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Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce
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Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce

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  • 1. SHRM Survey Findings: Changing Employee Skills andEducation Requirements—Changes in the WorkforceIn collaboration with and commissioned by Achieve October 3, 2012
  • 2. Introduction• This is the fifth part of a series of SHRM/Achieve survey findings titled “Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements.” These results look at changes in the workforce.• The following nine industries were included in the sample. Overall results are reported first, followed by industry-specific results for the following industries:  Construction, mining, oil and gas  Federal government  Finance  Health  High-tech  Manufacturing  Nonprofessional services  Professional services  State and local government SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 2
  • 3. Key Findings• How are organizations different now than they were 10 years ago? Overall, organizations cite several key changes. The most commonly chosen differences across all industries are increased staff size 53%), increased number of jobs with specific technical requirements (51%), higher education level requirements for most jobs (46%), increased employee diversity (45%) and fewer entry-level jobs (31%).• What industries were most likely to report that higher education levels are required today in their industries compared with a decade ago? Health (54%), manufacturing (52%), state/local government (48%) and federal government (46%) were most likely to report higher education requirements today than those needed 10 years ago.• What industries were most likely to report that they have more jobs with specific skills requirements today compared with a decade ago? High-tech (73%), manufacturing (56%), construction, mining, oil and gas (56%), state/local government (53%) and health (51%) were most likely to report an increase in the number of jobs with specific technical requirements today compared with 10 years ago.• What changes do organizations predict will affect them in the next three to five years? The changes organizations are most likely to forecast are an increased number of jobs with specific technical requirements (60%), increased staff size (55%), higher education level requirements for most jobs (50%), increased employee diversity (49%) and more jobs related to science, technology, engineering and math (31%).• What industries are most likely to predict a need for higher education levels for most jobs? Manufacturing (59%), health (56%), high-tech (51%), state/local government (51%) and professional services (49%) were most likely to predict a need for higher education levels for most jobs in three to five years compared with today.• What industries are most likely to predict more jobs with specific technical requirements? High-tech (79%), manufacturing (71%) and construction, mining, oil and gas (69%) were most likely to predict that there will be more jobs with specific technical requirements in their industry in three to five years compared with today. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 3
  • 4. Key Findings• What education levels do organizations believe will experience the greatest increase in demand over the next three to give years? Organizations across industries are most likely to report an increased need for bachelor’s degree holders (55%), advance degree (e.g., master’s, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) holders (41%) and specific postsecondary certificates/credentials (32%).• What industries were most likely to report an increase in the need for employees holding the following education credentials? – Advanced degrees: High-tech (56%), health (51%) and professional services (49%) were most likely to predict an increased need for employees with advanced degrees. – Bachelor’s degrees: Health (62%), manufacturing (58%), construction, mining, oil and gas (57%), finance (57%) and high-tech (56%) were most likely to predict an increased need for employees with bachelor’s degrees. – Associate’s degrees: Manufacturing (36%), state/local government (31%) and health (29%) were most likely to predict an increased need for employees with associate’s degrees. – Specific postsecondary certificates/credentials: Health (40%), manufacturing (39%) and construction, mining, oil and gas (36%) were most likely to predict an increased need for employees with specific postsecondary certificates/credentials. – High school diplomas: Manufacturing (26%), construction, mining, oil and gas (24%) and nonprofessional services (24%) were most likely to predict an increased need for employees with at least a high school diploma. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 4
