Aanmeeha olzhi alahaj abdul j..

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  • 1. w w w .sh um sm e.c om
  • 2. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My cs;Ns cs;sit : Z. md;iwa gj;upa;a`;tpd Z. epu;thfpfs; Z. E}iy Efu;tjd; Kd; Z. `j;jhj; whjpg; k[;yp] Z. Md;kpf xsp> my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; Z. wkohd; epfo;Tfs; tyP mtu;fspd; Md;kpf epoy; Z. Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; epfo;T Z. fhj;jhd;Fb Z. `p];G k[;yp]; Z. mtjhuk; Z. `jP]; k[;yp]; Z. ngw;Nwhu; Z. jpUf;fy;ahzk; Z. Nra;fs; Z. gj;upa;a`; [{k;m`; g Z. Muk;gf; fy;tp Z. etPd tbtpy; Z. cau;fy;tp Z. gj;upa;a`;tpd; Kf;fpa Z. tWikAk; nghWikAk; Z. gps;isfs; Z. fil tu;j;jfupd; fhUz;a ghu;it om Z. FbKiw Z. Gjf; FbAk; mg;Jy; fuPk; `o;wj;Jk; Z. FLk;gj;jtu; Z. jpUg;gj;J}u; ehafk; Z. ngupa Mypk; e.c Z. ep[khd fdT Z. jtf;Fy; epiy Z. ,U mw;Gjq;fs; Z. sm Nghuhl;lk; Z. Gdpj k]hu;fs; juprdk; Z. NgZjy; Z. Md;kpf Mir Z. um xyp ngUf;fp Z. jhafk; jpUk;Gjy; Z. Gdpj igmj; Z. md;idapd; tghj; Z. ,ja Mir .sh Z. jpUkzk; Z. n~a;Fy; fhkpy; nts Z. FLk;g tho;f;if Z. w Gdpj `[; gazk; Z. fw;gpj;jy; Z. Qhd FUtplk; gpupaht w Z. je;ijapd; kuzk; Z. je;ij je;j jfty; w Z. ,Uk;Gj; ijf;fpa;a`;tpy; ey;ylf;fk; Z. `[; ahj;jpiuAk; topa Z. rpe;jidf;F Z. fg;gypy; fz;l GJik Z. J}a rpe;jid Z. Ritf;f rpe;jpf;f Z. nraw;ghL Z. flik epiwTk; gpupah Z. Fu;Md; Fbir Z. Md;kpf xspAk; %d;W Z. fl;blk; Z. tpQ;Qhdp Id;];uPd; Z. my; kj;u]Ju; wg;ghdpa;a`; epow;glk; Z. vz;zpf;ifapy; xUtd Z. Gu;j`; k[;yp]; Z. rw;FUtpd; tghj;Jk; r Z. my; [hkpmJu; wg;ghdpa;a`; Z. miog;Gk; nksdKk; Z. ]gUk; wgPcdpy; mt;tYk; Z. mfkpa epiy Z. k[;yp]; fz;zpaKk; fl;Lg;ghLk; Z. ,~hwj; : fdTk; ed Z. gj;upa;a`; cjak; Z. ,Wjp t]pa;aj; : Kjy 01 0
  • 3. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My Z. jtike;juplk; Z. kidtp> kf;fs;> cwtpdu;f;F E}iy Efu;tjd; Kd;... Z. ,Wjp NtisAk; mw;Gjq;fSk; Z. mw;Gjk; 01 vdJ cs;sk; vj;jidN Z. mw;Gjk; 02 cdJ c];jhj; tuyhw Z. mw;Gjk; 03 kdjpy; vOjpa gpd; Z. mw;Gjk; 04 iknaOj;J vjw;nfd;W Z. mw;Gjk; 05 if Rk;khapUe;J tpl;lJ Z. tghj; cs;sj;jpy; vOjpdha; c Z. gpupTk; JaUk; Gwj;jpy; vOjp tpL gpwu Z. [dh]hj; njhOif cs;sj;jpy; vOjpaJ c Z. mk;gh ehafk; kiwe;j tpLk;. Z. jg;Dk; ju;fh ~uPGk; om Gwj;jpy; vOjpaNj GtpN Z. Gdpj ju;fhtpd; Njhw;wk; gadspf;Fk;. Z. tplf;fy; cd;D];jhj; tuyhw;iw e.c Z. epjpak; ,d;ndhUtu; vOJtNu Z. sm epiwT nrhy;thnad;W Z. kiwe;j khNkij (ftpij) kPz;Lnkd;Ds;sk; vd;i (jpdfud; Njrpa ehspjo; 29> nrg;lk;gu;> 1978,y; nts;spad;W gpuRukhd ftpij) um tuyhW gilj;jtupd; t tzf;fk;| vd;gJ mg;N .sh ,zq;fpNa vLj;jJ vd vOjpNa Kbj;jJ ,r;r w ,iwtd; ehl;lk; ntspa w ,iwNer ug;Jy; [thj w ,fj;Njhu;f; fPe;Njd; , ,iwth Vw;gha; vd; rpW ,fj;jpnyd; gtq;fs; , mfj;jpYd;dUis ,dp ,e;E}y; EfUk; Neau;fS kz;Zz;zhJ fg;wpdpy ,e;ee;E}y; ntsptu cj ,d;Wk; vd;Wk; gwfj;| Mk 03 0
  • 4. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My gp];kpy;yh`pu; w Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;J mjp rq;iff;Fupa mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; t Md;kpf Rfe;jj;ij Rthrp kiwe;Js;s fhj;jhd;Fb| tiufpd;Nwd;. fhj;jhd;Fb : ,yq;ifapd; fpof;fpy; njw;Nf Ie;J fpNyh kPw;w fz;ftu; efu;jhd; fhj;jhd;F om r.fP kPw;wuhFk;. mjd; gpujhd tPjp mwG tPjpapd; eLNt <r;r kuq;fs; e.c kpd; tpsf;Ffs; ,utpy; nra;fpd;wd. sm gfypy; gpuahzk; n tpag;gijg; Nghy; ,utpy; nrhf;fptpLfpd;wdu;. um mjdpU thay;fSk mbg;gilahff; nfhz .sh jdpj; J tj; i jg; gpujpg mike;Js;sd. w cs;Ns EioAk; xU gp w ehd;> tiu mwG ehnlhd;wpy; ngWfpwhu;. w mypngDk; ml;ruk; mwpahg; gUtk; (,g;ghupa nkapd; tPj md;idNah nad;id aioj;Nj te;J my;`h[;MLAM.`p] Gypnadf; fy;tpapy; ngau;jidg; ngw;w mtu;fshNyNa Nkw;nfhs;s Ngnuhsp c];jhj; Kd;dpiy epd;whs;! nraw;if mo$l;lyhy tsq;fSk; moFk; nfhz;lJ ahu;? fpof;Nf rKj;jpuKk; N mypahu; Ngudh... `gPgpd; kfdh... R+o;e;jpUg;gJ ,e;efupd; jdpr mioj;njidaizj;J mwpnthsp je;j 2011 rdj;njhif fzpg tho;fpd;wdu;. MypKy; ,u;ghd; Md;kpf N[hjpia K];ypk;fs; vd;why; mbNad; tho;tpy; vd;Wjhd; kwg;gNdh! vd;why; K];ypk;fs; Mjpfhyj;jpypUe;J K];ypk ej;tP tUfpd;wdu;. 05 0
  • 5. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My epy Ma;thsu;fs; MopAk; ejpAk; R+oe;j ,e;efiu RUq;fr; nrhd;dhy; mj xU K];ypk; jPT| vd;Wk; nrhy;fpd;wdu;. tu;j;jfu;fs;> njhopyhsu;fs ,jd; ,U vy;iyapYk; jkpo; rNfhjuu;fNs ePjpgjpfs;> nghwpapayhsu;f epiwe;J tho;fpd;wdu;. mikr;ru;fs;> khfhzrig jpdKk; Mapuj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l jkpo; rNfhjuu;fs; ghkuu;> `h[pkhu;fs;> ` fhj;jhd;Fbf;Fs; $yp Ntiyfs; nra;J tUtJld;> Nghd;Nwhiuf; nfhz;L re;ij kw;Wk; njUf;fspy; tpahghuKk; nra;J rd;khu;f;f mwpitf; tUfpd;wdu;. cykhcfisf; nfhz;Nl , gaq;futhj fhyj;jpy; jkpo;> K];ypk; fytuk; ngw;W te;Js;sJ. Vw;gl;lJ cz;ikahapDk; Mjp fhyk; Kjy; ,U ,yq;ifapy; md;W Kj r%fj;jpdUk; gpl;Lk; Njq;fha;gG+ Nghd;WNk tho;e;J ; $ba xNu efu; fhj;j efNua tUfpd;wdu;. t`;jJy; T[{j;| nf fhiyapy; Ntiyf;F tUk; njhopyhsu;fs; nksytP> my;`h[; A. khiyf;Fs; jq;f@u;fSf;Fg; Ngha;tpLtu;. mtu;fSf;Fk; mtu;fsJ om Mjpfhyj;jpypUe;Nj vk;%u; tu;j;jfj;Jiwapy; K];ypk;fSf;Fk; Ku;j;jj;| ngau;ngw;Nw te;Js;sJ. rPik vd;Wk; gpd;G xU cld;ghl;bd; gb miof;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jidNa gpd;tUk; ehl;lhu; ,e;efupNyahFk;. e.c ghly; nka;g;gpf;fpd;wJ. rq;if cykhcfS nfhs;if nfhz;l ,e;e sm rPikf;Fg; Nghw kr;rhd;> mq;f ,iwNeru;fshd tyPk rPj;j nuz;L Kok; thq;fp thq;f! vd;W! kthypj;fis mwG nkho um tha;e;j cykhcfSk; tho;e ,d;W $l ,q;F nfhOk;G tpiyf;Fg; ntspa+u;> ntspehLf .sh nghUl;fisg; ngw;;Wf; nfhs;s KbAk; vd;W egP|| egpfs; ehafk; K` fUjg;gLfpd;wJ. guk;giu te;j rhjhj;khu;f w ,yq;ifapYs;s efuq;fSf;F vk; efu; xU Kd;khjpup n~a;Fkhu;fSk; ,q;F te;J vd;W Ngrg;gLfpwJ. ,iwab Nru;e;JKs;sd w khu;f;f> nghJ tplaq;fspy; vk;%iu ,d;Wtiu gwfj;ijAk; vk; efu; ngw;Ws w gpd;gw;Wk; K];ypk; Cu;fs; ,yq;ifapnyj;jidNah! mtu;fspy; Gdpj fg [{k;m`; gs;spfs;> rpW gs;spfs;> mur> jdpahu; rpy 2004,y; ele;j khu;f ghlrhiyfs;> Njrpa ghlrhiyfs;> cilf;fg;gl;L vupf;fg;gl;ld mwGf; f yhgPlq; f s; > Fu; M d; kj; w ]hf; f s; > mtw;Ws; kpf Kf;fpa jghyfq;fs;> mur> jdpahu; itj;jparhiyfs;> mur> mike;jpUe;j nksyhdh jdpahu; tq;fpfs;> gpuNjr nrayfk;> efurig> vd;W MjpKjy; gy;Y}u; k ngUk;filfs;> tpahghuj;jsq;fs;> E}yfq;fs;> ]pahwj; nra;ag;gl;Lk; te;j ,aw;if tsq;fs; Nghd;w xU khefuj;jpy; fhjpu; nksyhdh thg;gh cs;thq;fg;gLk; mj;jidAk; ,q;Fs;sd. ngaupy; ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag;gl;bUe;j efurigahapDk; xU khefupy; fhzg; g lhj ju;fh ~uPg; MFk;. mk;rq;fSk; ,q;Fs;sd. mNjNghy; fhj;jhd;F E}W Mz;ilf; fle;j mjpr K`;]pd; kt;yhdh mtu;fs 07 0
  • 6. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My khuf;f epiy : ,f;fhiyjhd; 05.02.1908 nghJthf Nehf;Fkplj;J fhj;jhd;Fbapy; md;W Fwpr;rpapy; my;`h[; mypa Kjy; ,d;W tiu mjpf cykhcfs; Rd;dj; ty; %]h ck;kh ,UtUf;Fk; [khmj; nfhs;ifAilNahuhfTk;> nghJkf;fspy; xd;W mtjupj;jJ. mJ M njhz;Z}W tPjkhNdhu; Rd;dpfshd cykhcfisg; fko;e;jJ. gpd; g w; w pNa khu; f ; f f; flikfisr; nra; J k; mtu;fspd; md;Gr; nry tUfpd;wdu;. ts;sypd; mbik| ,g;D mg;jpy; t`;`hg;> ,g;D ijkpa;a`; ,t;tUl;nfhilNa gpw;;fhy Nghd;Nwhupd; t`;`hgpaf; nfhs;ifapy; nry;Nthu; my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; M ,q;F cs;sduhapDk; vkJ}iug; nghWj;J mtu;fs; rpW $l;lNkahtu;. ,tu;fs; 2000 Mz;bd; gpd;Nd ngw;Nwhu; : ,q;F Njhd;wpdu;. mg;Jy; [thj; ty 99 tUlq;fshf Nkyhf [{k;m`; gs;spthay;fspy; ck;kh mtu;fs; fhj;j xt;nthU w[g; khjKk; Gdpj ]`P`{y; G`huP ~uPg;> om nfhz;ltuhapDk; mtu;f Gdpj K];ypk; `jP]; fpjhGfs; Xjg;gLk; CUk; vkJ mypahu; Mypk; mtu;fs; , khz;GkpF efNuahFk;. mtu; f s; eh$u; My miof;fg;gl;ldu;. ,tu;f e.c my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP mtu;fspd; JUf;fpapypUe;J ,e;jpahT mjdhw;whd; mtu;fsJ F sm mtjhuk; : fhj;jhd;Fbapy; mJ nghw;fhyk;. rd;khu;f;fj;ij rw;W ngupajhf ,Ug;gjhf mtu;fs; je;ij topapy; Mw um fw;wwpe;j cyhkhcfNs epiwe;j fhyk;. mtu;fspd; topfhl;lypNyNa Cu;kf;fs; tho;e;J te;jdu;. te;jtu;fs; vd;Wk; mtu;f t`;`hgp]k;| vd;gij vd;dntd;Nw mwpahj fpof;fpy; cjpj;j Qhd xs .sh kf;fNs ,Ue;jdu;. cykhcfSk; ghkuu;fSk; ~k;Ry; cykh my;`h[; gbj;jtUk; Rd;dj; ty; [khmj; newpapNyNa gpwe;J mtu; f s; VohtJ ji w tsu;eJ tho;e;Jk; te;jdu;. ; Njhd;wpatu;fs; vd;Wk; vO mtu;fsJ tuyhW Xjg;gLf w ghj;jp`h> nksypj;> Gu;j`;> kPyhJd; egP nfhz; l hl; l k; > mt; y pahf; f spd; epidT jpd w k[;yp];fs;> jiyghj;jp`h> jpUf;nfhbNaw;wk;> `jP]; Nra;fs; : k[;yp];> ,UgJ wf;mj; juhtP`; njhOif> rq;if mypahu; Mypk; kuzpj;jtu;fSf;F jy;fPd;> fj;k;> Fu;Md; XJjy;> FotpfSk; ,U ngz;fS fe;J}upfs; nfhLj;jy;>[{k;m`; gs;spfspy; Gdpj jw;NghJ ,iwab Nru;e;Jtp G`huP ~uPg;> K];ypk; ~uPg; XJjy; Nghd;w ,];yhj;jpd; m`;Y]; ]{d;dj; ty; [khmj; Kjyhktu; - fhj;jhd;Fb gu nfhs;ifapYk;> fpupiafspYk; kf;fs; rd;khu;f;f top K`k;kJ `dPg ele; j du; . mt; y pahcfisAk; ]hjhj; k hu; f s; > ,uz;lhktu;- ,e;E}ypd; ehafu n~a;`{khu;fisAk; kf;fs; Vfkhf fz;zpag;gLj;jp mg;Jy; [thj; M nfsutpj;Jk; tho;e;jdu;. %d;whktu;- rpd;dj;jk;gp vd fz;zpakpf;f cykhcfNs Cupd; Fj;J}]; mtu;fs Kf;fpa];ju;fshfTk; topfhl;bfshfTk; fUjg;gl;L ehd;fhktu; - mt;thg;gps;is mtu;fs; kPJ kf;fs; ek;gpf;ifAk; ngUk; kjpg;Gk; Ie;jhktu; - egP]h ck;kh nfhz;bUe;jdu;. 09 1
