Jatropha is considered as the most suitable for biodiesel.
Jatropha can be cultivated anywhere along canals,roads,railway tracks, on border of farm and even an alkaline soils.
Grown in high as well as low rainfall.
In high rainfall yield is more.
Occurs mainly at lower altitude(0-500Cm) with average annual temperature above 20 0 C,
and rainfall of 300-1000mm.
Prevention of soil erosion.
Promotion to labours.
IMPORTANT PARTS OF JATROPHA :
Cross section of immature fruits
Longitudinal cut of fruits
4.CONVERSION OF JATROPHA SEEDS TO BIODIESEL 3 kg of methanol 100 kg of Jatropha seeds 70 kg of oil cake 30 kg of Jatropha oil 3 kg of glycerol 30 kg of biodiesel Catalyst (KOH,NaOH)
5.ECONOMICS OF BIODIESEL FROM JATROPHA S No. Item Or Expenditure Amount Rs. 1 100 kg seeds @ Rs 5/kg 500/- 2 Oil extraction and other charges @ Rs 1.50 /kg 150/- 3 Transesterification cost @ Rs 8 / kg oil 240/- 4 Total 890/- S No. Sale Amount Rs. 1 70 kg oilcake @ Rs 2/kg 140/- 2 Glycerol 60/- 3 Total 200/-
Net expenditure incurred to get 30 kg/33 l oil = 690/-
Cost of biodiesel/l = 20.90/-
Oil cake and glycerol which have a good commercial value.
6.BIODIESEL : FIRST TRIAL RUN ON TRAIN
First successful trial run of a superfast passenger train was conducted on Dec 31, 2009
Delhi - Amritsar Shatabdi Express used 5% of biodiesel fuel.
Railway annual fuel bill = Rs 3400 crores (for Diesel)
10% mixture with Diesel = reduced (Rs.300-400 crores / annum)
5% substitution is accepted.
7.BIODIESEL BUS SERVICES INTRODUCED IN GSRTC
The Union minister of petroleum and natural gas
Shri Mani Shankar Aiyer flagged off biodiesel
bus services in Gandhinagar on mar 12,2005.
GSRTC introduced four biodiesel buses between Gandhinagar and Ahmadabad.
TATA motors in Pune launched trial run on 43 buses of 10 % biodiesel blends, and parallel trial on TATA Indica cars and TATA LCVs .
8.INDIA’S TARGET OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION:
63 million hect = Waste land
33 million hect = Tree Plantation
India’s target : 20 % substitution of HSD till 2012.
5% substitution on HSD is achieved in 2006-07.
HSD demand by the end of 11 th planned (2011-12) = 66.9 million ton.
13.38 million tons HSD require = 11.2 million hect land.
Biodiesel is eco-friendly.
Biodiesel is clean burning alternative fuel.
Biodiesel contain no petroleum, but can be blended with conventional diesel fuel.
These fuel can be used in any diesel engine without any modification.
Biodiesel is degradable , non toxic and free from sulphur and lead.
Biodiesel provide superior lubricating properties and help to extend engine life.
India’s target is to achieve 20 % substitution of HSD till 2012.
Government have to pay attention toward the cultivation of Jatropha seeds.