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    Shrm datia drug_testing_poll_shrm_web_final Shrm datia drug_testing_poll_shrm_web_final Presentation Transcript

    • September 7, 2011
      SHRM Poll: Drug Testing Efficacy
      In collaboration with and commissioned by the Drug & Alcohol Testing Industry Association (DATIA)
    • 2
      About the Respondents
      Staff size categories of respondents:
      • The majority of organizations had fewer than 2,500 employees (80%):
      • More than one-third of organizations had 100 to 499 employees (36%).
      • Nearly one-quarter of respondents had 1 to 99 employees (24%).
      • One-fifth of respondents had 500 to 2,499 employees (20%).
      Sectors of respondents:
      • The majority of organizations were publicly owned for-profits (50%).
      • Almost one-fifth each were from privately owned for-profits (19%) and nonprofit organizations (19%).
      Industry of respondents:
      • The largest proportion of organizations were from the manufacturing (18%) and health care (14%) industries.
    • Key Findings
      What percentage of organizations conducted pre-employment drug testing in 2011? More than one-half of organizations (57%) indicated that they conduct drug testing on all job candidates. More than one-quarter (29%) of the organizations do not have a pre-employment drug testing program.
      Is there a tie between drug testing programs and absenteeism? Yes. In organizations with high employee absenteeism rates (more than 15%), the implementation of a drug testing program appears to have an impact. Nine percent of organizations reported high absenteeism rates (>15%) prior to a drug testing program, whereas only 4% of organizations reported high absenteeism rates after the implementation of a drug testing program, a decrease of approximately 50%.
      Are workers’ compensation rates affected by drug testing programs? Yes. In organizations with high workers’ compensation incidence rates (>6%), the implementation of a drug testing program appears to have an impact. Fourteen percent of organizations reported high workers’ compensation incidence rates prior to a drug testing program, whereas only 6% of organizations reported similar rates of workers’ comp after the implementation of a drug testing program, a decrease of approximately 50%.
      Do drug testing programs improve employee productivity rates? Nearly one-fifth (19%) of organizations experienced an increase in productivity after the implementation of a drug testing program.
      How much of an impact do drug testing programs have on employee turnover rates? Sixteen percent of organizations saw a decrease in employee turnover rates after the implementation of drug testing programs.
      Do multinational organizations apply similar drug testing protocols/policies in the United States and globally? Nearly three-quarters (72%) of organizations that have multinational operations indicated that all, almost all or some of the same protocols/policies are applied while conducting drug tests outside the United States.
      3
    • Organizations with Drug Testing Programs
      • Pre-employment with job candidates
      • Post-employment with employees
      • Pre-and/or post-employment with contract employees
      4
    • How are you involved in your organization’s drug testing program?
      5
      Note: n = 636. HR professionals who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding.
    • For approximately how many years has your organization been conducting pre- and/or post-employment drug testing?
      6
      Note: n = 626. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding. HR professionals were asked to round to the highest year.
    • 7
      Does your organization conduct pre-employment drug testing with job candidates?
      Note: HR professionals who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis.
    • 8
      Does your organization conduct pre-employment drug testing with job candidates?
      Comparison by Organization Staff Size
      Larger organizations (2,500 or more employees) are more likely to conduct pre-employment drug testing for all job candidates compared with smaller organizations (fewer than 2,500 employees).
      Comparison by Organization Sector
      Publicly owned for profit organizations are more likely to conduct pre-employment drug testing for all job candidates compared with privately owned organizations, nonprofit organizations and government agencies.
      Government agencies are more likely to conduct pre-employment drug testing for selected job candidates compared with publicly owned for-profit organizations, privately owned for-profit organizations and nonprofit organizations.
    • 9
      Does your organization conduct post-employment drug testing with current employees?
    • Does your organization conduct pre- and/or post-employment drug testing with its contract employees?
      10
      Note: n = 754. HR professionals who responded “not applicable” and “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding.
    • Does your organization conduct pre- and/or post-employment drug testing with its contract employees?
