan buangan ke dalam sungai • Release of smoke into the air Melepaskan asap ke udara SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 87 - - 88 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Damages our lungs, initiates our eyes Can kill fish and water plants Merosakkan paru-paru.tidak elok Boleh membunuh ikan dan tumbuhan dipandang Water pollution Air pollution Pencemaran air Pencemaran udara Harmful effects of improper Sickness & Flash floods disposal of waste diseases Banjir kilat Kesan buruk daripada pembuangan Kesakitan & bahan buangan yang tidak betul penyakit Damage property Merosakkan harta Acid rain Thypoid, dengue fever Hujan asid demam denggi Can kill plants and erode building Boleh membunuh tumbuhan dan MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA menghakis bangunan Year 4 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Waste that can decay Advantage : Food, paper, wood Bahan buangan To make the soil fertiile Makanan, surat yang boleh reput Kelebihan : khabar, kayu Untuk menyburkan tanah Waste that does not decay Plastics, glass, Disadvantage : Bahan buangan metal Gives out poisonous yang Plastik, gelas, gases tidak boleh reput logam Kelemahan : Mengeluarkan gas beracun SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 89 - - 90 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding the Solar System Memahami Sistem Solar -Nine Planets Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Understanding the relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami perbandingan saiz dan jarak antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari Mind Maps – Science Mercury – My Sembilan planet Utarid -Natural satellites Venus – Very Satelit semulajadi Zuhrah the Earth -Meteors Earth – Excellent the Sun Bumi the Moon Meteor Bumi the Earth Bulan Matahari 100 Bumi 4 -Comets Mars – Mother 1 1 Komet Marikh Size of the Sun relative to -Asteroids Jupiter – Just the size Size of the Earth relative to Asteroid Musytari of the Earth. the size Saturn – Served Saiz Matahari relatif saiz The relative size of the Moon. Zuhal Bumi and distance Saiz Bumi relatif saiz Bulan Uranus – Us between List of constituents Uranus the Earth, the Neptune – Nine Moon and the Senarai Sun pembentukan Neptun Pluto – Pudding Saiz dan jarak The solar system Pluto relatif di antara Sistem Solar Bumi, Bulan dan The relative distance from the Earth to List of planets the Sun compared Senarai planet to the relative distance from the Earth to the Moon. Planets move around the Sun Jarak relatif dari Bumi ke Matahari Planet beredar mengelilingi berbanding jarak relative dari Bumi ke matahari Bulan the Earth Bumi the Moon Bulan the Sun Matahari 150 000 000 km 382 500 km 1 : 400 SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 91 - - 92 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.3 Appreciating the perfect placement of the planet Earth in the Solar System Menghargai kedudukan yang sempurna planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria OUR SOLAR SYSTEM SISTEM SOLAR KITA Mind Maps – Science Much nearer : Lebih dekat •The nearer a planet to the Sun is, •The temperature on the Earth the hotter is the surface of the planet. would rise. MERCURY MY MAKAN Planet yang dekat dengan matahari Suhu di bumi akan meningkat VENUS VERY VITAMIN mempunyai permukaan yang paling •Water on Earth would evaporate. panas Air di bumi akan tersejat EARTH EASY E •The farther a planet from the Sun is, •No water and the temperature MARS METHOD MULUT the colder is the surface of the planet. would be very hot. JUST Planet yang paling jauh dari matahari Tiada air, suhu akan jadi lebih JUPITER JADI mempunyai perrmukaan yang paling panas. SATURN STOP SENGET sejuk. Much farther : URANUS USING URAT Do not have enough air and water. Lebih jauh Tidak mempunyai air dan udara yang •The temperature on the Earth NEPTUNE NINE AK mencukupi would drop. PLUTO PLANET PUTUS Suhu di bumi akan menurun •Water would freeze into ice. Air akan membeku menjadi ais. •All living things would die. Semua benda hidup aka mati. Earth in the Solar System The nine planets from the sun. Bumi dalam Sistem Solar 9 Planet daripada Matahari. Effect Why certain planets are not Kesan conducive for living things. The Earth is the only planet Mengapa sesetengah in the Solar System that has planet tidak sesuai living things. untuk benda hidup Hanya planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar yang mempunyai benda hidup • Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it receives enough light and heat from the Sun. Bumi adalah planet ketuga dari matahari, ia menerima cahaya dan haba secukupnya • It is not too hot or too cold. Ia tidak terlalu sejuk atau panas. • The atmosphere of the Earth contains air and there is water on Earth. Atmosfera bumi mengandungi udara dan air di bumi SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 93 - - 94 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding the constellation Memahami buruj Mind Maps – Science Planting Harvesting Musim menanam Musim menuai Desert Sea Padang pasir Laut Indicates Seasons Menunjukkan musim Show Importance of Directions What constellation is Constellation Menunjukkan arah Apa itu buruj Kepentingan buruj Constellation A group of stars that form Buruj MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA a certain pattern in the sky Gugusan bintang-bintang Scorpion Year 5 di langit yang membentuk corak tertentu Kala jengking South June - August Selatan Scorpion Southern Cross Skorpio Pari Identify Constellation Kenal pasti buruj Orion South Selatan April – June Belantik Kite or Cross Big dipper Layang-layang atau Biduk Palang Hunter North Pemburu Utara Water dipper North Gayung December - January Utara SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 95 - - 96 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.1 Understanding the movement of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami pergerakan Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.1 Understanding the occurrence o day and night Memahami kejadian siang dan malam Mind Maps – Science Night-time Waktu malam the Sun Matahari the Earth Earth rotates Moon rotates The earth rotates on its Bumi on it axis on it axis axis from west to east Daytime Bumi berputar Bulan berputar Bumi berputar pada Waktu siang pada paksinya pada paksinya paksinya It is day time for the part At night part of Moon rotates and at of the Earth facing the Sun. Earth do not face Sun. the same time Pada waktu siang sebahagian Bumi Pada waktu malam sebahagian Earth rotates and at moves around menghadap Matahari Bumi tidak menghadap matahari The movements the same time moves of the Earth, the Moon the Earth around the sun and the Sun Bulan berputar dan Bumi berputar dan Pergerakan Bumi,Bulan pada masa pada masa yang yang sama The occurrence of day and night dan Matahari Kejadian siang dan malam sama bergerak beredar mengeliligi mengelilingi matahari Mathari Axis Paksi Day and night occur due to the rotation of the Earth on its axis. The changes in length and The Moon and the Earth Kejadian siang dan malam berlaku position of the shadow move round the Sun at the East kerana putaran Bumi pada paksinya. West Timur throughout the day same time Barat Perubahan panjang dan Bulan dan Bumi bergerak kedudukan bayang-bayang mengeliligi sepanjang hari Matahari pada masa yang sama SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 97 - - 98 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.3 Understanding the phases of tne Moon Memahami fasa bulan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Phases Of The Moon Fasa-fasa Bulan The Moon Does Describe the phases of Not Emit Light the moon Menerangkan fasa-fasa Bulan tidak mengeluarkan bulan cahaya MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA The Moon appear Year 6 bright when it reflect sunlight Bulan jadi terang akibat pantulan cahaya matahari. 1-New moon, 3- New half moon, 5- Full moon 1- Anak Bulan 3, Bulan separa baru 5. – Bulan penuh 7- Old half moon Bulan separa lama SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 99 - - 100 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding the eclipse of the moon Memahami gerhana bulan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 1.2 Understanding the eclipse of the sun Memahami gerhana matahari Eclipse Gerhana Eclipse of The Moon Eclipse of The Sun Gerhana bulan Gerhana matahari The Earth is between the Sun and The Moon is between the Sun and the Moon and the three of them lie in the Earth and the three of them lie a straight line. Bumi berada di antara Matahari dan in a straight line. Bulan berada di antara Matahari MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Bulan dan ketiga-tiganya berada dan Bumi dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis yang lurus dalam satu garis yang lurus Year 4 The Earth blocks The Moon Sunlight is The Moon Daylight sunlight from looks reddish, blocked by shadow falls