Bio Diesel


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Bio Diesel

  2. 3. <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>BIODIESEL PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>SOURCE OF BIODIESEL, CONSIDERING INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>CONVERSION OF JATROPHA SEEDS TO </li></ul><ul><li>BIODIESEL </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMICS OF BIODIESEL FROM JATROPHA </li></ul><ul><li>BIODIESEL : FIRST TRIAL RUN ON TRAIN </li></ul><ul><li>BIODIESEL BUS SERVICES INTRODUCED IN </li></ul><ul><li>GSRTC </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA’S TARGET OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul>
  3. 4. 1.INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Fossil energy is exhausting and man need is increasing. </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel is alternative for diesel engine. </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional diesel creates pollution but biodiesel reduce pollutants that contribute to smog and global warming and help to reduce cancer causing agent. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative fuel approved by environmental protection agency (EPA) in California. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Biodiesel is expensive than ordinary diesel. </li></ul><ul><li>How to use? </li></ul><ul><li>The most common mixture is 20/80,reffered to as B20,containing 20% biodiesel by volume and 80 % petroleum. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of biodiesel in vehicle. </li></ul>
  5. 6. 2.BIODIESEL PRODUCTION <ul><li>Biodiesel refers to fatty acid methyl esters made by transesterfication. </li></ul><ul><li>Feed stock oil/fat + methanol Biodiesel [Vegetable oil </li></ul><ul><li>or animal fat] </li></ul><ul><li>For biodiesel oil seed crops (Soybean, sunflower, rapeseed ,etc.) are used, waste vegetable and animal fats are used. </li></ul>
  6. 8. TRANSESTERIFICATION : <ul><li>This process is the displacement of alcohol from an ester by another alcohol is a process similar to hydrolysis. </li></ul><ul><li>triglyceride oil = 2 - 10 fatty acid </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction : </li></ul><ul><li>R-COOR’ + R’’ + R-COOR”+R’-OH </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>For methanol = methanolysis </li></ul><ul><li>CH 2 -O-COR 1 R 1 -COOCH 3 CH 2 OH </li></ul><ul><li>CH-O-COR 2 + 3CH 3 OH R 2 -COOCH 3 + CHOH </li></ul><ul><li> methanol </li></ul><ul><li>CH 2 -O-COR 3 R 3 -COOCH 3 CH 2 OH </li></ul><ul><li>Triglyceride fatty acid methyl ester glycerol </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>PRODUCT RECOVERY IS DONE INTO TWO PHASE: </li></ul><ul><li>Easy removal of Remaining alcohol/ester glycerol mixture is separated and </li></ul><ul><li>excess alcohol is recycled </li></ul><ul><li>Ester send for purification process [water washing , vaccum drying and filtration ] </li></ul>
  9. 11. WORKING WELL FOR THE PROCESS OF TRANSESTERIFICATION <ul><li>High quality oil is used. </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction temperature. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil temperature. </li></ul><ul><li>Ratio to oil, mixing intensity , purity of reactants, catalyst type and concentration. </li></ul>
  11. 13. 3.SOURCES OF BIODIESEL CONSIDERING INDIA <ul><li>Seeds oil for the production of biodiesel: </li></ul><ul><li>Soybean,rapeseed,jatropha,sunflower,canola, pongamia,palm,cotton seed. </li></ul><ul><li>OILS </li></ul><ul><li>Edible oils non-edible oils </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha is considered as the most suitable for biodiesel. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Jatropha can be cultivated anywhere along canals,roads,railway tracks, on border of farm and even an alkaline soils. </li></ul><ul><li>Grown in high as well as low rainfall. </li></ul><ul><li>In high rainfall yield is more. </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs mainly at lower altitude(0-500Cm) with average annual temperature above 20 0 C, </li></ul><ul><li>and rainfall of 300-1000mm. </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>JATROPHA PROVIDES: </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of soil erosion. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil improvement. </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion to labours. </li></ul>
  14. 16. IMPORTANT PARTS OF JATROPHA : <ul><li>Flowering branch </li></ul><ul><li>Bark </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf veinature </li></ul><ul><li>Plstillate flower </li></ul><ul><li>Stamltiate flower </li></ul><ul><li>Cross section of immature fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Longitudinal cut of fruits </li></ul>
  15. 17. 4.CONVERSION OF JATROPHA SEEDS TO BIODIESEL 3 kg of methanol 100 kg of Jatropha seeds 70 kg of oil cake 30 kg of Jatropha oil 3 kg of glycerol 30 kg of biodiesel Catalyst (KOH,NaOH)
  16. 18. 5.ECONOMICS OF BIODIESEL FROM JATROPHA S No. Item Or Expenditure Amount Rs. 1 100 kg seeds @ Rs 5/kg 500/- 2 Oil extraction and other charges @ Rs 1.50 /kg 150/- 3 Transesterification cost @ Rs 8 / kg oil 240/- 4 Total 890/- S No. Sale Amount Rs. 1 70 kg oilcake @ Rs 2/kg 140/- 2 Glycerol 60/- 3 Total 200/-
  17. 19. <ul><li>Net expenditure incurred to get 30 kg/33 l oil = 690/- </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of biodiesel/l = 20.90/- </li></ul><ul><li>Oil cake and glycerol which have a good commercial value. </li></ul>
  18. 20. 6.BIODIESEL : FIRST TRIAL RUN ON TRAIN <ul><li>First successful trial run of a superfast passenger train was conducted on Dec 31, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi - Amritsar Shatabdi Express used 5% of biodiesel fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>Railway annual fuel bill = Rs 3400 crores (for Diesel) </li></ul><ul><li>10% mixture with Diesel = reduced (Rs.300-400 crores / annum) </li></ul><ul><li>5% substitution is accepted. </li></ul>
  19. 21. 7.BIODIESEL BUS SERVICES INTRODUCED IN GSRTC <ul><li>The Union minister of petroleum and natural gas Shri. Mani Shankar Aiyer flagged off biodiesel bus services in Gandhinagar on mar 12,2005. </li></ul><ul><li>GSRTC introduced four biodiesel buses between Gandhinagar and Ahmadabad. </li></ul><ul><li>TATA motors in Pune launched trial run on 43 buses of 10 % biodiesel blends, and parallel trial on TATA Indica cars and TATA LCVs . </li></ul>
  20. 22. 8.INDIA’S TARGET OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION: <ul><li>63 million hect = Waste land </li></ul><ul><li>33 million hect = Tree Plantation </li></ul><ul><li>India’s target : 20 % substitution of HSD till 2012. </li></ul><ul><li>5% substitution on HSD is achieved in 2006-07. </li></ul><ul><li>HSD demand by the end of 11 th planned (2011-12) = 66.9 million ton. </li></ul><ul><li>13.38 million tons HSD require = 11.2 million hect land. </li></ul>
  21. 23. 9.CONCLUSION: <ul><li>Biodiesel is eco-friendly. </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel is clean burning alternative fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel contain no petroleum, but can be blended with conventional diesel fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>These fuel can be used in any diesel engine without any modification. </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel is degradable , non toxic and free from sulphur and lead. </li></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>Biodiesel provide superior lubricating properties and help to extend engine life. </li></ul><ul><li>India’s target is to achieve 20 % substitution of HSD till 2012. </li></ul><ul><li>Government have to pay attention toward the cultivation of Jatropha seeds. </li></ul>
  23. 25. THE END