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Alley revitalization is becoming more widely acknowledged as a viable urban redevelopment strategy in United States cities. Currently, most alleys in U.S. cities are underutilized, and they evoke a ...

Alley revitalization is becoming more widely acknowledged as a viable urban redevelopment strategy in United States cities. Currently, most alleys in U.S. cities are underutilized, and they evoke a number of negative images—fearful places, waste-strewn, stinky, etc. The successful revitalization of alleys presents many benefits, such as economic development, enhanced walkability, visual enhancement, reduction of crime, etc. Revitalization of alleys leads to more productive and effective utilization of public space. In fact, cities in many countries have long utilized alleys as places where many aspects of ordinary daily life of the city take place. However, the potentials of alleys and the approaches that other cities have utilized to creatively revitalize alleys are not widely known, especially in the U.S.
This thesis presents multiple cases of alley revitalization, mainly in the U.S., Australia, and Japan. Based on analysis of these cases, types of alley revitalization are categorized, and general design ideas and strategies for achieving the desired characteristics in each type of alley are presented. The intention of this thesis is to provide a tool for decision makers who are interested in implementing alley revitalization projects.
Utilizing the knowledge gained from the review of alley revitalization cases, the author proposes alternative ideas for the revitalization of a selected downtown alley in Lincoln, Nebraska.

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    My thesis final presentation My thesis final presentation Presentation Transcript

