Mmdstfundalab
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
342
On Slideshare
342
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. TEST ITEMS: ADMINISTRATION & SCORING DIRECTIONS Personal – SocialRegards face Administration Place the child on his back. The tester should come face to face to within 12 inches of the child. Scoring Pass if the child actually looks at the tester.Smiles responsively May pass by report (R) Administration Smile and talk to the child. Do not touch him. Pass if the child smiles back. If this Scoring cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child smiles without being touched. (R) Question Ngumingiti nab a ang bata kung kinakausap mo, kahit hindi hinahawakan?Smiles spontaneously May pass by report (R) Administration During the test see if the child smiles at tester or parent without any stimulation, either by touch or sound. Scoring Pass if the child smiles on his own at any time during the test. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent, “Does your child smile without you touching or talking to him?” (R) Question Ngumingiti ba ang bata kahit hindi kinakausap o hinahawakan?
  • 2. Feed self cracker May pass by report (R) Administration Ask parent if the child feeds himself a cracker or cookie. Pass if the parent says the child can do Scoring this. Score “NO” if for some reason the child has not been allowed to have a cracker or cookie. Nakakain na ba siua ng mag-isa ng (R) Question cookie or cracker?Resists toy pull Administration Give the child a toy. While he is playing with it, gently try to pull it away from him. Pass if the child pulls back on the toy. Scoring Child should actually resist having the toy taken from him.Plays peek-a-boo Make a small hole in the middle of the Administration test form with a pencil or pen. When the child is looking at the tester, the tester hides his face with the test from. Tester then looks around the test form twice and says, “Peek-a-boo.” Look through the hole to see if the child watches for you to reappear. Do not move the paper or the child will watch it. Scoring Pass if the child looks in the direction where tester’s face appeared before.
  • 3. Works for toy out of reach Administration Place a toy that the child seems to enjoy on the table a little out of his reach. Do not leave toy out of reach too long or too far away. This may upset the child. Scoring Pass if the child tries to get the toy. Any stretching of arm or arms or body to get the toy is a pass. Child does not have to actually pick up the toy.Initially shy with strangers May pass by report (R) See if the child seems to be shy or wary Administration of the tester when he first sees the tester. Pass if the child at first shows some Scoring hesitation or a little shyness of the tester. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child acts differently towards strangers than he does to people he is familiar with. (It is important not to ask if he is afraid of strangers. This may be misleading.) Nangingilala na ba ang bata? (R) QuestionPlays pat-a-cake May pass by report (R) Try to get the child to play pat-a-cake or Administration wave bye-bye. Do not touch the child’s hands or arms. Scoring Pass if the child responds to this. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child plays such games as pat-a cake, so- big, or bye-bye without parent moving the child’s hands or arms. (R) Question Nakakapagbabay o nakakapalakpak nab a siya nang hindi hinahawakan ang mga kamay?
  • 4. Plays ball with examiner Administration Roll the ball to the child and try to get him to roll it or toss it back. Pass if the child rolls or losses the ball Scoring back toward the tester. (handing the ball to the tester is not a pass.)Indicates wants (not cry) May pass report (R) Administration Ask the parent how the child lets one know what he wants. (“How does (name) let you know when he wants something such as a glass of water or a toy?”) Pass if the child lets someone know what Scoring he wants by pointing. Pulling or saying a word (Crying is not a pass.) Paano niya ipinaaalam na may gusto (R) Question siya, gaya ng laruan o inumin atbp?Drinks from cup May pass report (R) Administration Ask the parent if the child can hold a cup or glass and drink from it without spilling much. Pass if the child can do this. (The cup Scoring must not be the type that has a spout.) Nakakahawak nab a siya ng tasa o baso at mkakainom na kaunti lang ang (R) Question natatapon?Removes garments May pass report (R) Administration Ask the parent if the child can remove any of his clothing such as coat, shoes or underpants.
  • 5. Scoring Pass if the child can remove clothing other than his hat, socks, or diaper on purpose. Naaalis nab a niya ang kanayang (R) Question damit, sapatos, o panty ng hindi tinitulungan?Imitates housework May pass report (R) Ask the parent if the child imitates Administration household chores such as dusting and sweeping. Pass if the child copies any type of Scoring housework. Gumagaya ba ang bata ng trabahong (R) Question bahay katulad ng papupunas, pagwawalis?Use spoon, spilling little May pass report (R) Ask the parent if the child uses a spoon Administration or fork to eat. If so, how much does he spill? Pass if the child can use the spoon or Scoring fork to get food to his mouth without spilling much. (R) Question Nakakagamit ba ang bata ng kutsara na kaunti lang ang natatapon? Naisusubo ba niya ang pagkain gaya ng kanin o gulay na kaunti lang ang natatapon?Helps in house- simple tasks May pass report (R) Ask the parent if the child helps in the Administration house by doing simple things like putting toys away or getting something for a parent when asked.