  • 7. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;JMypk; tyP Mypk; tyP mg;Jy; [thj; y; [thj; Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My Muk;gf; fy;tp : mjw;F kfhd;> ehnshU tz;zk; Md;kpf kzk; fko tsu;e;j mg;Jy; [thj; kfhd; mtu;fs; jdJ Muk;gf; vd;dplk; NtW rhuk; fy;tpia je;ij mypahu; Mypk; mtu;fsplNk ehd; ,yq;ifiar; fw;whu;fs;. ,y;K gbg;gjw;fhf , rpW tajpNyNa my;Fu;Mid Xjp Kbj;j vd;W etpd;whu;fs;. mtu;fspd; fy;tp epiyiaAk;> xOf;f newpiaAk; ,iw gf;jpiaAk; fz;l je;ij> mtu;fis rd;khu;f;f mij Nfl;l tu;j;jf newpia fw;w xU Mypkhf Mf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w mtu;fSf;F %d;W rhuk;fi Nguhty; nfhz;lhu;fs;. mjd;gb mf;fhiy ,yq;ifapd; fhypapy; cs;s Gjf; FbAk; mg;Jy; fuPk; ` mwGf; fy;Y}up xd;wpy; mtu;fis Nru;j;J itj;jhu;fs;. mq;Nf rpy tUlq;fs; mwG nkhopapy; mq;F khu;f;ff; fy;tpi rd;khu;;f;f mwpit fw;w ike;jiu ,e;jpahTf;F ehl;bYs;s mjp rq;iff;Fu je;ij mypahu; Mypk; Mty; nfhz;lhu;. om mDg;gp mq;Fs;s mwG kj;w]hf;fspy; fy;tp fw;gpf;f fuPk; typa;Ay;yh`; gw;wpA me;E}Wy; K`k;kjP || kj;w] e.c cau; fy;tp : mq;qdk; kfhd; mt my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lg;gbAk;> je;ijapd; tpUg;gg;gbAk; ,iwNeru; mg;Jy; fuPk; ` sm my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; tyP mtu;fs; ,e;jpahtpd; Vw;gl;lJ. jkpo; ehl;bYs;s fhay; gl;lzj;J mwGf; fy;Y}up um xd;wpy; khztdhf kyu;e;jhu;fs;. mjdhy; fhay;gl;lz Nehf;fp gazk; nra;J .sh tWikAk; nghWikAk; : kj;w]hit mile;jhu;fs;. Vo;ikf; FLk;gj;jpy; kyu;e;j tyP mtu;fs; fhay; w efupy; fy;tp fw;ifapy; tWik mtu;fis mq;F khu;f;f mwpit Ml;nfhz;lJ. Nju;e;J mwG nkhopapyhd w kw;w khztu;fisg; Nghy; ,tu;fsplk; gzNkh> ngw;whu;fs;. w cilfNsh ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Ntisf;F czT fpilg;gNj mupjhdJ. mg;Jy; fuPk; `o;wj; m tWikapd; cr;r epiyapy; tho;e;j kfhd; mtu;fs; vq;Fk; Gfo; ngw;w khu;f;f nghWikapd; ,kaj;jpy; epd;W kWikf;fhd khu;f;f ]_gp] fiyapy; rpwe;Jk; tp mwpitf; fw;whu;fs;. mtu;fsplk; [pd;fSk; t fil tu;j;jfupd; fhUz;a ghu;it : mtu;fs; [pd;fSf;Fk; c];j xU ehs; kfhd; mtu;fs; fil tPjpapy; nry;ifapy; ,tu;fsplNk fhjpupa;a` mq;fpUe;j xU tu;j;jfu; kfhd; mtu;fis mioj;J> n~a;`{khu;fshd my;`h[ typa;Ay; fhkpy; m~;n~a fpope;J E}y; njhq;Fk; rhuj;ij mzpe;Js;sPNu> `o;wj; ehafk; mtu;fS ck;kplk; NtW rhuk; ,y;iyah? nksytP my; typa;Ay; th] eP ve;j Cu;? vd;W Nfl;lhu;. Mypk; ehafk; mtu;fSk; fy 11 1
  • 8. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My ,t;tpU Qhd NkijfSk; mg;Jy; fuPk; `o;wj; Rg;`{f;F Kd; Fspj;J> mtu;fsplk; fy;tp fw;Fk; NghNj i`jwghijr; njhOiff;fhf jhauhfp Nru;e;j fhjpupa;a`; jpUr;rigapd; rw;FUTk; Ry;jhDy; gs;spthay; Kmj;jpd; rh` thapoPDk; waP]{y; k[hjPGkhd m~;n~a;Fy; fhkpy; vd;Nd Mypk; rh`pg mg;Jy; fhjpu; m];]_gp> i`ju;MghjP ehafk; Rg;`{f;F Kd; vOe mtu;fs; te;J ,t;tpUtUk; Xjp Kbj;j gpd; vq;Nf nry;yg; Nghf i`jwhghJf;F jd;dplk; tUkhW Vtpr; nrd;wJk; vd;W Nfl;lhu;. ,t;tpUtUk; Xjp Kbe;j gpd; mtu;fspd; gzpg;gpd; gb fdT kioapy; eide i`jwhghj; nrd;W mtu;fsplk; my;yh`;itg; gw;wpa Kmj;jpdplk; fz;l fdit e ,y;ikr;; rk;G+uzkhff; fw;W> ,UtUk; mtu;fsplk; mjidf; Nfl;l Kmj;jpd igmj;|| Qhd jPl;irAk; ngw;W mtu;fspd; ePq;fs; xU ngupahiuj;jhd fyPghf;fshf ,UtUk; ehL jpUk;gpaJk; ,q;F fdTjhd;. Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;. Mdhy;> ePq;fs; ,q;fpU Mupg; gpy;yh`; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; ,iwNeru; ,Uf;fpwhu; om mtu;fs; `o;wj; mg;Jy; fuPk; ehafk; mtu;fsplk; vq;qhapDk; nry;Yq;fs; vd fy;tp gapd;w fhyj;jpy; ,e;jpahtpy; `ahj;Jld; mg;gbah? ,q;nfhU , tho;e;J mw;Gjq;fs; epfo;j;jpa mt;ypahcfsplk; ePq;fs; nrhy;tJ Nghy; e e.c nrd;W mtu;fspd; juprdq;fisAk; ey;yhrpfisAk; nry;fpNwd;. ePq;fs; nrhy ngw;whu;fs;. Njhd;WfpwJ. sm mtu;fs; vq;Nf ,Uf;f jpUg;gj;J}u; ehafk;; : mtu;fisj; juprpf;fyhk;? v um kfhd; mtu;fs; Neubahfj; juprpj;j tyPkhu;fspy; Kmj;jpd; rh`pg; ,Uf xUtu;jhd; mjprq;iff;Fupa jpUg;gj;J}u; tpsf;fpdhu;. vq;fs; kfhd; Gupe;J nfhz;lhu;fs;. .sh typa;Ay;yh`; mtu;fshFk;. ,tu;fis juprpj;j tuyhW mw;Gjkpf;fjhFk;. tyPkhu;fis juprpf;f ehba w mg;Jy; [thj; tyP mtu;fs; Kjypy; kpfg; gpugy;ak; ep[khd fdT : ngw;Wj; jpfo;ej gy;yhf; typa;Ay;yh`;|| mtu;fspd; ; w juprdj;ij ehbNa gazj;ij Muk;gpj;jhu;fs;. jdJ gs;spthaypd; Km w gazj;jpilNa xUehs; jpUg;gj;J}u;| vDk; Cupy; ,lj;ij mile;jhu;fs; mg;J jq;fpr; nry;y Ntz;b Vw;gl;lJ. Mk;> mJ xU ngupa kh md;wpuT xU gs;spthaypy; jupj;jhu;fs;. xU fdT gy thfdq;fs; epWj;jg;gl fz;lhu;fs;. fdtpy; xU ngupahu; Njhd;wpdhu;. gf;jpAld; Eioe;j $u;ikahd mikg;gpy; xU njhg;gp mzpe;jpUe;jhu;. mtu;fspy; xUtuhf mg;Jy tyJ ifapy; m]h|| (Nfhy;) itj;jpUe;jhu;. Eioe;J jhKk; Xu; ,lj;jpy ,tu;fisg; ghu;;j;J me;j N`hypy;... g ahiug; ghu;f;f te;jha;? vd;id Vd; ghu;f;f tutpy;iy. fhzg;gl;ldu;. vd;W Nfhgj;Jld; jdJ ifapypUe;j m]hthy; eP j pgjpfs; > fy; t mbj;jhu;fshk;. nry;te;ju;fs;> ngupahu;fs;> cld; mg;Jy; [thj; tyP mtu;fspd; fdT fPNo fhy;kbj;jpUe;jdu;. m fiye;jJ. gaj;Jld; vOe;J ,Ue;jhu;fs;. ,Ue;J tUif jUk; ty jhd; xU typa;Ay;yh`;itNa fz;Ls;Nsd;. vjpu;ghu;j;jpUe;jdu;. vd;W epide;jhu;fs;. my;yh`;itg; Gfo;e;jhu;fs;. 13 1
  • 9. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;JMypk; tyP Mypk; tyP mg;Jy; [thj; y; [thj; Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My mg; N ghJ typa; A y; y h`; mtu; f s; fP N o te;jtu;fs; jq;fs; `h[ ,wq;fpdhu;fs;. ,Ue;jtu;fs; vOe;J epd;W ryhk; tpil ngw;wdu;. rpyu; mq;fpU nrhd; d hu; f s; . gjpy; nrhd; d tu; f shf jkJ mg;Jy; [thj; mtu;fS ehw;fhypapy; mku;e;jhu;fs;. midtUk; mku;e;jdu;. mtu;fis mioj;J xU Fs mq; F te; j pUe; N jhupd; vz; z q; f isAk; ,UtUk; Fspj;J Kbj;j N NjitfisAk; f~;gpd; %yk; fz;L mit epiwNtw kio tpiutpy; nfhl;Lk; Ngh my;yh`;tplk; JM|| gpuhj;jid nra;jhu;fs;. my;yh`;itg; gw;wpa mwpT Qhdq;fis toq;fp ,U mw;Gjq;fs; : Ngr;ir epWj;jpdhu;fs;.gpd;du; rigNahiu tpopj;j mtu;fs; mq;F mku;e;jpUe;j mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; kio nghoptij mi mtu;fisr; Rl;b jMy|| thUq;fs; vd;W jd;Kd;Nd Fsj;jpy; ,Ue;;J ntspNawpa mioj;jhu;fs;. kioNa> kiwe mUNf nrd;whu;fs; mg;Jy; [thj;. vq;fs; cilf om ntapNy ntspa mkh mwg;jdP|| vd;id mwpe;jPuh? vd;W jkJ eide;j cil vd;whu;fs;. vd;Nd mjprak;! jpBnud;W n e.c kio Nkfk; vq;F NghdNjh khmwg;J|| ehd; mwpatpy;iy. mw;Gjj;ijf; fz;L thai vd;whu;fs;. Nehf;fp> sm mg;Jy; [thj;> ,q;N mkh mwg;jdP gP ma;apy; mthypk;|| tiu ,q;Nf ,Ug;Nghk; v um ve;j cyfj;jpyhtJ vd;id mwpe;jPuh? fw;ghiwapy; mku;e;jhu;fs;. ,e;j tpdhTf;F mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; mtu;fshy; mg;Jy; [thNj> ehk .sh ,y;iy| vd;W nrhy;y Kbatpy;iy. NkNy cau;j;Jtjw;Fk; cz;L vd;W nrhd;dt w Kfj;ijg; ghu;j;jhu;fs;. my;yh`;tpd; Fj;wj;jhy; w kPz;Lk; ghu;j;jhu;fs;. mg;NghJjhd; fdtpy; fz;l fhl;rp ep[khfpaJ. fy;Ny NkNy w mNj Kfk;> mNj njhg;gp> mNj ghu;it> mNj m]h> vd;whu;fshk;. mNj Fuy;> mNj Njhw;wk;. clNd mf;fy; ,UtUk; , kfhd; mg;Jy; [thj; mtu;fs; gaj;JlDk; mg;Jy; [thj; mjpu;e;j kupahijAlDk; mw;Gjj;ij Neupy; fz;L Jtz;lhu;fs;. emk; mwg;J. kPz;Lk; Ngrpdhu;fs;. Mk;> ehd; mwpe;Njd; mg;Jy; [thNj> ,f;fy;iy vd;W etpd;whu;fs;. ,ijf; fPNo ,wf;fTk; mtD mg;gbah? ,[;yp];|| fy;Ny! fPNo mku;f. vd;whu;fs;. vd;whu;fs;. cld; fy; fPNo ,wq;fp m mku;e;jhu;fs; mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk;! nkj;ij Nghy; mku;e;jjhk;. 15 1
  • 10. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My vkJ kfhd; mtu;fs; khtyPapd; fwhkj; fz;L my; ,d;rhDy; fhkpy ,ja Mde;jk; nfhz;lJld; ,t;tupa ghf;fpak; G]_]{y; `pfk;> `pfk; jkf; F fpilj; j ij epide; J my; y h`; i tg; rpukq;fSf;fpilNa fw;Wj; N Gfo;e;jhu;fs;. tpsq;fhj ghGfis c mj;Jld; ,iwtdpy; KOikahf gdh|| Gupe;jhu;fs;. njhluhd K thfpapUe;j tyP mtu;fspd; cau; kfhikAk; rpf;fy;fis jtpu;j;jhu;fs;. fz;lwpe;jhu;fs;. ,tu;fs; jhd; Neub re;jpg;gpd; Kd;> fdtpy; jhd; kj;w]hf;fspy; fw;w fhl;rpaspj;j fwhkj; fly; jpUg;gj;J}u; typa;Ay;yh`; topfhl;lYk; mt;ypa Mthu;fs;. cgNjrq;fSk;> epiwtpy; Qhd uj;jpdq;fSk; mtu;f Gdpj k]hu;fs; juprdk; : mwpTj;JiwapYk; ,kakhf nfhilahy; jkf;Ff;fpil mNjNghy; md;Wk; ,d;Wk; gpurpj;jk; ngw;W tpsq;Fk; mtidg;Gfo;e;jhu;fs;. om Mapukhapuk; mw;Gjq;fis epfo;j;Jk; mt;ypah cy;yh`;|| ,iw Neru;fshd eh$u; ~uPgpy; jhafk; jpUk;Gjy; : nfhYtPw;wpUe;J Ml;rp GupAk; fhuzf;fly; kfhd; e.c Fj;Gy; k[Pj; ~h`_y; `kPJ ghJ~h`; ehafk;> fw;wJ ifasT>fy;y Kj;Jg;Ngl;il n~a;Fj;jth `fPk; n~a;F jhCj; tyP mwpe;jpUe;Jk; jw;Nghja R sm ehafk;> jpUr;rp jg;Ny Myk; ej;`u; tyP ehafk;> je;jJ NghJk; vd;gjhY Vu;thb Ve;jy; ,g;wh`Pk; ~`Pj; ehafk;> ghg;ghT+u; tUlq;fs; Mfptpl;ljhYk; um n~a;F myhcj;jPd; ehafk;> ghrpg;gl;lzk; nea;dhu; c];jhJkhu;fsplk; K`k;kJ tyP ehafk; Nghd;w ehjhf;fs; thrk; jpUk;gpdhu;fs;. .sh nra;Ak; cau; k]hu;fisAk; (ju;fhf;fs;) juprpj;J NguUs; ngw;whu;fs; mg;Jy; [thjhfr; w [thj; Mypkhf kyu;e;jJ f Md;kpf Mir : mtu;fSk; md;id %]h w jk;ike;jupd; ey;tho;Tf;F J w ,iw Neru;fspd; Neub re;jpg;Gk; mtu;fsplk; jhd; ngw;w cgNjrq;fSk; mt;ypahcfspy; jhd; fz;l FLk;gq;fs; R+o;e;jd mw;Gjq;fSk; mtu;fsJ ,jaj;jpy; Md;kpf Miria cykhcfs; te;jdu;. m mjpfupf;fr; nra;jJ. tho;j;J njuptpj;jdu;. mjdhy;; xU MypKf;Fj; Njitahd fiyfis jdJ ike;jd; Myp fw;W Kbj;jgpd; Md;kpf ntspr;rj;ij Njb j]t;Tg;|| Kd;dpl;L je;ij my vDk; ]_gp]f; fiyiaf; fw;f Mty; nfhz;lhu;fs;. midtUf;Fk; tpUe;jspj;J gs;spthay;fspy; `jP]; mf;fiyia jkJ kj;w]`; c];jhJkhu;fsplKk; epfo;j;jg;gl;lJ. Fwpg;ghf mjp rq;if kpF kh tyP mg;Jy; fuPk; `o;;wj; c];jhj; mtu;fsplKk; mf;fiyapy; jpwd;kpf;f ,iw Qhdpfsplk; nrd;Wk; cupa Kiwapy; gapd;whu;fs;. 17 1
