Greek Mythology by Lizzy B.


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Little is known about the Ancient Greeks, but their myths have still lived on to this day.

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Greek Mythology by Lizzy B.

  1. 1. By: Lizzy Breidenbach
  2. 2. The Greek gods originated in Ancient Greece. There were minorgods, and major gods. The minor gods were gods, for example, Pan, andHestia. Pan, the God of the Wild, Hestia being the Goddess of theHearth . But, the major gods were the most powerful. They made up, acouncil of sorts. The council itself held 12 seats in total. At the head was Zeus, God of the Skies, and King of the Gods. Athis left sat his brother, Poseidon, King of the Oceans. His right wasoccupied by his wife, Hera, Queen of the Gods, and Goddess of marriageand family. Then Demeter, Goddess of fertility and agriculture.Dionysus, God of wine, was next. Apollo, God of Light. Artemis, Goddessof the Hunt, and the moon. Artemis and Apollo were twins. Then,Hermes, the Messenger of the Gods, God of thieves and travelers.Athena, Goddess of wisdom, defense, and strategic warfare. Next toher sat Ares, God of war. Then Aphrodite, Goddess of love and beauty.Lastly, was Hephaestus, God of fire and forge, and he was theblacksmith of the gods.
  3. 3. Artemis, Goddess of the Moon and the Hunt. Athena, Goddess of Wisdom and strategic warfare. Hestia, Goddess of the Heart and Home.These three goddesses were apart of many goddesses that swore to never be with a man. They were called, the Virgin Goddesses.They had made a pact to never be with a man. Artemis, herself, was an unattainable woman, legend says, so she was never bound to a man. Being able to care for herself and the likes, she was named the Goddesses of Fertility and Childbirth. Athena, Daughter of Zeus, is said to have never taken a lover. She, it says, to dress like a man, fight like a man, and even act like one. Hestia, Goddesses of the Heart, stubbornly demanded her father, Zeus, to make her a virgin forever. He did, and even made it so Aphrodite, goddess of love, could not use her powers on Hestia and make her fall in love.
  4. 4. Cerberus, the Furies, Chimera, Medusa, Harpies, Hydra. Only a few of the countless monsters that the ancient Greeks are said to know of. The question is, are they really a myth or are they the monsters you thought were under your bed?Despite the multitude of monsters that loved nothing more than to eat people alive, there were some good monsters as well. Argus, the creature of many eyes, was created by Hera, and played a prominent role in many of her myths. Pegasus, the immortal winged horse, who was the steed of Hercules. Even Satyrs, who were the companions of Dionysus, and protectors of the wild..Most of the monsters of Greek mythology were know to be killed by heroes, such as Hercules. Some, however, were killed by the gods, like Apollo for example, who killed the Python, an enormous serpent.
  5. 5. Ambrosia was a term for the “Nectar of the Gods”, as legend says. It was brought to the gods in Olympus by doves ,so it may have been thought of in the Homeric tradition as a kind of divine exhalation of the Earth.Ambrosia is very closely related to the gods other form of sustenance, nectar The two terms may not have originally been distinguished; though in Homers poems nectar is usually the drink and ambrosia the food of the gods; it was with ambrosia Hera "cleansed all defilement from her lovely flesh", and with ambrosia Athena prepared Penelope, another myth, in her sleep, so that when she appeared for the final time before her suitors, the effects of years had been stripped away and they were inflamed with passion at the sight of her.
  6. 6. Nymphs were said to be beautiful women who were spirits of nature. Worshipped by the Ancient Greeks and said to come from the earth, they were seen to be care givers of the land and life in general. Although not immortal, they lived extremely long lives, connected to the life of the object they lived, such as trees. Unlike many other mythical creatures such as pixies and fairies, nymphs are rarely mentioned in contemporary popular culture.Nymphs are most generally pictured as young, vital, beautiful young women embodying the age of fertility and were strongly attractive to young males. They represented the ideal woman, beautiful, the source of new life and able to nurture it. Yet, their relationships with men were generally troubled. While some men
  7. 7. In Greek Mythology, a dryad, or wood nymph, is usually a female spirit typically associated with a particular location or land form. Other nymphs, always in the shape of young maidens, were part of the retinue of a god, such as Dionysus, or Hermes or Pan, or a goddess, generally Artemis.Nymphs, were the frequent target satyrs. At times, even gods as well targeted them. They live in groves, in trees and in valleys and cool grottoes. Each one is born with a certain tree over which she watches. A dryad either lives in a tree, in which case she is called a Hamadryad or close to it. The lives of the dryad are connected with that of a tree, the longer the tree lives, the longer would be the life the dryad and if the tree dies, so does she. If this is caused by a mortal the gods will punish him/her. The dryad them self punish any foolish mortal who tried to hurt their tree.
  8. 8.  - Info on Nymphs - Info on Dryads. - Knowledge on the Olympian gods and their myths - Information on the twelve Olympian gods. mythical_creatures/index.html -Small notes on the different types of monsters - Knowledge of ambrosia and it’s uses for the gods. Http:// - Lists of the different mythical creatures the Greeks wrote about.