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The illustrated man

The illustrated man






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    The illustrated man The illustrated man Presentation Transcript

    • The Illustrated Man
      by Ray Bradbury
      (you will need a ½ sheet of paper)
    • Pretest – What?
      1. In what genre did Ray Bradbury usually write?
      2. What is a frame story?
      3. What is existentialism?
    • Ray Bradbury
      A. Born in 1920
      • Began writing when he was 12
      B. First major works published after 1949
      • Wrote many short stories
    • Better-known works
      Fahrenheit 451
      Martian Chronicles
      Illustrated Man
      Dandelion Wine
      Something Wicked This Way Comes
    • C. Main genre
      1. Short stories – some novels
      2. Science fiction
      3. Science fantacist
      {some argue the “science” in his works is not accurate enough}
      4. Psychological
      5. Sociological
    • D. Common themes
      1. Alienation and fear
      2. Inevitability of human nature
      3. Abuse of technology
      4. Loss of faith
      5. Satisfaction of revenge
      6. Threat of war
    • 7. Civil rights for African Americans
      8. The Cold War
      9. Censorship
      10. Totalitarianism
      11. Acceptance of death
      12. Dangerous nature of the
      creative imagination
    • The bookThe Illustrated Man
      A. A collection of short stories
      B. A frame story
    • So, what is a frame story?
    • 1. A “framing device” pulls the stories together into one unit.
    • The Canterbury Tales
      A group of pilgrims traveling to a religious site
      Tell stories – 2 stories each
      Competition for “best story”
    • So, according to the prologue of this story you read for today, what is the “frame” for The Illustrated Man?
    • The Illustrated Man
      2. A tattooed carnival performer
      3. Tattoos “come to life”
      4. “Tell” the stories – sort of a video format
      5. Occasional reaction from the observer and transitions
    • 6. Each tattoo tells a separate story
    • III. Existentialism
      A very brief overview
    • A. What is existentialism?
      1. A philosophy
      2. Widely used by artists of all kinds
      3. Started after WWII, mainly as a reaction to that war
    • 4. Jean Paul Sartre
      5. Search for freedom – personal freedom
      6. Each person controls her own life
      a. Existence based on what you make of it
    • 7. With these freedoms, you can do anything you wish, but with caveats
      a. Remove all alibis
      b. Remove all excuses
      c. No one to “blame” but yourself
      d. No familial ties
      e. No religious ties
    • B. Seemingly bleak outlook
      1. Valueless universe
      C. Partially a reaction to what
      Europeans witnessed during war
      1. Questioned how there could be a God (how could God let that happen?)
    • D. Existence of man
      1. Emphasis of existence over essence
      2. Inadequacy of human reason to explain enigma of the universe
    • 3. Humans exist at the same level as every other living creature – we merely exist on Earth, then go away
    • E. In one extreme branch of this philosophy, nothing exists outside your very own, single-moment existence
      1. People in the next classroom do not exist – you cannot prove they do
      • Historicize!
      F. Bradbury’s first major works came after WWII
      G. While Bradbury is not considered an existentialist, his works have many elements of this movement
      • Bradbury’s stories do not go to that extreme
      • We will be looking for and discussing the existential elements in Bradbury’s stories
      • Remember, he is not considered an existentialist