  • 11. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My md;idapd; tghj; : kdnkhUkpj;J tho;f;if mtu;fis Ml;nfhz;lJ. my;yh`;tpd; mUshy; jhd; tapw;wpy; Rke;J my;yh`;tpd; ehl;l ghJfhj;Jg; ngw;nwLj;j tpiy kjpg;gw;w Kj;jpd; vd;gjpy; jplTWjp nfhz;bU mwpTg;gpufhrj;ijf; fz;L epk;kjp mile;jhu;. jhd; jk;kpy; R+o;e;Js;s tWiki RfaPdkhFk; Nghnjy;yhk; jd; gps;is tukhl;lhuh? vd;Nw fUjpdhu;fs;. nghWi vg;NghJ tUthu; vd;W vjpu;ghu;j;jpUe;j md;id %]h my; gf;W gf;uP|| tW ck;khTf;F jd; gps;isiaf;fz;lJ> mij Mypkhff; egpnkhopf; nfhg;g Md;kpf t fz; l J ,dp nksj; j hapDk; guthapy; i y vd;whfptpl;lJ. mNj Nghy; my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lg;gb fw;gpj;jy; : kfidf;fz;L %d;W khjj;Js; md;id %]h ck;kh ,t;Tyiftpl;Lk; nka;Ayifaile;J nrhu;f;fk; jhd; fw;w fy;tpia Nru;ejhu;fs;. ; fld; vd fUjp ,nysf om Fu;Md;> kw;Wk; khu;f;ff; fy jpUkzk;: nrYj; j pdhu; f s; . mjw; N mike;jpUe;j(,d;W> my; k vd;W miof;fg;gLfpd;w)Fu e.c rq;iff;Fupa mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; mtu;fs; jpUkz taijaile;j ,isQdhf ,Ue;jhu;fs;. gyu; Xjpf; nfhLf;Fk; gzpapy; <L sm mtu;fisj; jpUkzk; Nfl;L te;jdu;. ,Wjpahf je;ijapd; tpUg;gg;gb je;ijapd; kuzk; : um my; `h[; mypahu; Mypk; ku;`_kj; %]h ck;kh ,Utupd; jdJ ike;jd; mg;Jy; Md;kpf ts;sy; jiyKiw Mypkhf xspu A. mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; kzturUf;Fk;> .sh Mypk; mtu;fs; my;yh`;t Mde;jf; fz;zPu; nrhupe;j w thg;Gnyg;ig fjP[h ck;khtpd; mUl;nry;tp gpuhu;jjpj;jhu;fs;. ; V. ]{`wh ck;kh kzturpf;Fk; mypahu; Mypk; mtu;f w khu;f;f mwpQuhfTk;> rpwe;j w jpfo;e;Js;shu;fs;. ,iwaUshy; ,dpNj jpUkzk; eilngw;wJ. wkohd; fhyj;jpYk; V jpUkzj;jpd;NghJ ,sty; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; 21 tpl;Lk; ntspNawp gpw Cu;f taijAk; ,iwaUl; nry;tp ]{`wh 09 taijAk; gs;spthay;fspy; khu;f;fg; mile;jpUe;jdu;. Neu; top ghy; mioj;J ed;nfhilAld; jhafk; jpU FLk;g tho;f;if: ,tu;fsJ gpur ,tu;fsJ gpurq;fk; ,Utupd; ,y;yw tho;Tk; ,dpNj Rfe;jJ. kidtp ngupjhf khu;f;fk; fw;fhjtuhapDk; khu;f;f Qhdk; jdJ ike;jupd; jpU fw;w jdJ fztupd; ,iw gf;jpAk; khu;f;fg;gw;Wk; %]h ck;khit ,oe;j ft eilKiw tho;Tk; mtu;fisf;ftu;e;jd. mtu;fsJ jdJ Kjpu;thYk;> gytPdj;j ,jaj;jpy; khu;f;f xsp Njhd;wpaJ. fztdpd; nrhy;Ny Kbtpy; ,t;Tyif tpl;Lk Nknyd fhybapy; fple;jhu;fs;. ,d;dhypy;yh`p t ,d 19 2
  • 12. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My ,Uk;Gj;ijf;fpa;a`;tpy; ey;ylf;fk; : tpkhdk; mope;jhYk; ngl;b mopahjJ Nghy; r je;ijapd; rf;whj;|| Ntisapy; ike;ju; mg;Jy; mope;jhYk; mtdJ KJfpY [thj; mtu;fs; Kd;Nd ,Ue;Jk; epd;Wk; jpf;WfspYk;> ngl;b moptjpy;iy. mjd Xjy;fspYk; <Lgl;bUe;jhu;fs; vd;W md;id ]{`uh nfhLj;J mtid vOg;Gfpd nrhd;dhu;fs;. mtu;fsJ Gdpj cly; ,Uk;Gj;ijf;fpa;a`; ,JNt> md;gpahcfs (k]; [ pJy; `]dhj; ) gs; s papy; ey; y lf; f k; Nghd;w rhjhuz kdpju;f nra;ag;gl;lJ. khngUk; NtWghlhFk;. me;j [dh]h ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag;gl;l ,lj;jpy; jw;NghJs;s gs;spthaypy; T*|| nra;ag;gLk; `t;O|| fg;W|| vd;gJ vkf;F jlhfk; mike;Js;sJ. ,iw Neru;fSf;F m ,iwapy;ykhk; ,Uk;;Gj;ijf;fpa;a`;it Gjpjhf fl; L g; g hlw; w J. mtu; f s fl;Lk; gzpapy; jd;id mu;g;gzpj;j my;`h[; MCM. om Nghthu;fs;> tUthu;fs;. ,];khapy; (yq;fh `hl;ntahu;) mtu;fs; mg;Jy; nra;ag;gl;l fg;Wf;F tuhkY [thj; Mypk; tyPatu;fsplk; Neupy; te;J> ngupa Mypk; nrhd;dhy; e.c ehafNk> ehd; gs;sp fl;Lk; gzpapy; <Lgl;Ls;Nsd;. mjpy; `t;O|| mikf;fg;gLk; ,lk; jq;fsJ je;ij kf;fspilNa xUtu; tho;e;jh ahUk; mtuJ tPl;Lf;Fg; Nght sm ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag;gl;l ,lj;ij cs;slf;FfpwJ. vd; nra;tJ? mtUld; ahUk; NgRtJkpy;i jq;fsplk; nrhy;yNt te;Njd;. mtUld; vtUf;Fk; ve;jj; n um jq;fsJ nrhw;gb nraw;gLfpNwd; vd;whu;. rpyNtis mtuJ tPl;Lf;F fy rpy re;ju;g;gj;jpy;mtuJ tPl;Lf mJ Nfl;l mg;Jy; [thj; tyP mtu;fs;> ePq;fs; .sh `t;iof; fl;Lq;fs;. ,e;epiyapy;; mk;kdpjd w vdJ je;ij mq;Nf ,g;NghJ ,y;iy! KbahJ! mtd; gpw Cu; nrd ,Nj Nghd;Wjhd; xU w vd;W nrhd;dhu;fshk;. nra;ag;gl;l Gdpj fg;Wk; M w mjd; gpd;Nd jw;NghJs;s `t;O|| fl;lg;gl;lJ. mJ fz;zpag;gLj guhkupf;fg;gl;L ]pahwj; n cilf;fg;gl;L> vupf;fg;g rpe;jidf;F! nra;;ag;gl;l ,iwNeru; ,Uf vdJ je;ij mq;Nf ,g;NghJ ,y;iy|| xU ,iwNeru; gy vd;W mg;Jy; [thj; typfs; nrhd;dJ rpe;ijia nra; ; a g; g LtJk; mt; y pa tpupf;fpwJ. fhzg;gLfpd;wd. md;gpahf;fs;> mt;ypahf;fs; vd;Nghu; rhjhuz vdNt> g+kpapy; mlf;f kdpju;fisg; Nghy; kuzpg;gJkpy;iy> mtu;fs; Nghy; gyiu egpfs; (]y;) kp/ fg;wp||y; mope;J kz;NzhL kz;zhtJk; ,y;iy. ciuahbaJk; egPkhu;fs mtu;fsJ cly; kz;Zf;F `whkhf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. nfhz;bUg;gjhf `jP];fs mtu;fsJ cliy kz; rhg;gplhJ. Mdhy; rhjhuz mq;Nf ,g;NghJ ,y;iy| kdpjdpd; cliy kz; rhg;gpLk;. nrhd;djw;F Mjhuq;fshF 21 2
  • 13. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;JMypk; tyP Mypk; tyP mg;Jy; [thj; y; [thj; Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My J}a rpe;jid : Fu;Md; Fbir : Xjpf; nfhLg;gjw;fhf mtu;fs; kj;w]`;Tf;Fr; thq;fpa epyj;ij Jg;g nry;Yk; ghij ekJ gj;upa;a`; ghijahfj;jhd; wg;ghdpa;a`;|| vDk; ngaupy ,Ue;jJ. Fbirapy; mikj;jdu;; m ,d;W mJ nfhq;fpuPl; Nwhl;> md;W mJ kzw;nwU. mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; mt nts;sk; Vw;gbd; xU kdpjdpd; njhilf;F Nky; MfTk; nraw;gl;lhu;fs;. jz;zPu; fhzg;gLk;. mt;tplj;jpy; Fu;Md; kj;w ekJ gj;upa;a`; jsk; mike;Js;s ,lk; gho; kf;fSf;F kfpo;itf; nfhL G+kpahfTk; Nga; grhRfs; epw;Fk; re;jpahfTk; gho; g+kp gR kf;fshy; fhzg;gl;bUe;jJ. vd;W Ngrpf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. toik Nghy; xU ehs; mt;topahy; nrd;w mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; mtu;fsJ ghu;it fhlha;f;fple;j rpWtu;fs; Nru;e;jdu;> ,lj;jpy; gjpe;jJ. cld; J}a rpe;jidnahd;W om rpwg;ghfg; gapd;wdu;. mtu;fSf;Fg; gpwe;jJ. jpUf;Fu;Md; Xjypy; rpwe;jd ,t;tplj;ij tpiyf;F thq;fpdhy; ,jpy; xU njUnty;yhk; ,r; nra;jp n Fu;Md; kj;u]`; mikf;;fyhk;. rpWtu;fSf;F e.c jpUf;Fu;Md; FbiraJk; Nf jpUf;Fu;Md; ~uPig jpwd;glf; fw;gpf;fyhk;. vjpu;fhyj;jpy; ,t;tplj;jpy; xU gs;spthaiyAk; sm fl;blk; : mikj;J kf;fis ,iwgf;ju;fshf;fyhk;.| ,JNt mtu;fsJ J}a rpe;jid> um mJ xU J}uNehf;F rpe;jid! my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj topfhl;lypy; kj;w]`;it m .sh nraw;ghL : my;`h[;> ku;`{k; ALM. ,g;wh SM. K`k w ,e;j J}a rpe;jid mtu;fsJ cjpuj;jpy; fye;J my;`h[;> ku;`{k; ML. k`;%J w tpl;ljhy; mg;gFjpapy; tho;e;j rpy jdte;ju;fis my;`h[;> ku;`{k; mZfpdhu;fs;. my;`h[;> ku;`{k; E}F nyg;i w mtu;fsplk;> Fwpj;j ,lj;ij tpiyf;F thq;fp my;`h[;> ku;`{k; A+Rg; nyg;i ,g;gFjpapy; tjpAk; rpWtu;fs; jpUf;Fu;Midf; fw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;fhf xU Fu;Md; kj;w]`;it mtrpak; MfpNahu; mjd; Kf;fpa ep mikf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W Kjypy; Ntz;bdhu;fs;. khztu;fspd; mjpfupg;G kj; w ]`; i t ,t; t plj; j py; mikf; F k; njhl;lJ. mjdhy; 19 fhuzq;fisAk; mij mikg;gtu;fSf;F ,iwtd; FbirapUe;j ,lj;jpy; 8 nfhLf;Fk; khz;igAk; tpsf;fpdhu;fs;. cWjpkpF fw;fl;blk; cjak mtu; f sJ fUj; J f; f s; midtUf; F k; mjd; epow;glNk ,J jpUthrfq;fshfNt ,jaj;jpy; gjpe;jJ. ,Wjpapy; Fu;Md; kj;w]`; mtrpak; vd;w KbTf;F te;jdu;. 1 mjd;gb jw;NghJs;s gj;upa;a`; epyj;jpy; 10 gFjp tpiyf;F thq;fg;gl;lJ. 23 2
  • 14. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My mjdhy; Xjypy; jpwd;n my; kj;w]Ju; wg;ghdpa;a`; epow;glk; XJtjw;Fj; njupT nra;j gpupthf mtu;fis itj Ntisapy; fpjhG Xjpf; n md;W Xjpa khztu;fN cykhcfshfj; jpfo;e;jhu;f ; mtu;fspy; rq;iff;Fupa Y. ku;`{k; jh`pu; My Y. ku;`{k; k;Rj;jPd Y. mtu;fspy; jt ik mg;Ju; wCg; kp] Y. nksytP MIM. K] Y. nksytP MCK. K Y. nksytP IL. kPuh K om Y. ku;`{k; `]d; nk Y. nksytP MI. mg;J e.c Gu;j`; k[;yp];|| : Y. nksytP MI. mg;J sm khztu;fs; Fu;Md; XJtij kl;Lky;yhJ Y. ku;`{k; nksytp m nksypJfisAk;> khu;f;f rl;lq;fisAk; jpwd;glf; Y. nksytP ABM K] um fw;wdu;. E}w;Wf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l khztu;fs; njhlu;e;J gapd;W te;jdu;. Y. nksytP MIA. [g ,f;fhiy> xt;nthU rdp fhiyapYk; ,khk; Y. nksytP ACA. wC .sh ~uGj;jPd; G+]PuP (w`;) mtu;fspd; Gu;j`; ~uPg`;|| Y. nksytP mg;;Jy; m Xjg;gLk; k[;ypi] Vw;gLj;jp Rd;dj; ty; [khmj; MfpNahUk; NtW rpyUk; mlq w nfhs;iff;F mj;jpthukpl;lhu;fs;. mtu;fNs jiyik w jhq;fp khztiuf; nfhz;L k[;ypi] nfsutkhf ehDk; mtu;fsplk; Fu elj;jpdhu;fs;. k[;yp]; Kbe;jJk; jgu;Wf;> NjePu; vdJ je;ijf;F xU fbjk; je w toq;fpdhu;fs;.|| XJtjw;F jd;dplk; mDg;G xt;nthU rdp fhiy k[;yp]{f;F tUk; khztu; my;`h[; A. `gPG K`k;kij xt;nthUtUk; Ie;J rjk; nfhzu;e;J Gu;j`; ~uPg`;|| mjd;gb je;ijapd; tp cz;baypy; NghlNtz;Lk;. ,g;gzk; Gu;j`; ~uPg`; ehDk; xU khztdhfr; Nr fe;J}upf;fhf nrytplg;gl Mtd nra;jhu;fs;. ,J vd; tho;tpy; fpilj;j khn ehd; czu;fpNwd;. my; [hkpmJu; wg;ghdpa;a`; : md;W mtu;fs; jhg wg;ghdpa;a`; fpjhG xJk; g ike;ju; Mupg;gpy;yh`; jpUf;Fu;Md; XJtjpYk; kt;ypj; kw;Wk; khu;f;f rl;lk; mtu;fspdhy; my; [hkpmJu gbg;gjpYk; Mu;tj;Jld; kpspu;e;j khztu;fisf; fz;l mwG tshfkhf juKau;e;Js c];jhJ ehafk; mtu;fSf;F Fu;Md; fw;W Kbj;j 40f;F Nkw;gl;l cykhcfs; khztu;fis fpjhG|| Xjitj;J cykhcfshf wg;ghdP gl;lk; ngw;w cykhcf Mf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w Mty; Njhd;wpaJ. nra;J tUfpd;wdu;. 25 2
  • 15. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;JMypk; tyP Mypk; tyP mg;Jy; [thj; y; [thj; Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My ,J my;[hkpmJu; wg;ghdpa;a`;tpd; epow; glk; k[;yp]; fz;zpaKk; fl;Lg;g mjprq;ifkpF c elhj;Jk; ve;j k[;ypi]A elhj;jpdhu;fs;. k[;yp]; M fhy; kbj;Nj ,Ug;ghu;fs;. fhy; kbj;Nj ,Uf;Fk; gb g rigapy; fhy; kbj;J rigapy; ,Uf;fhky; g gzpg;ghu;fs;. om mtu;fs; k[;yp]py mikjpiaj; jOtptpLk;. e.c egpfs; K`k;kJ (] ~uPig XJifapy; xt;nthU sm (]y;) mtu;fs; kPJ ]y;yy ]gUk; wgPcdpy; mt;tYk; : vd; W jhd; ]ythj; > rigNahiuAk; ]ythj;> um mjprq;iff;Fupa c];jhj; mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; gzpg;ghu;fs;. mtu;fs; ]gu;> wgPcdpy; mt;ty; khjq;fspy; khegP .sh K`k;kJ (]y;) mtu;fspd; Gfo; ghLk; ,U xU Kiw gu;]d;[P| k[; y p]; f is Vw; g Lj; j pdhu; f s; . Gdpj ]gu; | rpwg; g hf ele; J nfh w jiyg;gpiwapypUe;J khjk; KbAk; tiu egP Gfo; mjprq;iff;Fupa c];jhJ mOjhu;fs;. mtu;fsJ fz w ghtyu;fshd ,khk; rjfJy;yh`; my;fh`puP (w`;)> ,khk; K`k;kj; gpd; mG+gf;u; gf;jhjP (w`;) ahw]_yy;yh`;> ah`gPg w MfpNahuhy; ahf;fg;gl;l khegP Gfo; fhg;gpak; my; nghq;f rg;jkpl;L mioj;jh tpj;upa;aJ~; ~uPg`;|| ghkhiyia xU ,uTf;F xU rpwpJ Neuj;jpd; gpd; gi `u;G tPjk; k/upg; njhOifapd; gpd; Xjp te;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; k[;ypi] elhj;jp K kWehs; ghlk; Xjpf mNj Nghy; wgPcdpy; mt;ty; jiyg;gpiwapypUe;J mtu;fs; k[;yp]py; w]_Yy egP Gfo; ghtyu; ,khk; gu;]d;[P (w`;) mtu;fshy; wt;o`; ~uPg`;it Neu vOjg;gl;l gu;]d;[P|| kt;ypij gjpndhU jpdq;fs; Xjp fz;zPu; nrhupe;Js;shu;fs egPfs; gpwe;j fhiy fe;J}up toq;fp te;jJ. nfhz;lhbdhu;fs;. mtu;fspd; fhyj;jpy; ,t;tpU k[yp];fSk; fhj;jhd;FbapNyNa Gfopd; cr;r vd;Nd kfhdtu;fs vy;iyia mile;jpUe;jd. ahu; Gupe;jhu; mtu;f 27 2
