SlideShare for iOS
by Linkedin Corporation
FREE - On the App Store
For Singaporeans, multiculturalism is the base of their nationalism. Along with its contribution in social transformation and economic development, their multiculturalism serves as the base for ...
For Singaporeans, multiculturalism is the base of their nationalism. Along with its contribution in social transformation and economic development, their multiculturalism serves as the base for national resilience and is internalized within the part of of citizen life everyday. Its stability is maintained on the basis a pre-determined ratio of ethnic composition, known as the CMIO (Chinese-Malays-Indians-Others), which has been sustained over time. However, taking this for granted could pose significant challenges as the country moves towards achieving higher economic development that immediately puts the nation in a highly dynamic position regarding matters such as immigration, terrorism, and social change. In this paper, we seek to anticipate the future so that we are better prepared for the alternatives that may arise in the future by using some methods of Futures Studies. In doing so, we firstly identify the theoretical and practical base of multiculturalism in Singapore and highlight some statistics and events that set the trends in which we should imagine the future. The bearings of the past and present on the future of Singapore multiculturalism is firstly analyzed using a futures triangle. We then use the RAHS (Risk Analysis and Horizon Scanning) software to create system maps, identify sub-models, and conduct a morphological analysis on the various drivers. This helps us in identifying and mitigating the challenges that might be faced by analysts and government in adapting to necessary changes. Then a deeper analysis of the various key drivers affecting Singaporean multiculturalism is done using the four quadrant model to highlight which issues could be handled in the short to medium term by policies and legislature and which others would need a more long term and gradual change of attitude among Singaporeans. Wild cards and their importance in the Singaporean context is also studied which is followed by a scenario building exercise to highlight the various alternatives that may lie in the future of Singaporean Multiculturalism. We conclude with certain key findings and a few recommendations on the way forward.