Introduction to Social Science

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Introduction to Social Science

  1. 1. WELCOMES<br />
  2. 2. Introduction to Social Science<br />SAFI Institute of Advanced Study <br />Paper Presentation<br />BA Economics Program<br />Group A<br />FasnaJasmin<br />Haris P.P.<br />Fasil C.K.<br />Subeesh A.<br />
  3. 3. 1 Introduction<br />The social sciences are the fields of scholarship that study society."Social science" is commonly used as an umbrella term to refer to a plurality of fields outside of the natural sciences. <br />These include: anthropology, archaeology, business administration, communication, criminology, economics, education, government, linguistics, international relations, political science, sociology and, in some contexts, geography, history, law, and psychology.<br />
  4. 4. Social Problems and Social Science <br />the connection between social scienceand social problems should be a high priority for all of us -- social scientists and citizens alike.<br />Example : Poverty and Social Science (Economics)<br />
  5. 5. Social Problems and Social Science <br />the connection between social scienceand social problems should be a high priority for all of us -- social scientists and citizens alike.<br />Example : Poverty and Social Science (Economics)<br />
  6. 6. 2. Meaning of Social Science, Natural Science and Humanities<br />1. Social Science :<br />The field of human knowledge that deals with all aspects of the group life of human beings. So it is subject to change with the changes the human behavior.<br />Behavioural sciences<br />
  7. 7. 2. Meaning of Social Science, Natural Science and Humanities<br />2. Natural Science: <br />a branch of science that seeks to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world by using the Empirical and Scientific method.<br />Subject areas:<br /><ul><li>Physics
  8. 8. Chemistry
  9. 9. Biology
  10. 10. Earth science
  11. 11. Astronomy</li></li></ul><li>2. Meaning of Social Science, Natural Science and Humanities<br />3. Humanities<br />are academic disciplines that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative.<br /><ul><li> ancient and modern Languages,
  12. 12. Visual and Performing Arts such as music
  13. 13. Theatre Arts.
  14. 14. literature, history, philosophy, religion.</li></li></ul><li>3. History of Social Science <br />
  15. 15. <ul><li>The history of the social sciences begins in the roots of ancient philosophy.
  16. 16. In Ancient history, there was no difference between mathematics and the study of history, poetry or politics.
  17. 17. The term "social science" may refer either to the specific sciences of society established by thinkers such as Comte, Durkheim, Marx, and Weber, or more generally to all disciplines outside of noble science and arts.</li></ul>3. History of Social Science <br />
  18. 18. 4. Various Social Science Disciplines<br />
  19. 19. <ul><li>Anthropology
  20. 20. Business studies
  21. 21. Economics
  22. 22. Education
  23. 23. Geography
  24. 24. History
  25. 25. Industrial relations
  26. 26. Law
  27. 27. Philosophy
  28. 28. Political science
  29. 29. Psychology
  30. 30. Public administration
  31. 31. Sociology
  32. 32. International studies
  33. 33. Library Science</li></ul>4. Various Social Science Disciplines<br />
  34. 34. <ul><li>Anthropology</li></ul>Anthropology is the holistic "science of man," - a science of the totality of human existence.<br />Physical Anthropology<br />Cultural Anthropology<br />4. Important Social Science Disciplines<br />
  35. 35. <ul><li>Economics</li></ul>is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.<br />4. Various Social Science Disciplines<br />Queen of social Science <br />
  36. 36. Geography<br />Geography is the science that studies the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of Earth. As "the bridge between the human and physical sciences<br />4. Various Social Science Disciplines<br />Physical Geography: environment and how space is created, viewed and managed by humans as well as the influence humans have on the space they occupy<br />Human Geography examines the natural environment and how the climate, vegetation & life, soil, water and landforms are produced and interact.<br />
  37. 37. <ul><li>History</li></ul>Is the study of past of human in the world.<br />4. Various Social Science Disciplines<br />
  38. 38. <ul><li>Political Science</li></ul>Is the study of social arrangement to maintain peace and order within a society.<br />State, Politics, power, Law and ideology are components of Political science <br />4. Various Social Science Disciplines<br />
  39. 39. <ul><li>Psychology</li></ul>Is the study of human soul/ mind/ behavior/ personality and how these are effected by individuals environment <br />4. Various Social Science Disciplines<br />
  40. 40. <ul><li>Sociology</li></ul>Is the study of human social relationship or social system or human group behavior. Sociology is the systematic study of society and human social action. <br />4. Various Social Science Disciplines<br />
  41. 41. 5. Approaches of Research in Social Science<br />
  42. 42. The functionalist theory approach<br />The conflict theory approach<br />The exchange theory approach <br />The symbolic interaction theory approach <br />5. Approaches of Research in Social Science<br />
  43. 43. The functionalist theory approach<br />Structural functionalism is a broad perspective in sociology and anthropology which sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts. <br />Emile Durkheim<br />5. Approaches of Research in Social Science<br />
  44. 44. The conflict theory approach<br />Conflict theory is most commonly associated with Karl Marx (1818-83). <br />Based on a dialectical materialist account history, Marxism posited that capitalism, like previous socioeconomic systems, would inevitably produce internal tensions leading to its own destruction.<br />5. Approaches of Research in Social Science<br />The history of all existing society is the history of class struggles.<br />
  45. 45. The conflict theory approach<br />5. Approaches of Research in Social Science<br />The history of all existing society is the history of class struggles.<br />
  46. 46. The exchange theory approach <br />The theory grew out of the intersection of economics, psychology and sociology. According to Hormans , it was developed to understand the social behavior of humans in economic undertakings.<br />5. Approaches of Research in Social Science<br />
  47. 47. The symbolic interaction theory approach <br />5. Approaches of Research in Social Science<br />6.Conclusion<br />
  48. 48. 6.Conclusion<br />
  49. 49. Questions …???<br />?<br />

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