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SHRM Survey Findings: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry
 

SHRM Survey Findings: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry

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Over three-quarters (79%) of organizations in the manufacturing industry that were hiring full-time staff reported difficulty recruiting for specific open jobs, an increase from 68% in 2011. The top ...

Over three-quarters (79%) of organizations in the manufacturing industry that were hiring full-time staff reported difficulty recruiting for specific open jobs, an increase from 68% in 2011. The top reasons given for recruiting difficulty were lack of the right skills among candidates (54%), lack of the right work experience (46%), and the candidates’ pay requirements not matching the hiring organization’s salary or hourly rates (28%). This report is one of eight industry-level SHRM survey findings that look at skill gaps, recruiting challenges and recruiting strategies for employers in the U.S.

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    SHRM Survey Findings: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry SHRM Survey Findings: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry Presentation Transcript

    • SHRM Survey Findings: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry September 25, 2013
    • • These are the Manufacturing industry survey findings about the ongoing impact of the U.S. and global recession, which began in 2007. This is the third year that SHRM has conducted this study, and data are reported for 2010 and 2011 where possible. The results are reported in the following sections: » Skill gaps. » Recruiting challenges. » Recruiting strategies. • Industry-specific results will be reported separately for each of the following industries: » Construction, mining, oil and gas. » Federal government. » Finance. » Health. » High-tech. » Professional services. » State and local government. • Overall and California results can be found on our website at www.shrm.org/surveys. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 2 Introduction
    • The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 3 Skill Gaps
    • • What basic skills/knowledge gaps do job applicants typically have? The most common basic skills/knowledge gaps are mathematics (57%), writing in English (46%), reading comprehension (41%) and English language (spoken) (34%). • What applied skill gaps do job applicants typically have? The top five applied skill gaps are critical thinking/problem solving (59%), professionalism/work ethic (41%), leadership (37%), teamwork/collaboration (35%) and written communication (31%). • What types of jobs are the most difficult to fill? The top five most difficult positions to fill are scientists (92%), engineers (88%), high-skilled technical (87%), skilled trades (82%), and managers and executives (80%). The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 4 Key Findings: Skill Gaps Manufacturing Industry
    • In general, what basic skills/knowledge gaps do job applicants have in your industry? Manufacturing Industry 5 Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. 8% 1% 1% 2% 9% 10% 19% 31% 40% 40% 60% 6% 1% 1% 2% 5% 13% 20% 34% 41% 46% 57% Other Humanities/arts History/geography Government/economics Foreign languages Technical (computer, engineering, mechanical, etc.) Science English language (spoken) Reading comprehension (in English) Writing in English (grammar, spelling, etc.) Mathematics (computation) 2012 (n = 325) 2011 (n = 140) The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013
    • In general, what applied skill gaps do job applicants have in your industry? Manufacturing Industry 6 Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. 7% 15% 23% 30% 25% 26% 33% 39% 45% 42% 39% 59% 5% 15% 16% 19% 20% 22% 28% 31% 35% 37% 41% 59% Other Diversity Ethics/social responsibility Creativity/innovation Lifelong learning/self-direction Information technology application Oral communications Written communications Teamwork/collaboration Leadership Professionalism/work ethic Critical thinking/problem solving 2012 (n = 342) 2011 (n = 155) The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013
    • How easy or difficult has it been to fill the following job categories for full-time, regular positions? Manufacturing Industry 7 Note: This figure represents “Somewhat difficult” and “Very difficult” responses. “Not applicable” responses were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. Data are not provided where the sample size is less than 20. 64% 74% 80% 83% 89% 88% 72% 52% 67% 80% 82% 87% 88% 92% HR professionals (2012 n = 132, 2011 n = 73) Sales representatives (2012 n = 141, 2011 n = 90) Managers and executives (2012 n = 194, 2011 n = 126) Skilled trades (e.g., electricians, carpenters) (2012 n = 205, 2011 n = 129) High-skilled technical (e.g., technicians, programmers) (2012 n = 182, 2011 n = 102) Engineers (2012 n = 209, 2011 n = 127) Scientists (2012 n = 52, 2011 n = 28) 2012 2011 The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013
    • How easy or difficult has it been to fill the following job categories for full-time, regular positions? (continued) Manufacturing Industry 8 Note: This figure represents “Somewhat difficult” and “Very difficult” responses. “Not applicable” responses were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. Data are not provided where the sample size is less than 20. 17% 28% 39% 56% 50% 38% 17% 34% 38% 45% 45% 51% Administrative support staff (2012 n = 189, 2011 n = 113) Customer service representatives (2012 n = 128, 2011 n = 87) Hourly laborers (2012 n = 221, 2011 n = 139) Production operators (2012 n = 230, 2011 n = 140) Accounting and finance professionals (2012 n = 170, 2011 n = 97) Drivers (2012 n = 57, 2011 n = 37) 2012 2011 The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013
