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8 parts of speech defined/examples

8 parts of speech defined/examples

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  • 1. Grammar 8 parts of speech
  • 2. 1. Noun
    • Person, place, thing or idea
      • Proper or common
      • Abstract or concrete
      • Collective
  • 3. Proper & common nouns
    • Proper nouns name particular people, places, or things. These are capitalized
      • Ann, Montana, Sears Tower
  • 4.
    • Common nouns are not capitalized
      • woman, street, building
  • 5. Pronoun
    • Used in place of a noun or more than one noun
      • Be careful to avoid unreferenced or ambiguous pronouns
  • 6.
    • It was a beautiful day.
    • Jenny was arguing with Paula, and she looked unhappy.
  • 7. Adjective
    • Used to modify a noun or pronoun
      • What kind
      • Which one
      • How many
  • 8.
    • Adjectives need not precede the modified word
      • The rat, large and ugly, sat gazing at the corn field.
  • 9.
    • Adjectives that modify the subject of the sentence may follow the verb (called a predicate adjective). These only occur with being/linking verbs.
      • Bethany is homely.
      • This is called a predicate adjective
  • 10.
    • The most commonly used adjectives are a, an , and the . They are often called articles.
  • 11. Verb
    • A word that expresses action or state of being
      • Action verbs that take an object are called transitive verbs The rain lashed the windows.
      • An intransitive verb takes no object The rain fell.
  • 12.
    • Linking or being verbs suggest a state or condition
      • Being verbs – is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been (others)
      • Linking verbs – appear, become, feel, grow, look, remain, seem (others)
      • Mildred looks very angry.
  • 13.
    • The verb phrase is made up of a main verb and one or more helping verbs.
      • has played, should have paid, will be coming, must have been hurt
  • 14. Adverb
    • Used to modify verbs and adjectives, or other adverbs
      • Tells how, when, where, or to what extent (how often/how much)
  • 15.
    • Modifying a verb
      • Theresa reads quickly.
      • Thomas can really skate.
      • My parents left yesterday.
  • 16.
    • Modifying an adjective
      • Bart is an incredibly intense competitor.
      • I couldn’t tell if the unbelievably ugly dog was coming or going.
  • 17.
    • Modifying another adverb
      • She swam very fast.
      • Sean fell terribly hard on the ice.
  • 18. Preposition
    • Used to show the relation of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence.
      • ALWAYS occurs in a phrase
  • 19.
    • The phrase, as a whole, operates as an adjective or adverb
    • The noun or pronoun (in the definition) is called the object of the preposition
  • 20.
    • A short list of prepositions:
      • About, above, across, after, at, in, by, into, of, on, over, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, before, beside, among, around, from, for, like, since, between
  • 21.
    • The first person in the pool wins the race.
    • I edited the article for the magazine.
  • 22. Conjunction
    • Joins words or groups of words
      • Coordinating conjunctions
      • Correlative conjunctions
      • Subordinating conjunctions
  • 23.
    • Coordinating conjunctions join two equal “things”
      • and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet
      • Joan and Tarren are the best musicians in our school.
      • The cougar turned and ran through the yard.
      • Cattle or swine remain the only critters raised in this county.
  • 24.
    • Correlative conjunctions
      • always occur in pairs – either/or, neither/nor, both/and, not only/but (also), whether/or
      • His act was neither interesting nor exciting.
      • Either come help me in the kitchen or go clean the garage.
  • 25.
    • Subordinating conjunctions
      • Used to begin subordinate clauses, usually adverb clauses.
      • This computer is even better than we had anticipated .
      • I will do it myself since you can’t help me .
  • 26. Interjection
    • Expresses emotion and has no grammatical relation to other words in the sentence
      • Oh! Hurry! Wow! Ouch!
  • 27. Don’t panic yet ! We will deal with this in small chunks, and only to a certain depth.