SHRM Survey Findings: How Have SustainableWorkplace Practices Changed Over Time?                                      Febr...
IntroductionHow Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time?     In the last two years, SHRM released the Adva...
Key FindingsThe study results reveal that the percentage of organizations engaging in sustainableworkplace or business pra...
Key Findings (continued) Sustainability is being used to attract, retain and develop employees.  Fifty-one percent of org...
Key Findings (continued) Return on investment for sustainability efforts.  Even though determining the return on investme...
What does this mean to the human resource                       profession?• Research shows HR is largely responsible for ...
Sustainability DefinitionThe word “sustainability” is difficult to define since sustainability is a dynamic and evolvingco...
Organizations Engaging in Sustainable Workplace or Business                      Practices                                ...
Organizations Engaging in Sustainable Workplace or Business                          PracticesComparisons by organization ...
Drivers for the Investment in Sustainability Contribution to society (e.g., good                                          ...
Methods Organization Use to Demonstrate Commitment to                            Sustainability                           ...
Types of Workplace Sustainability Policies                                                                                ...
Importance of Sustainability to Create a Positive Employer Brand                      that Attracts Top Talent 2012 (n = 3...
Importance of Sustainability to Improve Employee Retention 2012 (n = 366)                                                 ...
Importance of Sustainability to Develop the Organization’s                      Leaders 2012 (n = 361)                    ...
Top 5 Methods of Involving or Engaging Employees in Volunteer                             Community Outreach Initiatives R...
Participation in Socially Responsible Activities                             Related to Sustainability                    ...
Environmentally Responsible Practices that Support Organization’s                             Sustainable Workplace Initia...
Environmentally Responsible Practices that Support Organization’s                             Sustainable Workplace Initia...
Organizations that Calculate a Return on Investment for Their                      Sustainability Efforts                 ...
Return on Investment for Sustainability Efforts                                                                           ...
Positive Outcomes of Sustainability Initiatives                                                                           ...
Green Jobs DefinitionFor the purpose of this research, green jobs are defined as jobs that involve:     Reducing pollutio...
Is your organization currently focusing on creating green jobs or                      adding duties within existing or ne...
Has your organization’s focus on creating green jobs or adding duties                      within existing or newly create...
Has your organization’s focus on creating green jobs or adding duties                      within existing or newly create...
In the past 12 months, which of the following have taken place at your                     organization to meet the demand...
Organization Demographics                            28
Demographics: Organization Staff Size 1 to 99                           18%employees100 to 499employees                   ...
Demographics: Organization Profit Status  Privately owned for-                                                      42%   ...
Demographics: Organization Industry                                                                                       ...
Demographics: OtherDoes your organization have U.S.-                  Is your organization a single-unit organization or a...
SHRM Survey Findings: How Have Sustainable         Workplace Practices Changed Over Time?2012 Survey Methodology• Response...
About SHRM Research•   For more survey/poll findings, visit www.shrm.org/surveys•   For more information about SHRM’s Cust...
