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History Of Delhi


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  • 1. Delhi is believed to be the Delhi is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, site of Indraprastha, capital of the Pandavas in capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic the Indian epic Mahabharata, Mahabharata, founded around 5000 BC. founded around 5000 BC. Hindu texts state that the Hindu texts state that the citycity Delhi used to be referred Delhi used to be referred to in Sanskrit as to in Sanskrit as Hastinapur,which means Hastinapur,which means elephant-city elephant-city The name Delhi may be The name Delhi may be derived from the word derived from the word Dhillika Dhillika Delhi has always been a Delhi has always been a convenient link between convenient link between Central Asia, the Central Asia, the northwest frontiers and the northwest frontiers and the t of the country. t of the country.
  • 2. • The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history. Raja Dhilu (King Dihlu) founded ancient Delhi in 800 BC. • The earliest architectural relics date back to the Maurya Period (300 BC); since then, the site has seen continuous settlement • In 1966, an inscription of the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (273- 236 BC) was discovered near Srinivaspuri, which is near Noida. • Two sandstone pillars inscribed with the edicts of Ashoka were brought to the city by Firuz Shah Tughluq in the 14th century. • The famous Iron pillar near the Qutub Minar was commissioned by the emperor Kumara Gupta I
  • 3. The Tomar Rajput dynasty founded Lal Kot in 736 near the Qutub Minar. The Chauhan Rajput kings of Ajmer conquered Lal Kot in 1180 and renamed it Qila Rai Pithora. The Chauhan king Prithviraj III was defeated in 1192 by the Afghan Muhammad Ghori. Anangpal Tomar, a Chandravan -shi Rajput ruler of Delhi , often described as the founder of Delhi, built the citadel Suraj Kund around 731.
  • 4. City :- Indraprastha Date :-1450 BC (approx.) Site :- In Purana Qila City :- Lal Kot or Qila Rai Pithora Date :- 1060 AD; built by Rajput Tomaras. Site :- QutubMinar-Mehrauli complex. City :- Tughlaqabad Date :- 1321-23 AD. Built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. Site :- 8km from the Qutub complex. City :-Jahanpanah Date :- Mid-14th century. Built by Mohammad- bin-Tughlaq, Site :- Between Siri and Qutub Minar City :- Siri Date :-1304 AD; built by Alauddin Khilji. Site :- Near Hauz Khas and Gulmohar Park
  • 5. City :- New Delhi Date :- 1920s. The formal announcement to move the seat of power from Calcutta to Delhi of India. Site :- Connaught Place and Rajpath. City :-Ferozabad Date :- 1354 AD; by Feroze Tughlaq. Site:- Kotla Feroze Shah. City :- Dilli Sher Shahi (Shergarh) Date :- 1534; This Delhi was actually started by Humayun, Site :- Opposite the zoo. Around Purana Qila. City :- Shajahanabad Date :- Mid-17th century. Shah Jahan, Site :- The existing Old Delhi, the Red Fort, Jama Masjid
  • 6. From 1206, Delhi became the capital of the Delhi Sultanate under the Slave Dynasty. After the end of the Slave dynasty, a succession of Turkic and Central Asian dynasties, the Khilji dynasty, the Tughluq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty and the Lodhi dynasty held power in the late medieval period and built a sequence of forts and townships in Delhi. In 1398, Timur Lenk invaded India In 1526, Zahiruddin Babur, the former ruler of Fergana, defeated the last Lodhi sultan and founded the Mughal dynasty which ruled from Delhi, Agra and Lahore.
  • 7. In the 16th century there was an interruption in the Mughal rule of India as Sher Shah Suri defeated Babur's son Humayun The third and greatest Mughal emperor, Akbar, moved the capital to Agra resulting in a decline in the fortunes of Delhi. In the mid-seventeenth century, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658) built the city that sometimes bears his name (Shahjahanabad). In 1659. Nader Shah defeated the Mughal army.After this victory, Nader captured and sacked Delhi.
  • 8. In 1761, Delhi was raided by Ahmed Shah Abdali. At the Battle of Delhi on 11 September 1803, General Lake’s British forces defeated the Marathas. Delhi passed to British control in 1857 after the First War of Indian Independence; the last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II was was exiled to Rangoon.
