Action research d&a (azrenah hj yakub)2


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Action research d&a (azrenah hj yakub)2

  1. 1. ACTION RESEARCH: DEVELOPING AND ACHIEVING SPN 21 STANDARDS Teacher Self-Evaluation Your voluntary participation in this self-evaluation is very much appreciated. Preamble The quality of the educational service depends on the quality of our teachers. If higher standards are to be achieved and all pupils are to be effectively supported in achieving their best potential, it is essential that teachers are well prepared for their work and that they have opportunities to extend and revitalise their skills throughout their careers. It is widely acknowledged that improvement in educational systems is crucially dependent on effective teacher self-evaluation, critical reflection, collaboration with peers and personal and collective action. Indeed, teachers instinctively wish to reflect on their work, evaluate it and look for ways to improve it. However, effective self-evaluation is not simply a process for the individual, but involves colleagues in a variety of ways. A fundamental principle is that teachers should also see themselves as everyone else, that is, life-long learners. These teacher self-evaluation standards are adapted from the professional standards for Queensland teachers for registration purposes (, and performance appraisal from the Texas Seventh-Day Adventist School System and Newfoundland Teachers Association ( The standards support the varied nature of a teacher's work and should be an integral part of teachers’ professional growth and development. 1
  2. 2. The Standards for SPN 21 comprise seven key components: To evaluate yourself please circle a number: A 5-point Likert scale was used as follows. Need attention-1; Satisfactory-2; Good-3; Very Good-4; Excellent-5 Demographic information a) 10 Primary Government school teachers b) Gender: Male – 2; Female – 8 c) Schools: Sekolah Rendah Mabohai d) Years of teaching experience: beginning less than 1year up to 30 years’ experience  1 teacher with less than 1 years’ teaching experience  4 teachers with less than 5 years of teaching experience  5 teachers have been teaching for more than 10 years e) Subjects and levels of teaching: All subjects from pre-school to year 6 R E L I A B I L I T Y A N A L Y S I S - S C A L E (A L P H A) N of Cases = 10.0 2
  3. 3. Summary Item Statistics Maximu Maximum / Mean Minimum m Range Minimum Variance N of Items Item Means 3.722 3.000 4.200 1.200 1.400 .070 67 Item .784 .300 2.500 2.200 8.333 .132 67 Variances Reliability Coefficients 67 items Reliability Statistics Cronbach's Cronbach's Alpha Based on Alpha Standardized Items N of Items .995 .995 67 I. Instructional Planning for Quality Teaching II. Teacher Concerns for Student Learning III. Teaching Strategies for Effective Meaningful Learning IV. Student Assessment for Learning and Development V. Classroom Management and Learning Environment VI. The Teacher as a Professional: Professional Growth VII. The Teacher as a Professional: Professional Knowledge Except for components I and VII (which are basic teacher competences), teachers with more experience scored higher in the other five components of professional teacher standards. I. Instructional Planning for Quality Teaching (Mean 3.20 – 3.90; Cronbach’s alpha = 0.969) 3
  4. 4. As a Teacher I : Mean 1. Plan effectively for both long and short term (action plan & 3.70 scheme of work) 2. Plan lessons on a daily basis 3.90 3. Integrate with other subjects areas where appropriate 3.70 4. Recognize and plan for varying individual needs of all 3.20 students 5. Effectively plan the use of available facilities, equipment and 3.50 resources 6. Plan to take advantage of community resources to aid teaching 3.50 7. Plan regular assessment of student learning 3.90 OVERALL (N of Cases = 10) 3.63 I believe I plan well in the following ways: The lessons planning and assessments is done well because lots of information on scheme and action plan provided by the Department of Curriculum. The lesson plan is prepared weekly and the topic is according to the scheme prepared earlier before school starts. The steps in preparing lesson plan include the topics, objectives, methods, content, teaching aids and assessments. Classwork and homework are also pre-prepared according to pupil’s needs and abilities. My planning needs improvement in the following areas: 4
  5. 5. Pupils have different abilities in learning because that natural for human being. So, it is very difficult to recognize and plan for these pupils because teacher taught many subjects in one class and pupil’s abilities are also vary in different subjects. How to improve: 1. Set up a committee to handle the different type of student abilities. 2. Discuss with the committee how to teach different type of student abilities. 3. Prepare lesson plan and work that should be given to different type of student abilities. II. Teacher Concerns for Student Learning (Mean 3.67 – 4.10; Cronbach’s alpha = 0.964) As a Teacher I : Mean 1. Consistently model the behaviour I expect of students 3.90 2. Clearly state my expectations of learning for all 3.90 students 3. Encourage students in the practice of self-discipline 4.00 4. Minimize student exclusion as a disciplinary measure 3.70 5
