Portfolio: Urban Design and Development

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1. Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
2. HUD Consolidated Plan: New NRSA Boundary
3. Graduate Thesis: Revitalization of Urban Alleys

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Portfolio: Urban Design and Development

  1. 1. PortfolioShusei Kakimoto
  2. 2. CONTENTS Street Design, Shinbashi, Tokyo Consolidated Plan, Lincoln, Nebraska Revitalization of Urban Alleys, Lincoln, NE 1 10 13 Urban Design/Urban Development
  3. 3. 1 Shinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Urban Development (1986~) Source: Urban Development Head Office HP Source: Urban Development Head Office HP Http://www.toshisaisei.go.jp/04toushi/tokyo/shinbashi/05.html N sakana‑no‑hone No. J04028 Kakimoto J04048 Sakaki J04060 Sugai J04064 Takasawa J04114 Yamaguchi   Nanou Park Sotobori Avenue Toranomon Station Commercial and Office Zone Shinbashi Station Uchisaiwaicho Station Connection and Center Zone Educational, Medical, Reserch Facilities Legend Pivot of greening Base of greening Atago mountain Classified Zones 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Aoyama/Akasaka Azabu Takanawa Shibaura/Kounan Shiba Green Space Ratio 1991 1996 2002 In Minato Ward Investigation To mitigate traffic jam in the Minato Ward, the Minato Ward was planning to build a main street called MacArthur Street. I investigated the area with various scale such as urban development around the area, demographics, green space ratio, human activities in the area, etc to create a pro- posal. There are variety of people such as visitors, workers, and residents. By these investigation, I cleassified zones to ana- lyze the area. 1986 2001 2002 2005 2003 2006 2004 2007 Street Design Shiodome District Shimogaseki 3chome South District Toranomon 4chome West District Akasaka 1chome District Akasaka TBS Project Akasaka 4chome Takkenzaka District South Aoyama 1chome Apartment Building Remodeling Akasaka 9chome Exploitation of the site of the Defense Agency (Tokyo Midtown Project) Activities in the area Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
  4. 4. 2 Link between towns Sidewalk Nanou Park MacArthur Road 250 500 1000m Shiodome Roppongi/Akasaka Aoyama Avenue Sotobori Avenue Roppongi Avenue Atagoshita Avenue Sakurada Avenue Hibiya Avenue First Kyobashi Shinbashi Station Hamamatsucho Station Yurakucho Station Street Street Street Street Street Street MacArthur Road MacArthur Road Side Street Side Street Side StreetSide Street Ground Plan Present Ground Plan After Street Change for pedestrians Side Street Side Street Side Street Cross Section Present Roadway Roadway Cross Section After Street Change Side StreetSide StreetSide Street Street prioritized for pedestrians Street prioritized for pedestrians Nanou Park Relay Point Relay Point MacArthur Road Nanou Park MacArthur Road Variation of Rhythm Patterns Nanou Park MacArthur Road Variation of Rhythm Pattern Change of Rhythm Relay Point Master Plan The major idea of the masterplan is to link many things such as link of areas, link of green spaces, and link of people. To give more pedestrian activi- ties, the sidewalk is prioritized for pedestrians. To have more variety of human activities and extend activities from the proposal street to behind the street, change of rhythm is given. By the rhythm such as active (MacArthur Street) to silent (the block between the street and the Park), and active (Nanou Park). Pedestrians will have more choices of activities. Street DesignShinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo Present Ground Plan Proposal Ground Plan Present Cross Section Proposal Cross Section
  5. 5. 3      etc... Present PlanParkings Offices Administrations Greening Spaces Retails An image of cross section of ground floor Sidewaik Plan The Ground Floor Plan Master Plan The sidewalk will be flat to improve pedestrian experience, and the narrower streets from the MacArthur Street will be prioritized for pedes- trians. To consider processes of development and priority, what is there are carefully observed by field study. There are few companies owning sev- eral buildings in the area. □ □ ⇒ □ ⇒ □ ⇒ □ ⇒  ルビ森 場車駐 東京電力株式会社 愛宕変電所 第2南桜ビル 6階建て 2~6F  株式会社 地空 中画計築建( )て建F5  ルビ一丸 )株(業氷芝 材木倉四)株( YOUR PRINT 江成宅 東洋工業 分室 1F Teletekuno 2F 万国郵便 株式会社 タマ 1F 駐車場 2F 住宅 て建階8 ルビ桜南1第 刷印輝十1B )株(術技星辰F3,1 ンョシーケニュミコTTN F2 スーュデロプ  同合アジア 社会式株F4 スィフオもF8〜5他 空地 バイク置き場 管理 FSW 売販売卸果青 店商木熊芝 社会限有 宅木熊 て建階8 ルビ立協一第 社会式株F3,1 ンョシーモロプ間徳  合組働労空航F7 会絡連  スィフオも他 社商合総材資設電 社会式株気電祥宣 三菱灯油 ング て建階F7 ルビ森・ーツンサ 社会式株事商京明F5、3 スィフオも他  ルビ里小 102,301,101 社洋港)株( スィフオも302,401 F5 ルビトモギス ーシイワーケF4 社会式株 ルビスィフオの他 F9 ルビ事海洋海3第 サマナハ社会式株F1  社会式株F4、3、2 部業事ムテスシ融金所作製立日  ンョシーケニュミコTTNF6、5 ータンセスビーサ員社 社会式株  スィフオも他 ルビクーパ谷比日 理料場本国中1B 楼酒連大  房茶琲珈F1 谷比日  スィフオは他 F4 ルビ平太 家野吉F2、1 明不は他 F9 ルビ山神 ばそ渚小F1 ンロサーアヘF2 室械機F9 スィフオ派他 MTA 京東菱三 行銀JFU ルビータンセこばた国全 イラクサ 社会式株 店目丁2橋新西 ンソーロ て建F01 F1 店支門ノ虎庫金用信かやわさ   スィフオ他 クッニリクタラム 社会式株業工来未 ルビ雲八 て建F6 き空所務事し貸F2 ルビの業企系理 ルビ門ノ虎マグシ て建F9 ムールーョシF1 スラガ面曲にドーサァフ ルビ野前 屋理料節季 錦F1 所本製栄菊 て建F2 が戸い違き引のF1 たいてい開 所本製元秋 て建F3 壁外の風ンタト の党民公 ータスポ 場工兼居住 て建F3 観外いし新的較比 点拠小のりどみ 宅住 て建F2 し少栽植 館号2ルビ士護弁 て建F6 観外のンオリマい赤 所務事築建にF1 グンィデルビKKN て建F5 園庭に上屋 のスラガーラミ ドーサァフ SG油石モスコ て建F2 が来往の車 いし激 ルビ越丸 て建F4 るす応呼 栽植なうよ ルビ山森 刷印本製京東 て建F4 が車に口り入 るいてっま止 ルビ木鈴 て建F4 な白っ真 観外 宅住合集 ㈱機電田岡 て建F3 の工電友住 店理代 ルビ部堀 て建F2 ーピフエモスコ㈱F2 ンョシーレポーコ口山㈱F1 部業事際国  柵の色緑 設施連関モスコ 橋新ルェウクーパ て建F8 なうそ級高 ンョシンマ の◇と□ 続連の窓 ルビ口樋 て建F5 屋ばそF1 ガンレ のルイタ 観外 ルビSY橋新西 て建F6 ツールフF1 タシギヤ  ルビ形安 て建F5 とんもいまうF1 酒の生  ろょちんび  ルビ1-K橋新西 て建F7 板看なき大 F1 王クーパ 地き空 )スレグ(SERG て建階2 )?(オジタスし貸 戸スラガなき大 壁外な赤っ真 ルビマザカ て建F9 ルイタガンレ壁外 の種業のく多 ルビスィフオ 宅住 て建F2 いながトスポ 宅住 て建F2 たっ沿に角 栽植 れ ま 止 れ ま 止 れ ま 止 れ ま 止 れ ま 止 F5 ルビ二第嶺高 社ウが式株業工嶺高F5 ルビスィフオも他 F4 ルビ嶺高 室議会ーシイワーケF3 ルビスィフオも他 A B K.K業工スレクーリ本日 て建F4 屋石明 服呉 て建F2 舗店  宅住兼 ㈱物織黒目 な飾装内室 ど て建F4 所作製谷東 ルビ国帝 F5 て建 F1 ターモ国帝 &場業作スー F5~4 室空 ルビ須三一第 て建F5 F1 のスンラトンエ み 4~ F5 有Pーワタに内ルビ て建F3 合組琲珈 スィフオ 館別二第 て建F2 F1 立式械機→ 車駐体 F1 P→ F2 →~ 館別一第 グンィデルビ石千 て建F4 F2~1 き空 F4~3 社明栄㈱ ルビだらせ 3~1 F F4 F7~5 トンナテ スィフオ ルビ川荒 F8~1 スィフオ F2 F3 F3 て建F2 宅住 て建F2 て建F2 て建F8 F1 理料小→ ルビKN て建F9 F1 車ィテロピは側南 せ寄 ㈱ダモコ C れ ま 止 れ ま 止 れ ま 止 れ ま 止 れ ま 止 い も ルビFM橋新西 て建F9 F9~1 F2 て建 宅住 ルビ井土 F5 て建 F3 き空 F5、4、2、1 て建F3 送運井薄 )株( F2 て建 部阿)有( ーターモ ス 場車駐体立 層4 KRAP桜南  社会式株業工陽東 F5 ルビ社本 て建 →F1 ルビ丸鈴 F9 て建 き空F9、3 F1 科歯はF2 XAVS F8 て建 店ンメーラF2~1B 院病 F5、3ルビ桜橋新 F7 て建  F7~4、2、1 社会式株機工本日F3  ルビ中田橋新 F7 て建 F7 F1 F5、4 ルビ電高 F3 て建 気電種一第 格資士事工 所業事  ルビ原榊 F4 て建 ⅡGDLBIALOR F7 て建 屋酒F1 所務事士理税F2 場車駐面平式走自 D れ ま 止 れ ま 止 9西新橋綜合法律事務所  ベンチャーリンク・タクト㈱  International Registries 8社団法人自然公団財団 6,7OCL 5マイガー㈱ 4 3シノトランスジャパン㈱ 2あすか製薬㈱ 1 3,4和井田製作所 2ナカノコーポレーション 1 8土井章男 7サンフレックス永谷園 6ケイエヌ・プランニング㈱ 5ショーワ㈱ 4NM コミュニケーションズ 3イーオーエル 2日本カーゴエキスプレス 1高島歯科クリニック 4 3 2 1松崎内科クリニック ファイマテック㈱ ジェクト㈱ NTT コムウェア㈱ 独立行政法人 鉄道建設・運輸施設整備支援機構 独立行政法人 日本高速道路保有・債務返済機構 財団法人貿易保険機構 株式会社 NTT ソルコ NTT コムウェア 5スタジオユー㈲  矢部商会㈲  東駿貿易㈲ 4全国町並み保存連盟  ベスト・ケイジェイ㈲  ベストツアー東京 1,2,3源コーポレーション 5 4 3 2 1東京新聞 7ワタル㈱ 6IDEA JAPAN 5,6ワタル 4ユニカフェ㈱ 3NT リース&サービス㈱  エヌティック㈱ 1,2ユニカフェ B1 4~9日比谷パークホテル 3日信商事㈱ 1,2バンコック銀行 7マッシモ㈲ 中央メディカル㈱ J-TEC ㈲ 新生環境㈱ 6宝自動車交通㈱ タカラエージェンシー㈱ 5中村・成瀬・佐野特許法律事務所 4東京観光工業㈱ フランシス㈱  トーシン㈱ 白新㈱ 3地域交流センター ダイナックス都市環境研究所㈱ 2CAC 株 1 10 ジェイパワー・エンティック㈱ 9ジェイパワー・エンティック㈱  財団法人海外職業訓練協会 8創新社㈱ グラムスリー㈱ 7カルチャー倶楽部㈱  6東洋製鉄化学㈱ コロンビヤンカーボン日本㈱ 5バイオマス燃料供給有限責任事業組合  アルパインツアーサービス㈱ 4アルパインツアーサービス㈱  新和ツーリスト㈱ 3ウレタン原料工業会 2石橋組㈱ MGA インベストメント㈱ 1セブンイレブン sakana-no-hone No. J04028 Kakimoto J04048 Sakaki J04060 Sugai J04064 Takasawa J04114 Yamaguchi Reserch Method We divided the area into four parts based on the road system running between the buildings. The areas are labeled A, B, C and D, and researched the types of buildings and people in each area. Survey Date 5/16/2007 Sunny The result of researching People gather around the flower pots beside and establishment at streets. We see residents greeting each other at the cross streets. There is an existing small distinctive community that have been created by the small streets. The atmosphere is warm and friendly. We observe many people smoking on the emergency staircase, and in a single level parking lot next to the building. This indicates insufficient space for smokers to take their breaks. Some bigger companies such as Mitsui Real Estate Building Management, Nagatanien, and Key coffee, which will be along MacArthur Road. Block level Survey and Analysis We expect that the management will restore the appearance of these buildings There are buildings which are easily visible from MacArthur Road, near Nano Park. These buildings has potential to serve as an attraction to Nano Park and to MacArthur Road, and