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Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final
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Recession poll 2011 manufacturing final

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  • 1. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of theRecession—Manufacturing Industry April 4, 2012
  • 2. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession:Manufacturing Industry Introduction Key Findings Organizations’ Financial Health Hiring Recruiting Challenges Demographics Methodology SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 2
  • 3. Introduction Overall results have been released in three different topic areas:  Recruiting and skill gaps. (Released November 7, 2011)  Overall financial health and hiring. (Released November 22, 2011)  Global competition and hiring strategies. (Released December 14, 2011) Industry-specific results are reported separately for each of the eight industries included in the sample. These findings cover the results for the manufacturing industry. The following industries were also included in the sample:  Construction, mining, oil and gas. (Released March 9, 2012)  Federal government.  Finance.  Health.  State and local government.  Services—professional.  High-tech. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 3
  • 4. Key Findings: Organizational Financial HealthManufacturing Industry What percentage of staff have organizations laid off since the U.S. and global recession began in December 2007? Overall, the majority (66%) of respondents from the manufacturing industry indicated they had lost 10% of employees or less in 2011, whereas in 2010, 43% of these organizations reported losing less than 10% of employees. How does organizations’ financial health compare to 12 months ago? The manufacturing industry reported improved organizational financial health compared with a year ago. The percentage of manufacturing organizations that were in a significant recovery increased from 6% in 2010 to 19% in 2011. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 4
  • 5. Key Findings: HiringManufacturing Industry Are organizations currently hiring? Three-quarters (75%) of respondents from the manufacturing industry are currently hiring, which is an increase from 51% in 2010. Are organizations creating new positions or replacing jobs lost? In 2011, more than half (54%) of organizations in the manufacturing industry are hiring direct replacements of jobs lost since the recession began, an increase of 12 percentage points compared with 2010 (42%). Fewer organizations are hiring for completely new positions in 2011 (32%) than they were in 2010 (48%). SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 5
  • 6. Key Findings: Recruiting ChallengesManufacturing Industry Is recruiting for specific jobs difficult in the current labor market? Among organizations that are currently hiring full-time staff, more than two-thirds (68%) of respondents from the manufacturing industry indicated that their organizations are having a difficult time recruiting for specific open jobs. When recruiting for jobs that require new and different skill sets in the manufacturing industry, more organizations are finding it difficult to find qualified individuals for these positions in 2011 (72%) compared with 2010 (43%). What types of jobs are the most difficult to fill? The top five most difficult positions to fill for the manufacturing industry are high-skilled technical positions (e.g., technicians and programmers) (89%), engineers (88%), skilled trades (e.g., electricians, carpenters) (83%), managers and executives (80%), and sales representatives (74%). SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 6
  • 7. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession:Manufacturing Industry Organizations’ Financial Health SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 7
  • 8. Thus far, what percentage of full-time jobs have been lost at yourorganization since the U.S. and global recession began in December2007? Manufacturing Industry Not applicable—did not lay off any 21% 2011 (n = 357) staff 2010 (n = 341) 25% 66% 1% to 5% of staff 20% 6% to 10% of staff 10% or less (2011 data) 66% *Less than 10% (2010 data) 43% 11% to 20% of staff (2011 data) 17% * 10% to 20% (2010 data) 32% 14% 21% to 50% of staff 22% 2% More than 50% of staff 3%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. An asterisk (*) indicates 2010 data had different categories than 2011 data: “Less than 10% of staff”and “10% to 20% of staff.” SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 8
  • 9. Thus far, what percentage of full-time jobs have been lost at yourorganization since the U.S. and global recession began in December2007? Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe federal government and the finance industry are more likely to have had no layoffs compared with the construction, mining, oiland gas; manufacturing; state and local government; professional services; and high-tech industries. Construction, mining, oil and gas (20%) …are more likely to Manufacturing (21%) Federal government (46%) have had NO layoffs State and local government (31%) Finance (45%) than... Services—professional (30%) High-tech (29%)The construction, mining, oil and gas industry is more likely to have lost more than 50% of staff compared with the federalgovernment, finance, manufacturing and professional services industries. Federal government (1%) …is more likely to Finance (0%) Construction, mining, oil and gas (10%) have lost more than 50% of staff Manufacturing (2%) than... Services—professional (2%) SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 9
