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Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
Delivering & Performing Service
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Delivering & Performing Service

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Delivering & Performing Service

Delivering & Performing Service

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    • 1. Part 5 DELIVERING AND PERFORMING SERVICE
    • 2. Provider Gap 3 CUSTOMER COMPANY Service Delivery Service Performance Gap Customer-Driven Service Designs and Standards Part 5 Opener
    • 3. Employees’ Roles in Service Delivery <ul><li>Service Culture </li></ul><ul><li>The Critical Importance of Service Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Boundary-Spanning Roles </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies for Delivering Service Quality Through People </li></ul><ul><li>Customer-Oriented Service Delivery </li></ul>12 Chapter
    • 4. Service Culture <ul><li>“ A culture where an appreciation for good service exists, and where giving good service to internal as well as ultimate, external customers , is considered a natural way of life and one of the most important norms by everyone in the organization.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Christian Gronroos (1990) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity, joy, respect </li></ul><ul><li>In front of the public – behind the scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of details </li></ul>
    • 5. The Critical Importance of Service Employees <ul><li>They are the service. </li></ul><ul><li>They are the organization in the customer’s eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>They are the brand. </li></ul><ul><li>They are marketers. </li></ul><ul><li>Their importance is evident in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the services marketing mix (people) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the service-profit chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the services triangle </li></ul></ul>
    • 6. The Critical Importance of Service Employees <ul><li>The critical importance of service employees in creating customer satisfaction and service quality </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating the challenges inherent in boundary-spanning roles </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of strategies for creating customer-oriented service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>How the strategies can support a service culture where providing excellent service is a way of life </li></ul>
    • 7. Figure 12.2 The Services Marketing Triangle Internal Marketing Interactive Marketing External Marketing Company (Management) Customers Employees “ Enabling the promise” “ Delivering the promise” “ Making the promise” Source : Adapted from Mary Jo Bitner, Christian Gronroos, and Philip Kotler
    • 8. Services Marketing Triangle Applications Exercise <ul><li>Focus on a service organization. In the context you are focusing on, who occupies each of the three points of the triangle? </li></ul><ul><li>How is each type of marketing being carried out currently? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the three sides of the triangle well aligned? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there specific challenges or barriers in any of the three areas? </li></ul>
    • 9. Ways to Use the Services Marketing Triangle <ul><li>Overall Strategic Assessment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How is the service organization doing on all three sides of the triangle? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are the weaknesses? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the strengths? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Specific Service Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is being promoted and by whom? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will it be delivered and by whom? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the supporting systems in place to deliver the promised service? </li></ul></ul>
    • 10. Figure 12.3 The Service Profit Chain Source : An exhibit from J. L. Heskett, T. O. Jones, W. E. Sasser, Jr., and L. A. Schlesinger, “Putting the Service-Profit Chain to Work,” Harvard Business Review , March-April 1994, p. 166.
    • 11. Service Quality Dimensions <ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Tangibles </li></ul>
    • 12. Service Employees <ul><li>They are the service. </li></ul><ul><li>They are the organization in the customer’s eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>They are the brand. </li></ul><ul><li>They are marketers. </li></ul><ul><li>Their importance is evident in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Services Marketing Mix (People) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Service-Profit Chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Services Triangle </li></ul></ul>
    • 13. Service Employees <ul><li>Who are they? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ boundary spanners” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are these jobs like? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>emotional labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>many sources of potential conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>person/role </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>organization/client </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>interclient </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>quality/productivity tradeoffs </li></ul></ul>
    • 14. Figure 12.4 Boundary Spanners Interact with Both Internal and External Constituents Internal Environment External Environment
    • 15. Figure 12.5 Source Of Conflict For Boundary-Spanning Workers <ul><li>Person versus role </li></ul><ul><li>Organization versus client </li></ul><ul><li>Client versus client </li></ul><ul><li>Quality vs. Productivity </li></ul>
    • 16. Figure 12.6 Human Resource Strategies for Delivering Service Quality through People Provide needed support systems Hire the right people Retain the best people Develop people to deliver service quality Hire for service competencies and service inclination Compete for the best people Measure and reward strong service performers Treat employees as customers Include employees in the company’s vision Develop service-oriented internal processes Provide supportive technology and equipment Measure internal service quality Promote teamwork Empower employees Train for technical and interactive skills Be the preferred employer Customer- Oriented Service Delivery
    • 17. Empowerment <ul><li>Benefits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>quicker responses to customer needs during service delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>quicker responses to dissatisfied customers during service recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>employees feel better about their jobs and themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>employees tend to interact with warmth/enthusiasm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>empowered employees are a great source of ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>great word-of-mouth advertising from customers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drawbacks : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>potentially greater dollar investment in selection and training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>higher labor costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>potentially slower or inconsistent service delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>may violate customers’ perceptions of fair play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>employees may “give away the store” or make bad decisions </li></ul></ul>
    • 18. Figure 12.7 Traditional Organizational Chart Manager Supervisor Front-line Employee Customers Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Supervisor Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Front-line Employee
    • 19. Figure 12.8 Customer-Focused Organizational Chart Supervisor Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Supervisor Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Front-line Employee Manager Customers

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