should be considered as a green center. Legend Entrance for Pedestrians Entrance for automobiles Planting Roadside Trees Haunt of smokers A zone we saw many planting Buildings catching the attention of us Shooting Location MacArthur Road Construction? Parking L= a limited company J= a joint stock company Retails Retails Nanou Park There are buildings which from MacArthur Road Demolition Work Housing Housing Housing Key Coffee We don’ t know how it will look like after the development At the point, height GL-600, there is a slab of the ground floor.hence, it presses down the height of the building. Therefore, the set-back line limit would not have impact on this building. Fence There are four coffee shops lined. People come and go among those four coffee shops Key Coffee Convenience Store The backfacade is visible Key Coffee Head Office Nagatanien Nagatanien Subsidiary Parking Nagatanien(J) Parking Parking Green Roof Green Roof Green Roof & Green balcony Parking It used as a delivery entrance An ancient looking house. We can see the side of house. A vending machine Other Vacants Vacant land Residential building Housing Entrance Offices Nagatanien(J) Vacant Resturant Entrance Other Offices There were some office workers smoking around this area Other Offices Parking garage Traffic is busy There are many office workers going across 3 cigarette vending machiness 1 drink vending machines 1 vitamin drink vending machines A bar where one may drink alcohole while standing There are some trash on the flower pots Nagatanien groups There are actually Nagatanien offices as well. There are a lot of coming and going A bar where one may drink alcohole while standing A leading pedestrian crossing It is like a pedestrian crossing on narrower streets A mixed use building with a garage Housing Housing Retails with housing A resturant’ s duct is visible Mutsui Real Estate Building Management(J) Housing Parking for Mutsui Real Estate Building Management Other Offices Parking Parking Offices Mutsui Real Estate Management Other Offices Vacant Housing Almost entirely Glass Wall ・ sakana-no-hone No. J04028 Kakimoto J04048 Sakaki J04060 Sugai J04064 Takasawa J04114 Yamaguchi      etc... Before After The elevated sidewalks will be demolished and same texture will be used to create a contiguous sidewalks along MacArthur Road for pedestrian traffic. The narrower streets will be designated as pedestrian walk ways through the demolition of elevated sidewalks. As those change, the flow of automobiles will be restricted. Pedestrians will have the right-of-way over vehicles, and drivers will be more likely to choose a different road to travel north or south.Those improvements allow pedestrians to travel vertical direction (north or south) more freely. Narrower Streets will be streets prioritized for pedestrians Nanou Park MacArthur Road Sidewalks going to be improved Streets prioritized for pedestrians Sidewalk Sidewalk Roadway Sidewalks are segmented by a roadway, which gives priority automobiles Present sidewalks A image of a cross section of roadway Sidewalk Sidewalk Street prioritized for pedestrians A image of cross section of street prioritized for pedestrians Pedestrians will have predominant of streets, which helps to improve pedestrians’ awareness of sidewalks. Pedestrians will have greater choice to walk around the area. major impact on atmosphere of streets. Despite its importance, the ground floorsare not currently used effectively such as building manager offices,reception offices, and parkings. The ground floor will used for relaxiation areas (Greening Space), which is opened to ordinary people, and retails. It will be of benefit to the area and to the surrounding establishments for the businesses to improve their ground floor by adding plants and generally creating a relaxing atmosphere to attract customers. Owners and managers will be contacted prior to the implementation of the plan so they can be advised of the developments and act accordingly. In the present circumstances, the ground floor is used for a parking. exe. Suzumaru Building Present PlanParkings Offices Administrations Greening Spaces Retails An image of cross section of ground floor By the ground floor is open for people, spaces for pedestrians will be enriched. Field Study Street DesignShinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) ・ ・ Plan for Saidwalks The elevated sidewalks will be demolished and same texture will be used to create a contiguous sidewalks along MacArthur Road for pedestrian traffic. Improvement of sidewalks The narrower streets will be designated as pedestrian walk ways through the demolition of elevated sidewalks. As those change, the flow of automobiles will be restricted. Pedestrians will have the right-of-way over vehicles, and drivers will be more likely to choose a different road to travel north or south.Those improvements allow pedestrians to travel vertical direction (north or south) more freely. Narrower Streets will be streets prioritized for pedestrians Nanou Park MacArthur Road Sidewalks going to be improved Streets prioritized for pedestrians The Ground Floor Plan The ground floor is easily open for all to see, therefore, it has major impact on atmosphere of streets. Despite its importance, the ground floorsare not currently used effectively such as building manager offices,reception offices, and parkings. The ground floor will used for relaxiation areas (Greening Space), which is opened to ordinary people, and retails. It will be of benefit to the area and to the surrounding establishments for the businesses to improve their ground floor by adding plants and generally creating a relaxing atmosphere to attract customers. Owners and managers will be contacted prior to the implementation of the plan so they can be advised of the developments and act accordingly. In the present circumstances, the ground floor is used for a parking. exe. Suzumaru Building Sidewaik Plan Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
  6. 6. 4 ・ ・ XX02 ・   ・ ・ ・     sakana‑no‑hone No. J04028 Kakimoto J04048 Sakaki J04060 Sugai J04064 Takasawa J04114 Yamaguchi Chronological Order of the Development Main Buildings Re‑Developing Plan of Big Companies As a start to the development of West Shinbashi, the big buildings along MacArthur Road will be developed. KEY COFFEE NAGATANIEN MITSUI REAL ESTATE Tokyo Electric Substation Facility will be moved as shown here. It will be beneath Nano Park, underground. The Relocation of Tokyo Electric Substation Facility The Plan of the Site of the demolished Tokyo Electric Substation Facility The movement will create a vacant lot, which should be utilized. Redevelopment Plan of Nanou Park After the Electric Substation is placed beneath Nanou Park, we make improvement to the park. The improvement will attract more people to the area. Nanou Park Tokyo Electric Substation After relay points will be placed to the east and west of Nano Park as links to MacArthur Road. This will connect more people to the area. Plan of the Relay Points Between Nanou Park and MacArthur Road Relay Point We paln to give the variation of rhythm pattern in thisarea because the area is such monotonous and because of the increased activity that MacArthur Road will bring. We will create areas between MacArthur Road and Nanou Park, as well as south of MacArthur Road, where people can relax and rest from the busy or lively pace of MacArthur Road and Nanou Park. Areas for making the Variation of Rhythm Patterns eeffocyek eeffocyek eeffocyek eef eeef CーD annex 2 Coffe Union annex 1 Nagatanien Nagatanien Mitsui Real Estate Building Management Mitsui Real Estate Building Management The Conversion to Underground Electric Substation Facility Nanou Park Tokyo Electric Substation Facility Planned site of underground Electric Substation Facility Master Plan By the field, I created the process. The companies owning several buildings in the area will be the first steps to develop the area. These buildings occupied adequate spaces in the area, therefore, these company may need to transform due to the street’s future use. Street DesignShinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
  7. 7. 5 Design Guideline Nanou Park Relay Point Relay Point A Block for the Variation of Rhythm Pattern A Block for the Variation of Rhythm Pattern Electric Sunstation Facility MacArthur Road Mitsui Real Estate Building Management Design Guideline MacArthur Street Design Guideline The street will have full of green to connect streets, buildings, and the existing park. The Mi- nato Ward has pushed on increase of green. Street DesignShinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
