Catch Up with The Global Standard	

12bn146c
Shumpei OI
	
h"p://www.nccu.edu/academics/sc/artsandsciences/globalstudies/
Academic year starts
from September in Japan
What would happen if each university student
were given a gap term before entering
university in Japan?
Japanese universities should starts its
academic year from September.	
Because
•  Encourage students to take a gap term be...
Encourage students to take a gap year.	
Recently in Japan...
•  Gap year is getting more common among university
students....
Encourage students to take a gap year.	
In the United Kingdom...
•  250,000 young people took domestic or international ga...
Encourage students to take a gap year.	
Effects
•  To be more concerned about their own future by through
a gap term.
•  T...
Students will become more globally competitive
and develop their communication skills
by understanding a gap year, such as...
Increase student joining overseas academia. 	
Recently...
•  Declining the number of students going abroad to study
in Jap...
Decreasing the number of Japanese
who challenges studying abroad.	
Japanese people who participate in overseas academia	
9...
Increasing the number of Chinese
who challenges studying abroad in the US.	
Chinese people who participate in overseas aca...
The number of Japanese who challenges
studying abroad in the US. = 15% decrease	
40000	
  

Japanese people who participat...
Different from a global standards. 	
Compare...
•  Universities in western countries such as US, UK and
Canada starts its ...
It is necessary to experience other cultures
and gain a variety of knowledge.

Japan	
  Gap	
  Year	
  OrganizaUon	
  Repo...
More exchange students come to Japan.	
Recently in Japan...
•  138,075 international exchange students are coming to
Japan...
“It would be an extremely effective measure
for opening up university to the world.” 	

Japan	
  Gap	
  Year	
  OrganizaUo...
Counter Argument	
President of University of Tokyo stated...
•  Professor Hamada, the president of University of Tokyo
com...
Counter Argument	
Some difficulties are argued...
•  It is become more difficult for teachers works at high
school to educ...
Conclusion	
Agree with fall enrolment of universities by...
•  We can encourage students to take a gap year.
–  To be more...
“How will you use 6 months or 1 year holiday before
entering university?” 	

h"p://www.emailvision.jp/sites/default/files/h...
Refference	
Akita	
  InternaUonal	
  University,	
  2014,	
  “Admission	
  informa,on”,	
  h"p://www.aiu.ac.jp/japanese/ad...
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Fall enrollment of Japanese academic year

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Fall enrollment of Japanese academic year