      11
      Comparison by Organization Staff Size
      Larger organizations (500 or more employees) are more likely to conduct pre-employment drug testing for contract employees compared with smaller organizations (fewer 500 employees).
    • Which of the following post-employment drug tests does your organization conduct?
      12
      Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple responses.
      “*” indicates question was not asked.
    • To what degree are the U.S. pre- and/or post-employment protocols/polices also applied at locations outside the United States?
      13
      Note: n = 150. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding. Only organizations with multinational operations were asked this question.
    • Impact of Drug Testing Programs
      • Absenteeism
      • Workers’ compensation
      • Employee productivity
      • Employee turnover
      14
    • Absenteeism rates at organizations before and after drug testing program implementation
      15
      9% of organizations reported high absenteeism rates, (more than 15%). After implementation of a drug testing program only 4% of organizations reported high absenteeism rates, a decrease of approximately 50%.
      Note: HR professionals who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis.
    • Workers’ compensation incidence rates at organizations before and after drug testing program implementation
      16
      14% of organizations reported high workers’ compensation incidence rates prior to a drug testing program, whereas only 6% of organizations reported similar rates of workers’ comp after the implementation of a drug testing program, a decrease of approximately 50%.
      Note: HR professionals who answered ‘not sure” were excluded from this analysis.
    • Change in employee productivity in organizations after drug testing program implementation
      17
      Nearly one-fifth (19%) of organizations experienced an increase in productivity after the implementation of a drug testing program.
      Note: n = 513. HR professionals who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding.
    • Change in employee turnover rates in organizations after drug testing program implementation
      18
      16% of organizations saw a decrease in employee turnover rates after the implementation of drug testing programs.
      Note: n = 520. HR professionals who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis.
    • How Drug Tests Are Performed
      • Where?
      • What type?
      • How much?
      19
    • Does your organization conduct drug testing in-house or at an off-site testing facility run by another entity?
      20
      n = 628
    • What type of sample is used for your organization’s drug testing program?
      21
      Note: n = 634. Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple responses.
    • How much does it cost your organization each time a drug test in conducted (per employee or job candidate)?
      22
      n = 633
    • Characteristics of Organizations With Drug Testing Programs
      23
    • What is the average entry-level full-time annual salary at your organization?
      24
      n = 632.
    • In 2010, how much did your organization spend on recruiting, training and drug testing combined?
      25
      Note: n = 595. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding.
    • Organizations that Do Not Have Drug Testing Programs
      26
    • What are the primary reasons your organization does not conduct pre-and/or post-employment drug testing?
      27
      Note: n = 262. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding.
    • What is the primary reason your organization does not conduct pre- and/or post-employment drug testing?
      28
      Comparison by Organization Staff Size
      Note: n = 262. Some row percentages do not total 100% due to rounding. Caution should be used when generalizing results when the sample size is less than 30 for any category.
    • Demographics
      29
    • Demographics: Industry
      30
      n = 1,024
    • Demographics: Industry (Continued)
      31
      n = 1,024
    • Demographics: Organization Staff Size
      32
      Note: n = 899. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding.
    • Demographics: Organization Sector
      33
    • Demographics: Other
      34
      Is your organization a single-unit company or a multi-unit company?
      Does your organization have U.S.-based
      operations (business units) only or
      does it operate multinationally?
      Note: n = 906. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding.
      Note: n = 863
      Are HR policies and practices determined by the multi-unit corporate headquarters, by each work location or both?
      Level of HR department/function for which you responded through this survey.
      Note: n = 621
      Note: n = 619
    • SHRM/DATIA Poll: Drug Testing Efficacy
      Response rate = 20%
      Sample composed of 1,058 randomly selected HR professionals from SHRM’s membership
      Margin of error is +/- 3%
      Survey fielded March 1-14th , 2011
      35
      Methodology
      For more poll findings, visit www.shrm.org/surveys
      Follow us on Twitter:http://twitter.com/SHRM_Research