  • 6. Scoring Pass if the child actually helps in the house in any way. Nakakatulong nab a siya sa gawaing(R) Question bahay tulad ng pagliligpit ng kanyang laruan? Nauutusan nab a ninyo, gaya ng “Paabot ng…?”Puts on clothing May pass report (R) Ask the parent if the child can put on Administration any of his own clothing such as underpants, socks or shoes. Pass if the child can put any his own Scoring clothing. Shoes do not have to be tied or on the correct foot. (Fail, if child can put on only adult-size clothing.) Nakapag-susuot nab a siyang mag-isa (R) Question ng kanyang damit, panty, medyas, sapatos o tsinelas?Washes and dries hands May pass report (R) Ask the parent if the child can wash and Administration dry his own hands. Pass only if the child can do all parts of Scoring the two tasks without help, except turning on faucets that are out of his reach. Hands should be almost completely free of soap and almost completely dry to pass. Kapag siya ay naghuhugas ng kamay. (R) Question Kaya nab a niyang magsabon, magbanlaw at magpatuyo nang mag- isa, at hindi na kailangan ulitin pa?
  • 7. Plays interactive games May pass report (R) Administration Ask the parent what kind of games the child plays with other children. Pass if the parent says that the child Scoring plays games in which he takes turns with other children. Examples: hide and seek, tag, cops, and robbers. Chasing and fighting are not passes. ( if the child plays with cars or dolls by himself but where other children are playing, this is not a pass.) (R) Question Anu-anong uri ng laro ang sinasalihan niya kasama ng ibang bata?Separates from mother easily May pass report (R) At the end of the test, see how the child Administration acts when he is asked to stay with the tester while the parent leaves the room, or see if the child will leave the room with the tester without the parent. This should not be done before the end of Scoring this test in case the child gets upset. Pass if the child does not become too upset. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child can be left with a baby sitter, other than someone living in the household, without getting too upset. Pass if the parent answer yes. Naiiwanan na ba si (name) sa hindi (R) Question kasambahay ng hindi iiyak?Dresses with supervision May pass report (R) Administration Ask the parent if the child can dress himself. If so, how much help is needed?
  • 8. Scoring Pass if the child can put on and take off his clothes, knows the front from the back, and needs no help except for tying shoes or putting buttons into the right holes. Parent may help the child by telling him what to do as long as the parent does not actually help the child put on his clothes. Nakapagbibihis na bang mag-isa si (R) Question (name)? Sa anong bagay siya nangangailangan ng tulong kung siya ay nagbibihis?Buttons up May pass report (R) Administration Ask the parent if the child can button any piece of clothing. Pass if the parent says that the child can. Scoring Buttons do not need to be in the correct holes. (R) Question Naibubutones/naikukutiyetes nab a ni (name) ang damit niya?Dresses without supervision May pass report (R) Ask the parent if the child can dress Administration himself without any help. Scoring Pass if the child can dress himself completely and correctly without help. He may have help only for tying shoe laces, and for girls, buttoning or zipping the back of the dresses. Kayang-kaya na ba ni (name) ang (R) Question magbihis ng tama at tapos na tapos ng hindi tinutulungan?
  • 9. Fine Motor AdaptiveFollows to mideline Administration Place the child on his back. (at this age the child’s face will be turned to one side or the other.) Hold the red yarn about 6 inches in front of the child’s face. Shake the yarn to attract the child’s attention and then move it slowly from one side in an arc (or half circle) over the middle of the child’s head to the other side. If necessary, the movement of the yarn may be stopped to re-attract the child’s attention and then continue the arc. This may be repeated three times. Watch the child’s head and eye movements. Scoring Pass if the child follows the yarn to the middle joint of the arc with either his eyes alone or his head and eyes altogether. Make sure that the yarn has attracted the child’s attention and that he did not follow it before a failure is given.Equal movements While the child is on his back on being Administration held by the parent, watch the activity of the child’s arms and legs. Scoring Pass if the child moves his arms and legs equally. (Fail if one leg or arms does not move as much as the other).
  • 10. Follows past midline Administration Place the child on his back. Hold the red yarn about 6 inches in front of the child’s face. Shake the yarn to attract the child’s attention and then move it slowly from one side in an arc over the middle of the child to the other side. If necessary, the movement of the yarn may be stopped to reattract the child’s attention and then continue the arc. This may be repeated three times. Watch the child’s head and eye movements. Scoring Pass if the child follows the yarn. Past the middle point of the arc with either eyes alone or his head and eyes together. Make sure that the wool has attracted the child’s attention and that he did not follow it before a failure given.Follows 180 Administration Place the child on his back. Hold the red yearn about 6 inches in front of the child’s face. Shake the yarn to attract the child’s attention and then move it slowly from one side in an arc over the middle of the child’s head to the other side. If necessary, the movement of yarn may be stopped to reattract the child’s attention and then continue the arc. This may be repeated three times. Watch the child’s head and eye movements. Pass if the child follows the wool with Scoring his head and eyes through the complete arc from one side to the other.