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Sustainable workplace-practices

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Sustainable workplace-practices

  1. 1. SHRM Survey Findings: How Have SustainableWorkplace Practices Changed Over Time? February 8, 2013
  2. 2. IntroductionHow Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time?  In the last two years, SHRM released the Advancing Sustainability: HRs Role research report and Green Jobs—Are They Here Yet? poll. These studies examined, from the perspective of HR professionals, how U.S. organizations are balancing financial performance with contributions to the quality of life of their employees, the society at large and environmental initiatives.  Several of the survey questions from these studies were included in a recent 2012 study to determine how sustainability has changed over time.  When possible, analyses of the 2012 survey results by organizations’ staff size and sector are presented. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 2
  3. 3. Key FindingsThe study results reveal that the percentage of organizations engaging in sustainableworkplace or business practices has remained stable over the last two years. However, therewere slight declines in the percentage of organizations that participated in select sociallyresponsible activities and environmentally responsible practices. There was also a smalldecline in the percentage of organizations that used select methods to demonstrate theircommitment to sustainability, as well as those who reported select positive outcomes relatedto sustainability.The study also found positive news: there was a slight increase in the percentage oforganizations that calculated a positive return on investment of their sustainability efforts.Key findings from the 2012 study include: The percentage of organizations engaging in sustainable workplace practices has remained stable over the last two years. According to this survey, almost three-quarters (72%) of organizations reported engaging in sustainable workplace or business practices. Large and medium-staff-sized organizations and publicly owned for-profit organizations were more likely to engage in these practices. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 3
  4. 4. Key Findings (continued) Sustainability is being used to attract, retain and develop employees. Fifty-one percent of organizations engaging in sustainable workplace or business practices reported their involvement in sustainability was very important in creating a positive employer brand that attracts top talent. In addition, 40% reported that involvement in sustainability was very important in improving employee retention and 36% indicated it was very important in developing the organization’s leaders. Sustainability and the strategic planning process. Fifty percent of organizations engaging in sustainable workplace or business practices reported that they had a formal sustainability policy that included sustainable workplace goals and polices directly tied to the strategic planning process. Slightly more than four out of 10 (42%) reported having an informal policy that had no accountability through the organization’s strategic planning process. Only 8% of companies had no policy in place. Drivers for the investment in sustainability. The key drivers reported were 1) contribution to society (39%), 2) environmental considerations 14%, 3) health and safety considerations (10%), 4) saving money on operational costs (10%), and 5) local/federal regulations (7%) How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 4
  5. 5. Key Findings (continued) Return on investment for sustainability efforts. Even though determining the return on investment (ROI) for sustainability-related activities may be difficult, there is no reason for organizations to ignore outcome-based measurement tools. Nearly four out of 10 businesses (37%) reported calculating an ROI for their sustainability efforts. Among organizations calculating an ROI, 56% calculated a positive return on their investment, 39% reported it was still too early to determine their ROI, 5% calculated a break-even point and, most noteworthy, only 1% of organizations calculated a negative ROI. Positive outcomes of sustainability initiatives. The top positive outcomes from organizational sustainability initiatives were 1) improved employee morale (53%), 2) stronger public image (51%) and 3) more efficient business processes (47%). How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 5
  6. 6. What does this mean to the human resource profession?• Research shows HR is largely responsible for implementing a sustainability strategy in organizations. [1]• Sustainability is a people issue and is important in shaping the organization’s behavior and culture.• Sustainability plays a large part in creating a positive employer brand, improving employee retention and developing leaders.• HR plays a large role in implementing sustainability strategies but not in developing these strategies.• Research suggests sustainability will continue to be a large people issue for organizations, making HR’s role in implementing the best sustainability practices all the more vital.[1] Society for Human Resource Management. (2011). Advancing Sustainability: HR’s Role. Retrieved from www.shrm.org/surveys How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 6