  8. 8. 6 。 MacArthur Road Image of Cross Section  S=1/200 After the first floor became green space, architecture space is able to be the upper part of side roads. Pedestrians will realize the incentive space, giving street depth. In addition, the thicker and wider floor will be able to be laid. みどり空間ができると、頭の中ではこんなことが・・・  S=1/50 By making more green areas, it will lift the spirits of the people. What is in their mind It�s gonna be 1pm in 30min. Am I able to finish reading this book? Oh!!?? What is there? It�s nice Zelcova Tree Lined Road Rows of zelcova trees will be placed along sides of MacArthur road and down the center. This will create a relaxed atmosphere for people who are driving, walking down the road, or Wider Roadway MacArthur road will be wide enough for cars. There will be enough space for cars to pull over to sell food vendors onto the sholder of the road Retails at the ground Floor There will be many retails along MacArthur Road which will helps the road more prosperous. Ground Floor Greening Space Some of the buildings will have greening space at the first floor, and many will have greening space at the entrance. MacArthur Road Image of Cross Section  S=1/200 10000 1000075007500 5000 40000 3000 Design Guideline There will be Zelova Trees as street trees. The depth between These trees will create a relaxed atmosphere for people who are driving, walking down the road, or enjoying cof- fee in a café. MacArthur road will be wide enough to pull over cars, therefore, there will be some vendors. Some of the buildings will have greening space at the first floor, and many will have greening space at the entrance. The ground floor also will be many retails. There will be room spaces above sidewalks on the buildings along the street which provides attrac- tion of buildings, depth of sidewalks, great views from the buildings, and etc. Street DesignShinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Relay Point Image of cross section S=1/200 Green Roof Light materials will be selected to make it possible to put plants on the roofs of existing buildings with their durability. EX 5 X Green Green Wall General methods should be applied for doing this, so other buildingscan easily implement green walls by doing the same. When pedestrians look at the side without intention, they will realize there is other greening spaces. The greening on the building will turn aeraneergehtrofkramdnalro,�golf�fodnikaotniti Pedestrian�s line of sight from MacArthur Road Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
  9. 9. 7 Plan S=1/200 N Design Guideline The building used to be a school will be converted as a commercial building with the external glass walls, so that the inside is visible to people walk- ing by, and people are able to see what retails are there and how inside of the building is like. At the entrance of Nanou Park, people can see attractive inside of Nanou Park by reducing obstacles. Cur- rent Nanou Park has strong centralization, there- fore, the eyes is centralized as well, so the center is mostly empty space people coming to the Nanou park to relax usually avoid the center because there is no private space. The centralization will be weaken. The pergolas, water under the pergo- las and other sittable spaces will help people relax. The area will also have some green spces. There will be ivy along the fence, and people will be able to watch the players from the outside.This will provide an new scene of relaxization with activa- tion. The walls of the walkway between the two buildings will be torn down, leaving the building frame between them. Street DesignShinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Nanou Park Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
  10. 10. 8 CORE CORE Plan S=1/200 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+11350 N GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL+7550 0034008300710075 6300630063003000 50005000 Key Words/// みどり空間、アフターファイブ、小休憩 建築用途プログラム概念図 Section S=1/200 Current Section S=1/200 Current Plan S=1/200 Diagram of Rennovation Currently the Tokyo electric Substation Facility is next to a parking lot. After the substation is moved, the vacant building will be extended to include the area where the parking lot is. Our plan is to convert the building for a different use. Current building hardly have apertures, therefore, it is very closed. The building design is not public record, but based on the use of the building, we expect the floor to be made of thick slabs to withstand heavy loads. There are variation of floor height, and there are partially spaces which would be hard to use as a living room. The previous use of the building as an electric substation gives it potentials that other building do not have. We need to make use of its potentials as a prerequisite, Our goal is to maximize this potential. As west Shinbashi develops according to our plan, this building will be a good place for people to relax. Our plot plan is based on an inspection and field survey of the exterior, which gives us the dimensions of the building. Our plan may improve if we are able to see the interior of the building, but for now our plan will suffice. “Healing” It will be a space for healing, if Shinbashi follows our Master Plan. The Plan of Conversion of Tokyo Power Atago Electric Substation Green Space, A Short Break, After 5 theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime) Green Space The stairs enable well-hole style on the south side of the building. Our plan is to modify the building to well-hole style to capture sunshine. The walls will be changed to curtain-walls, made of glass. The design of the stairs composes its form. Tenant space for commercial use studio Terrace is jutted out by Green space Current volume Removal of unnecessary parts Build additions Commercial space Vertical line of flow Green space studio Tenant space for commercial use Green Space theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime) Terrace is jutted out by Green space Additional Part 4th Floor Ground Plan Roof Garden Top Floor Ground Plan Diagram of use diversion and extension Street DesignShinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) CORE CORE CORE CORE CORE Plan S=1/200 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+11350 N GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL+7550 0034008300710075 50005000 建築用途プログラム概念図 Section S=1/200 Diagram of Rennovation Green space Current volume Removal of unnecessary parts Build additions Commercial space Vertical line of flow Green space studio Tenant space for commercial use Green Space theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime) Terrace is jutted out by Green space Additional Part Additional Part 4th Floor Ground Plan 2nd, 3rd Floor Ground Plan Roof Garden 7th Floor Ground Plan Top Floor Ground Plan Design Guideline Plan of Conversion of Tokyo Tower Atago Electric Substation Currently the Tokyo electric Substation Facility is next to a parking lot. After the substation is moved, the vacant building will be extended to include the area where the parking lot is. Our plan is to convert the building for a dierent use. The Blocks for Variation of Rhythm Pattern The Nanou building 1, an oce building which contains several businesses, is on the west side of Nanou Park. We plan to extend the building to the south. The green will cover the wall from the ground up, where it will contact to a roof garden. CORE CORE Plan S=1/200 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+11350 N GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL+7550 0034008300710075 6300630063003000 50005000 Key Words/// みどり空間、アフターファイブ、小休憩 建築用途プログラム概念図 Section S=1/200 Current Section S=1/200 Current Plan S=1/200 Diagram of Rennovation Currently the Tokyo electric Substation Facility is next to a parking lot. After the substation is moved, the vacant building will be extended to include the area where the parking lot is. Our plan is to convert the building for a different use. Current building hardly have apertures, therefore, it is very closed. The building design is not public record, but based on the use of the building, we expect the floor to be made of thick slabs to withstand heavy loads. There are variation of floor height, and there are partially spaces