  • 11. Hands together May pass report (R) Administration Watch child to see if he touches his hands together in the midline (middle of his body). If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if child has done this before. Pass, if the child touches his Scoring fingers together in the midline. Fail if this happens only when child is being cradled in parent’s arms and the hands are forced together. (R) Question Napag-abot nab a ng bata ang kanyang mga daliri sa gitna ng katawan (demonstrate) ng hindi ninyo tinutulungan o kinakarga?Grasp rattle Place a rattle touching the back or Administration tips of the child’s fingers when he is on his back on the table or is being held by his parent. Pass if the child grasps the rattle Scoring for a few seconds. Regards cheese curl Administration The child should be held on the parent’s lap so that he can place the hands on the table. Drop a cheese curl directly in front of the child within easy reach. (The cheese curl should be dropped on a surface that gives a good contrast, such as white paper, so that I can easily be seen). The tester may point to or touch the cheese curl to attract the child’s attention. See whether the child looks at the cheese curl.
  • 12. Scoring Pass if the child looks at the cheese curl. (Fail if the child looks at the finger or hand instead of the cheese curl.)Reaches for object May pass report (R) Administration The child should be held on the parent’s lap so that the elbows are level with the table top and that he can easily place his hands on the table. Place a toy (such as rattle) within easy reach of the child and tell him with words or motion to pick it up. Scoring Pass if the child reaches toward the toy. He does not need to touch or pick up the toy for a pass. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child has done this. Kapag may laruan sa kanyang (R) Question harapan, nagtatangka na ba siyang abutin ito?Sit, looks for yarn Administration While the child is sitting on the parent’s lap, attract his attention with the red yarn. When he is looking at the yarn, drop it so that it falls out of his line of vision. Tester should not move hand or arm except to let go of the yarn. Scoring Pass if the child continues to look where the red yarn disappeared or tries to see where it went.Sit, takes 2 cubes May pass by report (R) Administration Place 2 blocks on the table in front of the child. Tell the child to pick up the blocks with words or motion, but do not hand the blocks to the child.
  • 13. Scoring Pass if the child picks up 2 blocks and holds 1 in each hand at the same time. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child picks up 2 objects like this. (R) Question Kapag nakaupo ang bata, nakakapulot na ba siya ng dalawang bagay at mahahawakan ito ng sabay sa tig- iisang kamay?Rakes cheese curl, attains The child should be held on the parent’s Administration lap so that he can place his hands on the table. Drop a cheese curl directly in front of the child within easy reach. (The cheese curl should be dropped on a surface that gives a good contrast, such as white paper, so that it can easily be seen.) The tester may point to or touch the cheese curl to attract the child’s attention. See how the child picks up the cheese curl. Scoring Pass if the child picks up the cheese curl with his hand using a raking motion. Make sure that the child was not able to pick it up only because of sticky fingers. He should also be passed if he uses a thumb-to-finger or neat pincer grasp.Neat pincer grasp of cheese curl Administration The child should be held on the parent’s lap so that he can place his hands on the table. Drop a cheese curl directly in front of the child within easy reach. (The cheese curl should be dropped on a surface that gives a good contrast such as white paper, so that it can be easily seen). The tester may point to or touch the cheese curl to attract the child’s attention. See how the child picks up the cheese curl.[Note: For items involving drawing by the child, use plain paper and a pencil. A pen ismore difficult for most children to handle, and lined paper can be distracting.]
  • 14. Scribbles spontaneously May pass report (R) Place a piece of paper and a pencil in front of the child on the table so that he Administration can reach them easily. The tester may place the pencil in the child’s hand, but may not show the child how to scribble. Pass if the child makes two or more purposeful marking on the paper. (Fail accidental marks or stabbing with Scoring pencil.) If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child scribbles without help. Kapag siya ay binigyan ng lapis at papel, siya ba ay makapag-guguhit- guhit ng mga-isa? (R) Question Place blocks on the table in front of theTower of 2 cubes child. The tester may encourage him to Administration stack the blocks one upon the other as high as he can by showing him how and by handing the child the blocks. (The very young child is sometimes distracted by a number of blocks and will perform this item more easily when given the blocks one at a time.) The child may have up to three trials. (Pagpatung- patungin mo ito tulad nito.) Pass if the child puts one block on top of so that it does not fall when he removes Scoring his hands.Tower of 4 cubes Place blocks on the table in front of the child. The tester may encourage him to Administration stack the blocks one upon the other as high as he can by showing him how and by handing the child the blocks. The child may have up to three trials. Give more blocks. (Dagdagan mo para tumaas)
  • 15. Scoring Pass, if the child balances 4 blocks on top of one another so that they do not fall.Tower of 8 cubes Administration Place blocks on the table in front of the child. The tester may encourage him to stack the blocks one upon the other as high as he can by showing him how and by handing the child the blocks. The child may have up to three trials. Present rest of blocks. (Gamitin mong lahat ito.) Pass if child balances 8 blocks on top of Scoring one another so that they do not fall.Imitates vertical line Administration The child should be seated at the table so that he is at a comfortable writing level. Place paper and pencil in front of the child and tell him to draw lines like the tester. The tester should demonstrate how to draw vertical lines in the up and down (vertical) position for the child. Do not guide the child’s hand. Draw vertical line. (Gayahin mo ito.) Pass if the child makes 1 line or more on Scoring the paper, at least 1 inch long and not varying from the vertical line by more than 30 degrees ( Lines do not have to be perfectly straight.)Dumps cheese curl from bottle spontaneouslyAdministration Place a cheese curl in the bottle and tell the child to get it out. Do not use the word “dump”, or tell the child how to get the cheese curl out. (Ilabas mo ang iyong cheese curl.)