  1. 1. Catch Up with The Global Standard 12bn146c Shumpei OI h"p://www.nccu.edu/academics/sc/artsandsciences/globalstudies/
  2. 2. Academic year starts from September in Japan
  3. 3. What would happen if each university student were given a gap term before entering university in Japan?
  4. 4. Japanese universities should starts its academic year from September. Because •  Encourage students to take a gap term before entering university. •  Increase the number of Japanese students who participate in overseas academia. •  Attract international exchange students to Japan.
  5. 5. Encourage students to take a gap year. Recently in Japan... •  Gap year is getting more common among university students. •  Akita International University, Waseda University and Keio university are already introduced gap year admission. •  However, still it is not well known to people. Keio  University  SFC,  2014,  “Admission  informa,on”,  h"p://www.admissions.keio.ac.jp/exam/ l6j2qm0000000dzo-­‐a"/l6j2qm000000ewaw.pdf
  6. 6. Encourage students to take a gap year. In the United Kingdom... •  250,000 young people took domestic or international gap year in 2004. •  Engaging to a volunteer work, doing overseas working holidays, and doing internship. O’shea,  J  2011,  “Delaying  the  academy:  A  gap  year  educa,on”,  Teaching  In  Higher  EducaUon,  16,  5,  pp.565-­‐577,   Academic  Search  Premier,  EBSCOhost,  viewed  29  May  2013.
  7. 7. Encourage students to take a gap year. Effects •  To be more concerned about their own future by through a gap term. •  There are the possibility to boost the Japanese economy.
  8. 8. Students will become more globally competitive and develop their communication skills by understanding a gap year, such as studying abroad, doing volunteer work and by doing an internship. Japan  Gap  Year  OrganizaUon  Report  2011,  “Ippan  shadan  hojin  Nihon  gap  year  suishin  kikou  kyokai  setsuritu  syui-­‐ sho”(General  incorporated  associaUon  Japan  Gap  Year  OrganizaUon  prospectus),  PDF  file,  downloaded  from   h"p://japangap.jp/insUtute/doc/others/001_1110223.pdf/  
  9. 9. Increase student joining overseas academia. Recently... •  Declining the number of students going abroad to study in Japan. •  Contrast, China and Korea, India students are increasing annually. HYIB  Ryugaku  Service  Report  2011,  “Kunibetsu  Amerika  heno  ryugaku-­‐sei”(Exchange  students  going  to  US   of  each  countries),  May,  29,  2013,   h"p://www.hyib.jp/study/data/survey1.htm.
  10. 10. Decreasing the number of Japanese who challenges studying abroad. Japanese people who participate in overseas academia 90000   80000   70000   60000   person 50000   40000   30000   20000   10000   0   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010  
  11. 11. Increasing the number of Chinese who challenges studying abroad in the US. Chinese people who participate in overseas academia 140000   120000   100000   person 80000   60000   40000   20000   0   2007   2008   2009   2010   HYIB  Ryugaku  Service  Report  2011,  “Kunibetsu  Amerika  heno  ryugaku-­‐sei”(Exchange  students  going  to   US  of  each  countries),  May,  29,  2013,   h"p://www.hyib.jp/study/data/survey1.htm.
  12. 12. The number of Japanese who challenges studying abroad in the US. = 15% decrease 40000   Japanese people who participate in overseas academia 35000   30000   person 25000   20000   15000   10000   5000   0   2007   2008   2009   2010   HYIB  Ryugaku  Service  Report  2011,  “Kunibetsu  Amerika  heno  ryugaku-­‐sei”(Exchange  students  going  to   US  of  each  countries),  May,  29,  2013,   h"p://www.hyib.jp/study/data/survey1.htm.
  13. 13. Different from a global standards. Compare... •  Universities in western countries such as US, UK and Canada starts its academic year starts from September. •  Meet up with a global standard, and make students have global competitive edge. HYIB  Ryugaku  Service  Report  2011,  “Kunibetsu  Amerika  heno  ryugaku-­‐sei”(Exchange  students  going  to  US   of  each  countries),  May,  29,  2013,   h"p://www.hyib.jp/study/data/survey1.htm.
  14. 14. It is necessary to experience other cultures and gain a variety of knowledge. Japan  Gap  Year  OrganizaUon  Report  2011,  “Ippan  shadan  hojin  Nihon  gap  year  suishin  kikou  kyokai  setsuritu  syui-­‐ sho”(General  incorporated  associaUon  Japan  Gap  Year  OrganizaUon  prospectus),  PDF  file,  downloaded  from   h"p://japangap.jp/insUtute/doc/others/001_1110223.pdf/  
  15. 15. More exchange students come to Japan. Recently in Japan... •  138,075 international exchange students are coming to Japan. •  International exchange students prefer western country than Japan. h"p://www.jasso.go.jp/staUsUcs/intl_student/documents/data12.pdf
