Non Co-Operation Movement. By Gandhiji (Post World War 1)
The Cause.• Many factors culminated over time leading to the Non-cooperation movement. Some of the significant causes were – Growing British oppression of Indians as seen by the Rowlatt Act and Jalianwala Bagh massacre, economic inequality due to Indian wealth being exported to Britain, downturn of Indian artisans due to British factory-made goods replacing handmade goods, and strong resentment about Indian soldiers in the British army dying in World War I while fighting battles that otherwise had nothing to do with India.
Against Whom?• Under Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership, the movement aimed at resisting British rule through non-violence (ahinsa).
Who Supported it?• “Mahatma Gandhi and the entire Indian National Congress headed the movement.”• The National Congress Of India Supported it.
The Progress Of The Movement.• The movement was lasted from September 1920 to February 1922.
Why Was It Called Off?• The revolt movement shocked the British authorities. On 4th February 1922, in the Chauri Chaura, a violent clash broke up between local police and protestors. Gandhi went on for a 3 days fast to appeal to the Indians to stop all resistance and the movement was called off.
The Impact• 1) it gave boost to indian textile industries• 2) Value of foreign imports reduced to half• 3) many industries like liquor , tobacco etc ruined• 4) Many new traders and manufacturers grew up as a result of non-cooperation movement• 5) Khadi was promoted and foreign textile were burnt ( sub point of 2nd point)