  • 16. Scoring Pass if the child dumps the cheese curl out of the bottle without being shows how to do it. (Dumping the cheese curl directly into the mouth or raking it out of the bottle with a finger is not a pass.)Dumps cheese curl from bottle demonstrated.Administration First see if the child does this spontaneously. If not, place a cheese curl in the bottle and tell the child to get it out. If the child does not dump the cheese curl from the bottle on his own, show him how to do it 2 or 3 times. (Gawin mo ito.) Pass if the child dumps the cheese curlScoring out of the bottle, either in his own, or after he is shown how to do it, (Dumping the cheese curl directly into the mouth or raking it out of the bottle with a finger is not a pass.)Imitates bridge The tester should tell the child to watchAdministration closely while the tester builds a bridge. Place 2 blocks side by side with less than a block’s space between, but not touching. Place a third block on top of these so that it covers the space between. The tester then gives 3 blocks to the child and tells him to build a bridge like the one the tester built. The bridge should be left standing for the child to copy. The tester should not point out the opening. (Masdan mong mabuti itong ginagawa ko.) Demonstrate. (Gawin mo rin ang ganito.) Give blocks.
  • 17. Scoring Pass if the child copies the block bridge than the tester built. If the 2 blocks on the bottom of the bridge are touching, ask the child “Is your bridge like my bridge?” If the child’s bridge is not right, the tester should not give hints to the child for correcting his error.Picks longer line3 of 3 or 5 of 6 Show the parallel lines on the back of Administration the test form (footnote #10)to the child and ask him, “Which line is longer?” (The word bigger cannot be changed.) After the child has pointed to the line he things is longer, turn the sheet upside down and ask the question again. This is done at least 3 times.(Alin ang mahaba ito o ito?) Point to lines. Pass if the child picks the longer line 3 Scoring out of 3 times. If he fails to do this, the tester must give the item 3 more times. A pass is given if the child picks the longer like 5 out of 6 times. The child receives a pen only if he is correct 3 out of 3 times or 5 out of 6 times.Copies circle Administration Show the circle on the back of the test form (footnoted #9) to the child. Do not name it or move your finger or pencil to show how to draw it. Tell the child to draw one like the picture. (Gawin mo ito.) Point to the picture. Scoring Pass any enclosed form that is not made of continuous round motions.
  • 18. Imitates demonstrated Administration First see if child can copy from the picture without being shown how to draw the figure. If he cannot, show the square on the back of the test form to the child. Do not name it or move your finger or pencil to show how to draw it. Tell the child to draw one like the picture. If he is unable to copy the pictures, the tester should show him how by drawing two opposite sides first and then the other two opposite sides rather than drawing the square with continuous motion. When the square is drawn with a continuous motion it may appear round to the child. (Gumuhit ka ng tulad nito.) Demonstrate. Scoring Pass if the child draws a figure with straight lines and with 4 square corners. The corners may be formed by lines that intersect, but the corners must be approximately right angles and not rounded or pointed. The length should be less than 2 times the width.Copies + Administration Show the cross on the back of the test form (footooted item #11)to the child. Do not name it or move your finger or pencil to show how to draw it. Tell the child to draw one like the picture. (Gawin mo ito.) Point to the picture. Pass if the child draws 2 lines which Scoring intersect at any point. The lines do not need to be exactly straight. If the child uses 3 or 4 strokes to draw the figure, any 2 intersecting is a pass.
  • 19. Draws man – 3 parts Administration Give the child pencil and paper and tell him to draw a picture of a boy or girl (man or woman.) Do not tell him to add other parts to his drawing. When he seems to have finished his drawing, ask, “Are you finished?” If the child answers, “Yes.” Score the drawing (Magdrawing ka ng tao. Tapos ka na ba?) If yes, then score. Scoring Pass if the child has drawn 3 or more body parts. One point is given for each pair (ears, eyes, etc.) as well as for each part which is not a pair (head, neck, body, etc.) If one pair or pair is not drawn, it is not counted. Note in the test observations any unusual drawing, even if the child has identifies acceptable parts.Copies Square Administration Show the square on the back of the test form (footnoted item #12). Do not name it or move your finger or pencil to show how to draw it. Tell the child to draw one like the picture. (Gawin mo ito.) Point to the picture. Scoring Pass if the child draws a figure with straight lines and with 4 square corners without being shown how to draw it. The corners may be formed by lines that intersect. The corners must not be rounded or pointed. The length should be less than 2 times the width.
  • 20. Draws man – 6 partsAdministration Give the child pencil and paper and tell him to draw a picture of a boy or girl (man or woman.) Do not tell him to add other parts to his drawing. When he seems to have finished his drawing, ask, “Are you finished?” If the child answers, “Yes.” Score the drawing (Magdrawing ka ng tao. Tapos ka na ba?) If yes, then score.Scoring Pass if the child has drawn 6 or more body parts. One point is given for each pair (ears, eyes, etc.) as well as for each part which is not a pair (head, neck, body, etc.) If one pair or pair is not drawn, it is not counted. Note in the test observations any unusual drawing, even if the child has identifies acceptable parts.
