Delhi is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata, founded around 5000 BC. Hindu texts state that the city Delhi used to be referred to in Sanskrit as Hastinapur,which means elephant-city The name Delhi may be derived from the word Dhillika Delhi has always been a convenient link between Central Asia, the northwest frontiers and the rest of the country. INTRODUCTION
FOUNDER OF DELHI
The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history.
Raja Dhilu (King Dihlu) founded ancient Delhi in 800 BC.
The earliest architectural relics date back to the Maurya Period ( 300 BC ); since then, the site has seen continuous settlement
In 1966, an inscription of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka ( 273 - 236 BC ) was discovered near Srinivaspuri, which is near Noida .
Two sandstone pillars inscribed with the edicts of Ashoka were brought to the city by Firuz Shah Tughluq in the 14th century.
The famous Iron pillar near the Qutub Minar was commissioned by the emperor Kumara Gupta I of the Gupta dynasty (320-540) and transplanted to Delhi during the 10th century.
FOUNDER OF DELHI IRON PILLAR
The Tomar Rajput dynasty founded Lal Kot in 736 near the Qutub Minar. The Chauhan Rajput kings of Ajmer conquered Lal Kot in 1180 and renamed it Qila Rai Pithora. The Chauhan king Prithviraj III was defeated in 1192 by the Afghan Muhammad Ghori . Anangpal Tomar , a Chandravan -shi Rajput ruler of Delhi , often described as the founder of Delhi , built the citadel Suraj Kund around 731 . FOUNDER OF DELHI FOUNDER OF DELHI
EARLY NAMES OF DELHI
City :- Indraprastha Date :-1450 BC (approx.) Site :- In Purana Qila City :- Tughlaqabad Date :- 1321-23 AD. Built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. Site :- 8km from the Qutub complex . City :-Jahanpanah Date :- Mid-14th century. Built by Mohammad- bin-Tughlaq, Site :- Between Siri and Qutub Minar City :- Siri Date :-1304 AD; built by Alauddin Khilji. Site :- Near Hauz Khas and Gulmohar Park City :- Lal Kot or Qila Rai Pithora Date :- 1060 AD; built by Rajput Tomaras. Site :- QutubMinar-Mehrauli complex .
City :- New Delhi Date :- 1920s. The formal announcement to move the seat of power from Calcutta to Delhi of India. Site :- Connaught Place and Rajpath. City :-Ferozabad Date :- 1354 AD; by Feroze Tughlaq. Site:- Kotla Feroze Shah. City :- Dilli Sher Shahi (Shergarh) Date :- 1534; This Delhi was actually started by Humayun, Site :- Opposite the zoo. Around Purana Qila . City :- Shajahanabad Date :- Mid-17th century. Shah Jahan, Site :- The existing Old Delhi, the Red Fort, Jama Masjid
EARLY HISTORY From 1206, Delhi became the capital of the Delhi Sultanate under the Slave Dynasty . After the end of the Slave dynasty, a succession of Turkic and Central Asian dynasties, the Khilji dynasty , the Tughluq dynasty , the Sayyid dynasty and the Lodhi dynasty held power in the late medieval period and built a sequence of forts and townships in Delhi. In 1398, Timur Lenk invaded India In 1526, Zahiruddin Babur , the former ruler of Fergana , defeated the last Lodhi sultan and founded the Mughal dynasty which ruled from Delhi, Agra and Lahore .