becomes reaching the Moon dark gray or the Moon on the Earth dark during Bumi menghalang brown Cahaya surface the total cahaya Matahari Bulan kelihatan Matahari Bayang- eclipse daripada sampai kemerahan, dihalang bayang Bulan Hari siang ke Bulan kelabu atau oleh bulan jatuh ke atas menjadi perang permukaan gelap Bumi menjelang gerhana penuh SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 101 - - 102 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding the importance of technology in everyday life Memahami kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Understanding the development of technology Memahami pembangunan teknologi Mind Maps – Science Agriculture Importance of technology in everyday life Pertanian Kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian e.g.: Technology hoe plough tractor combine harvester Teknologi Lubang bajak traktor mesin penuai Limitation of human ability Construction Had keupayaan manusia Examples of human limitations are Pembinaan Contoh had keupayaan manusia Development Cave hut wooden house apartment Of Technology Gua pondok rumah kayu rumah pangsa • Unable to see fine objects Pembangunan Tidak boleh melihat objek yang kecil teknologi •Unable to speak loud Examples Tidak boleh bercakap dengan kuat Contoh Microscope Mikroskop •Unable to walk for long distance - The usage of lens to see fine Tidak boleh berjalan jauh Transportation features of objects and microbes Pengangkutan Penggunaan kanta untuk melihat benda •Unable to see far away objects dan mikrob yang halus Tidak boleh melihat objek yang jauh Land:/ Darat Animal bicycle car train Microphone Haiwan basikal kereta kereta api Mikrofon -To increase the voice volume Air:/Udara Untuk meninggikan suara Hot air balloon airship glider aeroplane Belon panas kapal udara glider kapal terbang Telephone Devices to overcome human Telefon limitation Water:/Air -To communicate from long distance Alat mengatsai had Canoe raft sampan ferry ship Untuk berkomunikasi dari jarak yang jauh keupayaan manusia Kenu rakit sampan feri kapal Bicycle, motorcycle, airplanes Basikal,motosikal , kapal terbang Communication -Can travel long distance in a shorter time Komunikasi Boleh pergi ke tempat jauh dalam masa yang singkat Drawing carrier pigeon telephone Lukisan pembawa utusan telefon Telescope, binocular Teleskop, binokular -To see far away objects Untuk melihat objek yang jauh SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 103 - - 104 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.3 Synthesising how technology can be used to solve problem Mind Maps – Science Sintesis bagaimana teknologi boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.4 Analysing that technology can benefit mankind if used misely Analisa bahawa teknologi memberi manfaat jika digunakan secara bijaksana Mind Maps – Science Cannot move and lift heavy thing Problems they encounter in their Tidak boleh beregerak dan angkat Advantages of Disadvantages of daily life benda berat Masalah yang dihadapi dalam Technology Technology kehidupan sehari Kelebihan teknologi Kelemahan teknologi Cannot move farther Tidak boleh bergerak jauh Brain storming Ideas to solve the problems identified Mencari idea •Communication Environmental pollution from increase in Idea untuk menyelesaikan masalah Komunikasi waste materials dikenal pasti Sketch the model Enable human to learn more about Pencemaran alam daripada Lakar model things happening around the world penambahan sisa buangan Membolehkan manusia mengetahui benda yang berlaku di seluruh dunia Environmental destruction result from Technology solve problems excessive usage of natural resources Teknologi menyelesaikan masalah •Transportation Kemusnahan alam kesan daripada Pengangkutan penggunaan sumber semulajadi Enable human to travel far away places yang berleluasa in shorter time Membolehkan manusia pergi ke tempat Social problem Wheel barrow jauh dalam masa yang singkat Masalah sosial Device to solve the problem Kereta sorong identified. Alat untuk menyelesaikan masalah •Agriculture Bad effects on health result from dikenalpasti Lever environmental pollution and excessive Tuas Pertanian Machines make it easier to plants and use of chemicals harvest their crops Kesan buruk kepada kesihatan kesa Mesin memudahkan untuk menanam daripada pencemaran sekitar dan dan menuai penggunaan bahan kimia secara Demonstrate that device invented Wheel barrow – can move heavy thing berleluasa can be used to solve the problem easily •Construction identified Kereta sorong-boleh mengangkat benda Pembinaan Demontrasi bahawa alat yang dicipta berat dengan senang Roads, highways, bridges and boleh digunakan untuk building is easier and faster to build menyelesaikan masalah yang dikenal pasti Pulley – can lift everything Memudahkan pembinaan jalan, lebuh Takal – boleh mengangkat apa sahaja raya,jambatan dan bangunan SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 105 - - 106 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science HUMAN LIMITATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME KETIDAKUPAYAAN MANUSIA DAN CARA MENTASAINYA We can’t fly. Can we save the I can’t hear you. I can’t walk, Kami tak boleh data? Saya tak dengar anymore. terbang. Boleh tak kita awak Saya tak boleh simpan data ini? berjalan lagi. MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 5 HOW TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM? Use the phone Use the car Use the aeroplane Use the computer SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 107 - - 108 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Knowing the shapes of objects in structures. Mengetahui bentuk objek di dalam struktur Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Understanding the strength and stability of a structure. Memahami kekuatan dan kestabilan struktur. Mind Maps – Science Shapes of objects that are stable Bentuk benda yang stabil Identify shape in structure The shape of objects Mengenal pasti bentuk di Bentuk-bentuk benda Strength and Stability dalam struktur Kekuatan dan Kestabilan Cube, cone, cylinder Kiub.kon,silinder The factors that affect stability of Cylinder objects Silinder Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan Sphere kestabilan objek sfera Cube Cuboid Cylinder Kiub Kuboid Silinder Height , base area The factors that affect the Ketinggian , luas tapak strength of a structure Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan sesuatu struktur Bigger base area more stable Sphere Pyramid Cone Semakin luas tapak bertambah Sfera Piramid Kon Types of materials used kestabilan Steel, iron, wood Smaller base area less stable Jenis bahan yang digunakan Semakin kecil luas tapak kurang Keluli, besi, kayu kestabilan Lower object more stable Semakin rendah objek bertambah kestabilan Higher object less stable Tinggi objek kurang kestabilan SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 109 - - 110 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding simple machines Memahami mesin ringkas Mind Maps – Science MACHINES Mesin Wedge To cut or separate objects Baji Untuk memotong atau mengasing objek Screw To fix two objects together Skru Untuk mengetatkan dua benda bersama Gear To move objects easily Gear Untuk menggerakkan objek dengan mudah MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Simple machines Pulley To carry or to lift objects to higher place Takal Untuk membawa atau mengangkat objek ke Year 6 Mesin ringkas tempat tinggi Inclined plane To lift heavy objects easier Satah condong Untuk mengangkat objek dengan mudah Lever To carry or move heavy objects easily Tuas Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah Wheel and axle To carry or move heavy objects easily Roda dan gandar Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 111 - - 112 -
  • ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Analysing a complex machines Analisa mesin yang kompleks Complex Made up of more than Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Catatan : Mind Maps – Science e.g Wheelbarrow, bicycle, a pair of Machine one simple machine scissors, fishing rod Mesin Terdiri lebih dari satu Kereta sorong. basikal, gunting, kompleks mesin ringkas rod pancing 1.3 Appreciating the invention of machines that make life easier Menghargai mesin yang dicipta membuatkan hidup menjadi senang To carry, move or lift heavy things more easily Crane, lift Untuk membawa atau Kren, lif mengangkat benda dengan mudah To travel from one place to another Aeroplane, bus Machine Untuk pergi dari satu tempat ke make Kapal terbang, bas tempat yang lain life easier Mesin membuat kehidupan lebih mudah To make work faster Tractor Untuk membuat kerja lebih cepat Trektar To make communication with people faster and easier Computer, satelite Untuk berkomunikasi dengan Komputer, satelit manusia lebih cepat dan mudah To treat diseases Dialysis machine Untuk mengesan penyakit Mesin dialisis SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 113 - - 114 -