  • 21. LanguageResponds to bell Administration Hold the bell so that the child cannot see it (to the side and a little behind his ear). Ring the bell quietly, try it again later in the test session. Scoring Pass if the child shows in any ways that he has heard the bell, such as movement of eyes, change in breathing, or any other change in the child’s activity.’Vocalizes – not crying May pass report (R) During the test, listen for sounds other Administration than crying, such as coughing sounds. Scoring Pass if the child makes sounds other than crying. If this cannot be heard, ask the person if the child does this. Maliban sa pag-iyak, may nadidinig ka (R) Question na bang ibang tinig/ salita sa kanya? Ano-anong tinig/ salita ang nagagawa niya?Laughs May pass report (R) Administration During the test check whether the child laughs aloud. Scoring Pass if the child laughs aloud without being tickled. If this cannot be heard, ask the parent if the child does this. (R) Question Tumatawa na ba siyang malaks kahit hindi kinikiliti?
  • 22. Squeals May pass report (R) Administration During the test check whether the child makes high-pitch, happy squealing sounds. Pass if the child makes these sounds. If Scoring this cannot be heard, ask the parent if the child does this. Tumititli nab a siya na parang (R) Question masayang-masaya? Paano siya tumili?Turns to voice Administrations While the child is seated on the parent’s laps or the table facing the parent, approach the child from behind to within 8 inches of either ear. Whisper the child’s name several times taking care that tester’s breath does not touch the child (child might then turn to where he feels the breath rather than to the sound.) Give up to 3 trials. Scoring Pass if the child turns to the directions of the voice.Da-da or ma-ma, non specific May pass report (R) Check whether the child says “da-da” or Administration “ma-ama” at any time during the test. Scoring Pass if the child says either “da-da” or “ma-ma”. The child does not have to associate these with a parent. If this cannot be heard, ask the parent if the child can do this. Nakakapagsalita nab a siya ng dada o (R) Question mama/ tata o papa? (Hindi kailangan na ang mommy o daddy ang kanyang tinutukoy.)
  • 23. Imitates speech sounds May pass report (R) Administration Check whether the child imitates sounds made by his parent or the tester. Pass if the child makes sounds that are Scoring like those he has heard within the test minute. If these cannot be heard, ask the parent if the child does this. Nakakagaya na ba siya ng inyong mga (R) Question salita? Anong mga salita ang nagagaya niya?Da-da or Ma-ma, specific May pass report (R) Check whether the child says “da-da” to Administration his father or “ma-ma” to his mother during the test. Scoring Pass if the child uses either “ma-ma” or “da-da” correctly for his mother or father. If this cannot be heard, ask the parent if the child does this. Nakapagsasabi nab a siya sa inyo ng (R) Question ta-ta/ da-da sa kanyang ama, o na-na/ ma-ma sa kanyang ina?3 words other than ma-ma , da-da May pass report (R) Administration Ask the parent what words the child uses regularly for specific objects, persons, or actions. Scoring Pass if parent reports child uses at least 3 specific words other than “da-da” or “ma-ma”. The words do not have to be understandable but must mean the same thing each time they are used. (No credit is given for “da-da” or “ma-ma”)
  • 24. (R) Question May nasasabi nab a siyang ibang salita maliban sa tata/dada o nana/mama sa tuwing gagamitin niya ay pareho ang ibig sabihin?Combines two different words May pass report (R) Administration Check whether the child combines 2 or more words to make a meaningful phrase. Scoring Pass if the child says a meaningful phrase of 2 or more words such as “play ball”, “want milk” and “get down”. (No credit is given for a single idea combination such as “bye-bye”, “Thank you” and “peek-a-boo”.) If this cannot be heard, ask the parent is the child does this. Nakakapagdugtong-dugtong nab a (R) Question siya ng 2 o higit pang salita kung may ibig siyang sabihin tulad ng “laro ako”, “gusto ko” atbp?Names one picture Administration Point to the pictures on the back of the test form (footnoted items #14) one at a time and ask the child “What is this?” (Ano ito?) Scoring Pass if the child correctly names any one picture. Words such as horsey are acceptable. Pass also if the child gives the name of his pet if it is the same animal as pictured (Fail animal sounds like “Meow” or “woof”)
  • 25. Follows directions 2 0f 3 Administration The tester should tell the parent not to move and then give the child a block. Tell him to do the following. One at a time: “give the block to Mommy” (Bigay mo ito sa Nanay.) “Put the block on the table” (Ilagay mo ito sa mesa) “Put he block on the floor” (Ilagay mo ito sa sahig.) The tester and the parent should be careful not to give the child help by looking or pointing at Mommy, table or floor. Pass if the child follows 2 of the 3 Scoring directions correctlyUse Plurals May pass report (R) Place 3 blocks in front of the child on a Administration cleared table. Ask the child, “What are these? (Ano ito?) Pass if the child answers “blocks” using Scoring “s” to indicate more than one blocks. If this cannot be observed, ask the parent if the child uses “s” on the end of words to indicate more than one of anything. To pass the child need not say “s” clearly, but he does have to tell the difference between one and more than one. Nadinig na ba ninyo si (child) na (R) Question gumamit ng salitang “mga” o “marimi” kung mahigit sa isa ang nakikitang mga bagay-bagay, gaya ng “mga ibon” o kaya nagdagdag ng “s” gaya ng “birds” kung English ang gamit na salita?
