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La Visión de EMBARQ en Transporte Urbano Sustentable - Holger Dalkmann
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La Visión de EMBARQ en Transporte Urbano Sustentable - Holger Dalkmann


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  • 1. EMBARQ and Sustainable TransportHolger DalkmannDirector, EMBARQ – the WRI Center for Sustainable
  • 2. Our Challenge
  • 3. Mexico projection of total fleet by type ofvehicle (2009 - 2030) Source: MEDEC study, CTS Mexico 2008
  • 4. The Carbon ChallengeIf we want to achieve the 2 degree target … … we need to limit per capita emission to 2t CO2 eqv. (IPCC 2007).Transport 460 kg CO2 per capita/yearSource: ITF 2008, Bongardt 2010
  • 5. Transport – locked in a vicious circleLevett Therivel 2007 (
  • 6. Transport – possible virtuous circleLevett Therivel 2007 (
  • 7. Paradigm Shift:Accessibility instead of Transport Strategy: Avoid- da Shift- Improve
  • 8. Solution SHIFT towards lower emitting modes of transport IMPROVE AVOID technological the distance or and operational number of trips efficiency of vehicles BENEFITS Air quality, health, safety, climate, economy, development, etc.
  • 9. EMBARQ Catalyzeand help implementsustainable transportsolutions to improvequality of life in cities.
  • 10. The Global Network of EMBARQ
  • 11.
  • 12. Single projects are vital, but it needs more
  • 13. The need to scale-up on all levels Int’l new deals National regulation & networks City enabling
  • 14. AVOID: Opportunity is biggest right now Today 2041 Automobility Sustainable TransportAhmedabad Ahmedabad, India Population (millions) 5.4 13.2 13.2 Trips (millions/yr) 5.6 39.75 39.75 Area (Sq. Km.) 1330 6484 3242 Emissions (million Tons CO2/yr) 0.33 12.32 1.97 Traffic Fatalities (per yr) 175 5,232 1,225
  • 15. New York and Atlanta NEW YORK had 3.49 traffic fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants in 2008, making it one of the safest major cities in the world. To a large extent, this is due to investments in quality public transport, cycle infrastructure, and pedestrian improvements. ATLANTA on the other hand, had 10.97 fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants, making it among the most dangerous cities in the US, on par with some cities in the developing world, which are experiencing high levels of traffic fatalities. Atlanta is a sprawling, auto oriented city, with poor provisions for non-motorized modes and land use patterns not conducive to transit use.
  • 16. AVOID: Curitiba’s Transit OrientedDevelopment
  • 17. The Dense Urban Developmentalong Transit Corridor in Curitiba
  • 18. TOD Elements Non-motorized mobility Public Transport Public Spaces Compact development with mixed-uses Ground Floor for commercial use Parking and car management Community Participation
  • 19. EMBARQ-Mexico Achievements in Urban Development DOTS Manual: Desarrollo Orientado al Transporte Sustentable (Sustainble Transport Oriented Development Manual) Pilot Project “Corredor Cero Emisiones”, Eje Central Public Space and Public Life handbook Atlas of Accessibility and Connectivity of the Mexico Valley Metropolitan Zone Project “Low Carbon Competitive Cities” (C2C2) Pilot Projects: Centenario de la Revolución (Aguascalientes) and Cumbres del Sur + Valle de Encino (Culiacán) Strong partnership with Federal Agencies (INFONAVIT- SEDESOL – SEMARNAT – SHF – CONAVI) Support from the World Bank + British Embassy in Mexico Working relationship with private developers
  • 20. Brazil – Slum Revitalization with Sustainable Transport Cities (here Mexico City) are large scale
  • 21. Focus on Urban Development Projects in India Bengaluru: Towards a walkable and sustainable Bengaluru Bengaluru: Adarsh Palms Township Accessibility Project Naya Raipur: Translating the Concepts of Integrated Development to Sector Planning and Design Mumbai: Improving pedestrian accessibility in MIDC – Marol Pipeline projects: TOD study in core city and periphery for Hubli and Dharwad Public space design for Hubli and Dharwad TOR preparation for TOD studies and Master Planning
  • 22. About 120 cities with BRT or bus corridors 4,335 km - 6,683 stations – 30,000 buses 26.8 million passengers per weekday 4 11 1 3 9 1 1 16 1 13 1 1 5 1 1 4 1 1 1 5 2 11 16 1 1 4 1 830 km 6 km 1 Source: CTS Brasil, EMBARQ BRT/Bus Corridors Database, January, 2011
  • 23. SHIFT: Towards Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Cities with BRT/Bus Corridors25 125 Guanghzhou, Hefei, Yancheng, Zaozhuang -China Jaipur - India; Pelembang, Gorontalo, Surakata - Indonesia20 Bangkok - Thailand; East London Transit - UK 100 João Pessoa - Brazil; Barranquilla, Bucaramanga - Colombia 17 Estado México - México; Lima - Perú; Brampton - Canada 1615 75 13 Bogotá TransMilenio Los Angeles Metrorapid10 50 8 888 Curitiba 7 5 55 4 25 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 11 11 00 0 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
  • 24. Why the increase? Lower Capital Costs 1/10th to 1/3rd the cost of comparable rail
  • 25. SHIFT Sustainable urban transport Passenger per hour per direction Crashes per year (peak) 2 general traffic 7262 general traffic lanes 3194 lanes 1 BRT lane 5000 1 BRT lane 6
  • 26. Road Safety Audit Report, Metrobus Line 4, Mexico CityJunction between Eje 3 Oriente and Sidar y Rovirosa:Current layout
  • 27. Road Safety Audit Report, Metrobus Line 4, Mexico City Junction between Eje 3 Oriente and Sidar y Rovirosa: Recommended layout from road safety auditEMBARQ recommended redesign: eliminating unnecessary turn lanes, narrowingthe intersection, using markings and medians to guide turning movements
