Japanese Language

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Japanese Language

  1. 1. Japanese Language By: Julia Angelos, Sarah Boyd, Chris Brown, Grace Hwang, and Casey Hammond
  2. 2. Kyoto Hirado Shinjuku District, Tokyo Mt. Fuji Harmony Japanese Train
  3. 3. Common Phrases <ul><li>Konichiwa - Hello </li></ul><ul><li>Onegaishimasu - Please </li></ul><ul><li>Iie - No </li></ul><ul><li>So - Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Toire Doko Desu Ka? - Where is the bathroom? Japanese Bathroom </li></ul><ul><li>Domo Arigato Gozaimasu - Thank you very much. </li></ul><ul><li>Do Itashimashite - You are welcome </li></ul><ul><li>Sayonara - Good-bye </li></ul><ul><li>Nan-ji desu ka? - What time is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Anata wa eigo o hanashimasu ka? - Do you speak English? </li></ul>
  4. 4. General Information <ul><li>The Japanese language contains only five vowels, A, E, I, O, U </li></ul><ul><li>These vowels are called terse vowels and are pronounced clearly and sharply </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Japanese language is spoken by 120 million inhabitants of Japan, Hawaii, and the North and South American main lands </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese is known as a second language by the Chinese and Korean people who lived under Japanese occupation earlier in this century </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese language is divided into three categories 1. Native Japanese words 2. Words borrowed from China </li></ul><ul><li>3. Words borrowed from Western Languages such as English </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Japanese has an open-syllable sound pattern, so that most syllables end in a vowel </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese is traditionally written vertically, with the lines starting from the right side of the page </li></ul><ul><li>No Verb conjunction </li></ul><ul><li>No gender of nouns </li></ul><ul><li>No articles (a, the) </li></ul><ul><li>Numbering (singular and plural) barely exists </li></ul><ul><li>48 sounds consisting of 5 vowels and 11 consonants </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Most of the words in the Japanese language have two roots of pronunciation 1. Chinese 2. Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>Japan’s adult literacy level is 99% </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese uses 4 ways of addressing people 1. Kun 2. Chan 3. San 4. Sama </li></ul><ul><li>Kun= somewhat snobby </li></ul><ul><li>Chan= used by intimates and children </li></ul><ul><li>San= Universal mode </li></ul><ul><li>Sama= Respectful </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The main verb comes at the end of the sentence. This can result in the meaning of a long sentence being hard to grasp. Imagine a sentence in English like &quot;A storm system plowed through the central Appalachians into the Eastern Seaboard with heavy rain Wednesday, causing flooding that blocked roads and drove some people from their homes&quot; and put the words &quot;plowed through&quot; at the very end of the sentence. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Japanese is a member of the Altaic language family </li></ul><ul><li>Other languages in the Altaic Family: </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish </li></ul><ul><li>Mongolian </li></ul><ul><li>Manchu </li></ul><ul><li>Korean </li></ul>

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