    • The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 9 Recruiting Challenges
    • • Is it difficult to recruit for positions requiring new and different skill sets? More than three- quarters (78%) of organizations reported that it is somewhat or very difficult to recruit for completely new positions or positions with new duties added that required new and different skill sets. This is similar to what was reported in 2011 (72%) and an increase from 43% in 2010. • Is recruiting for specific jobs difficult in the current labor market? The majority (79%) of organizations currently hiring full-time staff indicated that they were having a difficult time recruiting for specific job openings, an increase from 68% in 2011. • Why are organizations experiencing difficulty hiring qualified candidates? About one-half of organizations indicated that candidates did not have the right skills (54%) or the right work experience (46%) for the job. Twenty-eight percent reported that qualified candidates were not within their salary range or hourly range rate, and one-quarter of organizations cited competition from other employers (24%) and a low number of applicants (24%). • Are organizations facing global competition for applicants for hard-to-fill jobs? Fifteen percent of organizations believe they are facing global competition for qualified applicants for jobs they are having difficulty filling, a decrease from 27% in 2011. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 10 Key Findings: Recruiting Challenges Manufacturing Industry
    • For the new full-time, regular positions being created by your organization that require new and different skill sets, how easy or difficult do you think it will be or has been thus far to find qualified individuals for those positions? Manufacturing Industry The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 11 Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. Only respondents whose organizations were hiring full-time staff for positions with “new duties added to jobs lost” or “completely new positions” that required either “a mixture of new skills and the same types of skills” or “completely new and different skills” were asked this question. 3% 40% 44% 13% 9% 63% 24% 3% 15% 63% 20% 2% Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy 2012 (n = 133) 2011 (n = 98) 2010 (n = 95)
    • For the new full-time, regular positions being created by your organization that require new and different skill sets, how easy or difficult do you think it will be or has been thus far to find qualified individuals for those positions? The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 12 Note: Only statistically significant differences are shown. Comparisons by industry Comparisons by industry Health (54%) > Construction, mining, oil and gas (27%) High-tech (23%) Manufacturing (20%) Professional services (28%) State or local government (40%) > Manufacturing (20%) • The health industry is more likely than the construction, mining, oil and gas; high-tech; manufacturing; and professional services industries to indicate it will be or has been somewhat easy to find qualified individuals for new full-time positions. • State or local governments are more likely than the manufacturing industry to indicate it will be or has been somewhat easy to find qualified individuals for new full-time positions. Comparisons by industry Manufacturing (63%) > Health (40%) • The manufacturing industry is more likely than the health industry to indicate it will be or has been somewhat difficult to find qualified individuals for new full-time positions.
    • In general, in the current labor market, is your organization having a difficult time recruiting for specific jobs that are open in your organization? Manufacturing Industry 13 Note: Respondents who answered “don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were currently hiring full-time staff were asked this question. Yes, 68% No, 32% 2011 The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 Yes, 79% No, 21% 2012 n = 253 n = 346
    • In general, in the current labor market, are you having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of full-time, regular positions that are open in your organization? The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 14 Note: Only statistically significant differences are shown. Comparisons by industry High-tech (82%) Manufacturing (79%) > Federal government (50%) Finance (66%) Health (65%) State or local government (52%) Construction, mining, oil and gas (74%) Professional services (70%) > Federal government (50%) State or local government (52%) Finance (66%) Health (65%) > State or local government (52%) Comparisons by industry • Although there is recruiting difficulty across all industries, certain industries are experiencing more difficulty than others. • The high-tech and manufacturing industries are more likely than the federal government, finance, health and state or local government industries to be having difficulty recruiting for certain types of full-time, regular positions. • The construction, mining, oil, and gas and professional services industries are more likely than the federal government and state or local governments to be having difficulty recruiting for certain types of full-time, regular positions. •The finance and health industries are more likely than state or local governments to be having difficulty recruiting for certain types of full-time, regular positions.
