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Internships Internships Presentation Transcript

  • SHRM Survey Findings: Internships November 6, 2013
  • Key Findings • Are organizations hiring interns in 2013? Nearly two-thirds of organizations have hired at least one intern this year, and 7% of organizations are planning to hire interns. Four-fifths of organizations have hired between one and 10 interns this year. • Has the number of internships increased? Compared with 2012, 34% of organizations offered more internships, 58% offered about the same number of internships and 8% had fewer internships. • What type of internships are organizations offering? The majority (89%) of organizations are offering internships to undergraduate students. One-half of organizations offered internships to graduate students, and 17% to high school students. The most common type of internships for high school (74%) and undergraduate (58%) students is summer internships; however, one-half of internships for graduate students take place year round or do not have a specific time period. • How are HR professionals involved with internships? Two-fifths of respondents indicated that their organization has an internship coordinator. Among these organizations, 80% say that their internship coordinator is employed in the HR function. Slightly more than two-thirds (69%) of organizations report that their HR function provides guidelines on the type of work in which interns can and cannot engage. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 2
  • Key Findings (continued) • What type of activities do organizations arrange for their interns? The most commonly arranged activities are mentoring meetings (42%), joint group projects for interns (30%) and a presentation/showcase of the interns’ work (21%). • Do interns typically receive compensation and benefits? The majority of organizations offer paid internships. Approximately three-fourths of interns are paid an hourly wage that is above the minimum wage. The most common benefit interns receive is on-site parking (48%), followed by paid holidays (18%) and housing assistance or temporary housing (7%). • How do internships translate to the “real world”? Approximately one-half (48%) of organizations report offering full-time positions to 1%-24% of interns. Nearly all (93%) of organizations indicate that they count internships as relevant work experience. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 3
  • What do these findings mean for the HR profession? • Internship programs can be a useful tool for employers that need extra help with their operations and for students that need on-the-job experience—and the importance of this experience has been recognized by most companies, according to this survey. • Other SHRM research has shown that many companies are struggling to find properly skilled workers to fill their open positions. Internship programs offer an opportunity to train young workers on site and create a pipeline of talent. Approximately fourth-fifths of organizations have offered a full-time position to an intern after the completion of the internship. • Building a highly skilled workforce has become a top priority, and better coordination between higher education and the private sector is viewed as an important piece of that effort in order to match supply with demand. If HR professionals are considering an internship program for their organization, an important first step should be to establish connections with local community colleges, technical schools and four-year institutions. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 4
  • Availability of Internships SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 5
  • Has your organization hired or does it plan to hire interns in 2013? Yes, my organization has hired intern(s) 64% No, my organization has not hired and does not plan to hire any interns Yes, my organization plans to hire intern(s) 29% 7% Note: n = 333. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 6
  • In 2013, how many interns has your organization hired or does it plan to hire? One intern 17% Two to five interns 47% Six to 10 interns 11 to 15 interns 16 to 20 interns 21 or more interns 16% 5% 3% 12% Note: n = 224. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 7
  • Compared with 2012, did your organization offer more or fewer internships in 2013? More internships compared with 2012 34% About the same number of internships compared with 2012 Fewer internships compared with 2012 58% 44% of organizations have increased the number of interns hired since the start of the Recession. 8% Note: n = 202. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 8
  • Types of Internships SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 9
  • To which of the following categories of students does your organization offer internships? High school students 17% Undergraduate students Graduate students 89% 50% Note: n = 227. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 10
  • Generally, during what time of year does your organization offer internships to the following categories of students? High school students (n = 38) 5% 8% Undergraduate students (n = 201) Graduate students (n = 114) 74% 8% 7% 6% 7% 16% 58% 35% 42% 50% Fall semester/quarter Spring semester/quarter Summer Year round/no specific time period Note: Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 11
  • What is the typical length of internships at your organization? It varies with the type of internship 1-3 months 4-7 months 8-11 months 12 months or more High school students (n = 35) 80% 0% 3% 0% 17% Undergraduate students (n = 199) 64% 14% 2% 3% 17% Graduate students (n = 112) 53% 14% 4% 4% 25% Note: Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 12
  • HR Functions Within Internships SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 13
  • Does your organization have an internship coordinator? Yes No 40% 60% Note: n = 205. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 14