  • 16. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;JMypk; tyP Mypk; tyP mg;Jy; [thj; y; [thj; Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My gj;upa;a`; ijf;fpa;a`;tpd; cjak; 1960 : md;iwa gj;upa;a rq;iff;Fupa c];jhJ ehafk; mtu;fs; rpe;jidapy; Njhd;wpa Fu;Md; kj;w]`; rpwg;Gw;W Xq;FtijAk;> khzt> khztpau; fhj;jhd;Fbapd; gy njUf;fspYkpUe;J te;J gapy;tijAk;> Fu;Mid Kbj;j khztu;fs; Mu;tj;Jld; fpjhG Xjpf; nfhz;bUg;gijAk;> epu;thfj;jpdu; jkJ nrhy;Yf;F ,iae; J elg; g ijAk; fz; L my; y h`; i t Gfo;e;jhu;fs;. mj;Jld; kj;w]`;tpd; mUfpYs;s epyj;ij tpiyf;F thq;fp mjpy; INtis njhOtjw;F xU gs;spthaiyf; fl;b kf;fis njhOifapy; <LgLj;jyhk; vd;Wk; tpUk;gpdhu;fs;. om epu;thfj; Njhou;fis mioj;J tplaj;ij e.c tpsf;fpdhu;fs;. c];jhJ ehafk; mtu;fspd; ,iw mu;g;gzpg;igAk;> cau; khu;f;fg; gw;iwAk; fyg;gw;w sm ,f;yhi]Ak; eilKiw tho;tpy; fz;L mjprapj;j epu;thfj;jpdu; cld; Kd;te;J jhKk; gq;fspj;J> epu;thfpfs; : jq; f sJ filfSf ; F r ; rhkhd ; v L f; F k; um nfhOk;gpYs;s gha;khu;> ngUq;fil tu;j;jfuplk; jPdpd; gzpf;fhf c] nrd;W mtu;fsJ gq;fspg;Gld; me;epyj;ij ,tu;fs; midtUk; ` .sh gs;spthaYf;F thq;fpdhu;fs;. gz;lhutis> ntypkil mjpy; 1960k; Mz;L> nrhe;jkhf Gilitf; fi w nra;Ak; KjyhspfshfTk; j w k];[pJu; wg;ghdpa;a`; my;kj;ct;T gpijfpa;ajpy; w mtu;fs; njhOif> , gj;upa;a`;|| mt;ypahcfspd; t (gj;upa;a`; ijf;fpa;a`; vd;W miof;fg;gLk; Rd;dj; ty; [khmj; k];[pJu; wg;ghdpa;a`;) gpwuhy; kjpf;f tUlhe;jk; gfpuq;fkhf vDk; mofpa gs;spthaiy ,iw mUshy; fl;b rpyUf;F nrhe;jkhf Kbj;jhu;fs;. gs;spapd; jpwg;G tpohTf;F khd; fwp tpUe;J mspf;fg;gl;lJ. vy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Nkyhf c] JM|| gwfj;Jk; Ntiy nra mjdhw;whd; mtu;f mtw;wpy; kj;w]`;itAk; g fl;b vOg;g Kbe;jJ. 29 3
  • 17. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My njhOiff;fhf NtW gs;spfSf;Fr; nrd;W te;j `jP]; k[;yp]; : fpjhG| XJk; khztUk; [khmj;jtUk; md;W Kjy; jpdKk; fhi gj;upa;a`;tpy; rq;fkpj;jdu;. tiu tpNrl ge;jypy; ga Cupd; cs;Ns mofpa Njhw;wq;fisf; nfhz;l te;jJ. c];jhJ ehafk gj;u; r`hgpfspd; rpd;dk; gj;upa;a`; ijf;fpa;a`;Tk;> cgNjrq;fisf; Nfl;gjw;f my; kj;w]Ju; wg;ghdpa;a`;Tk; ,iwnahspA+l;bf; Mz;fSk; ngz;fSk; jpd nfhz;bUe;jd. tpN~l ,lk; xJf;fg;gl;bUe c];jhJ ehafk; mtu;fspd; ,U fz;fshfNt ,jaj;ijg; gupRj;jg;gLj;J mt;tpU ,iw ,];jhgdq;fSk; jpfo;e;jd. toq;fp kf;fis my;yh`;t mtu;fsJ ,yl;rpakhf ,U `j;jhj; whj;jpg; k[;yp]; cjak; : ehd;| vDk; Ngjj vJTkpy;iy> midj;Jk; INtisj; njhOifAld; gpujp thuKk; nts;spapuT kl;LNk ,Uf;fpwhd; vd;w k/upg; njhOifapd; gpd; eilngWtjw;fhf Gdpj om Nghjpj;jhu;fs;. `j;jhj; whjpg; k[;yp]; Muk;gpj;J itf;fg;gl;lJ. mtu;fs; ci mtu;fNs jiyik jhq;fp elj;jpdhu;fs;. thapypUe;J xspNa Njhd;wpf ,iw jpf;upy; epjk; tho;e;j c];jhj; ehafk; ,y;K|| vd;gJ e.c mtu;fs; jpf;u; k[;yp]py; vg;gbapUe;jpUg;ghu;fs;? mtu;fspy; Njhd;wpaJ. m Neu;ghij fz;ldu;. sm fzPu; vd;w Fuy; fk;gPukhd Njhw;wk; Nehd;G jpwf;Fk; epfo;T : um $u;ikahd ghu;it Nehd;ghspfs; Nehd ,iw gutr epiy xOq;Fk; nra;ag;gl;bUe;jJ. .sh [y;]Jy; ,];jpwh`j; ,Ug;G! ,g;jhWf;fhf fQ;Rk;> midtiuAk; fl;b jd; iff;Fs; gok;> jz;zPUk; itf;f w itj;jpUf;Fk; ]{gp] epiy. Fiwahjtu;fs; jpdKk; Neh gj;upa;a`; Nghy w ehsiltpy; jpf;u; k[;yp]{f;F kf;fs; jpwf;Fk; xOq;fikg;G Nt w tuj;njhlq;fpdu;. jpf;u; k[;yp]pd; khz;ghy; ~hj;jhd; kf;fspilNa nghJthd mg vDk; ,Us; mg;gFjpapypUe;J ePq;fpg; Nghapw;W. kf;fs; kdq;fspy; gbe;jpUe;j ghtf;fiwfSk; Gdpj jpf;uhy; `p];G k[;yp]; : Rj;jpfupf;fg;gl;lJ. wkohd; ,uTfspy; `p];G k[;yp]; Kf;fpakhdj wkohd; epfo;Tfs; : gs;spthay; njhO Gdpj INtisj; njhOifAld; tpN~lkhf `p];G k[;yp]; Muk;gk Gdpj jwhtP`;> tpj;W njhOiffs; wkohdpy; mku;eJs;s midtuhYk; ; epfo;e;jd. ,Ugj;Njohk; ,uT tpN~lkhf j];gP`; fpjhG gpupT khztUk; Xj njhOifAld; jpf;u> gpf;u;> gahd; epfo;Tfs; epfo;e;J ; nfhs;tu;. te;jd. ,U ngUehs; njhOiffSk; rpwg;ghf ele;Njwp te;jd. 31 3
  • 18. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My ,k;k[;ypi] c];jhJ ehafk; mtu;fNs jpUf;fy;ahzk; : elhj;Jthu;fs;. khztu; j[;tPj; rl;lj;ij fpjhgpy; XJ Kd;Nd Xjypd; %yk; j[;tPj; rl;lj;ij khztUf;F Nehd;Gg; ngUehs; fopj;J G fw;Wf; nfhLg;ghu;fs;. XJNthu; gpiofisj; jpUj;jp Rd;dj;jhd Nehd;G gpb j[;tPj; rl;lj;jpd; gb Xjpf; fw;Wf;nfhs;thu;fs;. kf;fspilNa epiwe;jpUe;jJ mjpfkhf Nehw;gu;. ,r;rigapy; mku;tjhapd; mj;j`pa;ahj; ,Ug;gpNyNa ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. rk;kzk; Nghl;L ,t;thW jpdq;fspYk mku;e;jpUf;f KbahJ. ve;j k[;yp]; ele;jhYk; k[;yp]; 05:00 kzp tiu c];jhJ KbAk; tiu rigapy; ,Ug;Nghu; fhy; kbj;Nj ,Uf;f gahd; nra;thu;fs;. ,jpy Ntz;Lk;. fye;Jnfhs;tu;. ,j;jpdq;f (]y;) mtu;fSf;F nr fhy; kbj;jpUf;f Kbahjtu; rig myfpy; mtw;Wf;fhd tpohf; Nfh ,Uf;fhky; gpd;dhy; rk;kzkpl;L ,Uf;f KbAk;. ]`hg;ghf;fspd; rpwg;Gf;f om ,JNt mtu;fsJ k[;yp]; xOq;fpd; rl;lkhFk;. kWikapy; egpfspd; ck;kj mspf;fg;gLk; fz;zpaq;fs ,utpy; 12:00 kzp tiuAk; j[;tPj; Kiwg;gb tpsf;fkspg;ghu;fs;. e.c Xjg;gLk; k[;yp]; ,Jthifahy; cykhcfSk; ,jpw; fye;J gad; ngw;wdu;. Gjpjhf jpUkzk; sm kzkfdpd; jhahu; mioj;J xUehs; xU Mypk; rigf;F te;jhu;. gpd;dhy; Nghlg;gl;bUf;Fk; um rk;kzkpl;L mku;e;jhu;. ghtidg; nghUl;fs;> n rig tpjpf;F khw;wkhf ,Ue;jhu;. tu;f;fq;fs;> my;th> Njd .sh gz; l q; f is GJ kz mtiug; ghu;j;j c];jhj; ehafk; mtu;fs; nfhLg;gJk; md;W tof;fkh w fhy;kbj;jpUq;fnsd;W gzpthfr; nrhd;dhu;fs;. mjw;ftu; gj;upa;a`; [{k;m`; gs;spt w yhAfy;ypGy;yh`{ eg;]d; ,y;yhT];m`h|| w (ahUf;Fk; ,iwtd; f;lj;ij nfhLg;gjpy;iy. mij Nkw;Fwpj tp];jPuzkhf;fpNaad;wp!) k[;yp];fSk; nfhz;L c] vDk; jpUkiw trdj;ij Xjpf;fhl;bdhu;. mjw;F jiyikj; J tf; f hiy c];jhJ ehafk; mtu;fs; mJ vdf;Fk; njupe;j ijf;fpa;a`;jhd; ,d;W tprak;jhd;. ,J rigapy; ,Ug;NghUf;fhd rl;lk;. Mupg;gpy;yh`; my;`h[; cq;fshy; fhy;kbj;J ,Uf;f Kbahtpl;lhy; mtu;fspd; jiyikj;Jtj;j gpd;dhy; ,Uq;fs;> trjpahf ,Uf;f KbAk; (gj;upa;a`; [{k;m`; gs;spt vd;whu;fshk;. cau;j;jg;gl;L gpurpj;jk; ngw ,j;jF rpwg;Gld; Xjg;gl;l `p];G k[;yp]; 29k; ,uT jkhk; nra;ag;gl;L rhg;ghLk; toq;fg;gl;L te;Js;sJ. 33 3
  • 19. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My etPd tbtpy; : Y. ]gu;||%d;whkpuT rq;iff;F my;`h[;> m;`Pj; MSM je;ij mg;Jy; [thj; tyP mtu;fspd; tghj;jpd; epidT k[;yp]; gpd; mijg; ghuNkw;w mtu;fsJ jt ike;ju; mg;Ju; Y. gpujp jpq;fs; ,uT NjhWk; Gd wCg; kp];gh`P mtu;fs; fhj;jhd;Fbapd; gy epfo;T Fwpr;rpfspYkpUe;J kf;fs; ,g;gs;spthaYf;F tUif je;j fhuzj;jhYk;> gs;spthaypy; ,ltrjp NghjhJ Y. ]gu;| 22k; ,uT mjp rq;iff ,Ue;jjhYk; mjd; R+oTs;s Vida epyq;fisAk; m];n]a;apJ mg;Ju;wPJ m thq;fp> Gjpa mikg;gpy;> Gjpa rpe;jidapy; thg;gh ehafk; mtu;fspd; e ,g;gs;spiaf; fl;bf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. ,Jtiu Y. ]gu;| ,Wjpapy; xLf;fj;Jg; G %d;W Nfhb &gha;fs; nrythfpAs;sd. fl;bl Ntiy Y. Gdpj wgPcdpy; mt;ty; ji fl;lk; fl;lkhf epfo;e;J tUfpwJ. ,f;fl;blg; gzp khegP K`k;kJ (]y;) mtu mjprq;iff;Fupa Qhdgpjh mg;Ju; wCg; kp];gh`P Kd;dpl;L Xjg;gLk; kt;ypj; mtu;fspd; MNyhridfSlDk; gzpg;gpd; gbANk eilngWfpwJ. fl; b l om Nkw; g hu; i tahsufTk; Y. egPfs; (]y;) mtu;fs; cyf ,af;FduhfTk; my;`h[; MIM. n[]Pk; (fhj;jhd;Fb mjpfhiy 03:00 kzp njhlf eilngWk; Gdpj ]ythj; k[ e.c efu gpujp Kjy;tu;) mtu;fs; nraw;gLfpwhu;. fl;blf; fiyQu; my;`h[; `{i]d; gh]; mtu;fs; ,ijg; Mapuf;fzf;fhd MpfPd;fs ghuNkw;W fl;b tUfpd;whu;. fye;J nfhs;tJld; mtu;f sm &ga;fs; ngWkjpahd fdptu gj;upa;a`;tpd; Kf;fpa epfo;Tfs; : jgu;Wf;fhf tpepNahfpf;fg;gL um Y. ghrpg;gl;lzk; rq;ifkpF ne fhj;jhd;Fb 05y; mike;Js;s gj;upa;a`; [{k;m`; typa;Ay;yh`; mtu;fspdJk .sh gs;spthaypy; tUle; NjhWk; jtwhJ elf;Fk; Kf;fpa Nfhl;ilg;gl;lzk; uhTj;ju; epfo;Tfs; :- mtu;fspd; epidT jpd k[;y w Y. wgPcdpy; Mfpupy; mt;ypahcf Y. khjj;jpy; ,U Kiw gpujp nts;spapuT 09:00 kzpf;F w K`;apj;jPd; mg;Jy; fhjpu; [Py w Muk;gkhFk; Gdpj Fj;gpa;a`; k[;yp]; epfo;T. Fj;gpa;a`; fe;J}up k[;yp]; e Y. khjj;jpy; Kjy; rdpapy; 09:00 kzpf;F Gdpj fhjpupa;a`; Y. wgPcdpy; Mfpupy; Md;kPf R+u jpUr;rig whjpg; k[;yp]; epfo;T. mf;gu; ty; fpg;uPJy; m`;ku; m (,k;k[;yp]py; kp];gh`P ehafk; mtu;fsplk; igmj;|| ,g;D mwgP (woP) mtu;fspd; ngw;wtu;fs; kl;LNk fye;J nfhs;tu;.) Y. [khJy; mt;typy; Kj;Jg; Ng Y. Gdpj K`u;wk; jiyg;gpiw Kjy; gj;jhk; ehs; tiu na;`{ jht+j; typa;Ay;yh` Gdpju;fshd `o;wj; `]d; (woP)> `o;wj; `{i]d; khngUk; fe;J}up epfo;T (woP) MfpNahupd; nksypj; epfo;Tk; 10k; ehs; MR+wh gw;wpa Y. [khJy; mt;ty; gpiw 27y; upg tpNl k[;yp]{k; m];n]a;apJ m`;kj; fgPu; upg Y. ]gu;|| khjk; KOtJk; ,hj; njhOifapd; gpd; Gdpj epidT jpd k[;yp]; epfo;T. tpj;upa;a`; uPg`;|| ghuhaz epfo;T k[;yp]; Y. fk;gk; mg;gh mk;gh ehafkt 35 3