  • 9. State  established: 736 AD Language Khariboli, Haryanvi Dynasties Tomaras-Chauhans  (736-1192) Mamluks (1206-90) Khilji (1290-1320) Tughlaqs (1320-1413) Sayyids (1414-51) Lodhis (1451-1526) Mughals (1526–1857) British (1857-1947) Independence (1947-)
  • 10. In 1538, the Mughal emperor  Humayun laid the foundations  of his city named Dinpanah,  or the Refuge of the Faithful.  The inner citadel of this city  is today called Purana Qila or  the Old Fort
  • 11. The highest stone tower in  India, the Qutub Minar was  built by Qutbuddin Aibak,  the viceroy of Mohammed  Ghori in 1192.  It was built to celebrate Ghori's  victory over the Rajputs
  • 12. The Red Fort, with a The Red Fort, with a  circumference of over 2.2 circumference of over 2.2  kilometers,kilometers,   was laid out by the banks of was laid out by the banks of  the Yamuna river in the 17th the Yamuna river in the 17th  century. century.  The Mughal emperor Shajahan The Mughal emperor Shajahan  built it with the ambition of built it with the ambition of    the Mughal power in one the Mughal power in one  monument. monument.    is perhaps not the right word. is perhaps not the right word.  A mini-city is more like it.A mini-city is more like it.
  • 13. This solemn monument was built  in memory of the 90,000 Indian  soldiers who died in World War I.  It was built in 1931, designed  by Lutyens, and was originally  called the All India War Memorial
  • 14. The Jantar Mantar was built in The Jantar Mantar was built in  1710 by Raja Jai Singh II of 1710 by Raja Jai Singh II of  Jaipur (1699-1743) in Delhi. Jaipur (1699-1743) in Delhi.  This is an observatory consistingThis is an observatory consisting   of mason-built astronomical of mason-built astronomical  instruments to chart the courseinstruments to chart the course   of the heavens. Jai Singh, whoof the heavens. Jai Singh, who   was a very scholarly king withwas a very scholarly king with   a very keen interest in astronomya very keen interest in astronomy   and astrology.and astrology.
  • 15. The house that housesThe house that houses   the President of India andthe President of India and   the house that boasts of the house that boasts of  having welcomed the mosthaving welcomed the most   powerful men in history.powerful men in history.   The Rashtrapati BhavanThe Rashtrapati Bhavan   was designed by Edwinwas designed by Edwin   Lutyens and built in 1931,Lutyens and built in 1931,   to be the central point of theto be the central point of the   British power in DelhiBritish power in Delhi
  • 16. The Teen Murti Bhavan housed The Teen Murti Bhavan housed  the first Prime Minister of India, the first Prime Minister of India,  Jawaharlal Nehru.Jawaharlal Nehru.   It was designed by Robert It was designed by Robert  Tor Russel, the architect of Tor Russel, the architect of  Connaught Place, the Eastern Connaught Place, the Eastern  and Western Courts on Janpathand Western Courts on Janpath
  • 17.   On 31st Jan. 1948, Mahatma Gandhi'sOn 31st Jan. 1948, Mahatma Gandhi's   last rites were performed here.last rites were performed here.   The memorial stone of Gandhi is The memorial stone of Gandhi is  square in shape made of black stonesquare in shape made of black stone   His last ward- 'Hey Ram' is inscribedHis last ward- 'Hey Ram' is inscribed   on it. Ordinary people, VIPs, foreignon it. Ordinary people, VIPs, foreign   tourists all come here at tourists all come here at    to pay their homage to himto pay their homage to him
  • 18. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's  last rites was performed here on last rites was performed here on  27 May, 1964. A tombstone has27 May, 1964. A tombstone has   been erected on his funeral place.been erected on his funeral place.   Next to it, the tomb of Sanjay GandhiNext to it, the tomb of Sanjay Gandhi   who was died in a plane crash in 1980.who was died in a plane crash in 1980.
  • 19. Built by Shah Jahan Built by Shah Jahan  in 1658, it is one of in 1658, it is one of  the largest mosques the largest mosques  in India with a seatingin India with a seating   capacity of more thancapacity of more than   20,00020,000
  • 20. This is the tomb of the famous This is the tomb of the famous  sufi saint, Nizam-ud-din Auliya.sufi saint, Nizam-ud-din Auliya. The tomb has been through The tomb has been through  several renovations ever since several renovations ever since  it was built. The present it was built. The present  mausoleum dates back to 1562.mausoleum dates back to 1562.
  • 21. Humayun's tomb is known as the first example of the monumental scale that would characterize subsequent Mughal imperial architecture.The tomb is the first to mark the grave of a Mughal emperor; Humayun's father Babur, who founded the dynasty, Humayun's Tomb is now one of the best-preserved Mughal monuments in Delhi.
  • 22. The temple represents the BahaiThe temple represents the Bahai faith which is broad in its which is broad in its outlook. This gleaming lotus- like marbleThis gleaming lotus- like marble structure is located on Bahapur Hills.structure is located on Bahapur Hills. This structure, completed in 1986,This structure, completed in 1986, is a marvel of modern a marvel of modern architecture. Set amidst pools and gardens,Set amidst pools and gardens, the view of the temple is verythe view of the temple is very spectacular just before duskspectacular just before dusk when the temple is flood lit.when the temple is flood lit.