  • 26. Gives first and last name May pass report (R) Administration Ask the child, “What is your name?” if he gives only his first name ask him to give his last or both names. (Ano ang pangalan mo?) Probe (E, „yung apelyido mo? Ano pa?) Pass if the child gives understandable Scoring (need not to be perfect) names. Nicknames are acceptable for first names. If this cannot be observed, ask the parent if the child give his first or nickname and last name without hints. Nasasabi nab a ni (child) and kanyang (R) Question buong pangalan ng walang tulong?Comprehends cold, tired, hungry 2 of 3 Administration Ask the child the following questions, one at a time: “What do you do when you are tired?” (Ano and ginagawa mo kung ikaw at pagod?”) (go to sleep, sit down, rest) “What do you do when you are cold?” (Ano ang ginagawa mo kung ikaw ay giniginaw?) (put on a coat, go inside, turn up the furniture.) (Do not pass if the child answers this with “cough”, “take medicine” or any other answer about having a cold. He did not understand what was being asked.) “What do you do when you are hungry?” (Ano ang ginagawa mo kung ikaw at gutom?) (eat, have supper, ask for something to eat.)
  • 27. Scoring Pass if the child gives a logical answer for 2 out of the 3 questions. Some correct answers are listed above.Comprehends proportions 3 of 4 Administration The tester should tell the parent not to move and then give the child a block. Tell him to do the following, one at a time. “Put the block on the table.” (Ilagay mo ito sa ibabaw ng mesa) “Put the block under the table.” (Ilagay mo ito sa ilalim ng mesa) “Put the block in front of Mommy’s chair” (Ilagay mo ito sa harap ng silya ni Nanay.”) A wrong answer should not be corrected. Pass if the child follows 3 of the 4 Scoring directions correctly.Recognizes colors May pass report (R) Administration Place a red, blue and green and yellow block together on the table in front of the child. Tell the child to point to or give to you the red block, the blue block, etc. If the child hands the block to the tester, the block should be replaced on the table before the next color is asked for. Do not let the child know if his responses are right or wrong. DO not ast the child to name the colors. ( Ibigay mo sa akin ang pula, dilaw, berde, asul.) Scoring Pass if the child picks 3 out of 4 colors correctly. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child can point out 3 of the 4 colors-shown. (R) Question Alin sa mga kulay na ito ang maituturo niya?
  • 28. Opposite Analogies 2 of 3 Administration Make sure the child is listening to the tester and then say (one sentence at a time, wait for the child to fill in the blank.) “Fire is hot, ice is ______?” ( cold, cool, freesing; not wet, melt, water) [Kung ang apoy ay mainit, ang yelo ay____.] “Mother is a woman, Dad is a ____?” ( man, not Daddy, boy, husband.) [Kung si nanay ay babae, si tatay ay ____.] “ A horse is big, a mouse is ______?” [Ang kabayo ay malaki, and daga ay ____”] (Each senternce may be repeated 3 times if necessary) Pass if the child gives any appropriate Scoring opposite word in 2 of the 3 analogies. A few of the correct answers are listed above.Defines words 6 of 9 Administration Make sure the child is listening to the tester and then say “I am going to say aword and I want you to tell me what it is.” Ask each word one at a time. “What is a ball…river….desk….house….banana…… …curtain…roof…fence…road..? Each word may be asked 3 times if necessary. Wait for the child’s answer after each word.
  • 29. (Magbibigay ako ng isang salita at sabihin mo kung ano ito: bola…ilog…mesa…bahay….saging…kurti na…bubong…bakod…kalsada…) Scoring Pass if the child defines 7 of the 9 words in terms of (1) use, (2) shape, (3) what is made of , or (4) general category (such as banana is fruit but not merely “yellow” or “banana skin”.) “Circle” is an acceptable answer for “What is a ball?”, however, since many children seem to think acceptance of “circle” means all words must be defined by shape, it may be helpful to ask the child to “tell me something else about a ball.” In this way child will be directed to other definitions as well as shape.Composition of – 3 of 3 Administration Make sure the child is listening to the tester and then ask the following questions, one at a time: (Ano ang ginagawang..) “What is a spoon made of?” (kutsara) “What is a shoe made of?” (sapatos) “What is a door made of?” (pinto) Wait for the child’s answer after each question. Each question may be repeated 3 times if necessary. Note: If unable to understand the above, ask: Kung ang mesa ay yari sa kahoy, Ang kutsara ay yari sa ____. Ang sapatos ay yari sa ____. Ang pintuan ay yari sa ____.