which would be hard to use as a living room. The previous use of the building as an electric substation gives it potentials that other building do not have. We need to make use of its potentials as a prerequisite, Our goal is to maximize this potential. As west Shinbashi develops according to our plan, this building will be a good place for people to relax. Our plot plan is based on an inspection and field survey of the exterior, which gives us the dimensions of the building. Our plan may improve if we are able to see the interior of the building, but for now our plan will suffice. “Healing” It will be a space for healing, if Shinbashi follows our Master Plan. The Plan of Conversion of Tokyo Power Atago Electric Substation Green Space, A Short Break, After 5 theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime) Green Space The stairs enable well-hole style on the south side of the building. Our plan is to modify the building to well-hole style to capture sunshine. The walls will be changed to curtain-walls, made of glass. The design of the stairs composes its form. Tenant space for commercial use studio Terrace is jutted out by Green space Current volume Removal of unnecessary parts Build additions Commercial space Vertical line of flow Green space studio Tenant space for commercial use Green Space theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime) Terrace is jutted out by Green space Diagram of use diversion and extension Key Word///癒し、内包された「癒し、みどりの空間」 CORE CORE CORE CORE CORE CORE CORE 0054005400670054 4500 4500 4500 4500 18000 00112 Plan S=1/200 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+11350 N GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL+7550 0034008300710075 6300630063003000 50005000 Key Words/// みどり空間、アフターファイブ、小休憩 建築用途プログラム概念図 Section S=1/200 Current Section S=1/200 Current Plan S=1/200 Plan S=1/200 N Diagram of Rennovation 6th Floor Ground Plan Currently the Tokyo electric Substation Facility is next to a parking lot. After the substation is moved, the vacant building will be extended to include the area where the parking lot is. Our plan is to convert the building for a different use. Current building hardly have apertures, therefore, it is very closed. The building design is not public record, but based on the use of the building, we expect the floor to be made of thick slabs to withstand heavy loads. There are variation of floor height, and there are partially spaces which would be hard to use as a living room. The previous use of the building as an electric substation gives it potentials that other building do not have. We need to make use of its potentials as a prerequisite, Our goal is to maximize this potential. As west Shinbashi develops according to our plan, this building will be a good place for people to relax. Our plot plan is based on an inspection and field survey of the exterior, which gives us the dimensions of the building. Our plan may improve if we are able to see the interior of the building, but for now our plan will suffice. “Healing” It will be a space for healing, if Shinbashi follows our Master Plan. The Plan of Conversion of Tokyo Power Atago Electric Substation Green Space, A Short Break, After 5 theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime) Green Space The stairs enable well-hole style on the south side of the building. Our plan is to modify the building to well-hole style to capture sunshine. The walls will be changed to curtain-walls, made of glass. The design of the stairs composes its form. Tenant space for commercial use studio Terrace is jutted out by Green space Current volume Removal of unnecessary parts Build additions Commercial space Vertical line of flow Green space studio Tenant space for commercial use Green Space theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime) Terrace is jutted out by Green space Additional Part Additional Part 4th Floor Ground Plan 2nd, 3rd Floor Ground Plan Roof Garden 7th Floor Ground Plan Additional Part Additional Part Additional Part 1st Floor Ground Plan 5th Floor Ground Plan Top Floor Ground Plan Diagram of use diversion and extension Commercial Facility related “healing” Business related “healing” Space for “healing” relaxation, and Green The Nanou building 1, an office building which contains several businesses, is on the west side of Nanou Park. We plan to extend the building to the south. We will cover the green walls for a relaxing appearance. The green will cover the wall from the ground up, where it will contact to a roof garden. There will be plants inside on every level. The image of plan is that these plants are covered by building and released at the top. This green spaces for healing will be silent and calm spaces, unlike MacArthur Road and Nanou Park. Levels 1-4 will be for commercial use, such as retails, and levels 5-8 will be for offices. Healing, Green Space for healing, Comprehension The Blocks for Variation of Rhythm Pattern CORE CORE /200 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+11350 N GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL±0 GL+5850 GL+17050 GL+11350 GL+7550 0034008300710075 6300630063003000 50005000 Key Words/// みどり空間、アフターファイブ、小休憩 Section S=1/200 Current Section S=1/200 Current Plan S=1/200 Green Space, A Short Break, After 5 side of the building. e style to capture sunshine. ade of glass. The design of Terrace is jutted out by Green space arts Build additions w studio Tenant space for commercial use Green Space theater and bar (coffee shop at the daytime) Terrace is jutted out by Green space 4th Floor Ground Plan Roof Garden 7th Floor Ground Plan Top Floor Ground Plan Diagram of use diversion and extension Commercial Facility Diagram of Rennovation Diagram of Architectual Use Program 4th Floor Ground Plan 2nd, 3rd Floor Ground Plan Top Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 5th Floor Ground Plan 1st Floor Ground Plan Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
  11. 11. 9 Street DesignShinbashi MacArthur Street (2007) Plan s=1/200 Key Words/// みどり空間、インフォメーション、行動の拡幅 N spaceas possible after the creation of MacArthur Road. The empty building systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have many residential spaces. Keywords//sensible, luxurious time, space with rhythm Image of Space Zoning Green Space Information Center Retail Space containing Green Space Office Office Office Office Office 1st Floor Ground Plan The block is east side of Nanou Park. We plan to demolish the two west office buildings, Waida building and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct a single building in its place, The new building will be conbined with New West Shinbashi building to make enough space for office. The first floor will have an information center and a green space. The information center will be where people can learn about all of the local services: restaurants, the park, the residential area, etc. this will increase the activity in the area. The second floor will be for commercial use, and will contain green spaces, which will give calmness. Floors 3-9 will contain offices, which will have a lot of space for maximum comfort. Relay Point 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan 8th Floor Ground Plan 9th Floor Ground Plan Current Volume Vertical line of flow Information Center Green Space Commercail Space Office Office Commercail Space Green Space Information Center Vertical line of flow Green Space, Information, increase of activity 7th Floor Ground Plan Office arden & Green e Commercial Office e construct est e an people ntial l be for ors 3-9 d Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan Current Volume Vertical line of flow Plan s=1/200 Key Words/// みどり空間、インフォメーション、行動の拡幅 N Plan s=1/200 N 1st Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan Housing HousingOffice Office Roof garden Roof garden Housing Healing & Green space Commercial Plan of Drive-in Parking Facility This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently it is being used for parking. It is necessary to improve this area for better use as soon as possible after the creation of MacArthur Road. The empty building systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have many residential spaces. Keywords//sensible, luxurious time, space with rhythm Image of Space Zoning Green Space Information Center Retail Space containing Green Space Office Office Office Office Office 1st Floor Ground Plan The block is east side of