  • 23. Also known as the Lakshmi NarayanAlso known as the Lakshmi Narayan Temple, it is ideally located in centralTemple, it is ideally located in central Delhi (Mandir Marg). This templeDelhi (Mandir Marg). This temple dedicated to the goddess of wealth,dedicated to the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi and Lord NarayanaLakshmi and Lord Narayana (Lord Vishnu) was built in 1938(Lord Vishnu) was built in 1938 by the prominent Indian industrialistby the prominent Indian industrialist Raja Baldev Das Birla and inauguratedRaja Baldev Das Birla and inaugurated by Mahatma Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 24. Built on a hilly place in 1998,Built on a hilly place in 1998, the ISKCON Temple is a complexthe ISKCON Temple is a complex of temples. Dedicated toof temples. Dedicated to Lord Krishna,Lord Krishna, this elegant temple is onethis elegant temple is one of the largest temple complexesof the largest temple complexes in India. It has a large numberin India. It has a large number of Hare-Rama Hare-Krishna cultof Hare-Rama Hare-Krishna cult followers.followers.
  • 25. Located very close toLocated very close to Kashmere Gate in northKashmere Gate in north Delhi, St. James ChurchDelhi, St. James Church is the oldest church in theis the oldest church in the capital. It was built bycapital. It was built by James Skinner andJames Skinner and consecrated in 1836consecrated in 1836
  • 26. The famous Mughal Gardens is located in the premises of the Rashtrapati Bhavan - the official residence of the President of India. The building and gardens designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens span an area of about 320 acres that include colourful flowering shrubs and European flowerbeds.
  • 27. It is one of the most important Moghul gardens in the city. The Shalimar Garden, which lies in the suburbs of the city, was once the first-night staging post for the Moghuls on their way to Kashmir and Lahore. In 1658, Aurangzeb was crowned emperor here.
  • 28. The beautiful central pavilionThe beautiful central pavilion built by Shah Jahan is now in abuilt by Shah Jahan is now in a fairly advanced state of decay.fairly advanced state of decay. Some of the original paintedSome of the original painted flower decoration has survived.flower decoration has survived.
  • 29. In these well-maintained gardensIn these well-maintained gardens are the domed tombs of Sayyidare the domed tombs of Sayyid and Lodi rulers..and Lodi rulers.. In the middle of the garden isIn the middle of the garden is Bara Gumbad (Big Dome),Bara Gumbad (Big Dome), a mosque built in 1494. Thea mosque built in 1494. The garden has Sheesh Gumbadgarden has Sheesh Gumbad Mohammad Shah's Tomb andMohammad Shah's Tomb and Sikander Lodi's tomb.Sikander Lodi's tomb.
  • 30. The Delhi zoological Park,The Delhi zoological Park, close to Purana Qila, nearclose to Purana Qila, near ITO, was established in 1959ITO, was established in 1959 and is spread a massive areaand is spread a massive area of 214 acres is regarded as oneof 214 acres is regarded as one of the finest zoos in Asia andof the finest zoos in Asia and efforts have been made toefforts have been made to provide an almost naturalprovide an almost natural habitat to the animals andhabitat to the animals and birds.birds.
  • 31. At Palam-bound SardarAt Palam-bound Sardar Patel Marg via Karol BaghPatel Marg via Karol Bagh opp. Assam House isopp. Assam House is Buddha Jayanti ParkBuddha Jayanti Park founded on the auspiciousfounded on the auspicious eve of 2500 years ofeve of 2500 years of completion of Buddhas Greatcompletion of Buddhas Great Salvation.Salvation.
  • 32. The grand, ancient-styledThe grand, ancient-styled Swaminarayan AkshardhamSwaminarayan Akshardham complex was built in onlycomplex was built in only five years through the blessingsfive years through the blessings of HDH Pramukh Swami Maharajof HDH Pramukh Swami Maharaj of the Bochasanwasi Shri Aksharof the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan SansthaPurushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) and the colossal devotional(BAPS) and the colossal devotional efforts of 11,000 and BAPS volunteers.efforts of 11,000 and BAPS volunteers. The complex was inaugurated onThe complex was inaugurated on 6 November, 2005.6 November, 2005.
