Direct and-indirect-speech
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Direct and-indirect-speech

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covers comands, statements and questions

covers comands, statements and questions

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  • 1.
    • Siamak niazi
    DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH 1. STATEMENT 2. COMMAND 3. QUESTION
  • 2.
    • DIRECT
    • Am, is, are
    • Shall/will
    • Can
    • May
    • Must
    • Have/has to
    • Ought to
    • INDIRECT
    • Was/were
    • Should/would
    • Could
    • Might
    • Had to
    THE CHANGES OF TOBE & AUXILIARY VERBS
  • 3. CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE
    • DIRECT
    • NOW
    • TOMORROW
    • NEXT WEEK
    • TONIGHT
    • TODAY
    • YESTERDAY
    • LAST NIGHT
    • LAST WEEK
    • HERE
    • THIS
    • THESE
    • INDIRECT
    • THEN
    • THE FOLLOWING DAY
    • THE FOLLOWING WEEK
    • THAT NIGHT
    • THAT DAY
    • THE DAY BEFORE
    • THE NIGHT BEFORE
    • THE WEEK BEFORE
    • THERE
    • THAT
    • THOSE
  • 4. CHANGES OF TENSES
    • DIRECT
    • SIMPLE PRESENT
    • SIMPLE PAST
    • PRESENT PERFECT
    • PRESENT CONTINUOUS
    • PRESENT PERFECT CONT.
    • SIMPLE FUTURE
    • INDIRECT
    • SIMPLE PAST
    • PAST PERFECT or
    • (simple past)
    • PAST PERFECT
    • PAST CONTINUOUS
    • PAST PERFECT CONT.
    • PAST FUTURE
  • 5. 1. STATEMENT HE SAID HE SAID TO ME HE TOLD ME THAT REPORTED WORDS
  • 6. STATEMENT EXAMPLE
    • DIRECT
    • “ We are going to visit Brighton tomorrow.” they said to me.
    • Jeffry said: “I didn’t go to school today.”
    • Anne told Emma: “My father got angry with me last night.”
    • INDIRECT
    • They said to me that they were going to visit Brighton the following day.
    • Jeffry said that he hadn’t gone to school that day.
    • Anne told Emma that her father had got angry with her the night before.
  • 7. STATEMENT Exception: If the introductory sentence is in the Present Tense, there won’t be any changes in the Reported (Indirect) speech .
    • DIRECT
    • Cindy says: “ I will come to your house tonight.”
    • Indra says: “I have seen that film for twice.”
    • “ Dessy says: “I meet my boyfriend every saturday.”
    • Chandra says: “I don’t like sport.”
    • INDIRECT
    • Cindy says that she will come to my house tonight.
    • Indra says that he has seen that film for twice.
    • Dessy says that she meets her boyfriend every Saturday.
    • Chandra says that he doesn’t like sport.
  • 8. Change these statements to indirect speech
    • 1- “I can’t type.” I told them.
    • 2- “We’re going into town,” they said.
    • 3- “I haven’t got any money,” he told me.
    • 4- “I passed my driving test in 1999,” he told his boss.
    • 5- “My parents had gone to bed,” she said.
  • 9. HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME TO INFIVITIVE 2. COMMAND a. Possitive Command:
  • 10. COMMAND EXAMPLE
    • DIRECT
    • The teacher asked me: “Open your book page 65!”
    • Siska asked Manu: “Give me a piece of paper!”
    • Ronny told him: “call me tonight!”
    • INDIRECT
    • The teacher asked me to open my book page 65.
    • Siska asked Manu to give her a piece of paper.
    • Ronny told him to call him that night.
  • 11. HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME NOT TO INFIVITIVE 2. COMMAND b. Negative Command:
  • 12. COMMAND EXAMPLE
    • DIRECT
    • Daniel asked Emma: “Don’t leave me alone anymore!”
    • Nahid asked Monica: “Don’t hurt me anymore!”
    • Maria told them: “Don’t disturb me!”
    • INDIRECT
    • Daniel asked Emma not to leave her alone anymore.
    • Nahid asked Monica not to hurt her anymore.
    • Maria told them not to disturb him.
  • 13. Change these direct commands to indirect speech
    • 1- “Switch off the TV,” she told me.
    • 2- “Don’t touch the wire,” he warned me.
    • 3- “Go to bed early tonight,” he suggested.
    • 4- “Don’t lock the door,” he shouted.
    • 5- “Be careful when you cross the road.” she told her daughter.
  • 14. HE ASKED ME IF/WHETHER S + V + COMPLEMENT a. Yes / No Question QUESTION
  • 15. A. Yes/No Question Example
    • DIRECT
    • Ricky asked Henry: “Does your father work near here?”
    • Mr. Bean asked Cyntia: “Have you collected your homework?”
    • Dessy asked William: “Can you accompany me to Lippo tonight?”
    • INDIRECT
    • Ricky asked Henry if/whether his father worked near there .
    • Mr. Bean asked Cyntia if/whether she had collected her homework.
    • Dessy asked William if/whether he could accompany her to Lippo that night.
  • 16. HE ASKED ME WHEN/WHAT etc. S + V + COMPLEMENT b. Wh- Question QUESTION
  • 17. b. Wh- Question Example
    • DIRECT
    • The girl asked me: “Where Do you come from?”
    • My father asked my brother: “Why did you arrive at home late last night?”
    • Handy asked the girl: “what is your favorite movie star?”
    • INDIRECT
    • The girl asked me where I came from.
    • My father asked my brother why he had arrived at home late the night before
    • Handy asked the girl what her favorite movie star was
  • 18. Change these direct questions to indirect speech
    • 1- “Did you enjoy the film?” I asked her.
    • 2- “Are you English?” they asked me.
    • 3- “Where are you going?” I asked her.
    • 4- “Can you do me a favour?” he asked me.
    • 5- “Where do you work?” she asked me.
  • 19.
    • DIRECT
    • The students said to the teacher: “We haven’t done our assignment.”
    • My uncle said to my sister: “I cannot come on your birthday party next month.”
    • Patar asked Lina : “Do you love me?”
    • My father asked me:”Have you prepared for your final exam?”
    • Anita told Ver: “Don’t tell me more about your boyfriend!”
    • My friend asked her: “Stay with me forever!”
    • My headmaster asked me: “Where do you live?”
    EXERCISES