Poverty Task Force, Orissa - An Overview

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Poverty Task Force, Orissa - An Overview

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Poverty Task Force, Orissa - An Overview

  1. 1. POVERTY TASK FORCE, ORISSA: AN OVERVIEW P & C Department Government of Orissa
  2. 2. POVERTY TASK FORCE: Constitution <ul><li>An integral part of Orissa Public Sector Reforms Programme (OPSRP) </li></ul><ul><li>Chaired by Development Commissioner, Orissa and serviced by Planning & Co-ordination Department </li></ul><ul><li>Members include: Secretaries : </li></ul><ul><li>- Agriculture, Finance, Forests, Health, </li></ul><ul><li>- Panchayati Raj, Rural Development, Welfare, </li></ul><ul><li>- School Education, Water Resources, </li></ul><ul><li>- Women & Child Development Departments. </li></ul><ul><li>- NCDS – Academic Member </li></ul><ul><li>Reports to Steering Committee </li></ul>
  3. 3. POVERY TASK FORCE: MANDATE <ul><li>To identify economic, social and institutional constraints to poverty reducing growth </li></ul><ul><li>To develop actionable poverty reduction strategies </li></ul><ul><li>To devise a policy framework for promoting poverty reducing growth </li></ul><ul><li>To develop a Poverty and Human Development Monitoring System </li></ul><ul><li>To co-ordinate efforts for poverty reduction by different Departments </li></ul><ul><li>To evaluate impact of anti-poverty programmes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Orissa: Socio-Economic Indicators I <ul><li>Attribute Orissa India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BPL (%) 47.2% 26.1% (1999-00) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMR (No./ 000) 97 70 (1999-00) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield Rate (qtl / ha) 11.3 19.9 (1999-00) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment – a serious concern of the State Government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frequent natural calamities: Droughts, Floods, Cyclones </li></ul><ul><li>Debilitative Effect on Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Distressed Economy: Heavy debt burden </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult finances </li></ul>
  5. 5. Orissa: Socio-economic Indicators II <ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth: 15.90% over 4 years (1997 : 2000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy: 49.1% (1991) 63.6% (2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population Growth (1991-2001): 15.94% (India – 21.34%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Enrolment: 45.31 lakh (1996) 52.96 lakh (2000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking Water Supply: 1,14,099 habitations covered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Orissa: Poverty Profile by Social Group <ul><li>HCR (Rural) HCR (Urban) </li></ul><ul><li>ST 73.10 59.38 </li></ul><ul><li>SC 52.30 72.03 </li></ul><ul><li>OBC 39.70 41.14 </li></ul><ul><li>Others 24.01 30.81 </li></ul><ul><li>Total 48.14 43.51 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Orissa: Poverty Profile by Region Region HCR (Rural) HCR (Urban) Southern 87.14 43.97 Northern 49.84 45.77 Coastal 31.81 41.84 Total 48.14 43.51
  8. 8. Development Strategies - I <ul><li>Mobilizing & Empowering the Rural Poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing Self Help Groups (SHG) – Mission Shakti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pani Panchayats (New Irrigation Thrust) – Water Users Assn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bhumi Panchayats (Watershed Mission) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vana Samrakshan Samities (JFM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Re-structuring and Strengthening Social Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of Rural / Tribal Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Health Services for All </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe Drinking Water Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Social Support </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Development Strategies - II <ul><li>Sustained Livelihood Support to the Rural Poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Income Generation Programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S.G.S.Y. & Micro-credit Support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment Assurance Scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of Agriculture and Allied Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Building Rural Productive Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation Programmes & Watershed Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage and Marketing Support to Farmers and Others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conserving Natural Resources </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. 10 th PLAN – MONITORABLE TARGETS <ul><li>Poverty Reduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2002-07: 7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008-12: 15% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employment Generation: 8.6 lakh persons </li></ul><ul><li>IMR: 60 (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy: Universal Access by 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking Water: Universal Access by 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Cover: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable forest management over 30.2% forest cover. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. POVERTY TASK FORCE PERFORMANCE - I <ul><li>PTF activated in November 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of multi-dimensional Poverty Profile of Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>Review of Safety Net and Anti-poverty Programmes – in review report Tackling Hunger and Destitution in Orissa: Some State Government Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>PRAXIS Study to review GoO’ delivery of public services at village level & follow up action initiated </li></ul><ul><li>TOR for Engagement of Consultants and Study Visits </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement of Long-Term Consultants </li></ul>
  12. 12. POVERTY TASK FORCE PERFORMANCE - II <ul><li>Prioritization of studies </li></ul><ul><li>Six Studies already commissioned and completed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District-wise poverty estimates 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>District-wise food security assessment 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>7 Consultations with Civil Society </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of Indicators for Monitor Poverty poverty </li></ul>
  13. 13. POVERTY TASK FORCE Further Programme <ul><li>PTF engaged in developing a framework for poverty reduction strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty and Planning: A Development Perspective for Orissa 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orissa Vision 2020 under preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poverty & Human Development Monitoring System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in Planning & Co-ordination Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One Special Secretary assisted by one DS, DD, AD, SO, 2 SEI and 2 Assistants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to DES and other line Departments through PTF </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expenditure Tracking Study commissioned </li></ul>
  14. 14. Monitoring Poverty & Human Development: Indicators - I <ul><li>Poverty – HCR, BPL Census, State, District </li></ul><ul><li>Access to life-saving services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe drinking water (district-wise) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health (incidence of panchbyadhi, HIV/Aids, IMR, MMR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanitation, housing and energy (electricity, others) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food security measures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demography and Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IMR, MMR, Child Malnutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional deliveries, Immunization rate, couple protection rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life Expectancy at birth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Income, consumption, wages, prices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District income, distric-wise wages and prices </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Monitoring Poverty & Human Development: Indicators - II <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy (male, female, ST, SC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enrolment (gross, net, male, female, age-specific) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drop out rate (male, female) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Status, composition, labour productivity, linkages between wages and productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employable skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Empowerment & Organizations of the poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self Help Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Their income generating and organizing capacities </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Thanking you

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