  • 20. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My Y. [khJy; Mfpupy; Gdpju;> fhuzf;fly;> fd;N[]th> mtu;fspd; ngau;fs; KiwN hN`kPuhd; mg;Jy; fhjpu; me;eh`_up (woP) mtu;fspd; kdhfpg; k[;yp]; khfe;J}up epfo;T. Y. mg;Jy; [thj; r/Jdh Y. Gdpj w[gpy; xUkhjk; eilngWk; Gdpj ]`P`{y; G`huP Y. mg;Jy; [thj; mg;Ju; w uPg; ghuhaz> gahd;> fe;J}up k[;yp]; epfo;Tfs;. Y. mg;Jy; [thj; rgpa;ah c Y. ,khk; [/gu; ]hjpf; mtu;fspd; epidT jpd k[;yp];. Y. mg;Jy; [thj; ,dhaj; Y. Gdpj /ghdpy; m[;kPu; muru;> mjhNa w]{y;> Y. mg;Jy; [thj; kh[pjh Fj;Gy; `pe;j; `o;wj; fh[h KaPDj;jPd; rp;jP (woP) Y. mg;Jy; [thj; rpj;jp w Y. mg;Jy; [thj; mg;Jy; m mtu;fspdJk; mtu;fsJ mUe;jtg; Gjy;tu; fh[h gf;Wj;jPd; ]u;thuP(woP) mtu;fspdJk; khngUk; kdhfpg; k[;yp]; khfe;J}up epfo;T. Y. mg;Jy; [thj; gPuh Y. Gdpj wkohd; epfo;Tfs;. Y. mg;Jy; [thj; rhypkh Y. Nehd;G 17y; Gdpju;fshd gj;u; ]`hgpfspd; epidT jpd om Y. mg;Jy; [thj; K`;]pd fe;J}up k[;yp]{k; Kt`;`pjPd;fSf;fhd JM|| Y. mg;Jy; [thj; K`k;kJ gpuhj;jid epfo;Tk;. e.c Y. Nehd;G 24y; Kg;ngUk; ehjhf;fspd; kdhfpg; k[;yp]; gjpndhU gps;isfs fe;J}up epfo;T. mtu;fspy; vz;ku; ngz sm ,d;iwa jpdk; m;na;Fy; fhkpy; ]{gp `o;wj; mg;Jy; ,iwab Nru;e;jdu;. Mz fhjpu; ehafk;(woP) mtu;fs; tghj;jhd epidT gps;isfspy; ,uz;lhktN um ngw;wpyq;Fk; mjprq; jpdj;Jld; my;typa;Ay; fhkpy; m`;kj; kPuhd; nts;sp Mupg;gpy;yh`; nksytP Mypk; (w`;) ,t;tpU na;Fkhu;fspd; Qhd FUthd mtu;fshFk;. .sh m;na;`{y; fhkpy;> Ry;jhDy; thapoPd;> m;h`; K`k;kJ mg;Jy; fhjpu; ]{gp i`jwhghjP (w`;) Fb Kiw : w MfpNahuJ epidT jpd fe;J}up k[;yp];. Y. Nehd;G 27y; Gdpj iyyJy; fj;u;|| tpNl epfo;Tfs;. w Mjpfhyj;jpypUe;J f Y. <Jy; gpj;u;|| Nehd;Gg; ngUehs; epfo;Tfs;. w te;j Fb Kiwg;gb mjprq Y. Gdpj t;thy; gpiw 15y; Mupg;gpy;yh`; my;`h[; mg;Jy; Mypk; typatu;fs; Xlht [thj; Mypk; typa;Ay;yh`; (w`;) mtu;fspd; Jidtp ]{`wh ck;k epidT jpd fe;J}up k[;yp];. kyu;e;jhu;fs;. my;`h[; mtu;fSk; mtu;fsJ rNfh Y. <Jy; mo;`h|| `[;[{g; ngUehs; epfo;Tfs;. Fbiar; Nru;e;jtu;fNsaht mtu;fspd; gps;isfSk; Ng gps;isfs; : Ngu; cs;sdu;. 05.02.1908Mk; Mz;L gpwe;j my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; FLk;gj;jtu; : tyP mtu;fSf;Fk; 04.05.1921y; gpwe;j rhU ck;kh mg;Jy; [thj; eha vd;W miof;fg;gLk; ]{`wh ck;khTf;Fk; jpUkzk; fhj;jhd;FbAld; epd;W eilngw;W gpd;tUk; koiyr; nry;tq;fis my;yh`; fpz;zpah Mfpa Cu;fs mtu;fSf;F toq;fpdhd;. tUfpd;wdu;. 37 3
  • 21. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My ngupa Mypk; : me;j eg;i]j;jhd; e Mupg;gpy;yh`; mg;Jy; [thj; ehafktu;fspd; vd;wtu;fs; kPz;Lk; rhg;gpL mwpthw;wiyAk; khu;f;f tpsf;fj;ijAk; eilKiw vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L tho;itAk; ghu;j;j fhj;jhd;Fb cykhcfSk; kidtp kf; f Sf; F t nghJkf;fSk; mtu;fis ngupa Mypk;|| vd;Nw rhg;gplhkNyNa kj;w]` mioj;jdu;. ,ijj; jw;NghJ 90 ta mf;fhiy> cykhcfsplKk; nghJkf;fsplKk; tho;e;J tUk; mtu;fsJ ,t;T+upy; ngupa Mypk;| ahu;? vd;W Nfl;fg;gl;lhy; njupe;;jjhFk;. mj;jidNgUk; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; vd;Nw VNfhgpj;Jr; nrhy;thu;fs;. eg;]pd; tiffis m ,d;W mtu;fsJ jt ike;ju; Mupg;gpy;yh`; Nghuhl; l k; ngupjhfNt mg;Ju; wCg; kp];gh`P mtu;fs; ngupa nksytP> vj;jidNah eg;]pd; N ngupatq;f|| vd;W mtu;fis Mjupg;gtuhYk;> ntw;wpaile;Js;shu;fs;. vjpu;ggtuhYk; miof;fg;gLtJ NghyhFk;. ; om NgZjy; : jtf;Fy; epiy : e.c jdJ kfs; w~Pjhtpd; tPL gpsf;|| itj;Jf; fl;Lq sm f~;lkhd R+oypYk; gpwuplk; ifNae;jhky; tho;e;jhu;fs;. ahUk; k`g;gj;jpd; Ngupy; `jpa;a`;|| nrhd;dhu;fshk;. ,y;iy> nfhLj;jhy; mij kWf;fkhl;lhu;fs;. NghLtPu;fs;> mJ Nji um khu;f;fl;bw;Fr; nrd;whYk; jd; eg;];|| kNdhapr;ir NgZjiy ntspg;gLj;jpdh Nfl;Fk; nghUis thq;fkhl;lhu;fs;. mNjNghy; jdJ .sh eg;]; tpUk;Gk; czit cz;zTk; khl;lhu;fs;. xypngUf;fp : w Nghuhl;lk; : xUehs; gs;sp [kh epfo;r;rpf;F xypngUf;fp f w xUehs; khu;f;fl;Lf;Fr; nrd;W ey;y fwp mtu;fsplk; Nfl;ftpy;iy w Gspfis thq;fp te;J kidtpaplk; nfhLj;jhu;fs;. nfhz;bUe;j mtu;fs; ,r mtu;fSk; mf;fwpia cUrpahf Mf;fp itj;jhu;fs;. Nghfhky; tPl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gp kidtp rhg;gpl mioj;jJk; mq;F Nghaku;e;j mtu;fs; rhg;ghl;bd; Kd;dpUe;J gpd;dijf; fol;ba g rhg;gpL> rhg;gpL> eP tpUk;gpaij rhg;gpL|| te;jhu;fs; vd;W mtu;fsJ vd;whu;fshk;. kidtp mjprapj;J ahiur; rhg;gpLk; gb nrhy;fpwPu;fs;?|| vd;W Nfl;fNt> `yhiyNa cz;L> ` vd;idj;;jhd; nrhd;Ndd;|| vd;whu;fshk;. tho;e;jhu;fs;. fy;tpAk;> nr kfhdhf ngupa Mypk; jpfo;e ifahy; rhg;gplhky; thahy; rhg;gpL| vd;gjhy; grp jPUkh? vd;whu;fshk; kidtp. ehd; khu;f;fl;Lf;F mtu;fspy; ,y;Kk;> m NghdNghJ vdJ eg;];|| ,ij thq;fpr; rhg;gpL vd;W fhzg;gl;lJ. ,iwaUs; nrhd;dJ. mij thq;fpNdd;. eP rikj;J nrhupe;;J nfhz;bUe;jJ. itj;jpUf;fpwha;. 39 4
  • 22. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;JMypk; tyP Mypk; tyP mg;Jy; [thj; y; [thj; Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My Gdpj igmj; : gf;jpg; gutr epiyapy; j mtu;fSf;F [j;G|| epiy V mg;Jy; [thj; ngupa Mypk; ehafk; mtu;fspd; k[;yp]; Kbe;jJk; n~a gzp R+upaidg; Nghy; gpufhrpj;J> jd; flikfis gw;wpa ,y;Kfis rigNah gj;upa;a`;tpy; Nkw;nfhz;bUe;j fhyj;jpy; mjd; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; mt epu;thfpfspw; rpyu; my;typa;Ay; fhkpy;> ty; typa;Ay; mike;jJ. fhuzk; mtu th]py; m`;kj; kPuhd; nts;sp Mypk; (w`;) tpdhf;fSf;F n~a;F mt mtu;fsplj;jpy; igmj;|| QhdjPl;ir ngw;wpUe;jdu;. ,Ue;jd. mtu;fs; mbf;fb nts;sp Mypk; tyP mtu;fisr; ,Wjpapy; md;wpuT ru re;jpj;Jk; mtu;fsJ whjpg; k[;yp]py; fye;Jk; `fPfj;jpy; myPahfTk; te;jdu;. ngupa Mypk; mtu;fs; jd;idr; re;jpf;f tUk; ehafktu;fs; nts;sp ehaf mtu;fsplk; nts;sp Mypk; typa;Ay;yh`; gw;wpAk; jPl;ir ngw;w cz;ik mtu;fsJ fwhkj; gw;wpAk; Nfl;Lj; njupe;J jpUr;rigapd; cWg;GupikAk nfhs;thu;fs;. igmj; ngw;w Md om mNj Nghy; ,tu;fs; jq;fsJ n~a;F flNyhuj;jhy; ePz;l J}uk; X mtu;fsplk; nry;ifapy; mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; gw;wpr; ,JTk; mtu;fsJ nrhy;thu;fs;. n~a;F mtu;fSk; jq;fsJ KuPJfs; mtu;fsJ ez;gu; ku;`_k e.c %ykhf ,tu;fisg; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhz;lhu;fs;. (wg;ghdpa;a`;) `h[pahu; ,e;epfo;T 1947k; Mz;L epf sm ,ja Mir : na;Fy; fhkpy; nts;sp My um ,y;kpy; flyhfTk;> ,ghjj;jpy; ,kakhfTk; jpfo;e;j mg;Jy; [thj; ehafj;jpd; ,jaj;jpy; nts;sp Mypk; Mupg;gpy;yh`; mg;Jy; [ .sh tyP mtu;fis Neupy; ghu;f;f Ntz;Lnkd;w Mir Qhdf;fly;. mtu;fs; igmj Nkypl;lJ. n~a;F Mf ,Uf;f Kb w xUehs; nts;sp Mypk; mtu;fs; ghyKidf; epiwe;j xUthufj;jhd; , flw;fiuf;F tUtjhfTk;> mq;F jpf;u; k[;yp]; xd;W gw;wpAk; thrfu;fs; njupe;jpU w eilngwg; NghtjhfTk; mwpe;jhu;fs;. mtu;fsJ ngau; m` w n~a;F mtu;fsplk; igmj; ngw;w jdJ mtu;fs; epwk; ,Ue;j fhuz ez;gu;fSld; mq;F nrd;whu;fs;. miof;fg;gl;lhu;fs;. fhj;j NghFk;NghNj mtu;fsJ nts;spf; fz;fisg; gpwe;jhu;fs;. ,e;jpahtpy; ghu;jjhu;fs;. ,tu;fs; xU fhkpyhd n~a;Fjhd; vd;W ; `o;wj; mtu;fsplk; fy;tp mwpe;jhu;fs;. mtu;fspd; mUfpw; nrd;W kupahijAld; jd;idAk; jdJ ghlj; Nj ]yhk; nrhd;dhu;fs;. mtu;fsJ jpUf;fuj;ij mg;Jy; fhjpu; ]_gp `o;wj Kj;jpdhu;fs;. Xu; ,lj;jpy; mku Kide;jtu;fis jd; nrd;w khtyP> Ry;jhDy; mUfpy; mku;j;jpf; nfhz;lhu;fs; n~a;F mtu;fs;. m~;n~a;Fy; th]py; mg;J jpf;u;|| k[;yp]; Muk;gkhdJ. kpf;f kupahijAld; ehafk; mtu;fis ,UtUk ele;jJ. nts;sp Mypk; tyP mtu;fspy; ,iw tpyhaj; tUlk; nka;awpitf; fw;W epfo;tijf; fz;zhuf; fz;l ngupa Mypktu;fs; ngw;whu;fs;. ,Wjpapy; ,Ut Mde;jf; fspg;gpy; ePejpdhu;fs;. ; mtu;fspd; fyPghf;fshf m mjprq;iff;Fupa mg ,e;jpahTf;Fr; nrd;whu;fs;. 41 4
  • 23. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My mjprq;iff;Fupa m`;kj; kPuhd; nts;sp Mypk; khegP K`k;kJ (]y;) mt ehafk; ,yq;iff;F te;J jk; gzpia fhj;jhd;Fbapy; Gdpj f/g`;tpd; mjpy; Gup njhlu;e;jhu;fs;. mu;j;jq;fisAk; ngupa kf;fis jt;`Pj;|| nfhs;ifapd; ghy; mioj;J rpyUf;F ,tu;fis jkJ nr khu;f;f Nghjk; nra;jhu;fs;. fypk`; Nghw;Wk; Rd;dj; mioj;Jr; nrd;W> ,tu;fs; ty; [khmj; nfhs;iff;F capu; nfhLj;jhu;fs;. KbAnkd;w Mir Nkypl;lJ mtu;fs; ~uPmj;|| rl;lk; gapd;w Mypkhf ,Ue;j mjdhy; ngupa fhuzj;jhy; fypk`;> njhOif> ]fhj;> Nehd;G> `[; ehafktu;fis jk;Kld Mfpait gw;wp kf;fSf;F Nghjpj;J> mt;topNa mioj;jdu;. kf;fis elf;fr; nra;J jhKk; mt;top ele;jhu;fs;. tWik tho;tpy; mj;Jld; juPfj;> `fPfj;> k/upgj;|| topiaAk; kpfj; tyPatu;fSf;F ,r;nra;jp k njspthfg; Nghjpj;jhu;fs;. my;yh`;tpd; mUl;nfh jdJ QhdFUtpd; fl;lisg; gb kf;fis fz;zPu; tbj;jhu;fs;. mz my;yh`;tpd; ghyioj;J> mwpT Qhdq;fshy; mtu;fspd; jpU wt;o`;i om nrk;ikg; gLj;jp my;yh`;it mwpe;j gf;ju;fshf ghf;fpak; jdf;F fpilf jdJ rPlu;fis khw;wpdhu;fs;. my;yh`;itg; Gfo;e;jhu;f ,jdhy; mtu;fSf;F MjuT ngUfpaJ Nghy; Mde;j ePiur; nrhupe e.c vjpu;g;Gk; Njhd;wpaJ. ,Wjpapy; gpwe;j kz;zpy; tho mtu;fSf;F jhdhfNt te Kbahj epiy Vw;gl;lJ. ehs; neUq;fpaJ. sm mjdhy; mtu;fs; fhj;jhd;Fbapd; may; fpuhkkhd fpuhd; Fsk;| vd;w jkpo; Nrhjuu;fs; thOk; CUf;Fr; Qhd FUtplk; gpupahtpil : um nrd;W mq;Fs;s jkJ KuPJ xUtupd; Njhl;lj;jpy; jtk; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. gpd;du; mtu;fs; ml;lhisr;Nrid mjprq;iff;Fupa mg;J nrd;W mq;F jpUkzk; nra;J mq;NfNa tho;e;J .sh mtu; f sJ Njhou; f Sk; mq;NfNa tghj;jhdhu;fs;. mq;Fjhd; mtu;fs; jhk; m~;n~a;F m`;kJ tho;ej tPl;Lf; fhzpapy; ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lhu;fs;. ; w tyPatu;fsplk; te;J ehq;f ,d;W mtu;fsJ Gdpj ju;fh ~uPg; FLk;gj;jhYk; nra;a ehbapUg;gjhfTk;> c w KuPJfshYk; guhkupf;fg;gl;L tUtJld; juPfj; toq;FkhWk; Nfl;Lf; nfhz w kf;fshy; jpdKk; ]pahuj;|| nra;ag;gl;Lk; tUfpd;wJ. mjprq;iff;Fupa n~ ,tu;fsJ E}Ny k`;G+G kNdhd; kzpf;fPjkhFk;. `[;[pd; kfj;Jtq;fisA ,ufrpaq;fisAk; ew;Nghjk Gdpj `[; gazk; : topaDg;gp itj;jhu;fs;. Md;kpf E}y;fis thrpj;J> ngupahu;fspd; topfhl;lYld; ]_gp] nfhs;ifapy; njspe;j kfhd; je;ij je;j jfty; : mg;Jy; [thj; ehafktu;fSf;F m~;n~a;Fy; fhkpy;> ty; typa;Ay; th]py; nts;sp Mypk; mtu;fspd; topaDg;Gk; Ntisapy; njhlu;Gk; igmJk; fpilj;jJ NkYk; cau;itj; nts;sp Mypk; mtu;fsp je;jJ. ePz;l fhykhf kf;fh nrd;W `[; nra;J> my;`h[; A. `gPg; K` kjPdh nrd;W khegP K`k;kJ (]y;) mtu;fspd; jpU jftiy vd;dplk; etpd;whu;f wt;o`;it ]pahwj; nra;a NtzLnkd;w Nguhty; ,Ue;J te;jJ. ,t;thtiy ,iwtd; epiwNtw;Wthd; vd;w ek;gpf;ifAk; ,Ue;jJ. 43 4