  • 30. Scoring Pass if the child replies that. A spoon is made of metal (or any specific metal) plastic or wood. A shoe is made of leather, rubber, cloth, plastic and wood. Plastic and wood or other unusual materials are acceptable if child is wearing or owns such shoes, i.e boots, clogs, etc. A door is made of wood, metal, or glass.
  • 31. Gross MotorStomach (Sto) lifts head May pass by report (R) Administration Place the child on his stomach on flat surface. Pass if the child momentarily lifts his Scoring head so that hi chin is off the table without being turned to either s?ide. (R) Question Kapag nakadapa ang naitatas nab a niua ang kanuang baba kahit sandali ?Stomach (Sto) head up 45 degree Place the child on his stomach on a flat Administration surface. Scoring Pass if the child lifts his head so that his face makes an approximate 45 degree angle with the table.Stomach (Sto) head up 90 degree Administration Place the child on his stomach on a flat surface Scoring Pass if the child lifts his head and chest up so that his face makes a 90 degree angle with the table.Stomach (Sto) chest up, armsupport Place the child on his stomach on a flat Administration surface. Scoring Pass if the child lifts his head and chest up, using support of outstretched hands or forearms so that his face is looking straight ahead.
  • 32. Sit-head steady Administration Hold the child in a sitting position. Scoring Pass if the child holds head upright and asteady with no bobbing motion. (fail if child holds head steady for only a few seconds and then drops it to chest or sideways.Rolls over May pass by report (R) Administration Tester should see this or ask the parent if the child rolls from back to stomach or from stomach to back. Scoring Pass if the child rolled completely over, not just to or from side, either way (not accidentally) two times or more. Dumadapa nab a siyang mag-isa? (R) Question Ilang beses na niyang nagawa ito?Pull to sit, no head lag Administration Place the child on his back. Grasp his hands or wrists and gently pull to a sitting position. Do not pull the child up fast or his head will be forced to hang back. Pass if the child’s head does not hang at Scoring any time while he is being pulled up.Bear some weight on leg’s Administration Hold the child upright so that his feet rest on the table. Slowly loosen your hand support but do not release the child completely Scoring Pass if the child briefly supports most of his weight on his legs. If the child jeeps his legs rigid to support his weight, pass the item but note on the test form that the legs were rigid.
  • 33. Sits without support Administration Hold the child on a sitting position on table. Making sure child does not fall, slowly remove your hands. Scoring Pass if the child sits alone for 5 seconds or more. Child may put his hands on his legs or the table for support.Stands holding on May pass by report Administration Place the child in a standing position holding on to a solid object (not a person) Pass if the child stands 5 seconds or Scoring more by holding on, if this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child can do this. Nakakatayo na ba siyang mag-isa ng (R) Question mga 5 segundo na nakakahawak lamang ng isang bagay?Pulls self to stand May pass by report (R) Check or ask parent if the child pulls Administration himself to standing position while holding on to a solid object (such as the crib rail, a chair leg, or a table) without help from a person. Scoring Pass if the child can pull himself into a standing position. (R) Question Mula sa pagka-upo, nakakatayo nab a siyang mag-isa ng walang tulong o nakahawak lamang sa isang bagay tulad ng silaya atbp?
  • 34. Gets to sitting May pass by report (R) Administration Check or ask parent if the child can get himself into a sitting position. Pass if seen or reported. Scoring Mula sa pagkahiga, nakaupo nab a (R) Question siyang mag-isa?Walks holding on furniture May pass by report (R) Administration Check or ask the parent if the child walks around furniture while holding on to it. Pass if seen or reported. Scoring Nakakalakad na ba siya na nakahawak (R) Question sa silya o ibang bagay?Stands momentarily May pass by report (R) Place the child standing on the floor. After he seems to have his balance, Administration remove your support. Pass if the child stands alone 2 or more Scoring seconds. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child can do this. Nakatitindig nab a siyang mag-isa (R) Question kahit 2 segundo lamang?Stands alone wall May pass by report (R) Administration Place the child standing on the floor. After he seems to have his balance, remove your support. Scoring Pass if the child stands alone 10 or more seconds. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child can do this.
  • 35. (R) Question Nakakatayo na bang mag-sa ng matagal (mga 10 segundo) and bata?Stoops and recovers May pass by report (R) While the child is standing on the floor Administration away from all support, place a small toy on the floor in front of him and tell him to pick it up. Pass if the child is able to bend over, Scoring pick up toy and return to standing without holding on or touching floor. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if child can do this. (R) Question Kapag may pinulot siyang laruan sa sahig, nakaktayo ba siya nang hindi humahwak sa sahig o ano mang bagay?Walks well May pass by report (R) Watch the child as he walks to see if he Administration has good balance and rarely falls. Pass if the child does not have any Scoring difficulty walking and does not tip from side to side. If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if child can do this. (R) Question Matatag na ba siyang maglakad?Walks backwards May pass by report (R) Administration Tell the child to walk backwards. The tester may show the child how to do this. Scoring Pass if the child walks backwards 2 or more steps. If this cannot be seen, ask parent if the child walks backwards at home, possibly when pulling a toy. Pass if parent reports the child can do this.