    • What are the main reason(s) that your organization experiences difficulty in hiring qualified candidates for full-time, regular positions? Manufacturing Industry The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 15 Note: n = 268. Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Respondents who answered “don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. 54% 46% 28% 24% 24% 18% 18% Candidates do not have the right skills for the job Candidates do not have the right work experience Qualified candidates are not within our salary range or hourly range rate Competition from other employers Low number of applicants Candidates do not have the needed credentials/certifications Qualified candidates are not interested in moving to our local area
    • What are the main reason(s) that your organization experiences difficulty in hiring qualified candidates for full-time, regular positions? (continued) Manufacturing Industry The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 16 Note: n = 268. Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Respondents who answered “don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. 16% 12% 8% 6% 6% 3% 6% Candidates do not have high enough levels of education/training Local education/training system does not produce enough work-ready/qualified job candidates Lack of interest in type of job Candidates are overqualified Qualified candidates are not able to move to our local area (due to mortgage or other issues) Our organization does not provide relocation funds Other
    • Do you believe that your organization is facing global competition (i.e., competition from other countries) for talent for hard-to-fill jobs? Manufacturing Industry 17 Note: Respondents who answered “don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. Yes, 27% No, 73% 2011 The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 Yes, 15% No, 85% 2012 n = 148 n = 240
    • Do you believe that your organization is facing global competition (i.e., competition from other countries) for talent for hard-to-fill jobs? The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 18 Note: Only statistically significant differences are shown. Comparisons by industry High-tech (33%) > Finance (5%) Health (6%) Manufacturing (15%) Professional services (14%) State or local government (4%) Construction, mining, oil and gas (22%) Federal government (22%) > Finance (5%) Health (6%) State or local government (4%) Manufacturing (15%) > Finance (5%) State or local government (4%) Professional services (14%) > State or local government (4%) Comparisons by industry • Organizations in the high-tech industry are more likely than those in the finance, health, manufacturing, professional services and state or local government industries to believe that they are facing global competition for talent for hard-to-fill jobs. • Organizations in the construction, mining, oil, and gas and federal government industries are more likely than those in the finance, health and state or local government industries to believe that they are facing global competition for talent for hard-to-fill jobs. • Organizations in the manufacturing industry are more likely than those in the finance and state or local government industries to believe that they are facing global competition for talent for hard-to-fill jobs. • Organizations in the professional services industry are more likely than those in state or local governments to believe that they are facing global competition for talent for hard-to-fill jobs.
    • The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 19 Recruiting Strategies
    • • What strategies is your organization using to deal with recruiting challenges for full- time, regular positions? The most common strategies reported by organizations are expanding advertising efforts (49%), collaborating with educational institutions (48%), using social media to find passive job seekers (43%), expanding the search region (41%) and training existing employees to take on the hard-to-fill positions (37%). • Have organizations been hiring workers from outside the U.S. for jobs that have been difficult to fill? Twenty-four percent of organizations have hired workers from outside the U.S. Another 9% are considering or have plans to hire workers from outside the U.S. This is similar to findings in 2011. • Have organizations been hiring U.S. veterans for jobs that have been difficult to fill? Three out of five (60%) organizations reported hiring U.S. veterans, an increase from 44% in 2011. Another 16% are considering or have plans to hire veterans in the next 12 months. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 20 Key Findings: Recruiting Strategies Manufacturing Industry
    • What strategies is your organization using to deal with recruiting challenges for full-time, regular positions? Manufacturing Industry The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 21 Note: n = 268. Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. 49% 48% 43% 41% 37% 23% 23% Expanding advertising efforts Collaborating with educational institutions Using social media to find passive job seekers Expanding search region Training existing employees to take on the hard-to- fill positions Increasing retention efforts Providing monetary incentives to candidates (e.g., signing bonus)
    • What strategies is your organization using to deal with recruiting challenges for full-time, regular positions? (continued) Manufacturing Industry The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 22 Note: n = 268. Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. 22% 19% 14% 3% 4% 9% Expanding training programs to help improve skills of new hires Improving compensation/benefits package Offering more flexible work arrangements Offering new job perks Other None; we have not changed our recruiting strategy
    • Has your organization hired any workers from outside the United States in an attempt to staff key jobs that have been difficult to fill? Manufacturing Industry 23 Note: Percentages may not equal 100% due to rounding. Respondents who answered “don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. 24% 67% 9% < 1% 20% 75% 4% 1% Yes No No, but we are considering it No, but we have plans to do so in the next 12 months 2012 (n = 255) 2011 (n = 166) The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013
    • Has your organization hired any workers from outside the United States in an attempt to staff key jobs that have been difficult to fill? The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 24 Note: Only statistically significant differences are shown. Comparisons by industry High-tech (50%) > Construction, mining, oil and gas (26%) Federal government (16%) Finance (16%) Health (29%) Manufacturing (24%) Professional services (24%) State or local government (11%) Construction, mining, oil and gas (26%) Health (29%) Manufacturing (24%) Professional services (24%) > State or local government (11%) Comparisons by industry • The high-tech industry is more likely than the construction, mining, oil and gas; federal government; finance; health; manufacturing; professional services; and state or local government industries to have hired workers from outside the U.S. in an attempt to recruit for hard-to-fill jobs. • The construction, mining, oil and gas; health; manufacturing; and professional services industries are more likely than state or local governments to have hired workers from outside the U.S. in an attempt to recruit for hard-to-fill jobs.