  • 10. In relation to the U.S. and global recession, would you say yourorganizations overall financial health is declining or recoveringcompared with 12 months ago?Manufacturing Industry 19% 2011 (n = 359) In a significant recovery 6% 2010 (n = 339) 40% In a mild recovery 53% 17% No change compared with 12 months ago 22% 19% In a mild decline 14% 4% In a significant decline 5%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 10
  • 11. In relation to the U.S. and global recession, would you say yourorganizations overall financial health is declining or recoveringcompared with 12 months ago?Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe construction, mining, oil and gas; finance; manufacturing; professional services; and high-tech industries are more likely to be ina significant recovery compared with the federal government and state and local governments. Construction, mining, oil and gas (9%) Finance (11%) …are more likely to Federal government (2%) Manufacturing (19%) be in a significant recovery State and local government (1%) Services—professional (11%) than... High-tech (14%) SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 11
  • 12. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession:Manufacturing Industry Hiring SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 12
  • 13. Is your organization currently hiring full-time staff?Manufacturing Industry 75% Yes 51% 2011 (n = 360) 2010 (n = 335) 25% No 49% SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 13
  • 14. At what level(s) is your organization hiring?Manufacturing Industry Nonmanagement hourly employees 85% Nonmanagement salaried employees 64% Other management (e.g., directors, managers) 54% Executive/upper management (e.g., CEO, CFO) 20%Note: n = 268. Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Only respondents whose organizations were currently hiring full-time staffwere asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 14
  • 15. At what level(s) is your organization hiring?Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe health industry is more likely to be hiring executive/upper management employees compared with theconstruction, mining, oil and gas; finance; manufacturing; professional services; and high-tech industries. Construction, mining, oil and gas (15%) …is more likely to Finance (20%) be hiring executive/upper Health (40%) Manufacturing (20%) management staff Services—professional (19%) than... High-tech (16%)The high-tech industry is more likely to be hiring nonmanagement salaried employees compared with the construction, mining, oiland gas; federal government; finance; health; manufacturing; state and local government; and professional services industries. Construction, mining, oil and gas (70%) Federal government (73%) …is more likely to Finance (68%) be hiring nonmanagement salaried High-tech (91%) Health (60%) employees Manufacturing (64%) than... State and local government (66%) Services—professional (79%) SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 15
  • 16. At what level(s) is your organization hiring? (continued)Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe finance, health, manufacturing, and state and local government industries are more likely to be hiring nonmanagement hourlyemployees compared with the federal government, professional services and high-tech industries. Finance (77%) …are more likely to Federal government (58%) Health (90%) be hiring nonmanagement hourly Services—professional (59%) Manufacturing (85%) employees High-tech (51%) State and local government (79%) than... SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 16
  • 17. Which of the following best describes, in general, the nature of full-time positions your organization is currently hiring? Manufacturing Industry 32% Completely new positions 48% 14% New duties added to jobs lost (e.g., due to 2011 (n = 263) layoffs, attrition) since the recession began 2010 (n = 168) 10% 54% Direct replacements of jobs lost (e.g., due to layoffs, attrition) since the recession began 42%Note: Only respondents whose organizations were currently hiring full-time staff were asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 17
  • 18. Which of the following best describes, in general, the nature of full-timepositions your organization is currently hiring?Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe state and local governments are more likely to be hiring direct replacements of jobs lost since the recession began comparedwith the construction, mining, oil and gas; federal government; finance; manufacturing; professional services; and high-techindustries. Construction, mining, oil and gas (49%) …are more likely to Federal government (63%) be hiring direct replacements of jobs Finance (60%) State and local governments (80%) lost since the recession began Manufacturing (54%) than... Services—professional (48%) High-tech (39%) SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 18
  • 19. Compared with the skills required for jobs lost since the recession began, do these completely new positions require any of the following skills? Manufacturing Industry Completely new and different skills 14% A mixture of new skills and the same 65% types of skills Approximately the same types of 21% skillsNote: n = 78. Only respondents whose organizations were hiring full-time staff for “completely new positions” were asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 19