Nanou Park. We plan to demolish the two west office buildings, Waida building and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct a single building in its place, The new building will be conbined with New West Shinbashi building to make enough space for office. The first floor will have an information center and a green space. The information center will be where people can learn about all of the local services: restaurants, the park, the residential area, etc. this will increase the activity in the area. The second floor will be for commercial use, and will contain green spaces, which will give calmness. Floors 3-9 will contain offices, which will have a lot of space for maximum comfort. Relay Point 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan 8th Floor Ground Plan 9th Floor Ground Plan Current Volume Office Commercail Space Vertical line of flow Green Space, Information, increase of activity Plan s=1/200 N Plan s=1/200 N Visitor entrance Inhabitant entrance Guest entrance 1st Floor Ground Plan 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan Housing Coffee shops & Resturants Housing Housing Housing Office Office Office Office Roof garden Roof garden Housing Healing & Green space Commercial Plan of Drive-in Parking Facility This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently it is being used for parking. It is necessary to improve this area for better use as soon as possible after the creation of MacArthur Road. The empty building systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have many residential spaces. Keywords//sensible, luxurious time, space with rhythm Image of Space Zoning Green Space Information Center Retail Space containing Green Space Office Office Office 1st Floor Ground Plan The block is east side of Nanou Park. We plan to demolish the two west office buildings, Waida building and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct a single building in its place, The new building will be conbined with New West Shinbashi building to make enough space for office. The first floor will have an Relay Point 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan Plan s=1/200 Key Words/// みどり空間、インフォメーション、行動の拡幅 N Plan s=1/200 N Inhabitant entrance entrance 1st Floor Ground Plan 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan Housing & Resturants Housing Housing Housing Office Office Office Roof garden Roof garden Housing Healing & Green space Commercial Plan of Drive-in Parking Facility This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently it is being used for parking. It is necessary to improve this area for better use as soon as possible after the creation of MacArthur Road. The empty building systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have many residential spaces. Keywords//sensible, luxurious time, space with rhythm Image of Space Zoning Green Space Information Center Retail Space containing Green Space Office Office Office Office Office 1st Floor Ground Plan The block is east side of Nanou Park. We plan to demolish the two west office buildings, Waida building and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct a single building in its place, The new building will be conbined with New West Shinbashi building to make enough space for office. The first floor will have an information center and a green space. The information center will be where people can learn about all of the local services: restaurants, the park, the residential area, etc. this will increase the activity in the area. The second floor will be for commercial use, and will contain green spaces, which will give calmness. Floors 3-9 will contain offices, which will have a lot of space for maximum comfort. Relay Point 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan 8th Floor Ground Plan 9th Floor Ground Plan Current Volume Vertical line of flow Information Center Green Space Commercail Space Office Office Commercail Space Green Space Information Center Vertical line of flow Green Space, Information, increase of activity 、インフォメーション、行動の拡幅 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan ing Coffee shops & Resturants Housing sing Housing Office Office Office Roof garden Roof garden Housing Healing & Green space Commercial ng used s soon ing ntial spaces. Office Office Office of Nanou Park. We plan to demolish the two west office ing and Uchida building, to the east of Nano Park and construct ts place, The new building will be conbined with New West make enough space for office. The first floor will have an a green space. The information center will be where people the local services: restaurants, the park, the residential ncrease the activity in the area. The second floor will be for ll contain green spaces, which will give calmness. Floors 3-9 which will have a lot of space for maximum comfort. 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan Current Volume , Information, increase of activity Plan s=1/200 Key Words/// N Plan s=1/200 N entrance 1st Floor Ground Plan Plan of Drive-in Parking Facilit This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently for parking. It is necessary to improve this area for be as possible after the creation of MacArthur Road. The e systematically vacated by Mitsui Real Estate will have m Keywords//sensible, luxurious time, space with rhythm Image of Space Zoning Green Space Information Center Retail Space containing Gree Office Office 1st Floor Ground Plan The block i buildings, a single bu Shinbashi b information can learn a area, etc. commercial will contai Relay 2nd Floor Ground 8th Floor Ground Plan 9th Floor Ground Plan Vertical line of flow Information Center Design Guideline Plan of Drive-in Parking Facility This area is the south side of Macarthur Road. Currently it is being used for parking. Relay Point The block is east side of Nanou Park. The two west office buildings, Waida building and Uchida building, will be demolished to the east of Nano Park and construct a single building in its place, The new building will be conbined with New West Shinbashi building to make enough space for office. 1st Floor Ground Plan 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7thFloor Ground Plan 1st Floor Ground Plan 2nd Floor Ground Plan 3rd~5th Floor Ground Plan 6th Floor Ground Plan 7th Floor Ground Plan 8th Floor Ground Plan 9th Floor Ground Plan Street Design in Shinbashi, Tokyo
  12. 12. 10 NRSA BoundaryHUD Consolidated Plan Neighborhood Revitalization Area (2013) Differential Association Idea and Focus How can this theory be used to determine where an efficient use of limited resources should be expended. In other works where should we focus our attention? Differential Association Differential Association is a learning theory which focuses on the processes by which individ- uals come to commit criminal acts. CB is learned in interaction with other persons in a process of communication within groups. When CB is learned, it includes techniques/trade, specific direction of motives, drives, rationaliza- tion & attitudes. The specific direction is learned from definitions of legal codes (favorable/unfavorable). A person becomes delinquent/deviant because of an excess of negatives definitions. Differential associations may vary in • Frequency • Duration • Priority • Intensity The process of learning CB by association with criminal & anti-criminal behavior involves all the mechanism involved with other learning. While CB is an expression of general needs/val- ues, it is not explained by those needs and values since noncriminal behavior is an expression of the same needs and values. Concentrated Disadvantage The map shows the concentrated Disadvantage. These indicators on the table were inputted into the map, and the value was reclassified from 1 to 10. Consolidated Plan in Lincoln, NE
  13. 13. 11 NRSA BoundaryHUD Consolidated Plan Neighborhood Revitalization Area (2013) Three phases Disorder = Crime (Lincoln Chief of Police created this subset) • Neighborhood Crime Order = Social Capital (Literature Review) • Neighborhood watch members • Neighborhood watch coordinators • Public/private institutions • Trained community leaders • Neighborhood Association leaders A Beginning indicator • Concentrated Disadvantage These two maps are created wuth the processes below: 1. The GIS system created an area for each point from the duration/distance value. This is [Value A] 2. All the point values within this area are aggregated according to its impact. This results in [Value B] 3. Next a raster version of the frequency (counts of crime per census block) is added to [Value B] … thereby creating [Value C] 4. [Value C] is multiple by the value from a resampled density map creating [Value D] 5. [Value E] is multiplied by the Concentrat- ed Disadvantage value, and reclassified creating [Value F] Negative Externalities (Crime) Positive Externalities (Social Capital) Value A Intensity, 5 Impact, 3 (1500 Ft) Consolidated Plan in Lincoln, NE