  7. 7. Sustainability DefinitionThe word “sustainability” is difficult to define since sustainability is a dynamic and evolvingconcept. As a result, it can take on many different meanings and represents different thingsto different people. The definition also varies within different contexts and is sometimesconfused with other concepts such as corporate social responsibility.For the purpose of this study, sustainability is defined as the commitment by organizations tobalance financial performance with contributions to the quality of life of their employees, thesociety at large and environmentally sensitive initiatives. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 7
  8. 8. Organizations Engaging in Sustainable Workplace or Business Practices 72% Yes, engaging in sustainable workplace or business practices 72% 28% No, not engaging in sustainable workplace or business practices 28% 2012 (n = 550) 2010 (n = 583)Note: Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 8
  9. 9. Organizations Engaging in Sustainable Workplace or Business PracticesComparisons by organization sector• Publicly owned for-profit organizations are more likely than privately owned for-profit organizations to engage insustainable workplace or business practices. Comparisons by organization sector Publicly owned for-profit (83%) > Privately owned for-profit (67%)Comparisons by organization staff size• Organizations with 100 or more employees are more likely than organizations with 1 to 99 employees to engage insustainable workplace or business practices. Comparisons by organization sector 100 to 499 employees (72%) 500 to 2,499 employees (70%) > 1 to 99 employees (49%) 2,500 to 24,999 employees (86%) 25,000 or more employees (86%)Note: Only statistically significant differences are shown. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 9
  10. 10. Drivers for the Investment in Sustainability Contribution to society (e.g., good 39% corporate citizenship) 39% Environmental considerations 14% 12% Health and safety considerations 10% 8%Saving money on operational costs 10% 10% Local/federal regulations 7% 2% Public/media relations strategy 5% 4% Competitive financial advantage 4% 13% Employee activism 4% 4% 2012 (n = 392) 2010 (n = 411)Note: Excludes respondents whose organizations were not engaging in sustainable workplace or businesspractices. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 10
  11. 11. Methods Organization Use to Demonstrate Commitment to Sustainability 2012 2010 Methods (n = 279) (n =290)Sustainability is part of the organizational goals 58% 57%Information about sustainability efforts is included on theorganization’s website 51% 51%Information about sustainability efforts is included on theorganization’s intranet 48% 52%Sustainability commitment is included in the organization’smission 34% 35%Sustainability efforts are covered in the organization’s annualreport 25% 31%The organization issues a report dedicated exclusively tosustainability 12% 15%Sustainability is linked to individual performance goals 8% 16%Sustainability seminars/training is mandatory 6% 9%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Excludes respondents whose organizations were not engaging insustainable workplace or business practices. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 11
  12. 12. Types of Workplace Sustainability Policies 50% Formal policy 52% 42% Informal policy 39% 8% No policy 9% 2012 (n = 396) 2010 (n - 426)Note: Respondents who answered “not sure” and those whose organizations were not engaging in sustainable workplace or businesspractices were excluded from this analysis. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 12
  13. 13. Importance of Sustainability to Create a Positive Employer Brand that Attracts Top Talent 2012 (n = 370) 39% 11% 51% 2010 (n = 381) 49% 40% 10% Very important Important Unimportant or very unimportantNote: Respondents who answered “not sure” and those whose organizations were not engaging in sustainable workplaceor business practices were excluded from this analysis. Sustainable Workplace Practices: How Has Sustainability Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 13
  14. 14. Importance of Sustainability to Improve Employee Retention 2012 (n = 366) 46% 14% 40% 2010 (n = 381) 40% 45% 15% Very important Important Unimportant or very unimportantNote: Respondents who answered “not sure” and those whose organizations were not engaging in sustainable workplaceor business practices were excluded from this analysis. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 14
  15. 15. Importance of Sustainability to Develop the Organization’s Leaders 2012 (n = 361) 47% 18% 36% 2010 (n = 375) 33% 48% 19% Very important Important Unimportant or very unimportantNote: Respondents who answered “not sure” and those whose organizations were not engaging in sustainable workplaceor business practices were excluded from this analysis. Sustainable Workplace Practices: How Has Sustainability Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 15
  16. 16. Top 5 Methods of Involving or Engaging Employees in Volunteer Community Outreach Initiatives Related to Sustainability 2012 2010 Methods (n = 323) (n = 330) 1. Recognize employee participation in volunteer programs 62% 67% 2. Provide company-sponsored volunteer events during work 51% 45% hours 3. Provide company-sponsored volunteer events after work 48% 48% hours (e.g., on weekends) 4. Encourage senior management to participate in volunteer 48% 46% programs 5. Encourage employees to spearhead volunteer programs 43% 44%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Excludes organizations not engaging in sustainable workplace orbusiness practices. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 16
