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Bilingual education

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  • 1. Jose J. AguirreEDU 321Lyndsey Gresehover
  • 2.  The use of two languages in school by students or byteachers. “It refers to approaches in the classroom that use thenative languages of English language learners (ELLs)for instruction” (NABE, 2009). Goals include teaching English, acculturatingimmigrants to a new society, etc.
  • 3.  An English-only program where instruction isprovided exclusively in English. Children with low English proficiency getautomatically put into ESL classes. There are two different types of immersion programs:“submersion” and “structure”. Submersion program is also known as “sink or swim”due to the lack of aid for children learning English. Structure programs are better because it focuses inhelping kids develop strong vocabularies.
  • 4.  “Bilingual approaches to education were more effectivethan English only immersion programs” (Williams,2010). Research has found that those programs that teachingreading in the student’s native language and teachEnglish at the same time are the most effective. Stephen Krashen and Jim Cummings both agree thatwhen material is presented to student in their nativelanguage, they will learn faster .
  • 5.  Those who oppose bilingual education believe that thebest way for ELL students to succeed is to completelyimmersing them in the English language. Bilingual education is expensive. Bilingual education leads to the segregation of nonEnglish speakers. In some areas of the country, the bilingual programs isunpractical due to the number of different nativelanguages the students may speak.
  • 6.  Allows ESL students to learn the English languagefaster, because they will be completely immerse in it. Observing students will learn faster from theirteachers looking at their speaking styles and bodylanguage during core subjects lessons Children learn more efficiently when exposed to otherEnglish speaking students, rather than only Englishspeaking authorities.
  • 7.  Students may not understand other native speakers inclasses, making him hard to socialize. Students who doesn’t understand the English languagemay have problems with the subjects exams andexercises in classes. English submersion poses the risk of a student“sinking” rather than “learning to swim”.
  • 8.  Total immersion: programs on which all subjects inthe lower grades are taught in the target language.Initial literacy is provided in the target language. Partial Immersion: program in which about 50% ofthe subjects is taught in the target language. Initialliteracy may be provided in the target language,English or both simultaneously. Two-way immersion: Use both English and anotherlanguage for instruction.
  • 9.  Sink or swim vs. being taught on native language Total immersion on the English language vs. slow butsteady teaching from bilingual education. Learning the proper way or not at all vs. havingteachers with low standards (ESL). Having kids with low English proficiency with Englishonly students vs. segregating ELL students. Integrating an English only lesson plan vs. adhering tothe students native tongues.
  • 10. CAL. (2007). Foreign Language Immersion ProgramsFeatures and Trends over 35 years.http://www.cal.org/resources/digest/flimmersion.htmlChen, G. (2008). Full Language Immersion Programs inPublic Schools.http://www.publicschoolreview.com/articles/25Echevarria, J. & Graves, A. (2011). Sheltered contentinstruction: Teaching English learners with diverse abilities(4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.NABE. (2009). Bilingual Education.http://www.nabe.org/BilingualEducation