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Ahmedabad bus rapid transit system

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  • 1. Ahmedabad Bus Rapid Transit System Ahmedabad, India An Initiative of Ahmedabad Municipal CorporationPROF H.M. SHIVANAND SWAMY CEPT UNIVERSITY AHMEDABAD
  • 2. Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) BRTS Projects for 465 Kms 14 cities at a total cost of US $ 1100 million (@US $ 2.4 million per km). Delhi 5 /500kms) Pune 5/101.77 km Pimpri Chinchwad 42.22 km Bhopal 21.71 km Jaipur 6/39.45 km Vijaywada 15.50 km Vizag 42.80 km Rajkot 29.00 km Kolkota 15.5 Km Ahmedabad 40/88.50 km Surat 29.90 Km Hubli-Dharwad 22.00Km Indore 11.45 kmAhmedabad is the 1st city in India to have successfully launched a Full BRT system.NMV, Pedestrianistaion are part and parcel of development policy “The journey so far and way forward”……..
  • 3. Bus Rapid Transit System, Delhi, India (2008)-Debate on Median Versus Central Bus Lane- DIMTS is planning 500 kms of BRTS
  • 4. PUNE BRTS – Pilot (Dec 2006) -Premature opening (2.7 kms-13 km) - Exploring Options to Transform its image -Reports reduction in fatalities Pune - User Survey - Better off than before!
  • 5. 2010 J A I P J U R-6 kms complete, low ridership-Bus Improvement – experiments with Singlefare, Branding- City Changed course
  • 6. Ahmedabad• 6 Million People• 466 Sq. Kms Area• 2 Million vehicles.• 8500 K motorised 2 wheelers• 8500 K 2 Bicycles• 60 K 3-Wheelers• Addition of 450 vehicles every day• Ahmedabad has 5 ring roads and 17 well developed radials.• Mixed Land uses• Developed area Density – 175 persons/hact• Avg. Trip Length is about 5.5 kms in Ahmedabad• Low Road Fatalities - Ahmedabad-202• CNG Introduced in 2006, Fleet Addition (1000 Buses) 3rd most polluted city in 2006 to 68th rank in 2011
  • 7. Janmarg : Key Innovations Systems Approach with focus on ‘moving people’ and not vehicles 1. Network and not just corridors 2. Specially designed affordable & comfortable buses 3. Bus stations – Safe, accessible and visually open 4. Use of Intelligent Transportation Systems 5. Public spaces and BRT access 6. Extensive Public Outreach 7. Use of PPP in Operations ManagementJANMARG- A METRO EXPERIENCE ON ROAD THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT 1/20th THE COST
  • 8. Janmarg – Focus on Moving People.. Janmarg Mixed traffic People moved – 180 People moved -168 Area occupied – 90 sq. m. Area occupied – 550 sq. m.
  • 9. Ahmedabad…2001
  • 10. Ahmedabad…2010
  • 11. Ahmedabad…2010 Initiatives TakenInitiatives : Widened carriageway New links connected Widened RoW One-way BRT (24mt. Row) Elevated BRT (18-24 mt. Row)
  • 12. Complementary measures 2011 2005Completing the network22 New bridges (river bridges, flyovers, Rob/RuB) constructed in last 5 years
  • 13. Janmarg Transit Network LEGEND NORTH – SOUTH LINK Chandkheda EAST – WEST LINK CIRCULAR LINK Airport Sabarmati Rly. stn Railway Stations Naroda AhmedabadNetwork selection concept Sola RoB Ranip Airport. village GSRTC terminals RTO Naroda GIDC University/ educational campus NarodaCreating comprehensive and flexible network Gujarat University AEC Industrial estatesCreating flexible routing options that responds to changing Gandhigram Rly. stn Kalupur Rly. Odhav Bopal Industrialdemand Stn. estate Odhav Shivranjani Nehrunagar Soni niConnecting ‘busy places’ and Geeta activity hubs Rly. Maninagar chaali Mandir stn. Vatva Industrial estate Narol
  • 14. CHANDRANAGAR - PIRANA : New river bridge connecting to Maninagar and eastern partsPrecursors to BRT Planning and implementation :Restructuring road network as part of Master PlanImplementing Master plan Source : Google satellite image
