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Grammar 8 parts

Grammar 8 parts



8 parts of speech defined/examples

8 parts of speech defined/examples



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    Grammar 8 parts Grammar 8 parts Presentation Transcript

    • Grammar 8 parts of speech
    • 1. Noun
      • Person, place, thing or idea
        • Proper or common
        • Abstract or concrete
        • Collective
    • Proper & common nouns
      • Proper nouns name particular people, places, or things. These are capitalized
        • Ann, Montana, Sears Tower
      • Common nouns are not capitalized
        • woman, street, building
    • Pronoun
      • Used in place of a noun or more than one noun
        • Be careful to avoid unreferenced or ambiguous pronouns
      • It was a beautiful day.
      • Jenny was arguing with Paula, and she looked unhappy.
    • Adjective
      • Used to modify a noun or pronoun
        • What kind
        • Which one
        • How many
      • Adjectives need not precede the modified word
        • The rat, large and ugly, sat gazing at the corn field.
      • Adjectives that modify the subject of the sentence may follow the verb (called a predicate adjective). These only occur with being/linking verbs.
        • Bethany is homely.
        • This is called a predicate adjective
      • The most commonly used adjectives are a, an , and the . They are often called articles.
    • Verb
      • A word that expresses action or state of being
        • Action verbs that take an object are called transitive verbs The rain lashed the windows.
        • An intransitive verb takes no object The rain fell.
      • Linking or being verbs suggest a state or condition
        • Being verbs – is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been (others)
        • Linking verbs – appear, become, feel, grow, look, remain, seem (others)
        • Mildred looks very angry.
      • The verb phrase is made up of a main verb and one or more helping verbs.
        • has played, should have paid, will be coming, must have been hurt
    • Adverb
      • Used to modify verbs and adjectives, or other adverbs
        • Tells how, when, where, or to what extent (how often/how much)
      • Modifying a verb
        • Theresa reads quickly.
        • Thomas can really skate.
        • My parents left yesterday.
      • Modifying an adjective
        • Bart is an incredibly intense competitor.
        • I couldn’t tell if the unbelievably ugly dog was coming or going.
      • Modifying another adverb
        • She swam very fast.
        • Sean fell terribly hard on the ice.
    • Preposition
      • Used to show the relation of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence.
        • ALWAYS occurs in a phrase
      • The phrase, as a whole, operates as an adjective or adverb
      • The noun or pronoun (in the definition) is called the object of the preposition
      • A short list of prepositions:
        • About, above, across, after, at, in, by, into, of, on, over, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, until, up, upon, with, before, beside, among, around, from, for, like, since, between
      • The first person in the pool wins the race.
      • I edited the article for the magazine.
    • Conjunction
      • Joins words or groups of words
        • Coordinating conjunctions
        • Correlative conjunctions
        • Subordinating conjunctions
      • Coordinating conjunctions join two equal “things”
        • and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet
        • Joan and Tarren are the best musicians in our school.
        • The cougar turned and ran through the yard.
        • Cattle or swine remain the only critters raised in this county.
      • Correlative conjunctions
        • always occur in pairs – either/or, neither/nor, both/and, not only/but (also), whether/or
        • His act was neither interesting nor exciting.
        • Either come help me in the kitchen or go clean the garage.
      • Subordinating conjunctions
        • Used to begin subordinate clauses, usually adverb clauses.
        • This computer is even better than we had anticipated .
        • I will do it myself since you can’t help me .
    • Interjection
      • Expresses emotion and has no grammatical relation to other words in the sentence
        • Oh! Hurry! Wow! Ouch!
    • Don’t panic yet ! We will deal with this in small chunks, and only to a certain depth.