Education for sustainable development


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Education for sustainable development

  1. 1. Education for Sustainable Development Presented by: Siddiqur Rehman. Authored by: Rupam Roy & Siddiqur Rehman
  2. 2. Education for Sustainable Development Educated parents send their children to school; elementary education leads to perpetuation of benefits from one generation to another. Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is simultaneously a sub-field of education and a conceptual tool to aid policy makers in authoring educational policies that take into account the present environmental, societal and economic challenges. According to the UNESCO, it is based on all levels and types of learning - learning to know, learning to be, learning to live together, learning to do and learning to transform oneself and society.” ESD can be seen as the total sum of diverse ways to arrive at a ‘learning society’ in which people learn from and with one another and collectively become more capable of withstanding setbacks and dealing with sustainability-induced insecurity, complexity and risks. ESD is about - through education and learning - engaging people in sustainable development issues, developing their capacities to give meaning to SD and to contribute to its development and utilizing the diversity represented by all people - including those who have been or feel marginalized - in generating innovative solutions to SD challenges and crisis.”
  3. 3. Emergence of Education for Sustainable Development Roots of ESD can be traced back to the early 1970s United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 From 1987 to 1992, the concept of sustainable development matured as committees discussed, negotiated, and wrote the 40 chapters of Agenda 21.  The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) was created in December 1992 to ensure effective follow-up of UNCED and to monitor and report on implementation of the agreements at international, regional, national and local levels The decade 2005-2014 has been designated the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.
  4. 4. ESD in India Traditionally India has been a sustainable society. A large part of the Indian population still has a lifestyle that is based on the principle of reuse, reduce and recycle. In some cases it is a matter of personal choice but for a large majority, it is necessitated by economic compulsions. The Government of India (GOI) has integrated the principle of ‘sustainability’ in its various policies and developmental programmes. India’s developmental strategic framework is based on a five year planning system. The GOI recommended Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to integrate environmental concerns into all aspects and levels of education. India is the only country to have passed one of the landmark judgments passed by the Supreme Court of the country directing all education boards to include environmental education (EE) as part of the formal education system at all levels. Centre for Environment Education (CEE) which is the nodal agency for implementing UNDESD in India; The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI); Bharati Vidya Peeth (BVP); Centre for Science and Environment (CSE); World Wide fund (WWF); National Council for Science Museums (NSCM) and National Council of Education, Research and Training (NCERT) are notable bodies promoting ESD.
  5. 5. Why ESD? According to the 2010 State of the World Report (published by The Worldwatch Institute), the Ecological Footprint Indicator, which compares impact of human actions on the ecology with natural resources available to supply key ecosystem services, shows that humanity now uses the resources and services of 1.3 Earths. It is estimated that by 2050, the human population will be 9.07 billion of which 62 per cent of the people will live in Africa, Southern and Eastern Asia. Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) therefore is an important pedagogical tool as it is based on the fundamental principle of making an individual see and recognize the interdependence between human beings and each and every unit of ecology. It is only right that development in this new century be even more conscious of its long- term impact. The problems are complex and the choices difficult. Our common future can only be achieved with a better understanding of our common concerns and shared responsibilities.
  6. 6. Thresholds of Education and Sustainability The relationship between education and sustainable development is complex. Generally, research shows that basic education is key to a nation's ability to develop and achieve sustainability targets. Research has shown that education can improve agricultural productivity, enhance the status of women, reduce population growth rates, enhance environmental protection, and generally raise the standard of living. Another educational threshold is primary education for women. At least a primary education is required before birth rate drops and infant health and children's education improve. Subtle combination of higher education, research, and life-long learning is necessary for a nation to shift to an information or knowledge-based economy, which is fuelled less by imported technology and more by local innovation and creativity.
  7. 7. Challenges for ESD To train local communities in non- formal sector and teachers in formal sectors requires more time as the term “sustainable development” is not common and well-understood by the communities. Some aspects of environment are provided in the national curriculum, but the approach is not coherent and does not cover the wider range of sustainable development. To develop local capacities and demonstrate sustainable development principles in action through an integrated approach, incorporating gender sensitive social, economic and environment linkages. To develop partnerships amongst the major stakeholder organizations (central governments, local governments, NGOs and CBOs) and to reinvent their roles so that CBOs (Community-based Organizations) function as planners and implementers of their own sustainable development program. To demonstrate viable options for sustenance and adaptation of sustainable development approaches. To document and disseminate knowledge from successful experiences and to link the use of local knowledge to support district and national level sustainable development policies.
  8. 8. Promote research and development of ESD There is a need for research and development activities in different areas of ESD, such as effective learning methods, evaluation tools, formation of attitudes and values, school/institutional development and implementation of ICT (Information and communication Technology) . Results of research and development efforts should be shared with actors locally, regionally and globally, and incorporated into different parts of the education system. The content of ESD and teaching and learning methods; the economic effects of and incentives for ESD; ways of including aspects of SD and their local context in different subjects, giving priority to research that brings together the different dimensions of SD; indicators and evaluation instruments for ESD; and share the results of research and examples of good practices. High quality information is essential for promoting ESD. Formal and non-formal ESD along with civic education is fundamental in developing respect for nature and an understanding of cultural values.
  9. 9. Formal, Non-formal, and Informal Education For a community or a nation, implementing ESD is a huge task. Fortunately, formal education does not carry this educational responsibility alone. The non formal educational sector (e.g., nature centers, nongovernmental organizations, public health educators, and agricultural extension agents) and the informal educational sector (e.g., local television, newspaper, and radio) of the educational community must work cooperatively with the formal educational sector for the education of people in all generations and walks of life. Because ESD is a lifelong process, the formal, non formal, and informal educational sectors should work together to accomplish local sustainability goals. In an ideal world, the three sectors would divide the enormous task of ESD for the entire population by identifying target audiences from the general public as well as themes of sustainability. They would then work within their mutually agreed upon realms. This division of effort would reach a broader spectrum of people and prevent redundant efforts.
  10. 10. ESD is more than a knowledge base related to environment, economy, and society. It also addresses learning skills, perspectives, and values that guide and motivate people to seek sustainable livelihoods, participate in a democratic society, and live in a sustainable manner. Knowledge, skills, perspectives, values, and issues must all be addressed in a formal curriculum that has been reoriented to address sustainability. Conclusion and way ahead
  11. 11. Thank You.