  • 24. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My mjprq;iff;Fupa nts;sp Mypk; tyP mtu;fs;> jhk; fz;lJ jg;]Pu; W} mtu;fsJ rPl gf;jdhfpa mjprq;iff;Fupa mg;Jy; m~;n~a;`{ K`k;kJ [thj; Mypk; tyPatu;fsplk;> ePqfs; `wk; ~uPgpy; ; mtu;fisNa vd;W epide;J Eioe;jhy; mq;Nf xU ngupahiuf; fhz;gPufs;. mtu; ; Mdhy; mtu;fSld; NgR jg; ] P u ; W}`p y ; gahd ; | | fpjhigg; ghu; j ; J f; K`k;kJ ,];khaPy; `f;f nfhz; b Ug; g hu; . mtu; f sJ ngau; K`k; k J kdk; tUe;jpdhu;fs;. MapD ,];khaPy;. mtu;fSf;F vdJ ryhik vj;jp nghUe;jpdhu;fs;. `[;[pyp itAq;fs; vd;whu;fshk;. jq;fsJ rw;FU nts;sp tplaj;ij tpsf;fp mtu mjd;gb `wk; ~uPgpy; mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; itj;jhu;fs;. xU ngupahiuf; fz;lhu;fs;. jdJ n~a;F ehafk; mjw;Fg; gjpy; $wpa nrhd;dJ Nghy; mtu; xU fpjhG ghu;j;Jf; `wk; ~uPgpy; re;jpj;jtu; nfhz;bUe;jhu;. vOjpa my; typa;Ay; fhk `f;fP mtu;fisj;jhd; vd om mtu;fsplk; nrd;w mg;Jy; [thj; ehafktu;fs;> n~a;ftu;fs; nrhy;ifapy mtu;fSf;F kpf kupahijAld; ryhKiuj;J jhq;fs; xUtu;. xt;nthU `[;[pd ghu;jJf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; fpjhgpd; ngau; vd;d? vd;W ; ~uPGf;F rKfk; jUthu;fs;. e.c Nfl;lhu;fs;. mjw;ftu;fs; ,J K`k;kjp];khaPy; ehDk; `[;[{f;Fr; n `f;fP vOjpa jg;]Pu; W}`py; gahd;|| vd;W mtu;fisr; re;jpj;Njd;.| vd sm nrhd;dhu;fshk;. jq;fsJ ngau; vd;dntd;W Nfl;lhu;fshk;. mjw;ftu; K`k;kJ ,];khaPy; vd;W vd;Nd tyPkhu um nrhd; d hu; f shk; . mg; N ghJ mg; J y; [thj; vkf;Fg; GupAkh mt ehafktu;fs; ehq;fs; ,yq;ifapypUe;J tUfpd;Nwhk;. .sh cq;fSf;F vq;fsJ n~a;`{dh m`;kj; kPuhd; `[; ahj;jpiuAk;> topaD nts;sp Mypk; (w`;) mtu;fs; jq;fsJ ryhik vj;jp w itf;Fk; gb nrhd;dhu;fs; vd;whu;fs;. mijf; Nfl;l mf;fhiy `[;|| g mtu;fs; mofhf miyf;f tmiy`p];]yhk|; | vd;W nfhz;L ,Ue;jJ. `h[pf w gjpYiuj;J jhq;fs; jhafk; nrd;why; vdJ nra;J te;jdu;. MypKy; w ryhikAk; mtu;fSf;F vj;jp itAq;fs; vd;W ehafk; mtu;fSld; gpd nrhd;dhu;fshk;. mtu;fsplkpUe;J tpil ngw;w flikf;Fr; nrd;wdu;. mg;Jy; [thj; ehafktu;fspd; rpe;jid tpupe;jJ. Y. my;`h[; ALM. ,g;wh`Pk; m Y. my;`h[; SM. K`k;kJ fh na;`{dh mtu;fs; ryhk; nrhy;Yk; gb gzpj;jtu;fs; ehk; Neubahff; fz;ltu;> jdJ ngau; K`k;kJ ,];khaPy; vd;W nrhd;dtu; ahu;? mt;ufs;jhd; me;E}iy vOjpa Y. my;`h[; Mjk;Nghb mtu;fs K`k;kJ ,];khaPy; `f;fP mtu;fNsh? Y. my;`h[; cJkh nyg;ig m Y. my;`h[; Mjk; gps;is tpiuthf jhk; re;jpj;j ,lj;ij ehb Xb kiuf;fhau; kfd; K`k;kJ te;jhu;fs;. mtu;fis mq;F fhztpy;iy. `wk; Y. my;`h[; gs;spj; jk;gp mtu;f ~uPgpy; jhk; epw;Fk; fhynky;yhk; mt;tplj;ij Nehl; l kpl; l hu; f s; . mk; K fj; i j Njbdhu; f s; . Y. my;`h[; fhrpk; `h[pahu; (k fhzf;fpilf;ftpy;iy. Y. kw;Wk; %tu; 45 4
  • 25. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My rgPdh V. mwg;|| fg;gypy; gazj;ij Nkw;nfhz;l Ritf;f rpe;jpf;f : mtu;fis K`pg;gPd;fSk; cwtpdu;fSk; topaDg;gp itj;jdu;. my;yh`;tpd; ghJfhg;Gld; fg;gy; Nkw;$wg;gl;l epfo;i ,yq;ifia fle;jJ. ,g;Gdpj `[; epfo;T 1948Mk; mg;Ju; wCg; kp];gh`P mt Mz;L epfo;e;jJ. (,j;jftiy my;`h[; K`k;kJ Kd;jfGd; eghap];|| vDk `dPgh (wFkh nlf;];.gJis) mtu;fsplkpUe;J Ritj;j xU rk;gtk; vd; ngwg;gl;lJ.) flikf;fhf mwg`; ikjhd mq;fpUe;J jpUk;Gk; NghJ fg;gypy; fz;l GJik : tpl;L te;Jtpl;lhu;. kf;f` epidTf;F te;jJ. kWehs; m fg;gy; gazk; ehl;fshfp> thukhfp> khjkhfpaJ. ,yl;rf; fzf;f fg;gypDs;spUe;j ,iw gf;ju;fspd; jpf;u; XirAk;> itj;jpUe;j mwghj;jply; jy;gpa;a`; Kof;fKk; flypy; rq;fkpj;J> mu;i~ kdpju;fs; ,y;iy> khwhf mile;jJ. om kpUfq;fSNk fhzg;gl;ld mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; mtu;fSk; mtu;fsJ jLkhw;wKk; mile;j mt Mj;k ez;gu; ,g;wh`Pk; `h[pahUk; fliyg; ghu;j;J vj;jdpj;jhu;. mg;NghJ ` ,iw gilg;igg; gw;wpg; Ngrpf; nfhz;bUe;jdu;. jpUk;gpdhu;. kdpjd; ,y;iy e.c mg;NghJ fg;gypd; cs;spUe;J rpy gd;wpfs; xU gd;wpNa mioj;jJ. m flYf;Fs; Fjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jd. kPz;Lk; mJ NgrpaJ. sm ,ijf; fz;l ,g;wh`Pk; `h[pahu; MypKy; gag;glhNj `h[pfs; jupj ,u;ghd; ngupa Mypk; tyP mtu;fsplk; ,njd;d? fz;L mjprapf;fpwhah? g um vd;d mjprak;.... ahUky;y. cd; Nghd;w ghtq;fspd; ntspg;ghNl eh .sh gd;wpf; Fl;bfs; fg;gypy; ,Ue;J flypy; Fjpf;fpd;wdNt. mtu;fs; ,q;Nf te;J fg;gYf;Fs; gd;wp vg;gb te;jJ? jq;fsJ ghtq;fis ,q w vq;fpUe;J te;jJ? me;jg; ghtq;fNs ehq vd;W Nfl;lhu;. fhl;rpaspf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;W n w itj;j ,lj;jpy; gj;j w mjw;F MypKy; ,u;ghd; mtu;fs;> `h[pahu;> vLj;Jf; nfhz;L mq;f ,it vq; f pUe; J k; tutpy; i y. kdpjDf; F s; ,t;tuyhWk; mGy; ,u;ghd ,Ue;Jjhd; te;Js;sd. fg;gypy; fz;l fhl;rpAk Vw;GilajhFk;. ghtj;NjhL te;j kf;fspd; ghtr; nray;fs;jhd; gd; w pfSila cUtj; j py; flypy; gha; e ; j d. flik epiwTk; gpupah tpil `[;[{f;Fr; nry;Nthupd; kdj;jpypUe;j ght mRj;jq;fis ,iwtd; ntspNaw;wpdhd;. mJNt gazk; njhlu;e;jJ. kf vkf;Fg; gd;wpfshf fhl;lg;gl;lJ vd;W tpil Gdpj f/g`;it fz;L m gfu;e;jhu;fs;.|| ,r;rk;gtk; md;W fg;gypy; ngupjhf tPl;ilg; ghu;j;J Mde;jg Ngrg;gl;lJ. ,J `[; ahj;jpiuapy; ngupa Mypk; mq;F itj;J jkJ jtg ehafk; fhl;ba xU fuhkj;Nj MFk;. mtu;fSf;fhf JM|| nra;j 47 4
  • 26. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My jdJ ike;jiu rpwe;j MypkhfTk; xU ]_gpahfTk; ,tu;fspy; ,Utu; ,iwa Mf;Fk; gb my;yh`;tplk; Nfl;lhu;fs;. jd; %yk; kl;LNk [Ptpf;fpwhu;. mtu;jh Mf;fg;gl;l my; kj;w]Ju; wg;ghdpa;a`;Tk; gj;upa;a`; mjpgu;. ,tu; `po;wpa;a` gs;spthaYk; fpahkj; ehs; tiu rPNu ele;Njw mjpgu;. ghlrhiy mUfpNy my;yh`;itg; gzpe;jhu;fs;. gpd; kd epiwTld; Gdpj kw;w ,UtiuAk; tpl mwptpy `[; flikia rpwg;ghf Nkw;nfhz;L Kbj;j mtu;fs; Gyik ngw;;wpUe;jJ Nghy; mq;Fs;s [d;dJy; Kmy;yh|| kw;Wk; Gdpj ngw;wtu;. ngupa Mypk; eh jyq;fisnay;yhk; ghu;itapl;L NguUs; ngw;whu;fs;. ejh|| vDk; mwG ,yf;fz gpd;du;> kjPd`;it mile;j mtu;fs; kjPdj;J kd;du; MypKf;F rkkhdtu;. xU K`k;kJ K];jgh khegP (]y;) mtu;fspd; Gdpj khu;f;f Qhdk; ,tuplj;jpy; wt;o`;it khz;Gld; juprpj;J kdkhw ,tuplk; khu;f;f tplaj;jpy; j Kj;jkpl;lhu;fs;. kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; ]pahwj; nra;J KbahJ. mjpfkhd khu;f;f khegPapd; ~ghmj;ijg; ngw;whu;fs;. `o;wj; mG+gf;fu; mtu;fsplkpUe;J fw;wpUe (woP)> `o;wj; cku; (woP) MfpNahupd; ey;yhrpfisAk; tpQ;Qhd mwpTk; ci om ngw;whu;fs;. gpd; mq;Fs;s [d;dJy; gfPc|| Nghd;w mtu;fsplNk ]{gpj;Jtf; J}a jyq;fis juprpj;Jk; ghu;itapl;Lk; NguUs; ,Wjp tiu fw;W epiw tpsf ngw;W mq;fpUe;J kd epiwTld; gpupahky; gpupe;J my;yh`;|| vd e.c jhafj;ij te;jile;jhu;fs;. rpU;b vd;gJ my;yh`;Tf;Fk sm Md;kpf xspAk; %d;W mjpgu;fSk; : njhlu;G vj;ji K`k;kJ (]y um mGy; ,u;ghd; mg;Jy; [thj; ehafktu;fspd; mtu;fsJ mf Md;kpf Nghjidahy; ftug;gl;ltu;fspy; ,it Nghd;w tpdhf;fSf;F .sh Mrpupau;fshff; flik nra;J gpd;du; mjpgu; gjtp %yk; njspthd> jplkhd tfpj;j %tu; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngWfpd;wdu;. njspe;jhu;. w Y. M. Mjk; nyg;ig mjpgu;> fhj;jhd;Fb - 02 tpQ;Qhdp Id;];wPd; : w Y. A. kPuh rh`pG mjpgu;> fhj;jhd;Fb - 05 xUehs; mGy; ,u;ghd w nfhz;bUf;Fk; Ntis tpQ Y. kPuh rh`pG mjpgu;> fhj;jhd;Fb - 01 nfhs;if gw;wpa Ngr;R te;j cyfk; xspapd; r ,d;Ndhu; fhj;jhd;FbapNyNa mjpgu; flik fUj;ij Mjk; nyg;ig mj Gupe;jtu;fs;. mGy; ,u;ghd; mtu;fSld; njhlu;G mijf; Nfl;l mGy; , Vw;gl;l Muk;gj;jpy; rdp> QhapW fhiyapy; kj;u]`; Kbe;jJk; re;jpg;ghu;fs;. `jP]; k[;yp];fSf;F rKfk; cz;ikjhd;> my;Fu;Mdpd; jUthu;fs;. md;Gj; njhlu;G mjpfupj;j NghJ ,uT ,Uf;fpwhu; vd;W Ntisapy; mGy; ,u;ghd; mtu;fspd; ,y;yk; Vfp Ngrpf; my;yh`{ E}W]; ] nfhz;bUg;ghu;fs;. rhg;ghl;ilf; $l kwe;J (my;yh`; thdq;fspd; G+kpfspd NgRthu;fs;. rpy Ntis Ngrpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghNj vd;w ,iw trdj Rg;`;|| njhOiff;fhd mjhidf; Nfl;ghu;fs;. tpsf;fkspj;jhu;fshk;. ,i ,g;gbahf gy ,uTfs; mtu;fSf;F tpbe;Js;sd. vd;W xU ngau; cz gilf;fg;gl;l rpU~;b xspAi 49 5
  • 27. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My rpU;b vd;gJ mjk;! (,y;yhik) ,y;yhky; ,Ue;J my;yh`{ m`Jd; gpy; T[ ,iwtdhy; gilf;fg;gl;lJ. mJ `hjpj;|| GjpjhdJ. (my;yh`; cs;sikapy mJ fjPk;|| G+u;tpfkhdJ my;y. mjw;F ,iwtNd vz;zpf;ifapy; %ykhdtd;. my;yh`;tpd; Fd;|| (MFf) vDk; Vty; t,d;fhd th`pjd; gpy; m nfhz;L Njhd;wpaJ. RakhdNjh - Rakhfj; (mtd; vz;zpf;ifapy; xU Njhd;wpaNjh my;y. mij mtNd gilj;jhd;. mit vz;zg;;gl;ltdh xt;nthd;Wk; xt;nthU nghUshfTk; njspthfTk; ty;yh`{ Kd];]`{d; njuptjw; F f; fhuzk; mit ajhu; j ; j j; j py; (my;yh`; vz;zpf;if xspAilajhf ,Ug;gjdhyhFk;. fl;Lg;ghl;il t vdNt> my;yh`; E}u;|| xspahdtd;. mtdhy; jd;idf; nfhz;L cz;l gilf;fg;gl;l rpU~;b xspahdNj MFk;. mjdhw;whd; epiyj;Js;s my;yh`; mJ njspthfj; njupfpwJ. ePq;fs; $wpa tpQ;Qhdpapd; ,uz;nld;W vz;zg;gL fUj;ij khu;f;f mwpQu;fSld; kw;w mwpQu;fSk; ajhu;j;jpy; mjk;|| ,y;yhi Nru;e;J Muha;e;njhOf Ntz;Lk; vd;whu;fshk;. om Rakw;wJ> mopaf; $baJ> fh my;yh`;itf; nfhz;L cz;l vz;zpf;ifapy; xUtdy;yd; : ngw;wpUf;ff; $baJ. my;yh` e.c my;y. cyfj;jpd; Rf;fhd; gpwpnjhU jlit jkJ mjpgiug; ghu;j;J mGy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. sm ,u;ghd; mtu;fs; mtNd cs;std;. m kh];lu;> cq;fs; if tpuy;fis vz;Zq;fs; vd;whu;fshk;. ahiuAk; ngwhjtd;> ahuhYk um xd;W vd;W vz;zp xU tpuiy kbj;j mtu;> ,uz;L ahUk; epfuy;yd;. vd;W , vd;W kWtpuiy kbj;jhu;. %d;W vd;W mLj;j tpuiy vd;gij cjhuzj;jpd; %yk kbj;jhu;. mtiu tpopj;j mGy; ,u;ghd; mtu;fs; xd;W vdNt> mg;Jy; [thj .sh vd;W nrhd;dPu;> xU tpuiy kbj;jPu;. mJ rup. gpd; ,uz;L ghu;it> Ngr;R> mirT vd;W nrhd;dPu;. xU tpuiyj;jhd; kbj;jPu; %d;W vd;W mu;jjq;fisAk; Mjk; ; w nrhd;dPu;. xU tpuiyNa kbj;jPu;> ,J rupahfj; mwpe; j pUe; j hu; f s; . mj w njupatpy;iy. gofpdhu;fs;. w xd;W vd;W nrhd;dPu;. xU tpuiy kbj;jPu;. gpd; ngupa Mypk; tyPatu;fs ,uz;L vd;W vz;zhky; xd;W vd;W vz;zp xU md;Gld; miog;ghu;fs;. tpuiy kbj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. %d;W vd;W vz;zhky;> mtu;fSld; njhlu;Gila xU tpuiy kbf;Fk; NghJ xd;W vd;Nw vz;zp ,Uf;f ,tUf;F cykhcfs; Ntz;Lk;. ,JNt ajhu;j;jk;. kj;jpapYk; xU jdp kupahij ,t;thW vz;Zk; NghJk; xd;Wjhd; Njhd;Wk; ,tu; jpUf;Fu;Md; Xj ePqfs; xd;Wld; xd;iw $l;br; nrhy;fpd;wPu;. ,uz;L ; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; ehaf vd;gJ xd;Wld; xd;iwr; Nru;jJ Nehf;Fk; NghJ ; ,jd; tpguk; gpd;Nd tUk;. cz;lhfpd;wJ. jdpj;J Nehf;Fifapy; ,uz;L vd;gJ RUq;fr; nr ,y;iy. ehk; xd;Wld; xd;iwr; Nru;j;J ,uz;L vd;W ehafktu;fsplk; ,tu; fw;Wf vz;ZtJ Nghy; fpahK`{ gp eg;]p`P||ahd epj;jpad; mg;Jy; [thj; tyP mt my;yh`;Tld; vijr; Nru;j;Jk; xg;gpl;Lk; Nehf;f fw;w ghlq;fs;> cgNjrq KbahJ. vz;z KbahJ. gj;upa;a`;tpy; ciuahw;wp , 51 5