  • 5. Think about your organization’s workforce today compared with 10 years ago. What are the differences? All Construction, Non- Industries Mining, Oil Federal Manufac- professional Professional State/Local (n = and Gas Government Finance Health High-tech turing Services Services Government 3,135) (n = 311) (n = 173) (n = 336) (n = 415) (n = 289) (n = 382) (n = 224) (n = 472) (n = 533)Increased staffsize 53% 58% 39% 63% 65% 58% 45% 51% 56% 40%More jobs withspecifictechnical 51% 56% 43% 40% 51% 73% 56% 31% 49% 53%requirementsHighereducation levelrequired for 46% 39% 46% 44% 54% 43% 52% 33% 44% 48%most jobsIncreasedemployee 45% 41% 47% 45% 45% 44% 44% 49% 47% 47%diversityFewer entry-level jobs 31% 22% 41% 25% 28% 42% 31% 17% 37% 31%Decreasedstaff size 29% 24% 44% 21% 21% 18% 36% 30% 25% 45%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 5
  • 6. Think about your organization’s workforce today compared with 10 years ago. What are the differences? (continued) Construction, Non- All Mining, Oil Federal High- Manufac- professional Professional State/Local Industries and Gas Government Finance Health tech turing Services Services Government (n = 3,135) (n = 311) (n = 173) (n = 336) (n = 415) (n = 289) (n = 382) (n = 224) (n = 472) (n = 533) More jobs related to science, technology, 26% 30% 25% 14% 20% 58% 36% 10% 28% 19% engineering and math More jobs that are service- 23% 19% 15% 33% 37% 20% 8% 40% 22% 20% oriented Greater reliance on temporary or 21% 18% 21% 15% 14% 21% 38% 22% 17% 20% contingent workers More entry- level jobs 18% 20% 8% 26% 18% 12% 21% 26% 15% 14% Lower education level required for 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% most jobs Other 3% 1% 5% 4% 6% 2% 2% 2% 2% 6% Not sure 8% 9% 9% 6% 6% 10% 8% 9% 10% 5% SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the WorkforceNote: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. ©SHRM 2012 6
  • 7. Think about your organization’s workforce in the next three to five years. Compared with today, what are the differences? Construction, Non- Mining, Oil Federal professional Professional State/Local All Industries and Gas Government Finance Health High-tech Manufacturing Services Services Government (n = 3,414) (n = 345) (n = 190) (n = 361) (n = 440) (n = 326) (n = 417) (n = 247) (n = 527) (n = 561)More jobs withspecific technical 60% 69% 52% 49% 62% 79% 71% 42% 58% 55%requirementsIncreased staff size 55% 70% 30% 66% 56% 70% 52% 55% 64% 29%Higher educationlev el required for 50% 43% 42% 46% 56% 51% 59% 40% 49% 51%most jobsIncreasedemployee div ersity 49% 48% 45% 53% 48% 49% 50% 45% 50% 48%More science-,technology-,engineering- and 31% 37% 28% 16% 25% 61% 44% 13% 31% 22%math-related jobsFewer entry-lev eljobs 30% 19% 41% 25% 32% 37% 34% 18% 30% 34%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 7
  • 8. Think about your organization’s workforce in the next three to five years. Compared with today what are the differences? (continued) Construction, Non- Mining, Oil Federal professional Professional State/Local All Industries and Gas Government Finance Health High-tech Manufacturing Services Services Government (n = 3,414) (n = 345) (n = 190) (n = 361) (n = 440) (n = 326) (n = 417) (n = 247) (n = 527) (n = 561)More serv ice- 29% 23% 22% 43% 40% 27% 12% 43% 29% 26%oriented jobsGreater relianceon temporary/ 20% 17% 27% 12% 14% 20% 25% 21% 17% 25%contingent workersDecreased staff 19% 7% 49% 11% 17% 11% 18% 15% 15% 33%sizeMore entry-lev el 19% 28% 12% 21% 15% 18% 17% 28% 19% 13%jobsLower educationlev els required for 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1%most jobsOther 3% 2% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 2% 2% 4%Not sure 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 3% 6% 10% 8% 10%Note: Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 8
  • 9. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? All Industries 16%High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 3,386) 68% 16% 32% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 62% only (n = 3,290) 5% Increase Stay the same 25% Associate’s degree (n = 3,275) Decrease 67% 7% 55% Bachelor’s degree (n = 3,409) 43% 2% 41% Advanced degree 56% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 3,338) 3%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 9
  • 10. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? Construction, Mining, Oil and Gas 24% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 342) 67% 9% 36% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 62% only (n = 336) 2% Increase Stay the same 22% Associate’s degree (n = 326) Decrease 75% 4% 57% Bachelor’s degree (n = 344) 41% 1% 33% Advanced degree 64% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 331) 2%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 10