  14. 14. 12 Risk Terrian Modeling: Community Value Assesment (CVA) [ NRSA 2010 CVA Very Good Good Neutral Poor Challenged DRAFT NRSA BoundaryHUD Consolidated Plan Neighborhood Revitalization Area (2013) These three maps were combined and reclassified to see community values Consolidated Plan in Lincoln, NE
  15. 15. 13 History of Alleys Problem facing Alleys • Awareness of the potential for revitalization of alleys • Financial Costs • Crime • Land Use • Maintenance • Water treatment Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Research methodology • Hypothesis (What will be the most influential on the alley strategies) • Types and Criteria (Frequency on case stud- ies and literature review) • Case Study (collected by Online, Articles, Reports, Journals, and Books) • Analysis (Table and Sheets): Target of analysis will be more than 6 cases on each hypothesis • Analysis Results • What is the most influential hypothesis on each type and criterion • Create the alley revitalization type • Define Successful Alley (Case study and literature review) • Revitalization of Alleys in Lincoln (3 alterna- tives) Case Study There are 51 cases total. One of the assets on this paper is case studies. There are certain number of examples. Case Study Analysis Result Frequency on case studies and literature review Project Green Alley Program in Los Angeles South Los Angeles Green Alley Master Plan Green Alley Program Activating Alleys for a Lively City Baltimore’s Alley Gating and Greening Program Blue Alleys n/a Community Revitalization Green Alleys competition Alley Network Project Detroit's First Green Alley Demonstration Project Atherton Square Revitalization Eaca Pedestrian Alley (Cosmo Pedestrian Alley) Alexander Leidesdorff Hollywood Alley Retrofit Project The unpaved alley maintenance program Sniffen Court 20 Ft Wide Laneways Business Development Program Laneway Revitalization In Between Two Worlds/Laneway Revitalization Forgotten Songs Vibrant Laneways Program Greening Melborne's Laneways Melbourne Revitlized Laneways AC/DC Lane Ruelle Vertes/Green Alleys Laneway Housing Community Design Project Umbrella Sky Project the planned alley (Shiturae no roji) the planned alley (Shiturae no roji) Golden Gui I kai alley (I kai Roji) Fish Market Kamakura Roji Festival Alley Avalon Green Alley Network Luzerne-Glover alley Nord Alley Nord Alley Cass Farms Green Alley McNeel Alley EaCa Alley Belden Place Jack Kerouac Alley Alexander Leidesdorff alley Hotaling Alley Pirate’s Alley Post Alley Nestled in prosperous Murray Hill Commercial Alley Residential Alley Angel Place Kimber Lane Hutton Lane Eagle Lane Burnett Lane ACDC Lane (AC/DC Lane) (formerly Corporation Lane) O’Keefe laneway Pontocho Nishi Hanami koji Kakurenbo Yokocho I kai Roji Nishiki Market Criteria of Project type Frequency oncase studies • Green Infrastructure • Retails • Art • Events • Maintenance Alleys • Paving • Lighting • Canopies • Opening Façade • Identity • Furniture • Bollard • Water runoff • On-site water treatment • Steps • Colors • Setback • Building Height • Lines • Trash removal/enclosure • Trees or Plants • Banning motor vehicles • Cultural Involvement • Vendor • Recycling • Gathering places or centers • Network for pedestrians and bicyclists • Noise control • Recycled materials Green Infrastructure (Project) District Year Country Size of Projects (Multiple, Few, Single) Yes Temporary No Mixed Use District 100% Total 70% 30% 2010~ 50%50% 2000~2009 100% 1990~1999 ~1989 100% 33% 67% Single 44% 56% 73% 27% Residential District Commercial District 79% 21% Arts and Cultural/Histrical District 33% 67% The U.S. 61% 39% Australia 25% 75% Multiple 45%55% Few 75% 25% Japan 100% 36 cases 11 cases 14 cases 2 cases 3 cases 10 cases 10 cases 1 cases 6 cases 18 cases 8 cases 6 cases 20 cases 4 cases 12 cases Paving (Project) Total Commercial District 64% 36% Arts and Cultural/Histrical District 100% 2010~ 67% 33% 1990~1999 100% ~1989 50%50% 60% 40% Residential District 55%45% Mixed Use District 50% 50% 2000~2009 70% 30% The U.S. 82% 18% Australia 50% 50% Japan 33% 67% Multiple 55%45% Few 50% 50% Single 73% 27% District Year Country Size of Projects (Multiple, Few, Single) Temporary No 36 cases 11 cases 14 cases 2 cases 3 cases 10 cases 10 cases 1 cases 6 cases 18 cases 8 cases 6 cases 20 cases 4 cases 12 cases Yes Analysis sheets for these criteria Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  16. 16. 14 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Alley Project Type 8 types • Residential District • Commercial District • Art, Cultural/Historical District • Mixed Use District • Multiple Alleys • Parking Alley • Temporary Idea • Originally Arranged Alley • Residential district is more likely to care about resident there such as community and neigh- bor, and retail would focus on attracting people so less exclusive. The art, cultural/historical district has more limit of variety and may like to include art or events. It is important to consider what is there. Mixed use has less clear focus and it may go both retail focus or green infrastructure focus. It’s sometimes only with green infrastructure There are some other types which is not be identified by districts. Multiple Alleys type can’t distinguish the district due to such a wide scale. It sometimes focus on paving with green infrastructure, it sometimes talks about events or art. Temporary idea was separated from multiple alleys but it is likely to focus on wide scale. But it is temporary. It is more like exper- imental strategies so art and events are likely to be chosen. Originally arranged alleys are found in Japan and some European countries. It is already used for some certain purpose, so the focus will be maintain the alley use. Residential District Commercial District Art, Cultural/Historical District Mixed Use DistrictMultiple Alleys Temporary Idea Originally Arranged Alley Alleys Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  17. 17. 15 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Potential Benefits There are several potential benefits for revital- ization of alleys. The alley characteristics give more unique potential to alleys. • Walkability • Accessibility • Economic development • More beautiful cities • Reduction of crime rate • Additional Store Frontages • Places for Children, Elderly, and Commu- nity • Events and Cultural Activities • Protection of Sun, Rain, and Snow • Escape from City • Sustainability • Unique Experience Successful Alleys • Involve communities • Consider characteristics of alleys such as human Scale and less access of automobiles • Try to achieve some of urban design pur- poses such as economic development, international, development, environmental sustainability, and fecund urban environ- ment • Decide purposes and goals • Must not over design • Make the place unique with history of utilization • Make it stimulus to other goals and other projects Alleys Alley Project in Lincoln Maps are created to analze the area. Field Study Another asset of this paper is the field study. It shows what are existing condition of each alleys. Paving Condition (Field Study) Buildings in Downtown • Building Materials • Building Height Alleys in Downtown • Existence of Business • Existence of Parking • Steepness of Slope • Existence of Graphics • Existence of Drains • Existence of Canopies • Existence of Furniture • Existence of Plant Life • Number of Garage Doors • Number of Doors • Existence of Trash Containers • Number of Utility Pole • Number of Lights • Number of Windows • Alley Paving Materials • Alley Paving Condi- tion Building Height Number of Window Field Study Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  18. 18. 