5.instructional design models

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Fifth session of the series that introduces you to basics of instructional design.

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5.instructional design models

  1. 1. Instructional Designfor DummiesA short course that explains the basics of Instructional Design Session 5: Instructional Design Models Start
  2. 2. Topics Below are the topics covered in this session:The ADDIE ModelThe ARCS ModelThe Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  3. 3. ObjectivesAfter completing this session you will be able to: Apply the following Instructional Design models to your learning design: The ADDIE Model The ARCS Model The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  4. 4. TopicsBelow are the topics covered in this session: The ADDIE Model The ARCS Model The Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  5. 5. The ADDIE Model Development Process ADDIEAnalysis Design Develop Implement Implement Evaluate The ADDIE model provides a step-by-step process that helps instructional designers plan and create training programs with a framework. This is in order to make sure that their instructional products are effective and that their processes are as efficient as they can possibly be.
  6. 6. Analysis The aim of the ANALYSIS stage is to determine training needs and Analysis produce a needs assessment document.
  7. 7. Design The aim of the design phase is to develop a blueprint of how the finished product will look, Design and to produce a storyboard and flowchart of the whole structure of the finished product.
  8. 8. Develop This phase involves the programmers, graphic artists, writers and subject matter experts Develop carrying out the specifications in the blueprint (storyboard).
  9. 9. Implement The training system is put in place and persons are trained on how to use it. Implement
  10. 10. Evaluate Whether or not the training solved the original training problem Evaluate What you can do to improve the training
  11. 11. Topics Below are the topics covered in this session:The ADDIE ModelThe ARCS ModelThe Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  12. 12. ARCS Model According to John Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivational Design, there are four steps for promoting and sustaining motivation in the learning process The steps are:
  13. 13. Attention Perceptual Arousal Gain and maintains student attention by the use of novel, surprising, incongruous, or uncertain events in instruction Inquiry Arousal Stimulate information-seeking behavior by posing, or having the learner generate, questions or a problem to solve Variability Maintain student interest by varying the elements of instruction
  14. 14. Relevance Familiarity Adapt instruction, use concrete language, use examples and concepts that are related to the learners experience and values to help them integrate new knowledge Goal Orientation Provide statements or examples that present the objectives and utility of the instruction, and either present goals for accomplishment or have the learner define them Motive Matching Adapt by using teaching strategies that match the motive profiles of the students
  15. 15. Confidence Expectancy for Success Make learners aware of performance requirements and evaluative criteria Challenge Setting Provide multiple achievement levels that allow learners to set personal goals or standards of accomplishment, and performance opportunities that allow them to experience success Attribution Molding Provide feedback that supports student ability and effort as the determinants of success
  16. 16. Satisfaction Natural Consequences Provide opportunities to use newly acquired knowledge or skill in a real or simulated setting Positive Consequences Provide feedback and reinforcements that will sustain the desired behavior Equity Maintain consistent standards and consequences for task
  17. 17. Topics Below are the topics covered in this session:The ADDIE ModelThe ARCS ModelThe Spiral Model (Rapid authoring ) Start
  18. 18. The Spiral Model The spiral model was originally conceived as a software development process It combines elements of both design and prototyping-in-stages This model of development combines the features of the prototyping model and the ADDIE model
  19. 19. Steps The process is divided into 5 steps: Define Deliver Design Develop Demonstrate
  20. 20. Advantages of the Model Estimates (i.e. budget, schedule, etc.) become more realistic as work progresses, because important issues are discovered earlier The model is designed to cope with the inevitable changes to the learning experience that will happen over the course of design and delivery Multimedia producers can get their hands in and start working on a project earlier, and therefore shape the design process as well
  21. 21. SummaryIn this session we learned that: The ADDIE model provides a step-by-step process that helps instructional designers plan and creates training programs with a framework The steps are analysis, design, develop, implement and evaluate According to John Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivational Design, there are four steps for promoting and sustaining motivation in the learning process The steps are attention, relevance, confidence and satisfaction The Spiral Model, combines elements of both design and prototyping-in-stages The steps are define, design, demonstrate, develop and deliver
  22. 22. Thank YouShyamanta Baruah (Sam)www.shyamantab.comconversations@shyamantab.com

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