B.E. & Social Responsibility
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B.E. & Social Responsibility

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B.E. & Social Responsibility

B.E. & Social Responsibility

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B.E. & Social Responsibility B.E. & Social Responsibility Presentation Transcript

  • pp. 48-61 Chapter 4 Business Ethics and Social Responsibility
  • Learning Objectives After completing this chapter, you’ll be able to:
    • Explain business ethics.
    • Give reasons why ethical behavior is good for business.
    continued
  • Learning Objectives After completing this chapter, you’ll be able to:
    • Define social responsibility.
    • Describe the social responsibilities of businesses.
  • Why It’s Important Understanding business ethics and social responsibility informs you of your rights as a consumer, an employee, and a citizen.
  • Key Words ethics business ethics sweatshops Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) code of ethics social responsibility continued
  • Key Words conflict of interest Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Equal Pay Act Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • What Is Ethics? Ethics is the set of moral principles by which people conduct themselves personally, socially, or professionally.
  • What Is Ethics? Business ethics is a set of guidelines about how a business should conduct itself. In general, for any business to be successful, it must operate legally, ethically, and humanely.
  • Ethics is the set of principles by which you conduct yourself in society. How often do you help the environment? What do you do? Source: The NPD Group Figure 4.1 ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY
  • Legal Responsibility Sweatshops are factories that pay workers poorly, are unsafe, and treat workers badly.
  • Legal Responsibility The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a division of the Department of Labor that sets and enforces work-related health and safety rules.
  • Legal Responsibility Other independent agencies protect consumers, monitor broadcast communications, and address discrimination in the workplace.
  • Legal Responsibility Most businesses police themselves by distributing codes of ethics. A code of ethics is a set of guidelines for maintaining ethics in the workplace.
  • Legal Responsibility Businesses that regulate themselves are able to operate more freely.
  • Ethics as Good Business Unethical business practices can affect your business indirectly. The amount you make in profits from one unhappy customer can translate into a lot more lost because of missed repeat business.
  • Ethics as Good Business Treating employees unethically can also backfire. Mistreating employees leads to a high turnover rate. This increases the cost of hiring and training new employees.
  • Important Ethical Questions When considering a questionable course of action, you have to ask yourself these important questions:
    • Is it against the law? Does it violate company or professional policies?
    continued
  • Important Ethical Questions
    • What if everyone did this? How would I feel if someone did this to me?
    • Am I sacrificing long-term benefits for short-term gains?
  • Making Decisions on Ethical Issues Here are some steps if you find yourself in an ethical dilemma:
    • Identify the ethical dilemma.
    • Discover alternative actions.
    continued
  • Making Decisions on Ethical Issues
    • Decide who might be affected.
    • List the probable effects of the alternatives.
    • Select the best alternative.
  •  
  • Graphic Organizer Important Ethical Questions Graphic Organizer Does it violate the law or policies? ETHICAL DECISION Would this sacrifice long-term benefits for short-term gain? What if everyone did this, but it’s bad? UNETHICAL NO NO NO YES YES YES MAY BE UNETHICAL UNETHICAL
  • Fast Review
    • How do companies benefit by enforcing their own codes of ethics?
    • Why does it pay to treat customers ethically?
    continued
  • Fast Review
    • What are some important ethical questions to ask?
  • Social Responsibility Social responsibility is the duty to do what is best for the good of society.
  • Social Responsibility The ethical obligations of a business are to:
    • Provide safe products
    • Create jobs
    • Protect the environment
    • Contribute to the standard of living in society
  • Social Responsibility A conflict of interest is when a business is tempted to put profits before social welfare.
  • Responsibility to Customers The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) , a government agency, protects consumers from dangerous or falsely advertised products.
  • Figure 4.2 OVER-THE-COUNTER MEDICINE LABEL The FDA governs advertising and labeling of over-the-counter medicines. Analyze why the FDA officials might feel that regulation of advertising and packaging labels is necessary.
  • Responsibility to Customers Fair competition between businesses is healthy for the marketplace, but some companies don’t always play reasonably.
  • Responsibility to Customers Some companies use unethical means to eliminate competition. One of the most common means is to conspire with other companies to control the market for a product.
  • Responsibility to Employees Businesses have a social responsibility to create jobs. They are expected to provide employees with safe working conditions, equal treatment, and fair pay.
  • Responsibility to Employees The Equal Pay Act (passed in 1964) requires that men and women be paid the same wages for doing equal work.
  • Responsibility to Employees The Americans with Disabilities Act bans discrimination against persons with physical or mental disability.
  • Responsibility to Employees It’s in a company’s best interest to treat its workers fairly otherwise low morale, poor productivity, and a high turnover rate are its troubles.
  • Responsibility to Society Businesses have responsibilities not only to customers and to employees but also to society as a whole.
  • Responsibility to Society In 1970, the U.S. government created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) , a federal agency that enforces rules that protect the environment and control pollution.
  • Responsibility to Society Many businesses plan for their social responsibilities just like planning for production and sale of their products.
  • Fast Review
    • Define social responsibility.
    • What is a conflict of interest?
    continued
  • Fast Review
    • What do companies adopt in the workplace to treat their workers fairly?
  • Why should a company make a vested interest in nature over its products? continued
  • How does the consumer pay for a company’s environmentally responsible inventions? continued
  • What are social issues you’re interested in pursuing? How are businesses involved? continued
  • What government agency has a responsibility to protect society from genetically modified organisms?
  • pp. 48-61 End of Chapter 4 Business Ethics and Social Responsibility