  • 15. Completing the network : Rail Over Bridge at ShreyasAFTERBEFORE Source : Google satellite image
  • 16. Landuse Transformations : Supply and DemandAFTERBEFORE
  • 17. BEFORE..AT AKHBARNAGAR
  • 18. AFTER.. BRT AT AKHBARNAGAR
  • 19. BEFORE.. AT AEC
  • 20. AFTER..BRT AT AEC AND SPLIT FLYOVER
  • 21. BEFORE.. At Anjali
  • 22. AFTER.. At Anjali
  • 23. Integrating with socio - cultural dimensionsPedestrian subway – underconstruction at gauri cinemaand thakkarbapanagar Pedestrian SubwaySubway bus stop ADAPTIVE DESIGN TO SOCIAL REALITIES : Existing temple was accomodated below the ramp
  • 24. Adaptive design to social realities : existing religious structures on roadADAPTIVE DESIGN TO SOCIAL REALITIES :Existing temple was accomodated
  • 25. Janmarg : Key Innovations Systems Approach with focus on ‘moving people’ and not vehicles 1. Network and not just corridors 2. Specially designed affordable & comfortable buses 3. Bus stations – Safe, accessible and visually open 4. Use of Intelligent Transportation Systems 5. Public spaces and BRT access 6. Extensive Public Outreach 7. Use of PPP in Operations ManagementJANMARG- A METRO EXPERIENCE ON ROAD THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT 1/20th THE COST
  • 26. Choice of High and Flat floor bus for JanmargLow floor bus Janmarg bus – Flat floorSemi - Low floor bus
  • 27. Bus Design - Alternatives Explored... -120k US $ (Low floor) Versus -44k US $ (Std) 900 mm front engineJanmarg Bus prototype - I Janmarg Bus prototype - IIJanmarg Bus prototype – III Janmarg Bus prototype – III & IV
  • 28. Janmarg : Key Innovations Systems Approach with focus on ‘moving people’ and not vehicles 1. Network and not just corridors 2. Specially designed affordable & comfortable buses 3. Bus stations – Safe, accessible and visually open 4. Use of Intelligent Transportation Systems 5. Public spaces and BRT access 6. Extensive Public Outreach 7. Use of PPP in operations ManagementJANMARG- A METRO EXPERIENCE ON ROAD THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT 1/20th THE COST
  • 29. Bus Station Design• Bus stations are accessed through ZEBRA crossings – Signalised &Synchronized with junction signal cycle (ATC)• Closed Bus Stations & Off board ticketing – Provide safe and secure environment – Both side ticket windows – Access control through turnstiles/flap barriers – Off board ticketing to reduce dwell time, plug revenue leakage
  • 30. Janmarg : Key Innovations Systems Approach with focus on ‘moving people’ and not vehicles 1. Network and not just corridors 2. Specially designed affordable & comfortable buses 3. Bus stations – Safe, accessible and visually open 4. Use of Intelligent Transportation Systems 5. Public spaces and BRT access 6. Extensive Public Outreach 7. Use of PPP in Operations ManagementJANMARG- A METRO EXPERIENCE ON ROAD THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT 1/20th THE COST
  • 31. ACCESS TO BUS: Components and operations• Bus docking controlled through Radio Frequency Identification Device (RFID) • Door Alignment – Longitudinal - 400 mm+/- • Door Alignment – Transverse (Distance from projection) – 225 mm +/- • Acceptable Range – 2 inches (i.e 50mm); Warning – upto 4 inches; Absolute limit – 9 inches (225 mm)• Applications under development: Warning signal at subways, Depot access• Docking Control through RFID – Janmarg - First BRTS to Innovate this in the world• Now used by Guanghzou-China, Surat, Indore
  • 32. At-level Boarding and alighting and Automatic doors at bus stations
  • 33. Electronic Fare collection System (off-board)• Off board fare collection• Use of turnstiles• Use of Smart card (underimplementation) JANMARG fare collection
