History of horror
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History of horror



the history of horror

the history of horror



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History of horror Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Roots in classic literature:  century horror stories; The roots were the three great 19th 'Frankenstein', 'Dracula' and 'Dr Jekyl & Mr Hyde'. The horror genre originated in England and only began to have forms, codes and conventions towards the end of the 18th century. Writers reflected strong emotions in their novels and writers marketed their novels towards woman. The first Gothic novel was 'The Castle of Otranto' by Horace Walpole which was published in 1764.
  • 2. The horror of the silent era:  era of German expressionism. This was the They created films which had a more serious and deeper underlying meaning. Examples of films from this era is 'Nosferatu' and 'The cabinet of Dr Calligari'. They used trickery to explore darker stories with psychological and supernatural themes. They had very limited technology so they were basic imagery. The first film of this era was a dancing skeleton by the Lumiere brothers; http://youtu.be/UCif6QtgEyo
  • 3. Monsters & mad scientists:  During the 1930's mad scientists and monsters were the main characters in the rebirth of horror. Sound was a major part of these new movies to help build suspense. Universal studios emerged during this time creating two very famous films of the decade Frankenstein and Dracula. Further films such as King Kong, The Mummy and Freaks were also big films from this era. The cinema provided an escape from the depression and ominous war. This led to a significant increase of enthusiasm towards cinema with 80 million people attending the cinema weekly. However in 1933 Hitler came into power so the mad scientist side reached its peak. This is because his dictatorship was too similar to the characters within these films.
  • 4. The primal animal within:  In the 1940's most films contained werewolves and cat people. Some films from this time are the wolf man, cat people, and the curse of the cat people. These films were made to express their fear towards world war 2. They used werewolves because they could be seen as Nazi's. This is because when a werewolf bites a human they pass on the condition, this links to Hitler when he kept recruiting army and pressuring more people to be Nazi soldiers. In the film 'Wolf man' the werewolf dies, this could be seen as propaganda suggesting Hitler can too. Cat people emerged as they resembled woman in the war.
  • 5. Mutant creatures and alien invaders:  This type of horror was mainly in the 1950's. During this era horror breaks free from its literary roots as audiences were first introduced to mutant creatures and aliens. Rocket ship X-M was one of the first low budget movies to feature outer space creatures. This started of the sci-fi films. Some of the main films are 'The thing', 'Invasion of the body snatcher' and 'war of the worlds'. These monster movies from the 1950's were the first blockbusters. The reason behind these films were because it offered a vision of destruction created by non-humans which represented bombs in the war. Nowadays there is still an obsession with aliens and outer space which means there was a massive impact from this era.
  • 6. Ghosts, zombies, Satanism and your family:  Horror movies in the 60's to 70's was mainly when the big budget films returned. They were usually about issues in society and the fears of the public. One main fear was of children and childbirth. The exorcist was a film that really expressed this fear. It involved; Satanism as the person was possessed by the devil; and family issue as the enemy was found closer to home than they originally thought. This movie was voted the most 'scariest movie of all time'. Other films from this period were 'The Omen' and 'Halloween'. Ghost stories were also on the rise in this decade as they were a reaction to the elaborate creatures made in the later 1950's.
  • 7. Hammer horror:  Hammer horror was a British film production company. It was founded in 1934 and was a large success during the 1950's. There are some hammer horror films still such as 'Woman in black' and 'Let the right one in', but its not as popular today. The UK Hammer studios gave a new life to the Dracula novel by creating 8 Dracula films. They were usually low budget (but in colour) and focused on the victim not the creature. The success led to more different films.
  • 8. Slasher movies & body horror:  Slasher is a type of horror where a 'killer' mutilates its victims with various weapons. Body horror is where we are graphically shown the destruction of the human skeleton. The most popular slasher movies are 'scream', 'Halloween', psycho' and 'nightmare on elm street'. These movies came about with the advance in technology because it allowed them to explore the special effects. Target audiences grew to love killers such as Freddy Krueger, Chucky and Mike Myers. This lead to many sequels and further production of films.
  • 9. Video nasties:  In the 1980's there was a set of horror films which got classified as 'video nasties' for having absurd titles, gory story lines and gruesome covers. Some of these films were 'Bloody moon', 'Axe', 'The beast in heat' and 'Absurd'. These films were highly based on taboo subjects. The films got banned for this and wee heavily blamed for changing Britain. Despite court cases being filed against the films they were still largely available. This was because people were getting them privately rather than going cinema to watch them. Consequently this led to the rise in watching films within the home.
  • 10. Torture porn & 'gorenography':  Gorenography is a genre which focuses on showing brutal gore, where plot, story and characters are non existent. Some examples of this is 'Texas chainsaw massacre' and 'wrong turn'. People like this type of horror because it pushed the genre to its limits and they like the satisfaction of being out of their comfort zones.