  6. 6. 5. Avoid deliberate embarrassment of students 3.80 6. Control my own emotions in discipline 3.70 7. Encourage student creativity, exploration and 4.00 individuality 8. Listen attentively to all students 3.90 9. Am sensitive and responsive to individual students and their 3.80 needs 10. Commend effort and work well done 4.10 11. Take a deep interest in the spiritual growth of all students 3.70 12. Encourage students to use and practice their English 3.67 OVERALL (N of Cases = 10) 3.85 I believe I relate well with students in the following ways: Always appreciate pupils work make the pupils more motivated and raise their confident. My relationship with students needs reconsideration in the following areas: As the pupils are Malay oriented language, the use of English as a second language is very difficult and need more time to practice especially in communicating with each other. How to improve: 6
  7. 7. 1. Ask the students to speak English in class except during Bahasa Melayu, Melayu Islam Beraja, Lukisan and Pengetahuan Ugama Islam. 2. Give a motivation or reward to encourage the students to talk in English such as giving star points. III. Teaching Strategies for Effective Meaningful Learning (Mean 3.40 – 4.29; Cronbach’s alpha = 0.979) As a Teacher I : Mean 1. Use a variety of teaching methodologies 3.80 2. Integrate subject areas where appropriate to demonstrate 3.40 relationships 3. Use teaching resource materials prudently 3.56 4. Elicit student responses to develop interpretive, analytical and 3.70 evaluative skills 5. Provide adequate thinking time after posing a question 3.90 6. Allow for students of differing ability and background to experience 3.90 success 7. Respond positively to pertinent student questions 4.29 8. Adjust my vocabulary to an appropriate student level 4.10 7
  8. 8. 9. Guide students in the discovery of concepts, principles and 3.90 generalizations 10. Ensure adequate opportunity for all students to participate in class 3.90 11. Ensure that all students understand the objectives of each lesson 3.70 12. Facilitate learning of all students individually and in groups 3.70 13. Create opportunities for students to develop their fluency in English 3.67 14. Consider student feedback on instruction 3.70 OVERALL (N of Cases = 10) 4.08 I believe my teaching techniques are satisfactory in the following areas: 8
  9. 9. Always respond positively to pupils answer or questions to make the pupils more active and high confidence talking in the front of other pupils. My teaching techniques need review in the following areas: Integration of subjects is a good way of teaching two or more subjects at once and the development of pupils talents can be diversify. However, the factor of time and poor planning can affect this because as the subjects are integrated the content becomes more and time taken also increased. For example teaching mathematics and ICT where teacher have to divide their time in teaching the use of computer first then teach mathematics. Although the pupils different abilities also can affect this because teacher have more time spend on the low ability pupils. Sometimes, the teacher doesn’t realised that they had used integration in their teaching technique. How to improve: 1. Teacher should make a research before starting the lesson. 2. Discuss with other teacher on how to integrate the subject. 3. If the topic of the subject can be integrate with other subject, then the teacher can prepare early on what sort of activity that is suitable to be used in order to integrate the subject. Example making a clock model, this is integration between mathematics (learning about clock) and lukisan (handicraft). 4. Have sharing session such as in the Staff Development. IV. Student Assessment for Learning and Development 9
  10. 10. (Mean 3.40 – 4.10; Cronbach’s alpha = 0.991) As a Teacher I : Mean 1. My assessment program is: a) consistent with the school SPN 21 assessment policy 3.60 b) consistent with the stated objectives of the course / syllabus 3.80 c) consistent with the current trends in assessment as developmental 3.75 2. I use standardized achievement and diagnostic tests when 3.40 appropriate 3. I vary my approaches to assessment, including skills and 3.80 knowledge 4. I use assessment results to: a) analyse effectiveness on my teaching 3.70 b) plan instruction and review 3.70 c) diagnose student strengths and weaknesses 3.80 d) implement strategies to meet each student’s needs as diagnosed 3.50 5. I keep accurate assessment records of all students 3.70 6. My reporting to parents is based on the assessment 3.70 programme 10
  11. 11. 7. My reporting programme is consistent with school SPN 21 policy 3.70 8. I frequently check student work as part of my assessment plan 3.80 9. I encourage and reward quality work 4.10 OVERALL (N of Cases = 10) 3.72 I believe my assessment program is satisfactory in the following areas: Teacher must always encourage pupils to work harder and reward them to boost their confidence in learning and also teaches them to compete with each other in order to get good results. My assessment program needs review in the following areas: Test should be standardized but the problems for different ability. The low ability students will have difficulty in cope with the test given if it is standardised. So, test should be done by assessing the pupil’s work continuously and according to their ability. How to improve: 1. Make use of reliable test items from past year test papers from public examinations and international tests such as Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). 2. Select test items that are at the appropriate level for different ability students. 11