In the 16th century there was an interruption in the Mughal rule of India as Sher Shah Suri defeated Babur's son Humayun The third and greatest Mughal emperor, Akbar , moved the capital to Agra resulting in a decline in the fortunes of Delhi. In the mid-seventeenth century, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658) built the city that sometimes bears his name (Shahjahanabad). In 1659. Nader Shah defeated the Mughal army.After this victory, Nader captured and sacked Delhi. EARLY HISTORY
In 1761 , Delhi was raided by Ahmed Shah Abdali . At the Battle of Delhi on 11 September 1803, General Lake’s British forces defeated the Marathas . Delhi passed to British control in 1857 after the First War of Indian Independence ; the last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II was was exiled to Rangoon . EARLY HISTORY
DYNASTIES Tomaras - Chauhans (736-1192) Mamluks (1206-90) Khilji (1290-1320) Tughlaqs (1320-1413) Sayyids (1414-51) Lodhis (1451-1526) Mughals (1526–1857) British (1857-1947) Independence (1947-) Dynasties Khariboli , Haryanvi Language 736 AD State established:
MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS
MONUMENTS In 1538, the Mughal emperor Humayun laid the foundations of his city named Dinpanah, or the Refuge of the Faithful. The inner citadel of this city is today called Purana Qila or the Old Fort PURANA QILA
QUTAB MINAR The highest stone tower in India, the Qutub Minar was built by Qutbuddin Aibak, the viceroy of Mohammed Ghori in 1192. It was built to celebrate Ghori's victory over the Rajputs MONUMENTS
MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS RED FORT The Red Fort, with a circumference of over 2.2 kilometers, was laid out by the banks of the Yamuna river in the 17th century. The Mughal emperor Shajahan built it with the ambition of the Mughal power in one monument. is perhaps not the right word. A mini-city is more like it.
MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS INDIA GATE This solemn monument was built in memory of the 90,000 Indian soldiers who died in World War I. It was built in 1931, designed by Lutyens, and was originally called the All India War Memorial
MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS JANTAR MANTAR The Jantar Mantar was built in 1710 by Raja Jai Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743) in Delhi. This is an observatory consisting of mason-built astronomical instruments to chart the course of the heavens. Jai Singh, who was a very scholarly king with a very keen interest in astronomy and astrology.
The house that houses
the President of India and
the house that boasts of
having welcomed the most
powerful men in history.
The Rashtrapati Bhavan
was designed by Edwin
Lutyens and built in 1931,
to be the central point of the
British power in Delhi
MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS RASHTRAPATI BHAVAN
The Teen Murti Bhavan housed
the first Prime Minister of India,
It was designed by Robert
Tor Russel, the architect of
Connaught Place, the Eastern
and Western Courts on Janpath
On 31st Jan. 1948, Mahatma Gandhi's
last rites were performed here.
The memorial stone of Gandhi is
square in shape made of black stone
His last ward- 'Hey Ram' is inscribed
on it. Ordinary people, VIPs, foreign
tourists all come here at
to pay their homage to him
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's
last rites was performed here on
27 May, 1964. A tombstone has
been erected on his funeral place.
Next to it, the tomb of Sanjay Gandhi
who was died in a plane crash in 1980.
Built by Shah Jahan
in 1658, it is one of
the largest mosques
in India with a seating
capacity of more than
This is the tomb of the famous
sufi saint, Nizam-ud-din Auliya.
The tomb has been through
several renovations ever since
it was built. The present
mausoleum dates back to 1562.
NIZAM-UL- DIN SHRINE
HUMAYUN TOMB Humayun's tomb is known as the first example of the monumental scale that would characterize subsequent Mughal imperial architecture.The tomb is the first to mark the grave of a Mughal emperor; Humayun's father Babur, who founded the dynasty, Humayun's Tomb is now one of the best-preserved Mughal monuments in Delhi.
The temple represents the Bahai
faith which is broad in its outlook.
This gleaming lotus- like marble
structure is located on Bahapur Hills.
This structure, completed in 1986,
is a marvel of modern architecture.
Set amidst pools and gardens,
the view of the temple is very
spectacular just before dusk
when the temple is flood lit.
Also known as the Lakshmi Narayan
Temple, it is ideally located in central
Delhi (Mandir Marg). This temple
dedicated to the goddess of wealth,
Lakshmi and Lord Narayana
(Lord Vishnu) was built in 1938
by the prominent Indian industrialist
Raja Baldev Das Birla and inaugurated
by Mahatma Gandhi.
Built on a hilly place in 1998,
the ISKCON Temple is a complex
of temples. Dedicated to
this elegant temple is one
of the largest temple complexes
in India. It has a large number
of Hare-Rama Hare-Krishna cult followers.
Located very close to
Kashmere Gate in north
Delhi, St. James Church
is the oldest church in the
capital. It was built by
James Skinner and
consecrated in 1836
The famous Mughal Gardens
is located in the premises of the
Rashtrapati Bhavan - the official
residence of the President of India.
The building and gardens designed
by Sir Edwin Lutyens span an area of
about 320 acres that include colourful
flowering shrubs and European flowerbeds.
It is one of the most important
Moghul gardens in the city.
