Power point presentation
on
cell splitting and sectoring

MADE BY:
:

SHWETANSHU GUPTA
MIET (342/08)
CELL?
 LARGER AREA
DIVIDED INTO
SMALL NO. OF
AREAS
 SHAPE IS
HEXAGONAL
 EACH WITH ITS
OWN BASE
STATION AND SET
OF FREQU...
Why hexagonal cell ?

square
circular

hexagonal
FREQUENCY REUSE
6
5

Each cell is assigned a part
of the available frequency
spectrum.

7
1

4

3

6
5
4

2

6

5
1

7
1
...
Reuse Distance
For hexagonal cells
reuse distance--D= R.√3N
 Reuse factor--D/R= √3N

Channel capacity?
C

= MKN = MS
C= capacity
M= number of clusters
K= allotted channel to a cell
N= no of cells in a clust...
Why cell splitting and sectoring?


As users increases channel capacity
decreases.



Techniques are needed to provide e...
Cell splitting
 The process of
subdividing a
congested cell into
smaller cell.
 Each with its own
base station and a
cor...
Limitations:
 Handoffs

are more frequent.
 Channel assignments become difficult.
 All cells are not split simultaneous...
Umbrella approach:
Handoff issues must be addressed so that high speed and low
speed traffic can be accommodated simultane...
Cell sectoring:
 To

overcome some limitations like cochannel interference, cell sectoring is done.
 Involves replacing ...
Different sectors:
Advantages:
 It

improves S/I ratio.
 It reduces interference which increases
capacity.
 It enables to reduce the clust...
Limitations:
 Increased

number of antennas at each base

station.
 Decrease in trunk efficiency.
 Loss of traffic.
 S...
cell splitting and sectoring
cell splitting and sectoring
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cell splitting and sectoring

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cell splitting and sectoring

  1. 1. Power point presentation on cell splitting and sectoring MADE BY: : SHWETANSHU GUPTA MIET (342/08)
  2. 2. CELL?  LARGER AREA DIVIDED INTO SMALL NO. OF AREAS  SHAPE IS HEXAGONAL  EACH WITH ITS OWN BASE STATION AND SET OF FREQUENCIES.
  3. 3. Why hexagonal cell ? square circular hexagonal
  4. 4. FREQUENCY REUSE 6 5 Each cell is assigned a part of the available frequency spectrum. 7 1 4 3 6 5 4 2 6 5 1 7 1 4 3 2 3 same part of the frequency spectrum more than once. This is called frequency reuse.
  5. 5. Reuse Distance For hexagonal cells reuse distance--D= R.√3N  Reuse factor--D/R= √3N 
  6. 6. Channel capacity? C = MKN = MS C= capacity M= number of clusters K= allotted channel to a cell N= no of cells in a cluster.
  7. 7. Why cell splitting and sectoring?  As users increases channel capacity decreases.  Techniques are needed to provide extra channels.  cell splitting and sectoring increases capacity.
  8. 8. Cell splitting  The process of subdividing a congested cell into smaller cell.  Each with its own base station and a corresponding reduction in antenna height.  leads to increase in capacity
  9. 9. Limitations:  Handoffs are more frequent.  Channel assignments become difficult.  All cells are not split simultaneously so special care have to be taken for proper allocation of problem.
  10. 10. Umbrella approach: Handoff issues must be addressed so that high speed and low speed traffic can be accommodated simultaneously.
  11. 11. Cell sectoring:  To overcome some limitations like cochannel interference, cell sectoring is done.  Involves replacing an omni- directional antenna at the base station by several directional antennas,
  12. 12. Different sectors:
  13. 13. Advantages:  It improves S/I ratio.  It reduces interference which increases capacity.  It enables to reduce the cluster size and provides an additional freedom in assigning channels.
  14. 14. Limitations:  Increased number of antennas at each base station.  Decrease in trunk efficiency.  Loss of traffic.  Since sectoring reduces the coverage area of a particular group of channels, the number of handoffs increases as well.
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