  • 28. EMBARQ hasdeveloped a pilotversion of TrafficSafety Guidelines forBus Systems We will road testthese guidelines withexternal partners onBRT projects aroundthe world The guidelines areavailable and free touse and anyone isinvited to participatein the road test orprovide feedback
  • 29. Ahmedabad – JanmargFirst Complete BRT in India (2009)Our Role Latin America study tour Planning guidance Operation evaluationResults Opened Oct 2009 49 kms – 150,000 riders per day (Feb 2012) 90 kms – 400,000 riders per day (Dec 2014)
  • 30. Indore – AICTSLFirst Sustained PPP in India (2010)Our Role Negotiated PPPs Financial model Organizational chart Route structure BRT design guidance Performance monitoring plan Federal fundingResults System sustained for 5 years Increased fleet and ridership
  • 31. National Investment ProgramInform design of the 400 Bn USD Urban TransportProgram for new round of JnNURM (2012) Our Role Review of national transit investment programs across 15 countries in the World Developing a recommendations report for new JnNURM design Help set-up specific capacity building for the new program to be more effective Results Sustainable transport is mainstream in Indian cities 30+ Indian Cities have more than 40% of motorized travel in public transport
  • 32. Scaling-up: EMBARQ Mexico
  • 33. Enabling national programs: PROTRAMPROGRAMA DE TRANSPORTE MASIVO DEL FONDO NACIONAL DEINFRAESTRUCTURA Created 2009 Part of the National Infrastructure Fund (FONADIN) All road and rail transport, including urban transport: MX$336 billion (US$25.6 billion), 2007-12 Funded by toll highway concessions (Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Rescate de Autopistas Concesionadas – FARAC) Provides grants and loans for studies and project infrastructure Studies: up to 100 percent of cost as grant Infrastructure: up to 50 percent of cost as grant or 66 percent as loan Goals: 800 km of new lines, 4 billion passengers
  • 34. Latin AmericanAssociation ofIntegrated Bus Systems and BRT Agencies
  • 35. Member of RS-10 PartnershipA global road safety program (10 Countries, 6 Partners)
  • 37. What finance is available for transportactivities? Global annual transport investments by source of finance 700 600 582 500 Billions of USD Climate finance 400 300 200 149 148 100 8 ,3000 ,02490 0.001 ,6000 0 CDM CTF Investment GEF ODA Domestic Internationa GEF w. co- financing finance Foreign Finance Direct l DebtSources: OECD, UNFCCC
  • 38. How to upscale – Local and city networksHelp set a favourable environment for the development of publictransport and other forms of sustainable transport by implement abasic package of policiesHelp duplicate political leadership by utilising forums such as theC40 or ICLEI to exchange good practice.New forums focusing specifically at cities within Latin America orAsia, for example Environmental Sustainable Transport ForumHelp ensure that adequate financial resources are available andproperly managed, by setting up an urban transport fund
  • 39. How to upscale – National GovernmentHelp foster local-level leadership through: Making budgetary support provided from the national government to citiesHelp set the right conditions for sustainable urban transport modes andurban development, through: Designing and implementing fiscal measures such as fuel and vehicle taxes, as well as phasing out environmentally harmful subsidies Implementing regulatory measures such as vehicle efficiency standards and fuel standards  Planning guidance and regulation for (new) settlementsProvide guidance on good practice in e.g. traffic demandmanagement and public transport management/ operations, as well ashow to set up urban transport institutions.
  • 40. How to upscale – International BodiesHelp foster local leadership by: Providing prizes for (future) leaders to receive education in sustainable transport policy (Sustainable Transport Award, Healthy Life Healthy Cities)Help enhance institutional and human capacity by: Providing technical assistance in setting up integrated urban transport authorityHelp set the conditions for reforming transport policies by: Providing technical assistance projects on e.g. master planning, transport demand management, tax reform, regulatory reformProvide financial resources for the implementation of sustainable transportprojects by: Earmarking a certain percentage of Official Development Assistance to sustainable transport Revising/Developing rules on climate finance Recognition of Sustainable transport in Rio+20
  • 41.
  • 42. Thank you! Gracias!
  • 43. Conclusions: How to upscale? Cities are the center piece of future (sustainable) development Sustainable Development (Accessibility, quality of life etc.) should be the main driver for transport No silver bullet – need to avoid – (prevent a) shift and improve – integrated solution needed National regulations, standards, guidelines to support cities Decoupling economic growth and motorisation could lead to green growth – leverage domestic and international funding Involving private sector as an important stakeholder leveraging more investment into sustainable transport infrastructure
  • 44. Conclusions: How to upscale? Domestic (local and national) finance is key towards sustainable transport –wide range of finance tools are available National governments setting the right financial framework (reform subsidies and taxes) Continue dialogue shifting MDB’s and governmental aid strategy supporting developing countries Strengthen regional and global thematic clusters enabling capacity building, knowledge transfer and political dialogue Technology solutions beyond fuels and vehicles