  • 33. Chandni Chowk meaning the MoonlightChandni Chowk meaning the Moonlight Square, was designed and laid bySquare, was designed and laid by Jahanara Begum. There was NajafgarhJahanara Begum. There was Najafgarh pond, the water of which glitteredpond, the water of which glittered while reflecting the moonlight.while reflecting the moonlight. The palace of the Begum, whichThe palace of the Begum, which today has the biggest electricaltoday has the biggest electrical market of north of north India. History says that the emperor thoughtHistory says that the emperor thought about founding this market in Old Delhiabout founding this market in Old Delhi to satisfy his daughter's shopping satisfy his daughter's shopping spree.
  • 34. Connaught Place, built in 1931, is one of Delhi's most popular shopping centres... The state emporia buildings are also located in this area so are the head offices of major banks, airlines and other such things. The complex, popularly referred to as CP.
  • 35. National Museum located onNational Museum located on Janpath is a treasure house ofJanpath is a treasure house of India ’s glorious past. It has inIndia ’s glorious past. It has in possession over 2,00,000 workspossession over 2,00,000 works of exquisite art both of Indian andof exquisite art both of Indian and Foreign origin covering more thanForeign origin covering more than 5,000 years of cultural heritage.5,000 years of cultural heritage.
  • 36. National Gallery of Modern Art,National Gallery of Modern Art, housed in the residence ofhoused in the residence of Jaipur'sJaipur's former maharajas near Indiaformer maharajas near India Gate,Gate, has a superb collection ofhas a superb collection of paintingspaintings dating from 150 years ago to thedating from 150 years ago to the present day.present day.
  • 37. Crafts Museum at Pragati MaidanCrafts Museum at Pragati Maidan Grounds. It has galleries displayingGrounds. It has galleries displaying India 's rich tradition of handicrafts.India 's rich tradition of handicrafts. An added attraction is the presenceAn added attraction is the presence of craftsperson who are bought hereof craftsperson who are bought here from different parts of the country tofrom different parts of the country to demonstrate their skills.demonstrate their skills.
  • 38. Nehru Memorial Museum andNehru Memorial Museum and PlanetariumPlanetarium is located at Teen Murti house, theis located at Teen Murti house, the residence of India 's first Prime ministerresidence of India 's first Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru. After his death theJawaharlal Nehru. After his death the house was converted into a memorialhouse was converted into a memorial The Nehru memorial has a collectionThe Nehru memorial has a collection of gifts and many other items whichof gifts and many other items which he possessed. Nehru Planetarium ishe possessed. Nehru Planetarium is within the compound of Teen Murti.within the compound of Teen Murti. This planetarium gives a overviewThis planetarium gives a overview ofof the Indian Space program.the Indian Space program.
  • 39. The Gandhi Memorial Museum hasThe Gandhi Memorial Museum has a collection of memorabilia ona collection of memorabilia on Mahatma Gandhi.Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 40. The Parliament House is one of theThe Parliament House is one of the most magnificent buildings in Newmost magnificent buildings in New Delhi which has one of the brightestDelhi which has one of the brightest clusters of architectural gemsclusters of architectural gems possessed by any country in the world.possessed by any country in the world. The building was designed by twoThe building was designed by two famous architects – Sir Edwin Lutyensfamous architects – Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker – who wereand Sir Herbert Baker – who were responsible for the planning andresponsible for the planning and construction of New of New Delhi.
  • 41. The Supreme Court of India is theThe Supreme Court of India is the highest court in the country andhighest court in the country and moved to the current building in 1958.moved to the current building in 1958. The building is shaped to project theThe building is shaped to project the image of the scales of justice with theimage of the scales of justice with the Central Wing (above) corresponding toCentral Wing (above) corresponding to the centre beam of the scales. In 1979,the centre beam of the scales. In 1979, two new wings - the East Wingtwo new wings - the East Wing and West Wing - were added to theand West Wing - were added to the complex. In all there 15 Court Rooms incomplex. In all there 15 Court Rooms in various wings of the building. The Chiefvarious wings of the building. The Chief Justice's Court is the largest of theJustice's Court is the largest of the Courts located in the centre of theCourts located in the centre of the Central Wing.Central Wing.
  • 42. The Secretariat Building was designed by the British Architect, Herbert Baker. The building isinfluenced by both Moghul and Rajputana styles of Architecture.The building houses the Ministries of Defence, Finance, External Affairs, Home Affairs and The Prime Ministers Office. There are two buildings: The North Block and South Block which both flank Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  • 43. OOne of the most oldest andne of the most oldest and progressive cities in the world,progressive cities in the world, Delhi is the capital of world'sDelhi is the capital of world's largest democracy, India.largest democracy, India. The city is a perfectThe city is a perfect amalgamation of ancientamalgamation of ancient and modern. The history of Indiaand modern. The history of India is related to the history of related to the history of Delhi.