The Shalimar Garden, which
lies in the suburbs of the city,
was once the first-night staging
post for the Moghuls on their
way to Kashmir and Lahore.
In 1658, Aurangzeb was crowned
SHALIMAR GARDEN GARDENS
The beautiful central pavilion
built by Shah Jahan is now in a fairly advanced state of decay. Some of the original painted
flower decoration has survived.
In these well-maintained gardens
are the domed tombs of Sayyid
and Lodi rulers..
In the middle of the garden is
Bara Gumbad (Big Dome),
a mosque built in 1494. The
garden has Sheesh Gumbad
Mohammad Shah's Tomb and
Sikander Lodi's tomb.
The Delhi zoological Park,
close to Purana Qila, near
ITO, was established in 1959
and is spread a massive area
of 214 acres is regarded as one
of the finest zoos in Asia and efforts have been made to provide an almost natural habitat to the animals and birds.
At Palam-bound Sardar
Patel Marg via Karol Bagh
opp. Assam House is
Buddha Jayanti Park
founded on the auspicious
eve of 2500 years of
completion of Buddhas Great Salvation.
BUDH JAYANTI PARK
The grand, ancient-styled Swaminarayan Akshardham complex was built in only five years through the blessings of HDH Pramukh Swami Maharaj of the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) and the colossal devotional efforts of 11,000 and BAPS volunteers. The complex was inaugurated on 6 November, 2005. AKSHARDHAM TEMPLE
HISTORY OF MARKETS
HISTORY OF MARKETS Chandni Chowk meaning the Moonlight Square, was designed and laid by Jahanara Begum. There was Najafgarh pond, the water of which glittered while reflecting the moonlight. The palace of the Begum, which today has the biggest electrical market of north India. History says that the emperor thought about founding this market in Old Delhi to satisfy his daughter's shopping spree. CHANDANI CHOWK
HISTORY OF MARKETS CONNAUGHT PLACE Connaught Place, built in 1931, is one of Delhi's most popular shopping centres... The state emporia buildings are also located in this area so are the head offices of major banks, airlines and other such things. The complex, popularly referred to as CP.
National Museum located on
Janpath is a treasure house of
India ’s glorious past. It has in
possession over 2,00,000 works
of exquisite art both of Indian and
Foreign origin covering more than
5,000 years of cultural heritage.
National Gallery of Modern Art,
housed in the residence of Jaipur's
former maharajas near India Gate,
has a superb collection of paintings
dating from 150 years ago to the
NATIONAL GALLERY CULTURAL INSTITUIONS
CRAFT MUSEUM Crafts Museum at Pragati Maidan Grounds. It has galleries displaying India 's rich tradition of handicrafts. An added attraction is the presence of craftsperson who are bought here from different parts of the country to demonstrate their skills.
NEHRU PLANETARIUM Nehru Memorial Museum and Planetarium is located at Teen Murti house, the residence of India 's first Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru. After his death the house was converted into a memorial The Nehru memorial has a collection of gifts and many other items which he possessed. Nehru Planetarium is within the compound of Teen Murti. This planetarium gives a overview of the Indian Space program.
GANDHI MEMORIAL MUSEUM The Gandhi Memorial Museum has a collection of memorabilia on Mahatma Gandhi.
The Parliament House is one of the most magnificent buildings in New Delhi which has one of the brightest clusters of architectural gems possessed by any country in the world. The building was designed by two famous architects – Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker – who were responsible for the planning and construction of New Delhi. GOVERNMENT The Parliament House
GOVERNMENT THE SUPREME COURT The Supreme Court of India is the highest court in the country and moved to the current building in 1958. The building is shaped to project the image of the scales of justice with the Central Wing (above) corresponding to the centre beam of the scales. In 1979, two new wings - the East Wing and West Wing - were added to the complex. In all there 15 Court Rooms in various wings of the building. The Chief Justice's Court is the largest of the Courts located in the centre of the Central Wing.
GOVERNMENT THE SECRETARIAT The Secretariat Building was designed by the British Architect, Herbert Baker. The building isinfluenced by both Moghul and Rajputana styles of Architecture.The building houses the Ministries of Defence, Finance, External Affairs, Home Affairs and The Prime Ministers Office. There are two buildings: The North Block and South Block which both flank Rashtrapati Bhavan.