  • 28. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My Mypk; mtu;fspd; nrd;w 30k; epidT jpd miog;Gk; nksdKk;! : fe;J}upapy; mtu;fs; Mw;wpa ciuapd; EiuiaNa ,q;F njspj;Js;Nsd;. jf;th|| mbg;gilapy; tho ngupa Mypk; tyP mtu;fs; gw;wp> Nghjidfs; miog;Gf;F jpBnud;W gw;wp mwpe;J nfhs;s tpUk;GNthu; jw;NghJ xUehs; mtu;fsJ jt i `ahj;NjhL tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; Mjk; nyg;ig jkJ kfs; e]P`hit j Nru; mtu;fsplk; nrd;W Nfl;Lj; njupe;J nfhs;s te;jhu;fs;. koiy nkhop KbAk;. [thj; Mypk; ehafk; vd;wioj;J mtu;fisj; jl rw;FUtpd; tghj;Jk; rPlupd; mw;GjKk; : mtu;fs; koiyapd NgrTkpy;iy. mg;gbNa , KuPJfs; thOk; ,lq;fspnyy;yhk; m~;n~a;Fy; jt ike;jUk; Nahrpj;jhu fhkpy; m`;kj; kPuhd; nts;sp Mypk; tyP mtu;fs; nrd;W mg;gh mg;gh vd;W tghj; nra;jp gue;jJ. mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; om Ngrtpy;iy> Vd; ghu;f;ftpy mtu;fSk; mtu;fsJ Md;kpf ez;gu; k`;% nyg;ig gpd; jhdhfNt gps; i (wg;ghdpa;a`;) `h[pahu; mtu;fSk; md;W Rg;`;|| kfpo;e;jhu;fshk;. mjpfhiyapNyNa ml;lhisr;Nridf;F e.c mt;thwhapd; mtu;f Gwg;gl;lhu;fs;. ,UtUk; g];]pNyNa gazj;ij mu;jjq;fs; cs;sd. Kjy ; Nkw;nfhz;lhu;fs;. sm gps; i s mioj; j Ng mUfpy; mku;e;jpUe;j wg;ghdpa;a`; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,i `h[pahuplk; `h[pahu; > n~a; ` {dh mtu; f s; ,yapj;jpUe;jhu;fs;. gpd; me um tghj;jhd nra;jp Nfl;L gyUk; mq;F tUthu;fs;. gps;isAld; Ngrpdhu;fs;. ehKk; Nghfpd;Nwhk;. ehk; mq;F NghdJk; ,j;jftiy je;j .sh mq;Fs;stu;fs; fgd;| gplit vLg;gjw;F vk;ikj;jhd; kp];gh`P mtu;fs; mg;gh mf;fiug;gw;Wf;F mDg;Gthu;fs;. NghJ je; i j Ngrhjp w ehk; ,UtUNk nry;Nthk;. mf;fiug;gw;wpy; xU tpj;jpahrkhf epidj;jpUe Gilitf;filapy; EioNthk;. ehk; NghdJk; mg;NghJ Vd; mg;gb ,Ue w filf;fhuu; vkf;F ,uz;L fjpiufisj; jUthu;. ehd; mwpe;J nfhz;Nld; vd w filapy; mg; N ghJ rdf; $ l; l k; ,Uf; f hJ. ,Utifahd nts;isj; Jzpfis filf;fhuu; mfkpa epiy : vk;kplk; fhz;gpg;ghu;. mjpy; ,uz;lhtJ fhl;ba JzpiaNa ehk; vLg;Nghk;. kfhd; mg;Jy; [thj filf;fhuu; ek; ,UtUf;Fk; gr;irf; fyu; Qhdj;jpy cr;r epiyia m nfhz;l ,U Nrhlh Nghj;jy;fisj; jUthu;. ehk; ,iw Neruhf ,Ue;j mUe;JNthk;. gpd;G vkf;F ntw;wpiy ghf;F jUthu; mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. vy;Nyh vd;W nrhd;dhu;fshk;. mNj Nghy; Mypk;|| vd;W fUjpdhu;fN ml;lhisr;Nridapy; ,wq;fpaJ Kjy; ,Wjp tiu mtu;fs; nrhy;ypaJ Nghd;Nw ele;jJ vd;W typa;Ay;yh`; vd;gij Gupe;j wg;ghdpa;a`; `h[pahu; vd;dplk; $wpdhu;. ,J kfhd; mg;Jy; [thj; ngupa Mypk; mtu;fs; vdf;Ff; fhl;ba fwhkj;|| vd;Wk; etpd;whu;. 53 5
  • 29. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My k/upgJy; typa;ap m];mG kpd; k/upgjpy;yh`p|| ,hwj; :- fdTk; edTk;! (my;yh`;it mwpe;J nfhs;tij tpl xU tyP|| ,iwNeriu mtu; ,iw Neru; vd;W mwpe;J nfhs;tJ kfhd; c];jhJ ehaf kpff; fbdkhdJ.) mbf;fb Neha; Vw;gl;lJ. vd;w ]_gpfspd; $w;W ,tu;fisg; nghWj;J njhluhf kj;w]hTf;F tU cz;ikahfptpl;lJ. ,iwtid mwpe;J nfhs;syhk; gs;spthaYk;> kj;w]`;TN Mdhy; tyPkhu;fis ,yFtpy; mwpaKbahJ vd;gNj NkNyhq;fp ,Ue;jJ. ]_gpfspd; fUj;jhFk;. ,iwtid mwptjw;F gy xUehs; gs;spthay topfs; cs;sd. mt;topNa nrd;why; mtu;fsJ khztu; ng my;yh`;itmwpe;J nfhs;s KbAk;. Mdhy; mioj;J> vd; %yk; ,iwNeru;fis mwptJ ,yFthdJ md;W. jhgdq;fisAk; ehd; vd te;Js;Nsd;. fhuzk; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; ek; Nghd;wtu;> ,g;gs;spthaiy vy;NyhU ek; Nghd;W tho;gtu;> ek; Nghd;W ghu;g;gtu;> ek; Nghy; om vd;Nw nrhy;fpd;wdu;. ehd; , Nfl;gtu;> ek; Nghy; cz;gtu;> cLg;gtu;> ek; Nghy; itj;Js;Nsd;. ,ij ehd; cwq;Fgtu;> tpopg;gtu;> ek; Nghy; kidtpAld; Nghfk; tPl;Lf;F ehd; NghFk; f nra;gtu;> ek; Nghy; tzq;Fgtu;> Xjpf; nfhLg;gtu;. czu;fpNwd;. e.c vd;Nw jk;NkhL xg;gpl;L Nehf;fpdhu;fs;. ,jpy; xU nfhb glu;e sm khwhf> mtu; ek; Nghd;wtu; my;yu;> ek; Nghy; Nfl;lhu;fs;. nksytpf;F mJ ghu;f;fhu;> Nfl;fhu;> ek; Nghy; cwq;fhu;> tpopf;fhu;> ek; rkJ> ,jpy; xU nfhb g um Nghy; cz;zhu;> Fbf;fhu;> ek;Nghy; Nghfk; nra;ahu; kl;LNk ghu;f;fpNwd;. vd; ` vd;W mtu;fis Nehf;Ftjpy;iy. ,jdhw;whd; ,d;W nfhb njhlu;e;J glu;e .sh khegP K`k;kj; (]y;) mtu;fisf; $l ek; Nghd;w R+o;e;jpUf;Fk;. vjpu; fhyj rhjhuz kdpju; vd;W nrhy;yg;gLtij ehk; ehnlq;Fk; gpugy;ak; ngWk w mwpfpd;Nwhk;. `ahj;jpUe;jhy; cd;dhy; g ,Nj fUj;ij ku;`{k; w ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; egPkhu;> tyPkhu; gw;wpa mwpTk; mtu;fsplKk; nrhy;ypAs;sh w kfpikAk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; mwpag;glhjNj MFk;. jhd; xU tyP|| vd;gij tyPkhu;fs; nrhy;tjpy;iy. mtu;fsJ my;yh`;Nt fhl;bf; nfhLg;ghd;. edthfpAs;sJ. mtu;fsJ mtu;fsJ jtike;jupd; ji jd;dpy; ntspahFk; fwhkj;||ij mtu;fs; ehb nfhb glu;e;J tuyhW Ngh ntspahf;Ftjpy;iy. mij ,iwtNd gs;spahfTk; my; [hkpm ntspahf;Fthd;. Mdhy;> xU typa;Ay;yh`; jhd; gpufhrk; ngw; w pUg; g J tyPjhd;| vd;gij jd;Ds; mwpe;jtuhfNt ,Ug;ghu;. kiwthdjy;y. kfhd; mg;Jy; [thj; tyP mtu;fs; jhd; xU tyP|| vd;gij nksj;jhFk; tiu ntspf;fhl;lNt ,Wjp t]pa;aj; : Kjypy; epu;t ,y;iy. jd;Ds; kiwj;Jf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. mtu;fs; jkJ Neha; mjpf kuzpg;gjw;F xU khjj;jpw;F Kd;Gjhd; mtu;fs; xU nksj;|| neUq;fp tpl;lijA tyP|| ,iwNeruhf ,Ue;Js;shu;fs; vd;gij mz;kp mtu;fs; Kjypy; epu;thf ,Ue;j kf;fs; gfpuq;fkhf mwpe;jdu;. gazj;ij epidT $u;e;jhu;f 55 5
  • 30. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;JMypk; tyP Mypk; tyP mg;Jy; [thj; y; [thj; Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My jhd; epu;tfpf;Fk; fhiy> mJ rpwg;ghf eP nra;j Fw;wq;fis eilngWtjw;fhf rpy Ntis cq;fSld; Nfhgkhf tpl;Nld;. ehd; Fw;wk; nra;j ele;jpUg;Ngd;. vd;kPJ ahuhtJ Fw;wk; fz;bUg;gpd; tpL. gps;isfisg; ghu;j;Jf jd;id kd;dpf;FkhW Ntz;bdhu;fs;. mtu;fsJ vy;yhtw;iwAk; ,iwaUs Ntz;Ljiyf; Nfl;l epu;thfpfs; mOJ rypj;J> ghu;j;Jf; nfhs;thu;. FLk;g ehq;fNs Fw;wk; nra;Js;Nshk;. jhq;fs; vq;fisNa ehd; Vw;ghL nra;Js;Nsd; kd;dpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W gzpTld; Nfl;Lf; kidtpAk; kf;fSk; mOJ nfhz;lhu;fs;. mtu;fis Nehf;fpa kfhdtu;fs; fz;fspypUe;Jk; fz;zPu; jk;khy; jhgpf;fg;gl;l ,iw jhgdq;fis jhk; kf;fis gpuptjhy; Vw;gl;l ,Jtiu fz;fs; Nghy; ghJfhj;J te;jjhfTk; jkJ milag; NghfpNwhk; vd;w `ahj;jpd; gpd; mtw;iwr; rPuhfg; guhkupf;f fz;zPu;. Ntz;Lnkd;Wk; Ntz;bf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. kidtp> kf;fs;> cwt vjpu; fhyj;jpy; mJ rpwe;Njhq;Ftjw;F nrhy;yp ngupahu; gpupag; Ngh cldbahf epu;thf rigf; $l;lj;ijf; $l;b mjpy; om vdJ ike;ju; mg;Ju; wCig mioj;J mtUld; Ngrp ,Wjp NtisAk; mw;Gjq;fS mtiu vdJ ,lj;jpy; epakpj;J tpLq;fs;. mtu; %yk; ,iwtd; cq;fSf;F ey;top fhl;LtJld; ekJ kfhd; mg;Jy; [th e.c jhgdq;fisAk; cau;j;Jthd; vd;whu;fs;. ,Wjp Ntisapy; gy mw;G mtu;fsJ fUj;ijf; Nfl;l epu;thfpfs; mit midj;ijAk; vOj sm mtu;fsJ nrhw;Nghy; nraw;gl;L mtu;fsJ RUf;fkhf rpyij kl;L jtike;jiu mtu;fsJ ,lj;jpy; epakpj;jdu;. mtw;iw epjhdkhf thrpg um epiyia czu;e;J nfhs;s jtike;juplk; : .sh mw;Gjk; 01 : jtike;ju; kp];gh`P mtu;fis mioj;J w ,iwtd; cq;fSf;F epiwthd ,y;ikj; je;Js;shd; md;W nts;spf; fpo vd;Wk; jhd; vJtk; tpN~lkhfr; nrhy;yj; Kbe;J te;j vkf;F mg;Jy w Njitapy;iy vd;Wk;> jdf;Fg; gpd; jhk; jhgpj;j fLk; RfaPdkhf ,Wjpg; g w kj; w ]`; i tAk; > gs; s pthaiyAk; fz; N ghy; vd;w nra;jp Nfl;Nlhk;. mt ghJfhj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd;Wk; Ntz;bf; mtu;fsplk; Xjpa cykhc nfhz;lhu;fs;. gyh`; mwGf; fyhgPl N rhe;jNk G+j;jtu;fshf m kidtp> kf;fs;> cwtpdu;f;F : gLj;jpUe;j mtu;fs; c vOe;jpUe;jhu;fs;. cykhc kidtpiag; ghu;j;j mtu;fs; eP tpisahl;Lg; mjw;F Gd;KWtYld; gjpy; gps;isahf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ cdJ xd;gjhtJ tajpy; vd;Nd te;jPu;fs;? vd;W Nfl;;l cd;idj; jpUkzk; nra;Njd;. khu;f;f mwpit cq;fisg; ghu;f;fNt KOikahff; fw;Wj; jUtjw;F Kaw;rpj;Njd;. mg;NghJ cykhcfspy; x Kbatpy;iy. ehd; mypg; vd;why; eP Ng|| vd;wha;|| mtu;fspd; khztUk; jg;y VNjh ,t;tsT fhyKk; rpwg;ghf tho;e;J tpl;Nlhk;. jiytUkhd nksytP KMM gps;isfisg; ngw;Nwhk;. ,g;NghJ ehd; gazj;jpy; tyPatu;fisg; ghu;j;J Vjh ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;. vd;whu;. 57 5
  • 31. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My mjw;F tyPatu;fs;> mw;Gjk; 03 : ,Wjpf; fl;lj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; vd;dhy; ,g;NghJ vd;d cgNjrk; nra;a KbAk;? ,t;tsT fhyKk; ehd; Nkd;ikkpF typa;Ay;y Cupy;jhd; ,Ue;Njd;. ,jw;F Kjy; vd;dplk; te;jPu;fsh? tisj;jpUe;Njhk;. jpBnud ,J ituf;fl;ilah? my;yJ Nrhj;jpah vd;gij m];whaPy; miy`p];]yhk; vd guPl;rpj;Jg; ghuj;jPu;fsh? ,y;iyNa! ,g;NghJ ehd; vdf;F ryhk; nrhd;dhu;fs;. gazj;jpy; ,Uf;fpNwd;. VJk; nrhy;tjw;fpy;iy. capiuf; ifg;gw;Wtw;F tut vijj;jhd; cq;fSf;Fr; nrhy;y KbAk;? kPz;Lk; tUNtd;. ,Nj mikg vd;W etpd;whu;fs;. ,ijf; Nfl;l mq;fpUe;j jq;fsJ W}i`f; ifg;gw cykhcfSk; kw;wtu;fSk; moj; njhlq;fpdu;. Ie;J jq;fSf;F mwptpg;gjw;N epkplk; mt;tplk; nksdk; epytpaJ. vd;whu;fshk;. gpd;G cykhcfis tpspj;j tyPatu;fs; ePq;fs; mo Ntz;lhk;> ftiyg; glNtz;lhk; ehd; gazj;jpw;Fj; mw;Gjk; 04 : jahuhfp tpl;Nld;. my;yh`; ehbdhy; cq;fSf;F ahu; om %ykhtJ vd; neQ;rpypUf;Fk; ,y;KfisAk; ,iwQhd mtu;fsJ Neuk; neU jj;Jtq;fisAk; my;yh`; vj;jp itg;ghd;. Neuk; jhz;b mtu;fsJ khztu;fshd e e.c tpl;lJ. ePq;fs; gfYzT cz;z Ntz;Lk;. Ngha; tPl;Lf;Fr; nrd;W te;Njhk;. thUq;fs; vd;W mtu;fis mDg;gp itj;jhu;fs;. ahyjPG yk; j]y;|| vDk; sm cykhcfs; ryhk; $wp mt;tplj;ij tpl;Lk; gpupahky; nrhd;dJld; egPfs; ehafk; K gpupe;jhu;fs;. Gdpj ]ythj;Jk; ]yhKk; um nfhz;lhu;fs;. mw;Gjk; 02 : ehk; Xjpf; nfhz .sh mLj;j thuk; [{k;m`; njhOif Kbe;J tyP Nfl;Lf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;j ehafktu;fis ehq;fs; ghu;f;fr; nrd;Nwhk;. mtu;fs; w njhluhf Xjp ,Ug;Ngh vq;fisg; ghu;j;J vdJ cly; kpfTk; fisg;ghf ,Ue;jtu;fis Nehf;fp eg w ,Uf;fpwJ. xU nfhbatDld; rz;ilapl;L mtid wt;o`; uPg`;|| vj;jpir w Njhw;fbj;J tpl;Nld;. ,g;NghJjhd; mtd; XLfpd;whd;. Nfl;lhu;fs;. ehq;fs; Nkw;F fz;Bu;fsh? vd;W Nfl;lhu;fs;. ehq;fs; ,y;iy vd;W mjw;F mtu;fs; nrhd;Ndhk;. ,y;iy!!! ,y;iy!!! ,Njh vd ,g;NghNj mtd; Nghdhd;. xUkzp Neuk; mtd; Gdpj wt;o`; u vd;Dld; tpthjk; nra;jhd;. mtDila tpdhf;fSf;F ehd; rupahf tpil mspj;Njd;. ,Wjpapy; cd;Dld; fijf;f m];]yhK miyf;Fk; KbahJ vd;W Ngha;tpl;lhd;. m];]yhK miyf;Fk; ngupahu;fs; ,lj;jpy; ,g;yP]; jiytNd tUthd; m];]yhK miyf;Fk; vd;Wk; mtd; tpthjg; Nghu; nra;thndd;Wk; ehk; `jP];fspy; mwpe;jpUe;jJ ,q;F ep&gzkhfp tpl;lij vd;W ,f;fl;lhd m epide;J tpag;gpy; Mo;e;Njhk;. ngupa Mypk; nrhd;dhu;fs;. gpd;du; tyP a tu; f spd; mfkpa cau; epiy fz; L ah w]{yy;yh`;> mjprapj;Njhk;.. vd;W mOjhu;fs;. vq;fSf;F 59 6
