Women And Arthritis


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Women And Arthritis

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Women And Arthritis

  1. 1. Women and Arthritis Florida Arthritis Prevention and Education Program
  2. 2. Arthritis Program • Located in the Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion • Funded through a cooperative agreement with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention since late 1999 • Program staff work closely with the Arthritis Foundation, Florida Chapter
  3. 3. Arthritis • Arthritis is a major public health problem, affecting nearly 49 million Americans, and is the leading cause of disability in the United States. • Arthritis prevalence is high for all demographic groups, but especially higher among women, older persons, and those with less education. • In addition to the physical toll, the medical and societal costs of arthritis are enormous. - The estimated economic cost of arthritis in Florida is $7.6 billion
  4. 4. Arthritis • Arthritis encompasses over 100 diseases and conditions that affect joints, surrounding tissues and/or connective tissues.
  5. 5. Florida Data - Women • In Florida, 60% of people with arthritis are women. • Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, affects women at a younger age than men. • Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes pain, stiffness, swelling, and limitation in the motion and function of multiple joints. - Approximately 75% of people with rheumatoid arthritis are women. • Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease that usually develops between the ages of 15-45. - Approximately 90% of people with lupus are women.
  6. 6. Arthritis Signs and Symptoms Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid Fibromyalgia Arthritis Cartilage Inflammation of Unknown. degeneration: bone synovial membrane, Accompanied by regeneration (growth) bone destruction, sleep disturbance may result in bone damage to ligaments, and prolonged spurs tendons, cartilage, muscle contraction joint capsule Hands, spine, knees, Symmetrical; wrists, Joints not affected. hips. May be one- knees, knuckles (both Certain tender points. sided sides) Muscles, ligaments, tendons, may be affected Localized pain, Swelling, redness, Overall aching, stiffness; bony knobs warmth, pain, morning stiffness, of end joints of tenderness, nodules, fatigue. Sleep fingers; usually not fatigue, stiffness, disturbance much swelling muscle aches, fever
  7. 7. Arthritis Self-Management • Early diagnosis and appropriate management of arthritis, including self- management activities such as self-help courses, weight control, and physical activity, can help people with arthritis function better, stay productive, and lower health care costs. • Research studies suggest that maintaining an ideal body weight and avoiding joint injuries reduces the risk of developing some forms of arthritis and may decrease disease progression.
  8. 8. Arthritis Self-Management • Research shows that physical activity decreases arthritis pain, improves function and delays disability. • Moderate physical activity has important and beneficial effects on arthritis pain and associated disability. - At least 30 minutes a day, three or more days a week, can help relieve arthritis pain and stiffness and provide more energy.
  9. 9. Arthritis Self-Management • The Arthritis Foundation supports three evidence-based interventions: - Arthritis Foundation Self-Help Program - Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program - Arthritis Foundation Aquatic Program
  10. 10. Arthritis Foundation Self-Help Pgm • An evidence-based self- management intervention which teaches participants how to manage their arthritis and lessen its effects. • 6-week course that reduces arthritis pain by 20% and physician visits by 40%.
  11. 11. Arthritis Foundation Exercise Pgm • Designed as a community based, recreational, non-clinical exercise program for people with arthritis, that involves group participation. • The program consists of two levels; a basic range of motion level, and an advanced level that includes endurance components. • Benefits include improved functional ability, increased self-care behaviors, decreased pain and decreased depression.
  12. 12. Arthritis Foundation Aquatics Pgm • Involves gentle physical activity in warm water. • The program consists of a series of 68 range of motion and muscle strengthening exercises and an optional endurance segment lasting up to 10 minutes. • Class series vary from six to 10 weeks, meeting two to three times a week, for 45-60 minutes per session.
  13. 13. Arthritis Research • Estrogen and arthritis • Heart disease and arthritis
  14. 14. Additional Information • Florida Department of Health - www.doh.state.fl.us/family/arthritis • Arthritis Foundation - www.arthritis.org • CDC Arthritis Program – www.cdc.gov/arthritis/index.htm • Arthritis Prevention and Education Program 850-245-4330
  15. 15. Contact Information • Heather Murphy Program Administrator FL Arthritis Prevention and Education Program 245-4444 ext 2848 arthritis@doh.state.fl.us