  • Is your organization’s internship coordinator employed in the HR function? Yes No 80% 20% Note: n = 80. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns, and have an internship coordinator were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 15
  • How does your organization recruit applicants for its internships? Percentage Employee referrals On-campus college recruiting Online college recruiting Informal networking Career section of organization’s website Job fairs Internal job postings Social networking websites (e.g., Facebook, LinkedIn) Industry-specific/niche online job boards National online job boards (e.g., careerbuilder.com, hotjobs.com) Coordination with academic institutions Regional online job boards Print advertising Direct hire agencies/search firms (excluding temp agencies) Trade publications (print and online) Temporary agencies Other 48% 41% 38% 29% 22% 22% 16% 13% 11% 8% 6% 4% 3% 2% 1% 1% 7% Note: n = 223. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 16
  • Does your organization conduct any of the following background checks on its internship candidates? Criminal background check (n = 205) 60% Reference background check (n = 194) Credit background check (n = 175) All internship candidates 56% 17% 14% Selected internship candidates 12% 17% 28% 27% 69% None of the internship candidates Note: Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 17
  • Does your organization’s HR function provide guidelines on the type of work that interns can and cannot engage in? Yes No 69% 31% Note: n = 188. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 18
  • What types of activities does your organization arrange specifically for its interns? Mentoring meetings 42% Interns work together on a group project 30% A presentation/showcase of the interns’ work 21% Speakers/panels with organization’s employees 18% Social activities such as happy hour Resume workshops External guest speakers Other None of the above 17% 8% 5% 9% 32% Note: n = 223. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 19
  • Compensation and Benefits SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 20
  • For the following categories of students, are your organization’s internships typically paid or unpaid? High school students (n = 35) Undergraduate students (n = 192) Graduate students (n = 107) 86% 14% 86% 14% 79% 21% Paid Unpaid Note: Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. For the purpose of this survey, a “paid internship” means interns receive hourly wages, a salary or a stipend. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 21
  • How does your organization generally compensate its interns? 79% 76% 76% 17% 3% 3% 0% High school students (n = 29) 9% 6% 12% 2% 5% Undergraduate students (n = 161) 5% 4% 4% Graduate students (n = 83) Hourly: minimum wage (i.e., federal, state or municipality) Hourly: above minimum wage (i.e., federal, state or municipality) Salary Stipend Varies too much to generalize Note: Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns and offer paid internships were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. Percentages do not equal 100% due to rounding. For the purpose of this survey, “hourly minimum wage” refers to federal, state or municipality regulations. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 22
  • What is the average hourly wage that is offered to the following group(s) of students participating in internships? High school students (n = 19) • Median: $10.00 per hour • Mean: $10.10 per hour Undergraduate students (n = 103) • Median: $12.00 per hour • Mean: $12.74 per hour Graduate students (n = 53) • Median: $12.50 per hour • Mean: $13.85 per hour Note: Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns and offer paid, hourly (above minimum wage) internships were asked this question. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 23
  • Which of the following aspects, if any, are used to determine an intern’s compensation? Percentage Department in which the intern is working (e.g., HR, IT, Marketing) 48% Level of education (e.g., high school, undergraduate, graduate) 44% The entry-level wage for relevant work at your organization 39% Relevant work experience 32% Amount of work experience 28% Grade/class level (e.g., junior, senior, first-year graduate student) 23% Length of internship 13% Other 9% None of the above 8% Note: n = 185. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns and offer paid internships were asked this question. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 24
  • Does your organization offer interns any of the following benefits? Percentage On-site parking 48% Paid holidays 18% Housing assistance or temporary housing 7% A paid time off plan (e.g., sick, vacation and/or personal leave) 6% Health insurance benefits 5% Relocation costs 4% Transportation subsidy 3% Parking subsidy 3% Other 7% None of the above 37% Note: n = 217. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 25
  • Academic Institutions SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 26
  • Does your organization require that interns receive academic credit from their academic institution for their internship? Yes No 19% 81% Note: n = 180. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 27
  • Do most interns (75% or more) receive academic credit from their academic institution for completing an internship at your organization? Yes No 47% 53% Note: n = 104. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns and do not require that interns receive academic credit from their academic institution for their internship were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 28
  • Does your organization require that all interns be tied to an academic institution to participate in an internship (i.e., individuals who are not tied to a school are not allowed to participate)? Yes No 61% 39% Note: n = 195. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 29
  • Internships as Relevant Work Experience SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 30