  • 34. Passenger Information SystemsLED and audio announcements inside buses LED displays at Bus stations and buses Audio announcement systems in buses
  • 35. Janmarg Control CentreOperations monitoring atJANMARG - Control centre
  • 36. Pedestrian Signal – Access to Bus stationsSignal phase – 35 seconds
  • 37. Janmarg : Key Innovations Systems Approach with focus on ‘moving people’ and not vehicles 1. Network and not just corridors 2. Specially designed affordable & comfortable buses 3. Bus stations – Safe, accessible and visually open 4. Use of Intelligent Transportation Systems 5. Public spaces and BRT access 6. Extensive Public Outreach 7. Use of PPP in Operations ManagementJANMARG- A METRO EXPERIENCE ON ROAD THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT 1/20th THE COST
  • 38. A c c e s s t o P u b l i c s p a c e s / re c re at i o n a l h u b - KANKARIA BRTRise in riderships on weekends, holidaysIncreased patronage for family trips,women and children and leisure trips
  • 39. Kankaria Carnival 2009
  • 40. A c c e s s t o P u b l i c s p a c e s / re c re at i o n a l h u b - KANKARIA BRT PEDESTRIANISED ZONE ALONG WITH BRT LANESEATING AREAS ALONG PEDESTRIAN SPACESBUS STATION LOCATED AT PUSPAKUNJ – A PUBLIC SPACE INAUGRATION INTEGRATED WITH KANKARIA CARNIVAL
  • 41. JANMARG AT KANKARIA LAKE
  • 42. Janmarg : Key Innovations Systems Approach with focus on ‘moving people’ and not vehicles 1. Network and not just corridors 2. Specially designed affordable & comfortable buses 3. Bus stations – Safe, accessible and visually open 4. Use of Intelligent Transportation Systems 5. Public spaces and BRT access 6. Extensive Public Outreach 7. Use of PPP in Operations ManagementJANMARG- A METRO EXPERIENCE ON ROAD THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT 1/20th THE COST
  • 43. JANMARG – Extensive Public Outreach• Bus stop prototype and Free trial runs – Special BRT rides for school children, industrialists, doctors, religious leaders etc. – BRT trial runs till 1 am during Navratri• Extensive public outreach and media coverage (during construction, trial runs, operations)• Enhanced Accessibility for all (physically and visually challenged, senior citizens, women, children etc.)• Special training programmes for staff, Bus drivers for improved skills and public interaction• Regular passenger feedback surveys and for performance monitoring
  • 44. Special BRT rides Special BRT rides for City’s Industrialists, Doctors, entrepreneurs, School children..
  • 45. Surprise BRT ride Surprise visit by Hon. Chief Minister of Gujarat, Shri. Narendra Modi On the bus ride, he discussed with the passengers, their response and feedback for the system
  • 46. Janmarg : Key Innovations Systems Approach with focus on ‘moving people’ and not vehicles 1. Network and not just corridors 2. Specially designed affordable & comfortable buses 3. Bus stations – Safe, accessible and visually open 4. Use of Intelligent Transportation Systems 5. Public spaces and BRT access 6. Extensive Public Outreach 7. Use of PPP in Operations ManagementJANMARG- A METRO EXPERIENCE ON ROAD THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT 1/20th THE COST
  • 47. Janmarg Operations PlanRoutes 4 RoutesRoute length: 39 KM (34 KM Before Extension)Number of Stations: 62Operational Timings: 6:00 AM to 11:30 PM.Frequency: 2, 3 and 4minutes (peak), 6, 8, 10,15 minutes (off-peak)Total Buses: 61Total Round Trips 343 (15,000 kms per day)Peak Hour Speed 25-27 kmph (Metro-27-28kmph)Payment to Bus Operator Rs. 8800/bus/dayRevenue Rs. 11250/bus/dayAvg. Daily Ridership 1,15,000 (first month: 17,759 )Avg. Daily Collection Rs. 702,000 (first month: Rs. 67,172)Different Schedules for weekday and weekend as per the demand.