    • A THESIS Major: Community and Regional Planning Professor. Gordon Scholz Dr. Yunwoo Nam Dr. Rodrigo Cantarero
    • History of Alleys Early nineteen century Late nineteen century • Water, police, gas, and electricity, mass produced access, and access to the rear • Automobile (increase and bigger) • Many thousands of lots (minimum accesses and minimum utilities) • Garbage (Unfavorable Places) Source: Site Unseen: Toronto Laneway Architecture and Urbanism (2004)
    • Problem facing alleys • Awareness of the potential for revitalization of alleys • Financial Costs • Crime • Land Use • Maintenance • Water treatment
    • Research Questions • How cities can enliven human economic and social activities by revitalizing alleys • How alleys could contribute to city life • How strategies for alley revitalization have been successfully implemented in a number of cities • How similar strategies could be transferred to alleys in Lincoln • How alleys in the City of Lincoln could be improved and, therefore, how alleys could contribute to city life
    • Research methodology • • • • Hypothesis (What will be the most influential on the alley strategies) Types and Criteria (Frequency on case studies and literature review) Case Study (collected by Online, Articles, Reports, Journals, and Books) Analysis (Table and Sheets): Target of analysis will be more than 6 cases on each hypothesis • Analysis Results • What is the most influential hypothesis on each type and criterion • Create the alley revitalization type • Define Successful Alley (Case study and literature review) • Revitalization of Alleys in Lincoln (3 alternatives)
    • Case Study 36 cases of projects and 29 cases of individual alleys List of Projects Sample of table List of individual alleys
    • Types of Alley Project Green Infrastructure (Project) Green Infrastructure (Alley) Frequency on case studies • • • • • Green Infrastructure Retails Art Events Maintenance
    • Criteria of Project type Paving (Project) Frequency on case studies and literature review • • • • Paving (Alley) • • • • • • • • Paving Lighting Canopies Opening Façade Identity Furniture Bollard Water runoff On-site water treatment Steps Colors Setback • • • • • • • • • • • • Building Height Lines Trash removal/enclosure Trees or Plants Banning motor vehicles Cultural Involvement Vendor Recycling Gathering places or centers Network for pedestrians and bicyclists Noise control Recycled materials
    • Case Study Analysis Result • The green infrastructure and maintenance types are individually distinct; however, retail, events, and art are sometimes collaborated • Project in the U.S. are relatively newer and are likely to focus on sustainability due to the recent trend (Green Infrastructure) and variety of district, on the other hand, projects in other countries are more likely to focus on economic development (retails)
    • Alley Project Type Residential District Art, Cultural/Historical District District • • • • • • • • Commercial District Mixed Use District Residential District Commercial District Art, Cultural/Historica l District Mixed Use District Multiple Alleys Parking Alley Temporary Idea Originally Arranged Alley
    • Alley Project Type Multiple Alley • • Originally Arranged Alley • • Temporary Idea • • • • Residential District Commercial District Art, Cultural/Historica l District Mixed Use District Multiple Alleys Parking Alley Temporary Idea Originally Arranged Alley
    • Potential Benefits Walkability • • • • • • • • • • • • Walkability Accessibility Economic development More beautiful cities Reduction of crime rate Additional Store Frontages Places for Children, Elderly, and Community Events and Cultural Activities Protection of Sun, Rain, and Snow Escape from City Sustainability Unique Experience
    • Successful Alleys • Involve communities • Consider characteristics of alleys such as human Scale and less access of automobiles • Try to achieve some of urban design purposes such as economic development, international, development, environmental sustainability, and fecund urban environment • Decide purposes and goals • Must not over design • Make the place unique with history of utilization • Make it stimulus to other goals and other projects
    • Alley Project in Lincoln Walkscore Lincoln • Demographics • Walkscore • Hot Spot of Crime in Lincoln
    • Alley Project in Lincoln Project around Downtown Area Width of Alley Downtown • Projects around Downtown Area • Grid Pattern • Borders of Downtown Lincoln • Zoning/Land Use • Traffic Volume • Mean of Transportation • Crime • Building Use • Building Condition • Width of Alley • Open Spaces in Downtown Lincoln
    • Alley Project in Lincoln Field Study Buildings in Downtown • Building Materials • Building Height Alleys in Downtown • Existence of Business • Existence of Parking • Steepness of Slope • Existence of Graphics • Existence of Drains • Existence of Canopies • Existence of Furniture • Existence of Plant Life • Number of Garage Doors • Number of Doors • Existence of Trash Containers • Number of Utility Pole • Number of Lights • Number of Windows • Alley Paving Materials • Alley Paving Condition
    • Alley Project in Lincoln Comprehensive Analysis of Downtown Lincoln
    • Proposal Area Alley located between 14th and Centennial Mall and between O and P Street
    • Alley Project in Lincoln Building Uses in the Adjacent Eight Blocks and Proposal Area Entrance View of Each Alley in the Eight Adjacent Block and Proposal Area Eight adjacent blocks and proposal area • Building Uses in the Adjacent Eight Blocks and Proposal Area • Parcel Owners in the Eight Adjacent Block and Proposal Area • Street and Site View at the Edges of Each Block • Entrance View of Each Alley in the Eight Adjacent Block and Proposal Area
    • Alley Project in Lincoln Comprehensive Analysis of Eight adjacent blocks and proposal area
    • Proposal Area Existing Condition of the proposal Area Entrance of the Alley (From 14th Street) East side of Alley Entrance of the Alley (From Centennial Mall) Smaller Open Space Entrance of the Smaller Open Space (From Alley) Entrance of the Smaller Open Space (From P Street) Bigger Open Space
    • Proposal • It is important to attract diversity of people into the alley since it is a public space • It works as connections of areas, people, and activities • It is an initiative alley revitalization project, therefore, it needs to show the potential of alleys • It restricts vehicle accesses for the a pedestrian friendly space and enhanced community, and also to create less damage on the alley • It consider the connection to the west side due to there is the Barrymore’s alley and the adjacent street located to the west side of the alley (no alley at east side) is much more lively with more pedestrians and vehicles than the east side of alley • It prepares few alternatives due to alternatives seeks more possibility and it should involve communities there
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Economic Development and Community Enhancement Location • Around the area is concentrated by food services and bars • Near University of Nebraska Lincoln needs more food service such as grocery stores • There are many projects going on around the area Demographics • There is quick population growth in the Lancaster county • Asians live mostly around Downtown • The highest Asian population in Lancaster County is 20 to 29 which is students and young professionals) Type • Commercial District is likely to adopt the retail type of alley revitalization strategy
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) • One of the issues here is how public space could contribute to private business • The solution should be beneficial to both enterprises and the city • The price of rent of the public space for enterprises will be decided by the distance from the facade
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Time Schedule(Control Vehicle Accesses)
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) 14th Street Ground Plan Centennial Mall P Street O Street
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Cross Section Vendor Area Retail Area Out dining Event Area
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Smaller Open Space
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Smaller Open Space (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Smaller Open Space (Proposal)
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Alley
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Alley (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Alley (Proposal)
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Alley (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Alley (Proposal)
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Bigger Open Space
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Bigger Open Space (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 1 (Asian Block) Bigger Open Space
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Economic Development and Community Enhancement Location • In the area, there is a studio • The proposal area has the museum, Nebraska History museum, in the block, and the Children’s museum, in the adjacent block Art Activity in Lincoln • Lincoln has put its effort to activate art in Downtown Lincoln area such as art council activities, Downtown association activities, the concentration of public art Type • Commercial District sometimes collaborate with art type of alley revitalization strategy to attract pedestrians
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) • Public Art in Lincoln
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Time Schedule (Control Vehicle Accesses)
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) 14th Street Ground Plan Centennial Mall P Street O Street
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Cross Section Exhibition Art Area Art Area Event Area
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Smaller Open Space
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Smaller Open Space (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Smaller Open Space (Proposal)
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Alley
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Alley (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) • Alley (Proposal)
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Bigger Open Space
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Bigger Open Space (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 2 (Lincoln Alley) Bigger Open Space (Proposal)
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Community Enhancement and Sustainability Case Study: Trend and feasibility • Green Infrastructure is the most common type of alley revitalization among the newer projects such as projects after 2010, especially in the U.S. • Green Infrastructure has wide range of feasibility Type • Green Infrastructure is less likely to specify district • Even commercial district sometimes adopts this alley strategy if the alley is going to be repaved
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Time Schedule (Control Vehicle Accesses)
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) 14th Street Ground Plan Centennial Mall P Street O Street
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Cross Section Kids Playground Area Sittable Green Area Relaxation Area
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Smaller Open Space
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Smaller Open Space (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Smaller Open Space (Proposal)
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Alley
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Alley (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) • Alley (Proposal)
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Bigger Open Space
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Bigger Open Space (Existing Condition)
    • Alternative 3 (Green River) Bigger Open Space (Proposal)