  • 36. (R) Question Nakalalakad na ba siya ng paurong (paatras)? Nakakailang hakbang siya?Walks up steps May pass by report (R) Ask the parent how the child gets up Administration steps Scoring Pass if the child can walk up steps (not crawl.) He may use the wall or rail for support but cannot hold on to a person. Paano umakyat si (child) sa hagdan? (R) Question (Probe to clarify) Nakakayat nab a siya sa hagdan nang hindi gumagapang o hinahawakan o di kaya ay nakakahawak lang sa dingding o gabay?Kicks ball forward May pass by report (R) Administration Place the ball about 6 inches in front of the standing child. Tell him to kick it. The tester may show him how to do this. Pass if the child kicks the ball forward Scoring without holding on to any support. (lifting the ball on the backswing , stepping on the ball or using support is failure.) If this cannot be seen, ask the parent if the child kicks a ball of similar size at home. Kapag inilagay ang bola sa harap niya, (R) Question nasisispa ba niya?
  • 37. Throws ball overhead Administration Tell the child to throw the ball to the tester using an overhead throw. The tester may show him how to throw overhead. (Ihagis mo ang bola sa akin gaya nito.) Pass if the child is standing at least 3 Scoring feet from tester and throws the ball within arm’s length of tester between his knees and face. (Cannot score a pass if child refuses to throw the ball toward tester but continually throws away from him.)Balance on 1 foot 1 second 2 of 3 Administration Show the child how to stand on 1 foot without holding on. Allow 3 trials if needed. [Gawin mo ito.] Pass if the child can stand on either foot Scoring 1 second or more in 2 or 3 trials. (May be noted during “balance on 1 foot 5 seconds.)Jumps in place Tell the child to jump. The examiner Administration may show him how to do this. [Gawin mo ito.] Scoring Pass if the child raises both feet off the floor at the same time for ant measurable distance. He does not have to land on the same spot from which he started (The child cannot run before he jumps, or hold on to anything for support.)
  • 38. Pedals tricycle May pass by report (R) Administration Ask parent if the child can pedal a tricycle. Pass if the parent reports the child can Scoring pedal a tricycle forward 10 feet or more on the level ground. (Pedaling the tricycle down a hill is not considered a pass.) If the child has not had an opportunity to ride a tricycle of his size, score the item “NO” for no opportunity. R) Question Nakakapagbisekleta na ba siya mula rito hanggang doon. (point to ten feet)?Broad Jump May pass by report (R) Administration Place a test form on floor and show the child how to do a standing broad jump across the width of the paper ( 8 ½”) then tell him to do it. Give him 3 trails. (Gayahin mo ito.) Pass if the child jumps once, which both Scoring feet together, over the 8 ½ inches. (If the child leaps across, one foot at a time, this is a failure.)Balance on 1 foot 5 seconds 2 of 3 Show the child how to stand on 1 foot Administration without holding on and then tell him to do it. Time him with a watch, if possible. Allow 3 trials if needed. (Gayahin mo ito.) Pass if the child can stand on either foot Scoring 5 seconds or more in 2 or 3 trials. (May be noted during “Balance on 1 foot 10 seconds.”)
  • 39. Balance on 1 foot 10 seconds 2 of 3 Administration Show the child how to stand on 1 foot without holding on and then tell him to do it. Time him with a watch, if possible. Allow 3 trials if needed. (Gayahin mo ito.) Scoring Pass if the child can stand on either foot 10 seconds or more in 2 or 3 trials.Hops on 1 feet Tell the child to hop on one foot. The Administration tester may show him how to do this (Gawin mo ito) Scoring Pass if the child hops on 1 foot 2 or more times in a row, without holding on to anything.Heel-to-toe-walk 2 of 3 Administration Show the child how to walk placing the heel of one foot in front of and touching the toe of the other. Walk about 8 steps like this and tell the child to do it. (The tester may compare this to a tight rope walk.) If the child does not respond, show him how to do it again. Allow 3 trials if needed. (Gayahin mo ito) Pass if the child can walk straight line Scoring for 4 or more steps placing the heel 1 inch or less in front of his toes 2 out of 3 trials
  • 40. Catches bounced ball 2 of 3 Administration The tester stands about 3 feet from the child and bounces the ball to him, taking care to have the ball bounce once halfway between the tester and the child. The ball should reach the child between his neck and waist. The child is told to catch the ball. Allow 3 trials if needed. (Saluhin mo ang bola.) Pass if the child catches the ball with his Scoring hand on hands in 2 out of 3 trials. The child may catch the ball against his body if he uses his hands and not his arms. (If the child uses only his arms against his body to catch the ball, this would be a failure.)Backward heel-to-toe 2 of 3 Administration Show the child how to walk placing the toe of one foot in back of and touching the heel of the other. Walk about 8 like steps this and then tell the child to do it. (The tester may compare this to a backward tight rope walk.) Allow 3 trials if needed (Gayahin mo ito.) Pass if the child can walk backward in a Scoring straight line for 4 or more steps placing his toe 1 inch or less in back of his heel, 2 out of 3 trials.