    • Has your organization hired any U.S. veterans in an attempt to staff key jobs that have been difficult to fill? Manufacturing Industry 25 Note: Respondents who answered “don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. 60% 24% 12% 4% 44% 34% 18% 4% Yes No No, but we are considering it No, but we have plans to do so in the next 12 months 2012 (n = 239) 2011 (n = 146) The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013
    • Has your organization hired any U.S. veterans in an attempt to staff key jobs that have been difficult to fill? The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 26 Note: Only statistically significant differences are shown. Comparisons by industry Federal government (87%) > Finance (40%) Health (57%) High-tech (47%) Manufacturing (60%) Professional services (43%) Construction, mining, oil and gas (70%) State or local government (71%) > Finance (40%) High-tech (47%) Professional services (43%) Manufacturing (60%) > Finance (40%) Professional services (43%) Comparisons by industry • The federal government is more likely than the finance, health, high-tech, manufacturing and professional services industries to have hired U.S. veterans in an attempt to recruit for hard-to-fill jobs. • The construction, mining, oil, and gas and state or local government industries are more likely than the finance, high- tech and professional services industries to have hired U.S. veterans in an attempt to recruit for hard-to-fill jobs. • The manufacturing industry is more likely than the finance and professional services industries to have hired U.S. veterans in an attempt to recruit for hard-to-fill jobs.
    • The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 27 Demographics
    • Demographics: Organization Sector Manufacturing Industry The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 28 Note: n = 437. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding. 62% 35% 1% < 1% 2% Privately owned for-profit Publicly owned for-profit Nonprofit Government Other
    • Demographics: Organization Staff Size Manufacturing Industry The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 29 n = 429 19% 35% 22% 17% 7% 1 to 99 employees 100 to 499 employees 500 to 2,499 employees 2,500 to 24,999 employees 25,000 or more employees
    • n = 442 Other Demographics Manufacturing Industry The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 30 U.S.-based operations only 45% Multinational operations 55% Single-unit organization: An organization in which the location and the organization are one and the same. 30% Multi-unit organization: An organization that has more than one location. 70% Multi-unit headquarters determines HR policies and practices. 31% Each work location determines HR policies and practices. 6% A combination of both the work location and the multi-unit headquarters determines HR policies and practices. 63% Is your organization a single-unit organization or a multi-unit organization? For multi-unit organizations, are HR policies and practices determined by the multi-unit headquarters, by each work location or by both? Does your organization have U.S.- based operations (business units) only, or does it operate multinationally? n = 446 n = 333 Corporate (companywide) 49% Business unit/division 18% Facility/location 33% n = 334 What is the HR department/function for which you responded throughout this survey?
    • • Response rate = 17% • 471 randomly selected HR professionals from the manufacturing industry in SHRM’s membership participated in this survey. • With small sample sizes, the response of one participant can affect the overall results considerably; this should be noted when making interpretations of the data, particularly when interpreting small percentage differences. • Survey fielded August 28-September 14, 2012 The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 31 SHRM Survey Findings: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry Survey Methodology
    • • For more survey/poll findings, visit www.shrm.org/surveys • For more information about SHRM’s Customized Research Services, visit www.shrm.org/customizedresearch • Follow us on Twitter @SHRM_Research The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 32 About SHRM Research Project leader: Tanya Mulvey, researcher, talent management & workforce skills, SHRM Research Project contributors: Alexander Alonso, Ph.D., SPHR, vice president, SHRM Research Evren Esen, manager, Survey Research Center, SHRM Research Yan Dong, Intern, SHRM Research Copy editor: Katya Scanlan, SHRM Knowledge Center
    • The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) is the world’s largest association devoted to human resource management. Representing more than 250,000 members in over 140 countries, the Society serves the needs of HR professionals and advances the interests of the HR profession. Founded in 1948, SHRM has more than 575 affiliated chapters within the United States and subsidiary offices in China and India. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2013 33 About SHRM