  • Does your organization provide letters of recommendation or references for its interns? Letters of recommendation (n = 188) References (n = 180) 73% 76% Note: Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Only respondents who answered “yes” are shown. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 31
  • When hiring for entry-level positions, does your organization count internships as relevant work experience? Yes No 93% 7% Note: n = 198. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 32
  • What percentage of interns are offered full-time positions at your organization after their internship has ended? None 18% 1% - 24% of interns 48% 25% - 49% of interns 19% 50% - 74% of interns 75% - 99% of interns 100% of interns 12% 4% 0% Note: n = 165. Only respondents whose organizations have hired or plan to hire interns were asked this question. Respondents who answered “not sure” were excluded from this analysis. Percentages do not equal 100% due to rounding. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 33
  • For what reason(s) is your organization not hiring interns in 2013? Lack of work for the intern 46% Lack of budget 35% Lack of support from management 10% Lack of applicants with desired skills/experience 9% Lack of resources to make internship successful* 5% Lack of applicants with desired education/degree 5% Other 9% Note: n = 96. Only respondents whose organizations have not hired and do not plan to hire interns were asked this question. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. An asterisk (*) indicates that this response option was developed from open-ended responses. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 34
  • Demographics SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 35
  • Demographics: Organization Industry Percentage Professional, scientific and technical services 20% Manufacturing 15% Health care and social assistance 13% Government agencies 12% Other industry 11% Finance and insurance 10% Educational services 7% Construction 5% Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services 4% Wholesale trade 4% Information 4% Note: n = 284. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 36
  • Demographics: Organization Industry (continued) Percentage Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional and similar organizations 4% Real estate and rental and leasing 3% Transportation and warehousing 3% Utilities 3% Accommodation and food services 3% Retail trade 3% Arts, entertainment, and recreation 2% Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1% Repair and maintenance 1% Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1% Personal and laundry services 1% Note: n = 284. Percentages do not equal 100% due to multiple response options. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 37
  • Demographics: Organization Sector Privately owned for-profit 56% Nonprofit 16% Publicly owned for-profit 14% Government Other 12% 2% n = 291 SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 38
  • Demographics: Organization Staff Size 1 to 99 employees 27% 100 to 499 employees 36% 500 to 2,499 employees 20% 2,500 to 24,999 employees 25,000 or more employees 13% 4% n = 294 SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 39
  • Demographics: Other Does your organization have U.S.-based operations (business units) only, or does it operate multinationally? U.S.-based operations only 75% Multinational operations 25% Is your organization a single-unit organization or a multi-unit organization? Single-unit organization: An organization in which the location and the organization are one and the same. 36% Multi-unit organization: An organization that has more than one location. 64% n = 313 n = 312 What is the HR department/function for which you responded throughout this survey? For multi-unit organizations, are HR policies and practices determined by the multi-unit headquarters, by each work location or by both? Corporate (companywide) 71% Multi-unit headquarters determines HR policies and practices 49% Business unit/division 13% Each work location determines HR policies and practices 3% A combination of both the work location and the multi-unit headquarters determines HR policies and practices 47% Facility/location n = 204 16% Note: n = 203. Percentages do not equal 100% due to rounding. Click on "Insert/Header&Footer" and Type Survey Title Here ©SHRM 2013 40
  • SHRM Survey Findings Survey Methodology • Response rate: 12% • 359 HR professionals from a randomly selected sample of SHRM’s membership participated in this survey • Margin of error: +/-5% • Survey fielded: June 17-July 16, 2013 SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 41
  • Additional SHRM Resources • Staffing in Special Markets: College Students • Legal & Regulatory: Internship Pay: Are We Legally Required to Pay Interns? • HR Experts Urge More Protections for Interns • Intern Salaries Hold Steady for 2013 • SHRM's Resources for HR Educators • SHRM StudentFocus • HR Young Professionals SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 42
  • About SHRM Research For more survey/poll findings, visit shrm.org/surveys For more information about SHRM’s Customized Research Services, visit shrm.org/customizedresearch Follow us on Twitter @SHRM_Research Project leader: Christina Lee, researcher, SHRM Research Project contributors: Alexander Alonso, Ph.D., SPHR, vice president, SHRM Research Evren Esen, manager, Survey Research Center, SHRM Research Copy editor: Katya Scanlan, SHRM Knowledge Center SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 43
  • About SHRM The Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) is the world’s largest association devoted to human resource management. Representing more than 250,000 members in over 140 countries, the Society serves the needs of HR professionals and advances the interests of the HR profession. Founded in 1948, SHRM has more than 575 affiliated chapters within the United States and subsidiary offices in China, India and United Arab Emirates. SHRM Survey Findings: Internships ©SHRM 2013 44