  • 32. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My mw;Gjk; 05 : vLj;j vLg;gpy; Mk;> ehd; vO epiwTld; nrhy;fpd;wPu;fsh? M gj;upa;a`; epu;thfk; xd;W $b kfhdtu;fsplk; kdg;G+u;tkhfr; nrhy;fpNwd;. v te;jpUe;jJ. Fg;igf; fhlha; fple;j ,lj;jpy; mg;gbahapd; ,g;NghNj fy;tpA+l;Lk; fyhgPlj;ijAk; ,iwtid tzq;Fk; thUq;fs; vd;whu;fs;. gs;spthaiyAk; jhq;fNs Kd; te;J fl;bj; je;jPu;fs;. tug;gl;lhu;. `h[pahu; m vk; i kAk; ,g; g Fjp kf; f isAk; Neu; t opapy; fiur;irf; fhzp MW Nru;j;jPu;fs;. nksypj;> Gu;j`;> whjpg; k[;yp];fisAk; wg;ghdpa;a`;Tf;F vOjg;gl fz;zpakhf elhj;jpdPu;fs;. ,t;tpiw jhgdq;fSf;F nra;j typa;Ay;yh`; mtu nrhj;Jf;fisj; Njbj; je;jPu;fs;. ,j;jF jhq;fs; ,g;NghNj nrhu;f;fj;ij vkJ gs;spthay; Gdpj G+kpapy;jhd; ey;ylf;fk; nksj;jpd; Kd;Gk; gpd nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W ehq;fs; tpUk;GfpNwhk; vd;W ,Ug;gPu;fs;. mij ehd; ,g epu;thf rig rhu;gpy; mjd; jiytu; ku;`_k; my;`h[; vd;id ePq;fs; cq;fs; V.vy;.vk; ,g;wh`Pk; mtu;fs; gzpe;J Ntz;bf; g+kpapy; ey;ylf;fk; nra;A nfhz;lhu;fs;. om Nfl;lhy; ehd; gjpyspj;J mg;gbah? cq;fs; Ngr;rpd; gb ehd; rk;kjk; nraiy Mjhukhff; nfhz njuptpj;J mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lhy; ,iwtd; vd;idg; vd;whu;fs;. e.c ghu;j;J> mNl mg;Jy; [thj;> vy;NyhUk; nghJ tgh ikathbapy; mlf;fk; nra;ag;gl;bUf;f eP kl;Lk; gs;spg; mtu;fs; ,iwab Nr sm G+kpapy; vg;gb mlf;fk; nra;ag;gLtha;? vd;W vd;dplk; Kd; jd;idr; R+o;e;jpUe;j Nfl;lhy; mtDf;F ehd; vg;gb tpilaspg;Ngd;? mtu;fs; vy;NyhUf;Fk; ry um rpe;jpj;Jg; ghu;j;jPu;fsh? kl;LNk ehd; cq;fSld; c vd;W Nfl;lhu;fs;. epu;thfk; rpwpJ Neuk; nra;tjwpahJ njhluhf %d;W ehl;fs; ah .sh nrhy;tjwpahJ mikjp fz;lJ. ciuahLNthu; ciuahbf; mikjpaig; Nghf;fpa mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; mq;fpUe;jtu;fs; vijANk w mtu;fs; `h[pahu;> ehd; gs;spapy; mlf;fk; `h[j;Jf;fis Nfl;gtu Kbj;Jtpl;lhu;fs;. vy;NyhU w nra;ag;gLtijj; jhq;fs; tpUk;gpdhy; jq;fSf;F fiur;irg; G+kpapy; fplf;Fk; new;fhzp MW Vf;fiuAk; ,Ue;jdu;. mtu;fs; nrhd;d w kj;w]`;Tf;F vOjpj; juNtz;Lk;. ,J cq;fshy; ,iwfhl; r papy; ,yapj KbAkh? Kbe;jhy; ehd; gs;spthay; epyj;jpy; nraypoe; j d. fz; i z ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag;gLtjw;F rk;kjpf;fpd;Nwd;. ,iwtDld; kl;LNk %r;r ,iwtd; vd;dplk; Nfl;lhy; mirNt mtu;fs; mjuq ehd; cdJ tPl;Lg; G+kpapy; Rk;kh cwq;ftpy;iy. mtu;fsJ ehT VNjh cdJ tPl;Lf;F MW Vf;fu; new;fhzpiaj; je;j gpd;Nd tpOq;fpaJ. %r;R kl;Lk cwq;FfpNwd; vd;W nrhy;Ntd;. ehd; xJq;fpf; Xiriaf; nfhz;L nts nfhs;tjw;F xU gj;ij Ntz;Lk;. vd;d nrhy;fpwPu;fs; tpl;lJ vd;gij R+o;e;jpUe;j `h[pahu;? mtu;fsJ Qhd gf;jd; Mj jpUf;Fu;Mdpy; R+wJu; w`;k vd;W Nfl;lhu;fs;. jiytu; ,g;wh`Pk; `h[pahu; mtu;fSf;F my;yh`; Nkyhd nrhu;f;fj;ijf; nfhz;bUe;jhu;fs;. Kd;Nd nfhLf; f Ntz; L k; . Mk; . jw; N ghJ mtu; kp];gh`P mtu;fSk; jpf;Ul nrhu;f;fj;jpy;jhd; ,Ug;ghu;. kzp> mjpgupd; Xjy; xyp %r;NrhirANk Nfl;Lf; nfh 61 6
  • 33. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My typkd; fhg kfhk wg;gp`P [d;djhd;|| my;yh`;itg; gae;J , (jd;Dila wg;gpd; kfhik gae;jtUf;F ,U kfhdpd; jpdrup juprdj;ij nrhu;f;fq;fs; cz;L) mtu;fsJ m`;ghGfs;|| ,j vd;w w`;khd; trdk; Xjp Kbe;jJk; typa;Ay;yh`; mtu;fspd; jpf;u;|| %r;NrhirAk; Xa;e;jJ. epue;jukhf nksj;Jy; MypkP n Xa;e;jJ. 05.02.1908y; kyu;e;j mtu;fs;> Gdpj rt;thy; (xU Mypkpd;(khu;f;f Qhdpapd;)k gpiw 15y; (18.09.1978) vOgjhtJ tajpy; jhWy; vd;w egpa;Ay;yh`;tpd; n gdh||it tpl;Lk; jhWy; gfh||it mile;jhu;fs;. kyu;e;jJ. ,d;dhypy;yh`p t,d;dh ,iy`p wh[pCd;|| mt;ypahcfSf;F kuzk; VJ? [dh]hj; njhOif : mtu;fs; ,k;ikapYk; kWikapYk; ep[khf tpopj;jtu;fs;. ehNk kuzpj;Jf; fplf;fpd;Nwhk;. mjpNkjF kfhdpd; [ fdT ePbj;jjhy; fz; %bf; fplf;fpd;Nwhk;. mtu;fsJ jtike;ju; om mtu;fNs elhj;jpdhu;fs njhOifapy; ,iwNerr; n Ritj;J tpOq;fpaJ vJ? cly;fis vLg;gtu;)fspy; xU e.c NkjF fk;gk; `o;wj; ehafk mg;Jy; [thj; ehafk; mtu;fspd; Gdpj W}`; gpuptjw;F Kd; mtu;fsJ ehT xU nghUisr; sm Ritj;J tpOq;fpaJ. mk;gh ehafk; : ,ijg; ghu;j;jpUe;j ike;ju; kp];gh`P ehafk; um mtu;fs; jfg;gdhu; vijr; Ritj;jhu;fs; vd;W ,e;jpa jkpo; ehl;L k rpe;jpj;jhu;fs;. ,k; kfhd; mtu;fs; rkPgj;j kiwe;jhu;fs;. ,tu;fsJ n .sh xU ehs; mtu;fSld; ehq;fs; xU tPl;by; jiyg; ghj;jp`h Xjpf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJ K`k;kJ mg;Ju; w`;khd;|| w mk;gh ehafk; vd;W ‫ﻗﻨﺎ ﻟﺬلﺎﻳرﺬ ﻟﻤﭼﻮ ﻣﻮ ﺷﻬﺎ‬ tUlq;fshf tPl;Lf;Fg;; Ngh w gs;spapy; jdpj;J ,Ue;J w (mjpf;dh yjPjy; nksj;jp nksj;j `hjjp) te;jhu;fs;. `hjj; nksjpd; Ngupd;gj;ij vq;fisr; Ritf;fr; ,k;kfhDf;F jkpo; nra;thahf!|| ,Ue;jdu;. ,k;kfhidr; re;j vDk; f]Pj`;it XjpNdhk;. mg;NghJ kp];gh`P kp];gh`P mtu;fisg; gw;wp ehafku;fs; vdJ je;ij ,Wjp Neuj;jpy; Ritj;J $Wk; NghJ :- tpOq;fpaJ ,JNt MFk;. <khd; fdpiar; Ritj;Nj mtu;fs; tpOq;fpdhu;fs; vd;W ~k;]{y; cykh ,tu; ,yq;ifi mtu;fs; vkf;F tpsf;fp itj;jhu;fs;. mwpQu;. jPDila gzpapN nfhz;ltu;. ,tuJ khkp gpupTk; JaUk; : FLk;g tplaq;fis ngh jPDila gzpapy; ,tuhy cyfk; xU typa;Ay;yh`;||itg; gpupe;J Kbe;jJ. mOjJ. vy;Nyhu; tjdj;jpYk; Nrhfk; njupe;jJ. fz;fs; gpupTg; gd;dPiuj; njspj;jd. 63 6
  • 34. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;JMypk; tyP Mypk; tyP mg;Jy; [thj; y; [thj; Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My ,iwNeruhd ,tuJ je;ijapd; [dh]hj; tplf;fy; : njhOifapy; mt;ypahcfspy; tpN~l gpuptpduhd ,k;kfhdJ jiyk mg;jhy;||fspy; xUtu; fye;J nfhz;lhu; vd;Wk; ,Uf;fpd;w kP]hd;|| ,U $wpdhu;fs;. kiwthd tplaq;fs; gw;wpa ,tuJ kiwe;J fz;Z}upy; cz;ikf; $w;W ekJ kp];gh`P ehafk; mtu;fSf;Nf mjprq;iff;Fupa nksyhd tpag;igj; je;jJ. my;fpg;uPJy; m`;ku;|| gj;thtpy; mg;Ju; w~Pj; jq;fs; eh ,k;kfhdpd; ifnahg;gKk; cs;sJ. itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mt;tpU cwpQ;rp vLf;Fk; rf;jp nfhz jg;Dk; ju;fh uPGk; : Njs;> tpru; eha; kw;Wk; fbj;jtu;fs; ,d kj NtWg ,k;kfhdpd; Gdpj cly; mt;ypahcfspd;> itj;J tp~kpwf;fp> Rfk; K`pg;gPd;fspd; JM||Tld; fhj;jhd;Fb-05y; ,yq;Fk; cz;ik. ,Jtiu Mapuf jt; ` P j pd; ngUe; j sk; gj; u pa; a `; [{k; m `; Rfk; ngw;Wr; nrd;Ws;sdu;. gs;spthaypy; ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.om vdNt mjprq;iff jpdKk; INtisj; njhOifapd; gpd;Gk; Vida tyPatu;fspd; ju;fh ~uPG NtisfspYk; mtu;fsJ Gdpj ju;fh ~uPg|; | ]pahuj; ]pahwj; nra;J ,iw md;i e.c nra;ag;gl;Lk; epu;thfj;jhy; Ngzg;gl;L gupghypf;fg;gl;Lk; tUfpwJ. mtu;fs; thOk; gs;spthai sm fUJN mtu;fs; jhgpj;J itj;j ,iw ciog um Gdpj ju;fhtpd; Njhw;wk;. Rd;dj; ty; [khmj; nfhs;i fhz;N .sh epjpak; : w w mjprq;iff;Fupa w mtu;fs; jkJ `ahj;jpy; glu;fpwJ. vd;W nrhd vOjpapUe;Njd;. Mk;> mtu;fsJ ,f;yh] nfhbahfp> ,d;W fhahfp> f Njhw;WfpwJ. ,d;W mtu;fs my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My nghWg;G|| vDk; Ng Muk;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjd gs;spthay; cl;gl xd;g ,aq;fp tUfpd;wd. 65 6
  • 35. Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; Mypk; tyP Md;kpf xsp my;`h[; mg;Jy; [thj; My ,e; ek;gpf;if epjpak; =yq;fh murhq;fj;jpd; jpdfud; Njrpa ehspjopy; n ghuhSkd;w mq;fPfhuk; ngw;W ,d; Nfhg;ul;|| gpuRukhd f (Incorporated by Act of Parliament No 46 of 2009) Mfg; gjpT nra;ag;gl;L mur tu;jjkhdpapy; gpufldk; ; kiwe;j khNk nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. mg;Jy; [t - ,g;wh` ,e;epjpaj;jpy; cWg;gpdu;fisr; Nru;ggJk; ; fhj;j efu;|| jdp Yjpj;J ,y eP f ; F tJk; mjd; jiytu; mjprq; i ff; F upa m~;n~a;F> my;`h[; nksytP A. mg;Ju; wCg; fy;tpapNy nak;ik na Mj;khtpd; gupRj;jj;jpw;F ehS kp];gh`P> g`;[P mtu;fspd; cau; mauhJ nka;Q;Qhd % mjpfhuj;jpNyNaAs;sJ. vj;jidNah cykhf;fs; Njhd vk;Ksq;fs; ,iw to gj;upa;a`; nry;Nthk; vj;jidNah ,d;dy;fs; R+o;e ghtq;fs; mopg;Nghk; mj;jidAk; ,iwtd; rj;jq;fs; jtpu;g;Nghk; om rj;jpaj;ij mwpNthk; rpj;jKlDioj;J epd;w my;` rq;ifkpF my; ku;`{k mj;jiuia MSk; Mj;kpfg; NgnuhopNa! cq;fs; g e.c mg;Jy; [thj; tyPapd; mdhijfshfptpl;Nlhk epj;jk; k]hu; nry;Nthk; sm epiw gad;fs; ngWNthk;. jdf;nfd;W nghUNsJk; Njl juzpapNy tho;e;jPu;fs jdf;Fg; gpd; tsu;tjw;Fk;; c um jukhd cykhf;fs; Nj ed;wp etpy;fpd;Nwd; : kdkfpo;e;J cioj;jij ahk; kwg;Nghkh ehkjid? .sh ,e; E }iy vOJtjw; F rf; j paspj; j ty; y fzf;fplNt Kbahj ghf;fpaj;i fGW|dpNy ngw;wpUg;gPu;! w my;yh`;Tf;Fk;> mGy; ,u;ghd; mg;Jy; [thj; fzg;nghOjpy; Ritj;jpUg;gPu;! typa;Ay;yh`; mtu;fsJ FLk;g mq;fj;jtu; w fz; njupe;Jk; FUlu;f tptuj;jpul;ilj; Njbj;je;j [hkpmJu; wg;ghdpa;a`; w khztUk; mg;Jy; [thj; tyPatu;fspd; NguUkhd kdkfpo;e;J Rtdgjp| nrd;wpU MB. juPg; e]hj; mtu;fSf;Fk;> ,e;E}iy kdKte;J khz;nghspUk; w`;kj; fzdpkakhf;fpj; je;j [hkpm`; rpNu~;l khztu; my;yh`;tpd; ey;ybahu; mt;y MIM. epg;wh]; (gpyhy;) mtu;fSf;Fk; ,e;E}y; ntsptu mzpapdpNy kiwe;jpUe epjpAjtp nra;j ,J Nghy; mwg;gzpfs; nra;J tUk; vy;NyhUk; mwpatpy;iy! mwpe;j (ngau; Fwpg;gpl tpUk;ghj) Md;kpf tu;j;jf vy;NyhUk; Gdpju;fsha ez;gu;fSf;Fk; vdJ csk; epiw ed;wpia my;yh`;tpd; tyP ePq;fs;|| v etpy;fpd;Nwd;. vy;yhk; ty;y my;yh`; ,tu;fSf;F me;juq;fj; jj;Jtj;i nrhy;yupa rf;whj;| jpy; jhd; mZ mUs;thdhf! t];]yhk;. nrhy;tjw;Nf cly; e Z cs;sj;jhy; cau; fypkh Xjp ]y;yy;yh`{ myh K`k;kj; cz;ikapiw md;gpdpN ahwg;gp ]y;yp miy`p t]y;ypk; my;yh`;tpd; ey; tyPNa; vk; c ey;topapy; ehk; nry;y 67 6
  • 36. w w w .sh um sm e.c om