16 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) 62 73 84 71 70 67 64 70 68 62 62 62 57 58 61 59 35 34 53 51 56 48 53 51 51 47 47 43 40 39 39 33 25 28 33 29 Downtown Everett South Salt Creek Woods Park Near South Malone Hartley North Bottoms Clinton Belmont Sunset Acres Landons Bicentennial Estates University Place Meabowlane Maple Village/Wedgewood Taylor Park Eastridge Family Acres Colonial Hills Porter Ridge Southern Hills Salt Valley View Indian Village Country Club West A Tri-Court Capitol Beach Highlands Arnold Heights East Campus 40th & A Greater South South 48th Street Antelope Park Walkscore Walkscore Map Alleys Project around Downtown Area Alley Project in Lincoln Comprehensive Analysis of Downtown Lincoln There are two alleys having certain quality in downtown. Many projects focus on connecting Antelope Valley and Haymarket since there is huge projects are going on. Proposal Area Proposal area is between 14th and the Centennial Mall and O Street and P street. These pictures show the existing condition of the proposal area. It’s located behind the Duffy’s Maps for analyze the area Lincoln • Demographics • Walkscore • Hot Spot of Crime in Lincoln Downtown • Projects around Downtown Area • Grid Pattern • Borders of Downtown Lincoln • Zoning/Land Use • Traffic Volume • Mean of Transportation • Crime • Building Use • Building Condition • Width of Alley • Open Spaces in Downtown Lincoln Main Street Residential District School CenttenialMall Envision P Street Antelope Valley Hay Market GreeningCapital To Highway N Street project Commercial District Proposal Alley Bricks Concrete 1 2 Barrymore alley21 Capitol Building 3 3 Commercial Alley (future plan) 4 4 Block 38 (future plan) 5 5 An alley with furnoture and canopies 2 and 5 are relatively better existing alleys in downton Lincoln. Barrymore’s has had a project for revitalization and there are an openning facade, many lights,and repavement, and drainages for the revitalization.5 has funiture and canopies. There are low valume music plated for 24 hours. These has made a good atmosphere at the alley to relax. Adjacent Eight Blocks and Proposal Area • Building Uses in the Adjacent Eight Blocks and Propos- al Area • Parcel Owners in the Eight Adjacent Block and Propos- al Area • Street and Site View at the Edges of Each Block • Entrance View of Each Alley in the Eight Adjacent Block and Proposal Area M Museum R Residential P Parking C Commercial S Studio F Federal Building 1 Small enclosed Open Space 2 Alley 3 Open Space 1 2 3 Few pedestrians Many pedestrians Main Street 1 A closed area (invisible) by M+R+C 2~3 stories buildings very narrow alleys to access the open space Darker by shadows Some noise at evening (behind zoo bar) 2 Connection between 1 and 2 and 14th and 15th 1~3 stories buildings 3 A Visible open space Behind bars (Duffy’s) Enclosed by studio buildings Highly get sunshine M R S M CC CC C P F Barrymore's (Revitalized Alley) C Pedestrian way in the future C Proposal Area Analysis Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  19. 19. 17 8thSt P St O St N St M St L St K St J St H St G St S St Q St R St 9thSt 10thSt 11thSt 12thSt 13thSt 14thSt 15thSt 16thSt 17thSt 18thSt 19thSt 20thSt 21stSt 22ndSt 23rdSt F St Entrance of the Alley (From 14th Street) East side of Alley Entrance of the Smaller Open Space (From Alley) Entrance of the Smaller Open Space (From P Street) Entrance of the Alley (From Centennial Mall) Smaller Open Space Bigger Open Space Proposal Area and Existing Condition Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Alleys Proposal • It is important to attract diversity of people into the alley since it is a public space • It works as connections of areas, people, and activities • It is an initiative alley revitalization project, therefore, it needs to show the potential of alleys • It restricts vehicle accesses for the a pedes- trian friendly space and enhanced commu- nity, and also to create less damage on the alley • It consider the connection to the west side due to there is the Barrymore’s alley and the adjacent street located to the west side of the alley (no alley at east side) is much more lively with more pedestrians and vehicles than the east side of alley • It prepares few alternatives due to alterna- tives seeks more possibility and it should involve communities there. Key Elements Invitation - Signs and Lights, View From En- trance, Decoration, Rain shelter, Trash remov- al/enclosure, Pavement and interesting facade, Store front and Sittable space Protection - Restricted Vehicle Access, Traffic, Space restriction Delight - Scale, N-S Orientation Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  20. 20. 18 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Economic Development and Community En- hancement Location • Around the area is concentrated by food services and bars • Near University of Nebraska Lincoln needs more food service such as grocery stores • There are many projects going on around the area Demographics • There is quick population growth in the Lancaster county • Asians live mostly around Downtown • The highest Asian population in Lancaster County is 20 to 29 which is students and young professionals) Type • Commercial District is likely to adopt the retail type of alley revitalization strategy Retails • One of the issues here is how public space could contribute to private business • The solution should be beneficial to both enterprises and the city • The price of rent of the public space for enterprises will be decided by the distance from the facade Commercial Area Lively Area Relaxiation Area Vendors tables and chars Small retails Out dining tables and chars 1 Small enclosed Open Space 2 Alley 3 Open Space 1 2 3 Identity (Name,Signs,Gate) Lighting Paving Canopies Opening Facade Furniture Bollard Water runoff Water treatment Trash removal/enclosure Trees or Plants(Mainly flowerpot) Banning motor vehicles (Most part) Vendor Gathering places or centers Network for pedestrians and bicyclists Venders and stting Places(temporary tables and chairs) Doors(Visible from 14th Street) Table near the door(Recognizable of what’s there) Decorations(Asian style) Tables and Chairs(Asian style) A huge sign(recognizable by many people) A sign(Visible from the alley) Parking(Concrete paving) Bollards(limit access of cars) New Paving(water runoff. ) Canopies and small tables(Asian style) A sign(Visible from P street) Trash enclosure Vehicle access Nord Alley Seattle Signs Venice, Italy Entrance 14th and O Streets 14th and O Streets Paris Decorations Nord Alley Seattle 14th and O Streets P StreetsAlley Restricted Motor Vehicle Access Apeldoorn, The Netherlands Centtenial Mall Masters & Pelavin, NY From the table 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 Breakfast + Break coffee Lunch Dinner Night life Delivery + Trash DinnerLunch Breakfast + Break coffee Dancing + Night events Daytime events Vendors Kids events Delivery + Trash Delivery + Trash Work Meeting 1 2 3 The Smaller Open space The Alley The Bigger Open space Low High Facade Facade Facade Facade Time Schedule Public Space Fees Alleys Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  21. 21. 19 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Cross Section UP UPDN UP DN Yatai (Vendor) Activies Space for lines and stand chatting Yatai (Vendors) Area 7 Vehicles access Delivery and Trashes Movable Bollards (movable for an emergency) Canopies and Parasols Retails at the alley Sittable area A huge Sign (a gate) Retail Alley UP Opening Facade (Visible retails from 14th Street) Relaxation isolated area with green Cultural Events at the center Benches against the wall under shadow Events and outdining Lively Space Ground Plan Smaller Space Alley Bigger Space Alleys Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  22. 22. 20 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Alley Bigger Open Space The bigger open space will be an out dining space and an event space. The smaller space provides spaces for talking, relaxing, and eating. There will be a few group size tables and chairs and these will be surrounded by vendors. These two spaces will function as a lively social space. Smaller Open Space Alley Alleys Alley Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  23. 23. 