  12. 12. 3. Teach students accordingly to achieve success at the level needed to be able to move on to the next challenging level. 4. Students in any one class are usually at several levels of ability and a teacher should not just teach to all students throughout the duration of the lesson. 5. Students have different learning difficulties which could be addressed by Newman’s interview protocol. 6. By using this interview technique as a teaching strategy in a whole class, group or individual approach, teachers will be adopting a Vygotskian student-centred approach to teaching. V. Classroom Management and Learning Environment (Mean 3.60 – 4.00; Cronbach’s alpha = 0.969) As a Teacher I : Mean 1. Ensure suitable desk size and seating arrangements 3.89 2. Have developed effective rules for dealing with behavioral 3.70 problems 3. Ensure that the students receive maximum instructional time by: 12
  13. 13. a) starting classes on time 3.90 b) maintaining close supervision 3.90 c) avoiding early dismissals 3.90 4. Maintain my room as a conducive learning environment 4.00 5. Provide facilities for students with special needs 3.60 6. Ensure my attendance register is up to date 4.00 OVERALL (N of Cases = 10) 3.86 I believe my classroom management practices are satisfactory in the following areas: It is important to make the classroom conducive so that pupils can learn in a nice and comfortable environment. The attendance must also be updated so that it can be used as an assessment of the pupil’s hard work in coming to school. My classroom management and learning environment need review in the following areas: Providing facilities for pupils with needs is very difficult because teacher not fully train on handling these types of pupils. How to improve: 13
  14. 14. 1. Discuss with the SENA teachers on how to improve facilities for special needs students. 2. The class with the special needs students should have an assistant teacher so that the teacher can concentrate on other student’s example in the private school. 3. Talk from the experts that have knowledge in handling students with needs. VI. The Teacher as a Professional: Professional Growth (Mean 3.70 – 3.90; Cronbach’s alpha = 0.972) As a Teacher I : Mean 1. Participate in conferences and workshops when possible 3.90 2. Read educational materials such as journals, teacher 3.70 websites, etc. 3. Cooperate with colleagues to improve curriculum and 3.90 instructional techniques 4. Endeavor to enhance the dignity and status of the teaching 3.90 profession 5. Am interested in the better management of the whole school 3.80 system OVERALL (N of Cases = 10) 3.84 14
  15. 15. I believe my professional growth is adequate in the following areas: All schools have sharing sessions or staff development as part of professional development in the school. Such activities include methods of teaching and use of technology. This also increases the teacher knowledge in teaching methods and can also develop their creativity in providing different kind of teaching strategies and activities for students with different type of ability. My professional growth needs review in the following areas: Reading educational materials such as journals, teacher websites, etc. How to improve: 1. The head of administration and academic should discuss about this problem. 2. They should display any resources such as journal, teacher websites that is suitable for the teachers to use it as their resources and reference in order to improve their teaching strategies. 3. They should share any findings that can improve the teaching and learning quality so that it will meet the SPN 21 standards. 4. Sharing Session such as Staff Development. 15
  16. 16. VII. The Teacher as a Professional: Professional Knowledge (Mean 3.50 – 3.70; Cronbach’s alpha = 0.973) As a teacher I Mean 1. Am academically competent for my teaching assignment 3.70 2. Have adequate knowledge of learning theories 3.60 3. Have a working knowledge of child and adolescent psychology 3.60 4. Am familiar with trends in teaching my subjects 3.50 5. Am able to discuss current research in my area of instruction 3.62 6. Am familiar with school and Ministry expectations and 3.70 policies 7. Have become familiar with teacher rights, duties and 3.70 responsibilities OVERALL (N of Cases = 10) 3.63 16
  17. 17. I believe my professional knowledge is adequate in the following areas: Teachers are very caring and responsible towards students and in carrying out their teaching and other duties. My professional knowledge needs review in the following areas: Familiar with trends in teaching my subjects. How to improve: 1. Discuss with other teacher about the teaching trends. 2. Experts could be invited to share their knowledge and research with teachers in the school. 3. Do research in the internet and library to find the new strategies. Done by: Azrenah binti Haji Yakub Sekolah Rendah Mabohai, Brunei I 22nd July 2010 17