  • 48. PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PROJECTS IN BRTS AHMEDABAD• Bus Operations and Maintenance – Chartered Logistics Ltd• Operation and Maintenance of Bus Depot and Workshop with capacity of 100 buses - Chartered Logistics Ltd• Integrated Information System including Automatic Ticketing& Vehicle Tracking System – GMV (Spain )• Supply & Service Contracts for Bus Station Sliding Doors, Turnstiles- Technocrats Ltd, TOSHI• House Keeping of BRT Bus Stations• Management of Pay & Park facilities• Lease of Advertisement Rights• Development of Foot Over Bridges on DBFOT• Development & Maintenance of Landscape• Maintenance Contracts for Bus Stations (Civil Works), Lighting of Bus Stations & Corridor, Monitoring and Maintenance of civil works on BRTS Corridor, Signage on BRTS Route
  • 49. 160000 Total Ridership and Total Fare Collection Sunday 760000 Extension of 150000 Extension of corridor to 720000 corridor to Naroda 680000 140000 Extension of corridor SoniniChali 640000 130000 to Jashodanagar Jn. 600000 120000 560000 Extension of corridor 110000 to Maninagar&Narol 520000 Extension of 480000 100000 corridor to Total daily fare collectionTotal daily passengers Kankaria 440000 90000 400000 80000 360000 70000 320000 60000 280000 50000 240000 200000 40000 160000 30000 120000 20000 80000 10000 40000 0 0 Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Total Passengers Total Collection (in Rs.)
  • 50. Sample Size: 500 Purpose of Trip and Modal Shift 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2nd 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 1st Month 3rd Month 4th Month 5th Month 6th Month 7th Month 8th Month 9th Month Month Month Month Month Month Month MonthWork 58% 53% 51,8% 45% 49% 55,7% 51,2% 56,9% 58,0% 56,0% 45,7% 44,57% 52,6% 43% 35,0%Education 29% 35% 27,2% 32% 29,6% 24,7% 12,9% 17,3% 19,0% 29,1% 25,0% 29,43% 24,9% 41% 41,6%Social 13% 12% 21% 23% 21% 19,6% 35,9% 25,8% 23,0% 14,9% 29,3% 26,00% 22,6% 16% 23,4% Work Education Social100% 90% 80% Walk 70% 60% Cycle 50% 4-wheeler 40% 2-Wheeler 30% 20% Rickshaw 10% Shared Rickshaw 0% AMTS 4th Month 5th Month 6th Month 7th Month 8th Month 9th Month 3rd Month 14th Month 1st Month 2nd Month 10th Month 11th Month 12th Month 13th Month 15th Month
  • 51. Thank God for BRTS. I avoided the traffic jam around the venue. People had parked bikes halfway into the road creating bottlenecks. IThe BRTS, which sees 15,000 passengers avoided being stressed out by taking the bus.during normal days, ferried 33,000 – Bhavin Choksy who came with his familyAmdavadis during Navratri Why waste time in traffic? With its dedicated corridor, the bus reaches faster. And if you miss one bus, another will be along in a few minutes. And, it is absolutely free – Narayan Kothari, resident of Vastral
  • 52. Janmarg : National and International Recognition National award for Best Mass Transit System 2008 - 09 – Janmarg Ahmedabad First full fledged BRT system in India International award for Sustainable Urban Transport 2010, Washington DC –Janmarg Ahmedabad Increase in ridership upto 95,000 pax/ day Safe and accessible system for allInternational award – Joint Runners up for the award for OutstandingInnovation in Public Transport, 2010 at International Transport forum,Innovators meet, GermanyRevolutionizing public transit, significant modal shifts, better accessibilityfor women, children, senior citizens and physically challenged
  • 53. Janmarg : National and International Recognition “Best New Innovation Project” award under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) for excellence in Urban Transport for the year 2009-2010 For innovations like Use of IT systems, RFID based automatic door operations, median bus stations, Rapid boarding alighting, specially designed buses with flat floor, Area traffic control systems, UITP Knowledge & Research Award and Daring Ambition Award , 2011 at UITP Annual Convention, Dubai on 14th April, 2011 PTx2 Knowledge and Research Award (global award) given to CEPT University for innovation in network selection Daring Ambition Award (Asia Pacific) given to Janmarg for conceptualizing and executing India’s first ‘complete’ BRT
  • 54. Striving for Sustainability…
  • 55. Being the first BRT in India and a highly acclaimed project, Janmarg now has the additionalresponsibility of setting even higher standards for other cities to emulate.As we plan and execute additional phases in the network, we have a vision where Janmarg is a catalyst for transformation of Ahmedabad; a system that becomes the lifeline of the city
  • 56. Thank youFor further details, please contact:hmshivanandswamy@cept.ac.inCentre of Excellence in Urban TransportCEPT University,Kasturbhai Lalbhai Campus,Ahmedabad 380009, India