  • 20. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession:Manufacturing Industry Recruiting Challenges SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 20
  • 21. If the new jobs being created by your organization require new and different skill sets, how easy do you think it will be—or has been thus far—to find qualified individuals for those positions? Manufacturing Industry 3% Very easy 2011 (n = 98) 13% 2010 (n = 95) 24% Somewhat easy 44% 63% Somewhat difficult 40% 9% Very difficult 3%Note: Percentages may not total 100% due to rounding. This question was asked only of respondents whose organizations were hiring full-time staff forpositions with “new duties added to jobs lost” or “completely new positions” (see slide 17) that required either “a mixture of new skills and the same types ofskills” or “completely new and different skills” (see slide 19). SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 21
  • 22. In general, in the current labor market, is your organization having a difficult time recruiting for specific jobs that are open in your organization? Manufacturing Industry No, 32% Yes, 68%Note: n = 253. Respondents who answered “Don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were currently hiring full-time staff were asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 22
  • 23. In general, in the current labor market, is your organization having adifficult time recruiting for specific jobs that are open in yourorganization?Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe manufacturing and high-tech industries are more likely to be having a difficult time recruiting for specific jobs compared withthe construction, mining, oil and gas; federal government; finance; and state and local government industries. …are more likely to Construction, mining, oil and gas (51%) be having a difficult time recruiting Manufacturing (68%) Federal government (31%) for specific jobs that are open in their High-tech (71%) Finance (49%) organization State and local government (33%) than... SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 23
  • 24. Do you believe that your organization is facing global competition (i.e., competition from other countries) for jobs that your organization is having difficulty filling? Manufacturing Industry Yes, 27% No, 73%Note: n = 148. Respondents who answered “Don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficulttime recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 24
  • 25. Do you believe that your organization is facing global competition(i.e., competition from other countries) for jobs that your organizationis having difficulty filling?Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe construction, mining, oil and gas; manufacturing; and high-tech industries are more likely to believe that their organization isfacing global competition compared with the finance and state and local government industries. …are more likely to Construction, mining, oil and gas (34%) believe that their organization is Finance (8%) Manufacturing (27%) facing global competition State and local government (4%) High-tech (42%) than... SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 25
  • 26. Has your organization hired any workers from outside the U.S. in anattempt to fill key jobs that have been difficult to fill?Manufacturing Industry No 75% Yes 20% No, but we are 4% considering it No, but we have plans to do so in 1% the next 12 monthsNote: n = 166. Respondents who answered “Don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficulttime recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 26
  • 27. Has your organization hired any workers from outside the U.S. in anattempt to fill key jobs that have been difficult to fill?Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe high-tech industry is more likely to have hired workers from outside the U.S. in an attempt to fill hard-to-fill jobs comparedwith the federal government, finance, manufacturing, state and local government, and professional services industries. Federal government (16%) …is more likely to Finance (5%) High-tech (50%) have hired workers from outside the U.S. Manufacturing (20%) than... State and local government (11%) Services—professional (26%)The health, manufacturing and professional services industries are more likely to have hired workers from outside the U.S. in anattempt to fill hard-to-fill jobs compared with the finance industry. Health (24%) …are more likely to Manufacturing (20%) have hired workers from outside the U.S. Finance (5%) Services—professional (26%) than... SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 27
  • 28. Has your organization hired any U.S. veterans in an attempt to fill keyjobs that have been difficult to fill?Manufacturing Industry Yes 44% No 34% No, but we are 18% considering it No, but we have plans to do so in the 4% next 12 monthsNote: n = 146. Respondents who answered “Don’t know” were excluded from this analysis. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficulttime recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 28