  • 11. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? Federal Government 7% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 189) 69% 24% 30% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 63% only (n = 184) 7% Increase Stay the same 26% Associate’s degree (n = 183) Decrease 62% 11% 52% Bachelor’s degree (n = 190) 46% 3% 45% Advanced degree 51% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 191) 5%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 11
  • 12. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? Finance 13% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 362) 73% 14% 22% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 71% only (n = 338) 6% Increase Stay the same 23% Associate’s degree (n = 338) Decrease 72% 5% 57% Bachelor’s degree (n = 362) 41% 1% 38% Advanced degree 61% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 350) 1%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 12
  • 13. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? Health 17% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 435) 69% 14% 40% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 57% only (n = 426) 3% Increase Stay the same 29% Associate’s degree (n = 428) Decrease 62% 9% 62% Bachelor’s degree (n = 438) 37% 2% 51% Advanced degree 47% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 434) 1%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 13
  • 14. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? High-tech 9% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 319) 63% 27% 28% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 61% only (n = 310) 11% Increase Stay the same 18% Associate’s degree (n = 314) Decrease 69% 13% 56% Bachelor’s degree (n = 326) 42% 2% 56% Advanced degree 44% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 321) 1%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 14
  • 15. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? Manufacturing 26% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 415) 64% 10% 39% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 58% only (n = 402) 3% Increase Stay the same 36% Associate’s degree (n = 402) Decrease 60% 5% 58% Bachelor’s degree (n = 415) 40% 2% 39% Advanced degree 58% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 404) 3%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 15
  • 16. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? Nonprofessional Services 24% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 245) 67% 10% 26% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 70% only (n = 239) 4% Increase Stay the same 23% Associate’s degree (n = 238) Decrease 73% 5% 44% Bachelor’s degree (n = 244) 54% 2% 27% Advanced degree 68% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 238) 5%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 16
  • 17. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? Professional Services 8% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 518) 70% 22% 29% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 62% only (n = 505) 9% Increase Stay the same 19% Associate’s degree (n = 501) Decrease 71% 10% 52% Bachelor’s degree (n = 527) 46% 3% 49% Advanced degree 48% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 520) 2%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 17
  • 18. Do you anticipate that your organization’s needs for employees at the following education levels will increase, stay the same or decrease over the next three to five years? State/Local Government 13% High school diploma or equivalent only (n = 561) 71% 16% 35% Specific postsecondary certificate/credential(s) 61% only (n = 550) 3% Increase Stay the same 31% Associate’s degree (n = 545) Decrease 64% 5% 52% Bachelor’s degree (n = 563) 45% 3% 32% Advanced degree 64% (e.g., masters, MBA, Ph.D., M.D., J.D.) (n = 549) 4%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 18
  • 19. SHRM Survey Findings: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements In collaboration with and commissioned by AchieveSurvey Methodology• Response rate = 18%• 4,695 HR professional respondents from a randomly selected sample of nine different industries in SHRM’s membership  Construction, mining, oil and gas = 491  Manufacturing = 526  Federal government = 356  Nonprofessional services = 479  Finance = 530  Professional services = 492  Health = 526  State and local government = 848  High-tech = 447• Margin of error +/-1%• Survey fielded March 28-April 30, 2012 SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 19
  • 20. SHRM Survey Findings: Changing Employee Skills and Education RequirementsAbout SHRM Research• For more survey/poll findings, visit www.shrm.org/surveys• For more information about SHRM’s Customized Research Services, visit www.shrm.org/customizedresearch• Follow us on Twitter @SHRM_Research SHRM/Achieve Survey: Changing Employee Skills and Education Requirements—Changes in the Workforce ©SHRM 2012 20

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