21 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Economic Development and Community En- hancement Location • In the area, there is a studio • The proposal area has the museum, Nebraska History museum, in the block, and the Chil- dren’s museum, in the adjacent block Art Activity in Lincoln • Lincoln has put its effort to activate art in Downtown Lincoln area such as art council activities, Downtown association activities, the concentration of public art Type • Commercial District sometimes collaborate with art type of alley revitalization strategy to attract pedestrians 1 Small enclosed Open Space 2 Alley 3 Open Space Identity (Name,Signs,Gate) Lighting Paving Canopies Furniture Bollard Water runoff Water treatment Trash removal/enclosure Banning motor vehicles (Most part) Gathering places or centers Network for pedestrians and bicyclists 1 2 3 From the table Decoration Area Lively Area Relaxiation Area Exhibition canopies and chairs Art Pictures Events and Concerts a fence and stages Decorations(Art) Events and concerts (stages) A sign(visible from 14th street) Unique arts (tables and canopies) Unique Pictures A sign(Visible from the alley) Bollards(limit access of cars) Parking(Concrete paving) New Paving (water treatment) Studio (2F) Trash enclosure Vehicle access Nord Alley Seattle Signs 14th and O Streets Paris Decorations Nord Alley Seattle 14th and O Streets P StreetsAlley Restricted Motor Vehicle Access Apeldoorn, The Netherlands Centtenial Mall Masters & Pelavin, NY 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 Night life Dancing + Night events Art events Art events + Art exhibition Night life Delivery + Trash Art exhibition Delivery + Trash Work Meeting 1 2 3 The Smaller Open space The Alley The Bigger Open space P 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 22nd21st 23rd 24th Q R O N M L K J H G F 1 17 8 2 3 4 5 6 9 ArtZone 1 4 5 2 3 6 7 8 9 1 Nebraska State Capitol 2 Thomas P Kennard House 3 Frank H Woods Telephone Museum 4 Nebraska History Museum 5 Lincoln Children's Museum 6 Great Plains Art Museum 7 Lincoln Fire & Rescue Museum 8 Nebraska State Historical Society 9 Sheldon Museum of Art Museums 1 A Bicyle Built for Tunes 2 Turn Notebook 4 Crusin 5 Good Morning Sun, Good Night Moon 6 Acklie Fountain 7 Mosiaicycle 8 12th St. Art Zone Skywalk 9 Color Wheel 10 As One 11 Cycle/Lution 12 Placemark 71 13 The Rail Joiner 14 On the Trail of Evolution 15 Baroque Cherub Public Art 3 On the Trail of Discovery 3 45 6 7 10 2 1 11 8 9 13 12 3 The Bourbon Theatre 4 Rococo Theatre 5 Marcus Lincoln Grand Cinema 8 The Haymarket Theatre 9 The Delray Ballroom 10 Douglas Theatre Co 11 Lied Center for Performing Arts 12 Nebraska Repertory Theatre Johnny Carson School of Theatre and Film Temple/Howell Theatre Theatrix 13 Mary Riepma Ross Media Arts Center Performing Arts 1 Nebraska Jazz Orchestra 2 Arts Incorporated Lincoln Midwest Ballet Co. 7 Meadowlark Music Festival 6 TADA Theatre 4 1 2 5 7 8 6 9 11 12 13 14 15 3 10 1 5Z’s Star City Bead Shop Gallery 9 Kornbluh Design Prairie Mile Tileworks 2 Alan R. Smith-Photography Albert & Karyn Maxey Anne Goddard Bobby Sward-Art Studio Bonnie Sittig Burkholder Art Studio & Galleries Connie Backus Yoder Ed Millican Elizabeth Rieke 3 Larry Roots Studio 4 Lentz Center for Asian Culture 5 Live Yes Studios 6 Michael Forsberg Gallery 7 Noyes Art Gallery 8 Parrish Studios 9 Pleasant View Art Art Galleries Time Schedule An event at the open space adjacent to the alley Public Art in Downtown Alleys Time Schedule Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  24. 24. 22 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Cross Section UP UPDN UP DNSittable Sculptures Collaboration of movable mirrors and movable lights Exhibition Relaxiation Area 7 Arts Collaboration of movable mirrors and movable lights Vehicles access Delivery and Trashes Movable Bollards (movable for an emergency)Permeable Paving Art Alley UP Lincoln Sculpture Stage at evening Sittable steps in the daytime Extension of the balcony (look down the open space and make stronger connection to the studio) Lighting on the fence Collaboration of movable mirrors and movable lights Events, concerts, and experimental art Lively Performance Space Ground Plan Smaller Space Bigger Space Alley Alleys Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  25. 25. 23 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Alley Bigger Open Space There will be many events in the bigger open space, and the stages will function as sittable spaces when there is no event. The alley will be decorated by art. The smaller space provides spaces for unique or experimental art. Collaborations of mirrors and lightings will provide interesting effects. Lightings and mirrors have a strong relationship such as light and reflection. Mirrors will not work without light. Lightings will enhance safety. Since there will be many pieces of art in the block, the light will also work as a highlight of the art. The lighting itself could be art as illumination. Mirrors would help these effects of light. If there are mirrors at eye level, it will help to widen sights, and also enhance safety. Mirrors also work when pedestrians would like to check their appearances. If the lights and mirrors are movable, it will cast its lighting with many angles and many places. Therefore, there will be some collaborations o of mirrors and lighting in smaller open spaces, the alley, and the bigger open spaces. Smaller Open Space Alleys Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  26. 26. 24 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Alternative 3 (Green River) Community Enhancement and Sustainability Case Study: Trend and feasibility • Green Infrastructure is the most common type of alley revitalization among the newer projects such as projects after 2010, espe- cially in the U.S. • Green Infrastructure has wide range of feasibility Type • Green Infrastructure is less likely to specify district • Even commercial district sometimes adopts this alley strategy if the alley is going to be repaved 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 Night life Kids events Events People gathering People gathering Delivery + Trash Delivery + Trash 1 2 3 The Smaller Open space The Alley The Bigger Open space Both Area Adult Area Kids Area Kids play ground play ground equiment Green Alley Green garden tables and chars 1 Small enclosed Open Space 2 Alley 3 Open Space Identity (Name,Signs,Gate) Lighting Paving Furniture Bollard Water runoff Water treatment Trash removal/enclosure Trees or Plants(Mainly flowerpot) Banning motor vehicles (Most part) Gathering places or centers Network for pedestrians and bicyclists 1 2 3 From the table A sign(visible from 14th street) A sign(Visible from the alley) Parking(Concrete paving) New Paving (water treatment and bioswales) Temporary Bollards(limit access of cars) A sign(Visible from P street) Trash enclosure Nord Alley Seattle Signs 14th and O Streets P Streets Alley Restricted Motor Vehicle Access Apeldoorn, The Netherlands Centtenial Mall Masters & Pelavin, NY Vehicle access Time Schedule Green river connects three places, the smaller open space, the alley, and the bigger open spaces. Since the activities are separated by their purpose, the kids are likely to want to stay in smaller open spaces and adults may want to stay at the bigger open spaces. This river represents connec- tion, such as: connection among people in different areas, connection between the alley and two open spaces, and connection to nature. The image of the Green river is that water keeps dropping, which is tree, and splashing, which is flower bed, and it starts flowing all over the area, which is permearable pavement, and grass, and connects three points which are the bigger open space, the alley, and the smaller open space. This alternative provides many sittable areas. Alleys Time Schedule Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  27. 27. 25 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Cross Section UP UPDN UP DN Green River Sittable Sculptures Benches Kids Play Ground Area 7 Vehicles access Delivery and Trashes Movable Bollards (movable for an emergency) Green RiverPermeable PavingBioswales Green Alley UP Green River Movable rundom chairs Bioswales Benches Water Drop (Enhance the centrality by a big tree to avoid people eye) Sunshine filtering through trees Sittable relaxation Space Ground Plan Smaller Space Alley Bigger Space Alleys Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE
  28. 28. 26 Revitalization of Urban Alleys (2013) Smaller Open SpaceAlley Bigger Open Space There will be many movable chairs, which gives people their choices. Thre big tree will give people staying the place more private. The alley will be paved by permeable materials. The smaller space will be playground for kids. There will be permeable paving and bioswales. Alleys Revitalization of Urban Alleys in Lincoln, NE

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