  17. 17. Participation in Socially Responsible Activities Related to Sustainability 2012 2010 Activities (n = 385) (n = 410)Donate/collect money for local charities 74% 77%Support the community through company-sponsoredvolunteer projects 61% 58%Donate/collect money for natural disasters 54% 58%Consider the overall social impact of business decisions 44% 47%Partner with environmentally friendly suppliers/companies 43% 47%Monitor the impact of business on the environment 30% 46%Partner with women or minority-owned suppliers/companies 29% 35%Cause marketing/branding 21% 29%Monitor global fair labor standards/practices 14% 17%Track sources of global raw materials/suppliers 10% 11%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Excludes organizations not engaging in sustainable workplace orbusiness practices. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 17
  18. 18. Environmentally Responsible Practices that Support Organization’s Sustainable Workplace Initiatives 2012 2010 Environmentally Responsible Practices (n = 396) (n = 364-395)Offering recycling program for office products 86% 86%Using virtual tools conduct meetings 80% 81%Using energy-efficient lighting systems and equipment 69% 69%Donating/discounting used office furniture 63% 71%Installing automatic shutoff for equipment 63% 58%Partnering with environmentally friendly suppliers/companies 54% 61%Minimizing water consumption by using water-conservingplumbing fixtures 49% 53%Using supplies and materials more efficiently 49% 55%Buying or leasing refurbished goods 48% 59%Encouraging employees to power down computers after fewminutes of inactivity 47% 58%Promoting walking, biking, taking public transit instead of drivinga vehicle 47% 45%Encouraging/promoting/providing car pooling for employees 41% 49%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Excludes organizations not engaging in sustainable workplace orbusiness practices. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 18
  19. 19. Environmentally Responsible Practices that Support Organization’s Sustainable Workplace Initiatives (cont.) 2012 2010 Environmentally Responsible Practices (cont.) (n = 396) (n = 364-395)Offering employees telecommuting to reduce environmentalimpact of commuting 38% 36%Selected a location with public transit access 35% 32%Minimizing pollution 32% 46%Salvaging or reusing construction materials 31% 39%Offering incentives to employees for the use of mass transit 26% 29%Using recycled materials in the construction or remodeling of thebuilding 24% 26%Buying hybrid vehicles for organization’s fleet 15% 15%Buying alternative energy 10% 11%Installing solar panels on roof 8% 9%Using a green or living roof 8% 4%Buying carbon offsets 6% 7%Establishing a community garden where employees can grow theirown produce 7% 4%Offering incentives to employees for the purchase of hybrid vehicles 2% 4%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Excludes organizations not engaging in sustainable workplace orbusiness practices. 19 How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013
  20. 20. Organizations that Calculate a Return on Investment for Their Sustainability Efforts 37% Yes 39% 63% No 61% 2012 (n = 237) 2010 (n = 238)Note: Respondents who answered “not sure” and those whose organizations were not engaging in sustainable workplace or businesspractices were excluded from this analysis. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 20
  21. 21. Return on Investment for Sustainability Efforts 56% Calculated a positive ROI 47% 5% Calculated a break-even point 6% 1% Calculated a negative ROI 0% 39% Still too early to determine the ROI 46% 2012 (n = 88) 2010 (n = 93)Note: Excludes respondents whose organizations did not calculate a return on investment for their sustainability efforts and whoseorganizations were not engaging in sustainable workplace or business practices. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 21
  22. 22. Positive Outcomes of Sustainability Initiatives 2012 2010 Positive outcomes (n = 352) (n = 343)Improved employee morale 53% 55%Stronger public image 51% 43%More efficient business processes 47% 43%Increased employee loyalty 32% 38%Position as an employer of choice 29% 27%Positive financial bottom line 27% 25%Increased brand recognition 26% 34%Increased consumer/customer confidence 25% 34%Increased employee retention 24% 33%Increased workforce productivity 16% 21%Increased recruitment of top employees 14% 17%Improved product portfolio 6% 13%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Excludes organizations not engaging in sustainable workplace orbusiness practices. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 22
  23. 23. Green Jobs DefinitionFor the purpose of this research, green jobs are defined as jobs that involve:  Reducing pollution or waste.  Reducing energy usage.  Reducing use of limited natural resources.  Protecting wildlife or ecosystems.  Lowering carbon emissions and developing alternative energy.These jobs primarily meet the need for more environmentally responsible production/workprocesses and the development of green goods and services. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 23