  16. 16. “It would be an extremely effective measure for opening up university to the world.” Japan  Gap  Year  OrganizaUon  Report  2011,  “Ippan  shadan  hojin  Nihon  gap  year  suishin  kikou  kyokai  setsuritu  syui-­‐ sho”(General  incorporated  associaUon  Japan  Gap  Year  OrganizaUon  prospectus),  PDF  file,  downloaded  from   h"p://japangap.jp/insUtute/doc/others/001_1110223.pdf/  
  17. 17. Counter Argument President of University of Tokyo stated... •  Professor Hamada, the president of University of Tokyo commented, “Changing entrance schedule problem is not only for university but also it is related to the social structural issues, and I recognize that it is difficult under present situations. h"p://www.yomiuri.co.jp/kyoiku/news/20130118-­‐OYT8T00281.htm
  18. 18. Counter Argument Some difficulties are argued... •  It is become more difficult for teachers works at high school to educate about career to their students. •  Companies will resist to fall enrolment, as they might change their job-hunting schedules. h"p://www.jasso.go.jp/about/documents/kaorusunada.pdf
  19. 19. Conclusion Agree with fall enrolment of universities by... •  We can encourage students to take a gap year. –  To be more concerned about own future and career. –  Boost Japanese global competitive power. •  Increase the number of people who challenge studying abroad. –  It is necessary to gain variety of knowledge by cultural shocks. •  More international exchange students come to Japan. –  Meet up a global standard. h"p://www.jasso.go.jp/about/documents/kaorusunada.pdf
  20. 20. “How will you use 6 months or 1 year holiday before entering university?” h"p://www.emailvision.jp/sites/default/files/hp_slides/OpUmized-­‐ global_local_13.jpg?1333471388
  21. 21. Refference Akita  InternaUonal  University,  2014,  “Admission  informa,on”,  h"p://www.aiu.ac.jp/japanese/admission/pdf/2011_ippan/2011_ippan_boshu.pdf   The  Asahi  Shimbun  2012,  “Interests  spreading  on  Todai’s  plan  for  fall  enrollment”,  The  Asahi  Shimbun,  January,  21,  2012,  h"p://ajw.asahi.com/arUcle/behind_news/ social_affairs/AJ201201210035.   Heath,  S  2009,  “Full-­‐,me  UK-­‐based  volunteering  and  the  gap  year”,  Youth  &  Policy,  101,  pp.33-­‐41,  SocINDEX  with  Full  Text,  EBSCOhost,  viewed  29  May  2013.   HYIB  Ryugaku  Service  Report  2011,  “Kunibetsu  Amerika  heno  ryugaku-­‐sei”(Exchange  students  going  to  US  of  each  countries),  May,  29,  2013,   h"p://www.hyib.jp/study/data/survey1.htm.   Japan  Gap  Year  OrganizaUon  Report  2011,  “Ippan  shadan  hojin  Nihon  gap  year  suishin  kikou  kyokai  setsuritu  syui-­‐sho”(General  incorporated  associaUon  Japan  Gap  Year   OrganizaUon  prospectus),  PDF  file,  downloaded  from   h"p://japangap.jp/insUtute/doc/others/001_1110223.pdf/  accessed  on  May,  29,  2013.   JASSO  Report  2013,  “Result  of  an  annual  survey  of  interna,onal  Students  in  Japan  2012”,  PDF  file,  downloaded  from   h"p://www.jasso.go.jp/staUsUcs/intl_student/documents/data12_e.pdf/,  accessed  on  May,  29,  2013.   Keio  University  SFC,  2014,  “Admission  informa,on”,  h"p://www.admissions.keio.ac.jp/exam/l6j2qm0000000dzo-­‐a"/l6j2qm000000ewaw.pdf   Ministry  of  EducaUon,  Culture,  Sports,  Science  and  Technology  2013,  “Nihon  jin  no  kaigai  ryugaku  jokyo”(The  Present  situaUon  of  Japanese  students’  studying  abroad),  PDF   file,  downloaded  from   h"p://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/houdou/25/02/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2013/02/08/1330698_01.pdf/,  accessed  May,  29,  2013.   Nihon  Keizai  Shimbun  2013,  “Hantoshi  ryugaku  ni  shogaku-­‐kin  Kibosha  zen-­‐in  ni,  Aki  nyugaku  iko  wo  ato-­‐oshi”(Scholarship  would  be  given  to  every  exchange  students  taking   gap  term),  Nihon  Keizai  Shimbun,  May,  2,  2013,  h"p://www.nikkei.com/arUcle/DGXDASDG0200Z_S3A500C1CR0000/.     O’shea,  J  2011,  “Delaying  the  academy:  A  gap  year  educa,on”,  Teaching  In  Higher  EducaUon,  16,  5,  pp.565-­‐577,  Academic  Search  Premier,  EBSCOhost,  viewed  29  May  2013.   Waseda  University,  2013,  “Admission  informa,on”,  h"p://www.waseda.jp/sils/jp/common/pdf/ao_9/2013_Sep_13_IndividualReviewGuide-­‐jp.pdf    The  Yomiuri  Shimbun  2013,  “Aki  nyugaku,  shakai-­‐seido  totonowazu  konnan...”  (Fall  enrollment  facing  to  difficulUes.),  The  Yomiuri  Shimbun,  January  18,  2013,  h"p:// www.yomiuri.co.jp/kyoiku/news/20130118-­‐OYT8T00281.htm.    

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