Open Educational Resources (OER) Abstract[OER are digital materials that can be re-used for teaching, learning, research and more, madeavailable free through open licenses, which allow uses of the materials that would not be easilypermitted under copyright. OER movement gaining momentum throughout the worlds as a resultof open access movement. The article discussed the concept, different OER initiative and issuesof OER all over the world] Key words –OER, Open content, open course ware, e learning, open education, open accessIntroductionEducational Resources includes different kinds of digital assets. Learning content includescourses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections, and journals. Toolsinclude software that supports the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learningcontent, searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems,content development tools, and on-line learning communities. Implementation resources includeintellectual property licenses that govern open publishing of materials, design-principles, andlocalization of content. They also include materials on best practices such as stories, publication,techniques, methods, processes, incentives, and distribution. OER materials are beginning to getintegrated into open and distance education. Some OER producers have involved themselves insocial media to increase their content visibility and reputation.Objective-1-Open access to knowledge of the world.2-Creating and Maintaining High Quality open materials.3-Powerful resources for 24/7 open supplemental and lifelong learning.4-Learning by doing.5-Accelerated Learning.6-Immersive teaching environments and powerful educational games(William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, 2006)InitiativeMIT Open Courseware (http://ocw.mit.edu/)(MIT OCW) is an initiative of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to put all of theeducational materials from its undergraduate- and graduate-level courses online,partly free and openly available to anyone, anywhere. MIT open Courseware is a large-
scale, based publication of MIT course materials starting from political science to aeronauticalengineering.China Open Resources for Education (http://www.core.org.cn/en/)CORE a non-profit organization. Its mission is to promote closer interaction and open sharing ofeducational resources between Chinese and international universities, which CORE envisions asthe future of world education.Open Courseware in Japan. (http://www.jocw.jp/)Researchers from the National Institute of Multimedia Education (NIME) and Tokyo Institute ofTechnology (Tokyo Tech) studied the MIT Open Courseware, leading them to develop an OCWpilot plan with 50 courses at Tokyo Institute of Technology in September. Later, in July 2004,MIT gave a lecture about MIT Open Courseware at Tokyo Tech that prompted the first meetingof the Japan OCW Alliance.National Programmed on Technology Enhanced Learning of India (http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/)NPTEL is a Government of India sponsored collaborative educational programme. Bydeveloping curriculum-based video and web courses the programme aims to enhance the qualityof engineering education in India. It is being jointly carried out by 7 IITs and IISc Bangalore,and is funded by the Ministry of Human Resources Development of the Government of India. Asof December 2009, over 250 courses were available online. The course videos are available instreaming mode, and may also be downloaded for viewing offline. The video files are alsoviewable via the IIT Channel in YouTube.Open Text Book NCERT (http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm)This online service offers easy access to the NCERT textbooks. The service covers textbooks ofall subjects published by NCERT for classes I to XII in Hindi, English and Urdu. The Entirebook or individual chapters can be downloaded with certain restriction to copy right.E gyankosh (http://www.egyankosh.ac.in/)It is a National Digital Repository to store, index, preserve, distribute and share the digitallearning resources developed by the Open and Distance Learning Institutions in the country. Thevideo lectures are available on YouTube.
Issues of OER Movement 1- Quality 2- Lake of peer review process. 3- institutional involvement in OER 4- Lack of awareness of copyright issues 5- Sustainability of OER initiatives. 6- Different models of working. Reference 1- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_educational_resources Last accessed 14/02/12 2- Open educational resources opportunity and challenges by Dr. Jan Hylén (http://www.knowledgeall.net/files/Additional_Readings-Consolidated.pdf ) 3- Open Educational Resources in India’s national development by .S.VijayKumar(http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02680510802627860 last accessed 20/02/12) 3- World Conference on Higher Education, held from 5 to 8 July 2009 at UNESCO Headquarters (http://www.unesco.org/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/ED/ED/pdf/WCHE_2009/FINA L%20COMMUNIQUE%20WCHE%202009.pdf) 4- http://www.infolibrarian.com/course.html