  24. 24. Is your organization currently focusing on creating green jobs or adding duties within existing or newly created jobs that can be considered green? Yes 20% No 74% Plan to within the next 12 months 6%Note: n = 595. Respondents who answered “not applicable” were excluded from this analysis. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 24
  25. 25. Has your organization’s focus on creating green jobs or adding duties within existing or newly created jobs that can be considered green increased, stayed the same or decreased in the last 12 months? Increased 49% Stayed the same 50% Decreased 1%Note: n = 106. Respondents who answered “not applicable” were excluded from this analysis. It also excludes respondents whoseorganizations were not focusing on creating green jobs or adding green duties within existing or newly created jobs. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 25
  26. 26. Has your organization’s focus on creating green jobs or adding duties within existing or newly created jobs that can be considered green increased, stayed the same or decreased in the last 2 years? Increased 74% Stayed the same 24% Decreased 2%Note: n = 95. Respondents who answered “not applicable” were excluded from this analysis. It also excludes respondents whoseorganizations were not focusing on creating green jobs or adding green duties within existing or newly created jobs. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 26
  27. 27. In the past 12 months, which of the following have taken place at your organization to meet the demands for more environmentally responsible production/ work processes or the development of “greener” ways of working? New green duties have been added to 15% 85% existing positions at my organization Increased staff levels (added more staff ) ofexisting jobs that already had green duties as 94% 6% part of the overall positionCreated completely new green positions OR added green duties within newly created 6% 94% jobs Yes No Note: n = 690. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. Sustainable Workplace Practices: How Has Sustainability Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 27
  28. 28. Organization Demographics 28
  29. 29. Demographics: Organization Staff Size 1 to 99 18%employees100 to 499employees 28%500 to 2,499 20%employees 2,500 to 24,999 21%employees 25,000 or more 13%employees n = 713 How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 29
  30. 30. Demographics: Organization Profit Status Privately owned for- 42% profit Nonprofitorganization 29% Publicly owned for- 16% profitGovernment agency 14% n = 685. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 30
  31. 31. Demographics: Organization Industry PercentageHealth care and social assistance 21%Professional, scientific, and technical services 19%Educational services 13%Government agencies 13%Manufacturing 13%Finance and insurance 10%Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional and similar organizations 6%Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services 5%Information 5%Transportation and warehousing 5%Accommodation and food services 4%Arts, entertainment, and recreation 4%Retail trade 4%Construction 3%Real estate and rental and leasing 3%Repair and maintenance 3%Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2%Utilities 2%Whole trade 2%Mining 1%Personal and laundry services 1%Note: n = 683. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 31
  32. 32. Demographics: OtherDoes your organization have U.S.- Is your organization a single-unit organization or a multi-based operations (business units) only unit organization?or does it operate multinationally? Single-unit organization: An organization in which the location and the organization are 30% U.S.-based operations only 76% one and the same. Multi-unit organization: An organization that Multinational operations 24% 70% has more than one location. n = 713 n = 713 For multi-unit organizations, are HR policies and practices determined by the multi-unit headquarters, by each workWhat is the HR department/function for which location or both?you responded throughout this survey? Multi-unit headquarters determines HR 47% policies and practices Corporate (companywide) 68% Each work location determines HR policies Business unit/division 17% 3% and practices Facility/location 15% A combination of both the work location and the multi-unit headquarters determine 50% n = 505 HR policies and practices Note: n = 505 How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 32
  33. 33. SHRM Survey Findings: How Have Sustainable Workplace Practices Changed Over Time?2012 Survey Methodology• Response rate = 18%• 713 HR professional respondents from a randomly selected sample of SHRM’s membership participated in this survey• Margin of error +/- 3%• Survey fielded July 7-August 7, 2012 Sustainable Workplace Practices: How Has Sustainability Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 33
  34. 34. About SHRM Research• For more survey/poll findings, visit www.shrm.org/surveys• For more information about SHRM’s Customized Research Services, visit www.shrm.org/customizedresearch• Follow us on Twitter @SHRM_ResearchProject leader: Shawn Fegley, SPHR, survey research analyst, SHRM ResearchProject contributors: Mark Schmit, Ph.D., SPHR, vice president, SHRM Foundation Alexander Alonso Ph.D., SPHR, vice president, SHRM Research Evren Esen, manager, Survey Research Center, SHRM ResearchCopy editor: Katya Scanlan, SHRM Knowledge Center Sustainable Workplace Practices: How Has Sustainability Changed Over Time? ©SHRM 2013 34
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