  • 29. Has your organization hired any U.S. veterans in an attempt to fill keyjobs that have been difficult to fill?Manufacturing IndustryComparisons by industryThe federal government is more likely to have hired U.S. veterans in an attempt to recruit for hard-to-fill jobs compared with theconstruction, mining, oil and gas; finance; health; manufacturing; state and local government; professional services; and high-techindustries. Construction, mining, oil and gas (50%) Finance (13%) …is more likely to Health (44%) Federal government (94%) have hired U.S. veterans Manufacturing (44%) than... State and local government (37%) Services—professional (35%) High-tech (34%)The construction, mining, oil and gas; health; manufacturing; state and local government; professional services; and high-techindustries are more likely to have hired U.S. veterans in an attempt to fill hard-to-fill jobs compared with the finance industry. Construction, mining, oil and gas (50%) Health (44%) …are more likely to Manufacturing (44%) have hired U.S. veterans Finance (13%) State and local government (37%) than... Services—professional (35%) High-tech (34%) SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 29
  • 30. In general, what knowledge/basic skill gaps do job applicants have inyour industry?Manufacturing Industry Mathematics (computation) 60% Writing in English (grammar, spelling, etc.) 40% Reading comprehension (in English) 40% English language (spoken) 31% Science 19% Technical (computer, engineering, mechanical, etc.) 10% Foreign languages 9% Government/economics 2% Humanities/arts 1% History/geography 1% Other 8%Note: n = 140. Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruitingfor certain types of jobs were asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 30
  • 31. In general, what applied skill gaps do job applicants have in yourindustry?Manufacturing Industry Critical thinking/problem solving 59% Teamwork/collaboration 45% Leadership 42% Written communications 39% Professionalism/work ethic 39% Oral communications 33% Creativity/innovation 30% Information technology application 26% Lifelong learning/self-direction 25% Ethics/social responsibility 23% Diversity 15% Other 7%Note: n = 155. Percentages do not total 100% due to multiple response options. Only respondents whose organizations were having a difficult time recruitingfor certain types of jobs were asked this question. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 31
  • 32. Specific Job Categories Organizations Having Difficulty Recruiting Manufacturing Industry High-skilled technical (e.g., technicians, programmers) (n = 102) 89% Engineers (n = 127) 88% Skilled trades (e.g., electricians, carpenters) (n = 129) 83% Managers and executives (n = 126) 80% Sales representatives (n = 90) 74% Scientists (n = 28) 72% HR professionals (n = 73) 64% Production operators (n = 140) 56% Accounting and finance professionals (n = 97) 50% Hourly laborers (n = 139) 39% Drivers (n = 37) 38% Customer service representatives (n = 87) 28% Administrative support staff (n = 113) 17%Note: Chart represents “somewhat difficult” and “very difficult” responses. “Not applicable” responses were excluded from this analysis. Only respondentswhose organizations were having a difficult time recruiting for certain types of jobs were asked this question. No statistics are provided where the n is less than20; therefore, the job category of “high-skilled medical” (n = 7) was excluded from this analysis. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 32
  • 33. The Ongoing Impact of the Recession:Manufacturing Industry Demographics SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 33
  • 34. Demographics: Organization SectorManufacturing Industry Publicly owned for-profit 34% Privately owned for-profit 63% Nonprofit 1% Government 0% Other 1% Note: n = 348. Percentages do not total 100% due to rounding. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 34
  • 35. Demographics: Organization Staff SizeManufacturing Industry 1 to 99 employees 20% 100 to 499 employees 30% 500 to 2,499 employees 27% 2,500 to 24,999 employees 18% 25,000 or more employees 5% n = 343 SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 35
  • 36. Demographics: OtherManufacturing IndustryDoes your organization have U.S.- Is your organization a single-unit organizationbased operations (business units) only or a multi-unit organization?or does it operate multinationally? Single-unit organization: An organization in which the location and the 30% U.S.-based operations only 49% organization are one and the same Multi-unit organization: An organization Multinational operations 51% 70% that has more than one locationn = 344 n = 351 For multi-unit organizations, are HR policies and practices determined by the multi-unit What is the HR department/function headquarters, by each work location or both? responded for throughout this survey? Multi-unit headquarters determines HR policies 32% and practices Corporate (company wide) 49% Each work location determines HR policies and Business unit/division 21% 7% practices Facility/location 30% A combination of both the work location and the multi-unit headquarters determine HR policies 61% n = 266 and practices n = 265 SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 36
  • 37. SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession: Manufacturing Industry Methodology  Response rate = 13%  Sample composed of 360 randomly selected HR professionals from the manufacturing industry in SHRM’s membership  Margin of error +/-5%  Survey fielded August 18-September 2, 2011 For more poll findings, visit www.shrm.org/surveys Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/SHRM_ResearchProject leader:Tanya A. Mulvey, Survey Research Analyst, SHRM ResearchProject contributors:Mark Schmit, Ph.D., SPHR, Vice President, SHRM ResearchEvren Esen, Manager, SHRM Survey Research CenterCopy editor:Katya Scanlan, SHRM Knowledge Center SHRM Poll: The Ongoing Impact of the Recession—Manufacturing Industry ©SHRM 2012 37

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